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DHS Science & Technology: Enabling Technology to Protect the Nation Dr. Starnes Walker Director of Research Science and Technology Directorate From Science….Security.

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Presentation on theme: "DHS Science & Technology: Enabling Technology to Protect the Nation Dr. Starnes Walker Director of Research Science and Technology Directorate From Science….Security."— Presentation transcript:

1 DHS Science & Technology: Enabling Technology to Protect the Nation Dr. Starnes Walker Director of Research Science and Technology Directorate From Science….Security From Technology….Trust

2 S&T Goals Accelerate delivery of enhanced technological capabilities to meet requirements and fill capability gaps to support DHS Agencies in accomplishing their mission Establish a lean and agile GS-manned, world-class S&T management team to deliver the technological advantage necessary to ensure DHS Agency mission success and prevent technology surprise Provide leadership, research and educational opportunities and resources to develop the necessary intellectual basis to enable a national S&T workforce to secure the homeland Consistent with the Homeland Security Act of 2002

3 S&T Realignment Getting the People, Organization, Books & Content Right In Place: Framework for a customer-focused, output-oriented S&T management organization Senior leadership team and key organizational components 6 Divisions and their Directors 3 Portfolio Directors: Research, Innovation and Transition Directors of Test, Evaluation & Standards and Special Programs S&T liaisons embedded in Europe, the Americas and Pacific/Asia Corporate Communications Department 340 employees re-located to new working groups

4 Product Transition (0-3 yrs) Focused on delivering near-term products/enhancements to acquisition Customer IPT controlled Cost, schedule, capability metrics Innovative Capabilities (1-5 yrs) High-risk/High payoff Game changer/Leap ahead Prototype, Test and Deploy HSARPA Basic Research (>8 yrs) Enables future paradigm changes University fundamental research Govt lab discovery and invention Other (0-8+ yrs) Test & Evaluation and Standards Laboratory Operations & Construction Required by Administration (HSPDs) Congressional direction/law DHS S&T Investment Portfolio Balance of Risk, Cost, Impact, and Time to Delivery Customer Focused, Output Oriented

5 S&T Organization Director of Research Starnes Walker Deputy Dave Masters Director of Transition Bob Hooks Deputy Rich Kikla Research Applications Innovation DHS U/S S&T Research George Zarur Transition Herm Rediess Research Intel: John Hoyt Futures: Joe Kielman Transition Trent DePersia Research Jeannie Lin Transition David Newton Research Michelle Keeney (Acting) Transition Joe Kielman (Acting) Research Mary E. Hynes Transition Chris Doyle Research Chem/Bio: Keith Ward Threat Char/Attribution: Sandy Landsberg Jnt Agro Def: Tam Garland Transition Jeff Stielfel Explosives Jim Tuttle Command, Control & Interoperability Dave Boyd Borders/ Maritime Merv Leavitt Human Factors Sharla Rausch Infrastructure/ Geophysical Chris Doyle (Acting) Chem/Bio John Vitko Director of Innovation Roger McGinnis (Acting) Deputy Rolf Dietrich

6 DHS Goals: Secretarys Priorities for FY 2008 Continue to protect our nation from dangerous people Continue to protect our nation from dangerous goods Protect critical infrastructure Build a nimble, effective emergency response system and culture of preparedness Strengthen and unify DHS operations and management

7 Basic Research Portfolio Brings the capabilities, talent and resources of the Homeland Security Centers of Excellence, DOE National Laboratories and DHS Labs to bear to address the long-term R&D needs for DHS in sciences of enduring relevance This type of focused, protracted research investment has potential to lead to paradigm shifts in the nations homeland security capabilities Discovery and Invention to Enable Future Capabilities

8 8 Basic Research Advanced CTX Algorithm Research Enhanced performance of deployed CTX equipment for checked bag screening Advanced algorithms for the enhanced interpretation of CTX images aims to: – increase the probability of detection – reduce the false alarm rate – enhance throughput – increase screener effectiveness Supports new requirement for integrated next generation checked baggage systems & technologies Improved detection/throughput of checked baggage to meet TSA policy requirements

9 Transition Enabling Capabilities, Supporting Mission Critical Needs of DHS Integrated Product Teams (IPTs) 11 Capstone IPTs form the centerpiece of the S&Ts customer-driven approach to product transition Engage DHS customers, acquisition partners, S&T technical division heads, and end users in product research, development, transition and acquisition activities Identify our customers needs and enable and transition near-term capabilities for addressing them

10 10 DHS Requirements/Capability Capstone IPTs DHS S&T Product – Enabling Homeland Capabilities (EHCs) OIA Acquisition CBP/ICECMO/IP Acquisition Explosives Borders/ Maritime Information Sharing/MgmtBorder Security Chem/Bio Defense Explosive PreventionMaritime Security C2I Borders/Maritime GuardsmenAgents OOC/HITRACAgentsPolicy People ScreeningInfrastructure Protection Acquisition US VISIT/TSAInfrastructure Owners/Operators Human FactorsInfrastructure/ Geophysical SCO/CISIP USCG TSA/USSS Incident Management Acquisition First Responders FEMA Cargo Security Officers/Industry Acquisition/ Policy CBP Borders/ Maritime Chem/Bio Cyber Security Acquisition C2I Infrastructure Owners/Operators CS&T C2I Infrastructure/ Geophysical

11 Innovation Portfolio High Risk, High Gain, Game Changers for Leap-Ahead Results Promotes revolutionary changes in technology Focus on prototyping and deploying critical technologies Includes: HSARPA – Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency Homeworks – 1% of budget highest risk, highest pay-off Small Business Innovation Research program Visit and

12 Innovation/HSARPA HIPS and HITS Homeland Innovative Prototypical Solutions (HIPS) are designed to deliver prototype-level demonstrations of game-changing technologies in two to five years. Projects are moderate to high risk, with high payoff High Impact Technology Solutions (HITS) are designed to provide proof-of-concept answers within one to three years that could result in high-payoff technology breakthroughs. While these projects are at considerable risk for failure, they offer the potential for significant gains in capability

13 Homeland Innovative Prototypical Solutions (HIPS) ExplosivesChem/BioCommand, Control & Interoperability Borders/ Maritime Human FactorsInfrastructure/ Geophysical Project Chloe- High altitude aerial platform existing above civil aviation Counter-MANPADS SENSIT – System to identify numerous liquids in baggage IED Defeat / APE VBIED Defeat – Detection/prevention and mitigation technologies to counter IEDs SCOPE (Scalable Common Operational Picture Experiment) – Leverages Global Observer JCTD Patrol Craft Experimental (PCX-150) – Lightweight, composite material with high speed hull SAFECON – 90 second container screening device FAST M 2 (Future Attribute Screening Technology Mobile Module) – Relocatable Lab capable of testing for behavioral/ physiological cues of hostile intent Double or triple wide trailer tested at various sites around the country Resilient Electric Grid – System that will prevent cascading effects of power surge on electrical grids Levee Strengthening and Rapid Repair - rapidly stop a breach in a levee Storm Surge and Hurricane Mitigation High Impact Technology Solutions (HITS) Real Time Bio Detection and Identify Cell-All - Ubiquitous Chem/Bio/agent detector First Net - First Responder Reliable Relay Link Phone Home – Inter-operative and inexpensive hand- held radios Tunnel Detect – Ability to detect, identify, and confirm illegal and clandestine underground border structures and activities Document Validator –High proficiency scanner that can identity fraudulent docs Leverage USSS system Biometric Detector – High proficiency small biometric scanner Wide Area Surveillance/ Change Detection for Critical Infrastructure Resilient Tunnel– Tunnel Protection/Blast Mitigation

14 A multi-sensor supply chain security system that scans a container for CBRNE, contraband and human cargo during the crane transport operations Improved Active/Passive Non-Intrusive Inspection (NII) capability Triggered CANARY System (Lincoln Lab) Detects and identifies: Anthrax, Plague, … HIPS – Homeland Innovative Prototypical Solutions SAFECON – Safe Container

15 HITS - High Impact Technology Solutions Improvised Explosive Devices Defeat Puffers for explosives trace material detection on people, bags/parcels, and vehicles Walk-through/whole-body imaging (e.g., backscatter) Advanced Protection Explosive (APE): cancellation methods for explosive shock waves Drive-through imaging technology (x-ray, neutron) Reactive & Shaping Walls APE Project Predict, Detect, Defeat and Destroy IED/VBIED at range (100 yards) to change the calculus of the bomber versus the defender Active Armor Explosive Resistant Coating Masonry Walls

16 HITS - High Impact Technology Solutions Counter-MANPADS / Persistent Surveillance MANPADS Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) High-Altitude Stand-Off Counter-MANPADS High Altitude – Wide-Area Coverage Long Endurance – Persistent Surveillance Large Payload – Multi-Sensor Counter-MANPADS Functions 1.MWS Detect & Declare 2.Slew and Hand-off 3.Track 4.Jam 65K Feet Border Operational Characteristics Real-time sensor fusion/dissemination Multi-user / border surveillance requirements Commercial Aircraft MANPADS protection Automatic target detection/recognition Persistence (24/7, all-weather coverage) Project Chloe

17 Innovation/HSARPA BAAs Broad Agency Announcements Released February 1: Tunnel Detection Technologies - develop and demonstrate a capability for rapidly detecting tunnels SAFE Container (SAFECON) – develop the capability to detect and identify WMD, explosives and contraband cargo and to detect humans in shipping containers Future Attribute Screening Technology (FAST) Demonstration Laboratory – provide efficient, rapid and accurate security screening of people and their credentials and belongings Visit or for more informationwww.FedBizOpps

18 DHS SBIR Program Increases participation of innovative and creative small businesses in Federal research and development programs Challenges small businesses to bring innovative homeland security solutions to reality Focuses on near-term commercialization and delivery of operational prototypes Over 324 contracts awarded Funded by S&T Directorate and DNDO Implemented Cost Match to motivate commercialization Visit (soon to

19 Homeland Security Centers of Excellence Seven university-based research centers established to date, each focused on a specific homeland security challenge Planning for four new Centers underway to address: –explosives detection, mitigation, and response –border security and immigration –maritime, island, and extreme/remote environment security –natural disasters, coastal infrastructure and emergency management Broad Agency Announcements Released Feb. 5 Visit for more

20 S&T Stakeholders Conference

21 21

22 Back-Up Slides

23 S&T Points of Contact Division Jim John David Merv Sharla Chris Bob Starnes Roger

24 24 Product Transition Border Detection Grid Provides: Advanced sensors (radar, EO/IR cameras, unattended ground sensors and fiber optic tripwires) Advanced signal processing and communications systems State-of-the-art power sources for persistent border surveillance Technology transition into SBInet acquisition Force multiplier - improved effectiveness, fewer required personnel, and low cost sensors while reducing overall operational, acquisition, and maintenance costs Increases detection, tracking and apprehension rate

25 Homeland Innovative Prototype Solutions Future Attribute Screening Technology (FAST) Counter-MANPADS Functions 1.MWS Detect & Declare 2.Slew and Hand-off 3.Track 4.Jam Mobile FAST Laboratory Operational Characteristics Discover screening methods for intent Privacy protection for all participants Simple to operate and use Functions Attribute measurement Risk determination Behavior focused screening Systems Queue management Behavioral recognition Rapid risk assessment Screening methodologies

26 High Impact Technology Solutions Tunnel Detection Two Part Plan Silver Fox UAV for fast detection of suspect sites Ground based system for slow but extremely sensitive validation of potential tunnels and simple long term deterrence

27 High Impact Technology Solutions First Net A rapidly deployable, self contained, mobile or portable radio communications solution that temporarily or permanently restores capabilities for legacy first response communications networks damaged or destroyed by natural disasters, major incidents, and acts of terror.

28 Command Control Interoperability Major Thrust Areas Communications, Interoperability, and Compatibility Knowledge Tools Surveillance, Reconnaissance, and Investigative Technologies Threat Assessment Cyber Security Research & Development S&T Division

29 Infrastructure/Geophysical Major Thrust Areas Critical Infrastructure Protection Modeling, Simulation and Analysis National Critical Infrastructure Protection R&D Plan Risk reduction technologies Incident Management & Decision Support Preparedness & response technologies and advanced concepts and systems Regional Technology Integration S&T Division




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