Presentation on theme: "Is the use of computers and software to manage information. In some companies, this is referred to as Management Information Services (or MIS) or simply."— Presentation transcript:
Is the use of computers and software to manage information. In some companies, this is referred to as Management Information Services (or MIS) or simply as Information Services (or IS). (http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/ITDefi nition.htm) As defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware."IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_technology)
So we see that Information Technology is: Computers Software Information Management
History Timeline Basic Periods: Pre-mechanical Pens, paper, tablets, abacus Mechanical Pascaline, Babbage Machines, etc. Electromechanical Beginning of Telecom, Hollerith Electronic Vacuum Tubes, Integrated Circuits, etc
Computing Computer Science Software Engineering Computer Engineering Information Systems
Computing Curricula 2005  defined "computing" as:  "In a general way, we can define computing to mean any goal- oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers. Thus, computing includes designing and building hardware and software systems for a wide range of purposes; processing, structuring, and managing various kinds of information; doing scientific studies using computers; making computer systems behave intelligently; creating and using communications and entertainment media; finding and gathering information relevant to any particular purpose, and so on.
The term "computing" has sometimes been narrowly defined as: The discipline of computing is the systematic study of algorithmic processes that describe and transform information: their theory, analysis, design, efficiency, implementation, and application. The fundamental question underlying all computing is "What can be (efficiently) automated?"
Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering and computer science required to develop computer hardware and software
Computer science (abbreviated CS or CompSci) is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications. It is the systematic study of the feasibility, structure, expression, and mechanization of the methodical processes (or algorithms) that underlie the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access to information, whether such information is encoded in bits and bytes in a computer memory or transcribed engines and protein structures in a human cell.
Software engineering (SE) is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the design, development, operation, and maintenance of software, and the study of these approaches; that is, the application of engineering to software
In layman's terms, it is the act of using insights to conceive, model and scale a solution to a problem
Information system (IS) is the study of complementary networks of hardware and software (see information technology) that people and organizations use to collect, filter, process, create, and distribute data
The study bridges business and computer science using the theoretical foundations of information and computation to study various business models and related algorithmic processes within a computer science discipline.
Computer Information System(s) (CIS) is a field studying computers and algorithmic processes, including their principles, their software and hardware designs, their applications, and their impact on society