Presentation on theme: "Creative Strategies for Achieving Nigerias Golden Dream."— Presentation transcript:
Creative Strategies for Achieving Nigerias Golden Dream
Like to begin by consulting the dictionary. DEPLOY: Place troops or weapons in battle formation, To distribute systematically or strategically, Bring in to use; make use of The word deploy is a military term: Anything military suggests urgency, importance Battles, human lives and freedoms can be lost with improper deployment. SCIENCE: Research into questions posed by scientific theories and hypotheses Dictionary was not as helpful here. Hence a better authority …
Scientific method refers to a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empirical and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. A scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses
Technologies are the ways human control and adapt to their natural environments. Use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools Higher technology is perhaps one distinguishing feature of the human species. We use technology to dominate our space Technology is therefore much older than the systematization of knowledge which science represents
The distinction between science, engineering and technology is not always clear. Technologies are not always exclusively products of science, because they have to satisfy requirements such as utility, usability, safety and affordability.
Relies largely on the scientific method to create technology, products and services
Humans classify the history of the world into different epochs: Ice Age, Stone Age, Bronze & Iron Age. Industrial Revolution (1760-1957) Space Age (1957- 1980) Technologies Age (Television, Internet, NanoTechnology, Globalization, etc)
These were so named largely because of the chief raw materials for the production of the implements. These implements are used by men to: For Survival Imposing their will on others (War Making) Gaining Trade Superiority in Peace times Doing better in Sports
Each Age creates Winners and Losers. The winners are those who Understand the metaphor Apply it to advantage Reap great benefits No surprise that the Europeans ruled the world in the 18th to 20 th Centuries No surprise that Africans were (are?) their slaves. Our forebears were the losers in the Industrial Revolution. When they could not coax us with gifts such as gin or looking glass to sell our brothers They coerced us with their gunpowder to give up sovereignty over our land, then went on looting binges...
What Governments can do How Legislatures can make laws to encourage the deployment of Science and Technology That Companies that do not adopt a technological attitude will die That Individuals, Communities and even Family Units can make the difference.
In a globalized world, there is no place to hide. People will choose whatever is the best product or service available to them. To gain competitive advantage, we must put ourselves in a position to create products and services that are better and provide better return on investment.
We often encounter words in the public space that govern discourse. For example: Conditionalities of the IMF Dividends of democracy Barrels of crude oil Turn-around maintenance of refineries Megawatts, etc.
News media may sometimes report someone has invented a helicopter! How did he do it? Got beetle engine, some rotors and made some noise Invented a motorbike, etc A nation searching for heroes in a dry and thirsty land.
Only a small percentage of the people in the developed countries are practitioners in scientific or technology disciplines Those societies, by reason of a history of survival together in various conquests and defeats, famines, etc, have learned what works They have learned to select the right people and institutions that can make the difference in National challenges.
When we talk about megawatts, everybodys opinion weighs the same! The economist and the layman talk about conditionalities equally. There is little feedback on the track records and promises that people have failed to deliver Everything gets muddle up in the suffocating discourse around ethnicity, religion, etc in the midst of greater problems we could have attacked with our best minds!
Technologies, to succeed, have to satisfy requirements such as utility, usability, safety and affordability. A product engineered for distribution must be sufficiently convincing for people to freely exchange their money for it. The optimal use of scarce resources is also a major component. Economics.
If there were to be sufficient resources, there would be no need to optimize in design. There would be no need to persuade people to buy anything. There will be no engineers, no marketers, no competitive advantage to gain!
Each age has its own paradigm The people who understand the paradigm of the age and deploy its technology appropriately become winners Those who dont become losers. Western Europe with the industrial revolution and advances in War and Ocean Transportation were Masters in the 18 th and 19 th Centuries Examples of this phenomenon will illustrate:
Beginning in 1886, they practically invented the typewriter and made huge profits selling these, rifles and small arms Then came the hand held calculator Later the word processor And then the PC and various word processing software
By 1985, personal computers were being widely used for word processing,…,the company announced in 1995 it was cutting 750 jobs as a result of continuing sales declines, and shortly thereafter, declared bankruptcy.
With Satellites in space and pocket sized receivers, you can quickly obtain not only your coordinates but also a survey of an area in a quick way that would have required much patience and effort in just a few years back. If a professional surveyor does not adopt such technologies to enhance his trade, of course he will not be competitive within a very short time.
If your connection is sufficiently fast, you are seeing whom you are talking to in real time. You may in fact be doing this for free or so cheaply that your GSM company cannot compete! The battle for survival of GSM companies started right after the day of birth literarily. The battle rages on. Who will survive? Too early to predict. It may not be the proverbial fittest but those who understand the paradigm of the times and adjust accordingly.
A group of engineers thought they could improve on this situation. They devised a way where the same set of processes could be carried out and produce the pounded yam, cook, pound and mix mechanically and avoid the debilitating labor. There are new products in the market which, with strategy that may be counter-intuitive: Study the end product Study the inputs Examine the biochemical processes that can be carried out to get the input into a penultimate state where it can be easily converted to the final product.
Three examples to illustrate this may give a better understanding 1. Japan Motor Industry (in detail) 2. China unstoppable advance into a technology driven society 3. The Indian Progress in the past 30 years
1914, Mitsubishi Zosen manufactured 22 Mitsubishi Model As, the first mass production cars in Japan. 1918, the Military Vehicle Subsidy Law was established. Under this law, the military granted subsidies to automobile manufacturers to produce vehicles (mostly trucks) to be used by civilians during peaceful times and converted to military use in times of war. This was in effect Japan's first automobile industry policy.
Japan: A lucrative Market Ford established Ford Motors Japan in Yokohama in February 1925 and began local assembly and sales (from June that year) of Model Ts. GM followed suit, establishing GM Japan in Osaka in January 1927 and commencing local assembly and sales (from April) of Chevrolets
Following the Japanese military occupation of Manchuria in 1931, the basis for war grew steadily stronger, and in 1936 the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and the Ministry of War jointly supported the establishment of the Automobile Manufacturing Industries Act. The aim of this legislation was ostensibly to stifle the monopolization of the automobile market by American manufacturers by fostering domestic mass production of motor vehicles to meet the needs of the public, Additional goal was to ensure an uninterrupted supply of vehicles for the military.
Between 1925 and 1935, the Big Three produced a cumulative total of 208,967 units. In contrast, domestic production for the same period totaled 12,127 units, just 5.8% that of American manufacturers. After 20 years of effort, the Japanese could only get 5.8% of their own market due to overbearing foreign competition: Cars, bikes, etc.
Sino Japanese war of 1937 – pressure on Japan domestic non-war spending Foreign exchange revised Import prices skyrocketed with the decline in the yen exchange rate. Feeling the mounting pressure, the Big Three finally discontinued production in 1939 and withdrew from Japan.
The Automobile Manufacturing Industries Act of 1936 positioned the automobile industry in a key role in the war effort Ministry of War classified motor vehicle manufacturing as a munitions industry. As of 1938, automobile manufacturers had no choice but to focus on the production of trucks, rather than cars, and some were eventually required to produce other kinds of munitions as well
Policies taken to create an Independent Japanese Auto Industry made it possible to fight a war. The outcome of most wars is closely related to technology The British, vastly outnumbered by African Warriors had the advantage of gunpowder fighting men with bows and arrows
Ministry of Commerce and Industry followed Ministry of War in viewing automobile manufacturing as a "comprehensive" industry, because of its interdependence with a whole range of related industries in the provision of parts. Premise that the development of the automobile industry could serve as a model for industrial expansion in other sectors as well Government granted the automobile industry a key position in the development of Japan's industrial infrastructure.
Large-scale investments in plants and equipment, not only to cope with the increase in demand accompanying the steady growth of the Japanese economy, but also to prepare for imminent trade liberalization. Investments in equipment were focused on the introduction of special-purpose automatic transfer machines. Beginning in 1955, manufacturers concentrated on introducing these machines to certain critical processes and applied them especially in the machining of engine parts, such as cylinder blocks and cylinder heads. These various measures helped bring about the rapid automation of Japan's automobile production system.
War restricted production to trucks and utility vehicles War over, new impetus for the development of passenger vehicles Accordingly, construction of Toyota's Motomachi Plant started in 1958, and Nissan's Oppama Plant in 1961; Isuzu also built its Fujisawa Plant at this time. Leapfrogged the industrialized manufacturers of Europe and America
With steady growth in the domestic and export markets, the implementation of new technologies to increase productivity became a top priority for manufacturers beginning in 1965. High-speed automation was introduced when the use of special-purpose transfer machines was extended to each stage of production. To optimize the integration of automation within the production process, new factories were built between 1965 and 1974 to accommodate the new technologies. These developments laid the groundwork for the subsequent introduction of robot technology and also boosted the ability of workers to perform multiple tasks.
From about 1970, the use of digital technology for specific tasks was expanded when all these operations went on line, leading in a short while to computerization of the entire manufacturing process From the earliest stage of product development through final production, on-line management of the supply of parts and materials. Also during the 1970s, the steady introduction of new robot technologies gradually eliminated the need for humans to perform dangerous work in manufacturing operations.
Japanese cars had to meet stringent conditions worldwide. In a country with little natural resources, there were stringent constraints. In 1975, for example, the cost of exhaust emissions research amounted to 36% of that year's total R&D investment by the automobile industry Gasoline Efficiency also took a high toll on the R&D funds
Japan dominated the Automobile Industry It created the National Industrial Development which, as the designers expected led to success in other areas such as Electronics, Robotics, IT, Rail, Civil Infrastructures etc. Other Asian Countries such as Korea, China, etc are waking up to just that same experience in our time!
What did Napoleon actually say? China is a sleeping giant that only a madman will awake, Let her sleep, when she wakes, the world will tremble, etc The Giant is up, and the world is doing exactly as Napoleon was alleged to have said 200 yrs earlier!
1. Know Thyself China was scavenging the disused technology of the West in the 1980s. I personally observed a whole factory that was to be decommissioned. The Chinese paid not only for everything in the factory but also for the technicians to pack the whole thing and reassemble in China.
Huge investments and development of Energy and Civil Infrastructure Large Scale investment into the Productive Capacity of its Population Centers
Infrastructure of Magnetic Levitation High Speed Train – China leads even the West! Germans have the Mag-Lev Technology China develops the high precision tracks with its own civil engineering technology No Turn-Key project!
25 – 30 years ago, Nigeria was in a boom. What a typical Nigerian did with that money An Indian perspective Discouragement of imported Luxury Vehicles till home based industries could produce Availability of basic Libraries and Commonwealth
I hate to say we must diversify from an oil based economy Two Reasons 1. It has become a cliché as the Government has been talking this for more than 35 years! 2. There is no Oil economy in the first instance! Learn the history of Technological Development of the Emerging Nations. They may have more to teach us.
For a commander on the battle field to deploy troops, he must first have them! Where is the technology to Deploy? Do we own them? Are we acquiring them? Oil companies have operated for nearly 70 years in Nigeria. How close are we to acquiring the technology?
Nigerian Banks are leaders in IT Deployment The ease with which money can be moved, accounts checked and even transactions paid for are quite commendable GSM Companies are Technology Driven Why are we not demanding similar efficiencies in Government transactions?
The Road Safety, Immigrations Services, etc have sufficient means to be as technology driven as the banks are.
Japan, China and India had policies that empowered the local Industry to acquire Technology and produce in line with national goals. What are the National Goals in the area of Infrastructural Development? Human Development
What is the level of technology acquisition of in the Road and Transportation Industry? Our rail lines were developed to serve the 19 th Century British Interests. What is the long- term strategy to acquire technology to develop our transportation infrastructure to meet our present and future needs? Is it merely a matter of pronouncing large sums of financial allocation, followed by stories?
The Oil Industry has helped in greatly under developing Nigeria We have Learned that all we need do is to collect Royalties while others think This attitude does not allow us to deploy technology to our advantage To deploy technology, we must bring in our own strengths – no matter what it is. We MUST contribute something.
When collecting seashell specimens in the Caspian Sea area in 1892, the younger Samuel realized there was potential in exporting lamp oil from the region and commissioned the world's first purpose-built oil tanker Caspian Sea oil tanker Globacom, for example, shows that Nigeria Companies could have been producing Oil all along.
Turn-Key attitude with no value addition make it impossible for us to acquire technology in the first instance. Just like Oil, Same technology companies service the Industry. There is no reason for foreign concerns to be in complete charge of resources for one century! *Arabs wising up**
The Tar sands deposits we have here will not yield to the same method we used for Oil and gas Technology Investment etc. will require much planning on a National scale. Success will depend on readiness to invest in Technology acquisition and deployment in a gradual way till it becomes our own technology
The filth in our cities are a great opportunity for us to participate in the waste conversion technologies. The inability of various Governments over the years to deliver Electricity is also an opportunity. Who should react and lead?
Formulate Policies and Create a framework that rewards contributions to National Development Japanese Government had policies that aided the war effort Decided that even though they were underdeveloped in the area of car production, saw development in this area as key to industrial progress. Drove Public Policy in that direction Framework for Punishing acts that retard the nation. Discourage Monopoly Rent Collection (Pat Utomi)
Legislation is NOT about being the highest paid person in the land Legislation can actually be made to drive National Development in the way of Strategic Deployment of Technology The Japan Legislation did not allow Japanese Car makers to make luxury cars. Trucks were needed first. Rewards were given for the production of needed products The Deployment Process can be orchestrated by Legislation
Smith Coroner example shows how slowness in the deployment of current technology bankrupts a giant corporation IBM, Siemens and several other giants that saw the technology problems and adjusted before it was too late are examples of successful corporations surviving in the midst of paradigm shifts in technology
What did a Nigerian do with 50,000 in 1984? What did an Indian do with the same amount of money? Governments, Legislatures or Corporations are made up of people from the same society. Our Governments are populated by our brothers and sisters. We have the same values! Changes of direction can come from us also!