Energy Technology (SB220) …technology that promotes, enhances, or expands the diversity of available energy supply sources or means of transmission, increases energy efficiency, or reduces negative energy-related environmental effects: energy technology" includes technology related to renewable sources of energy, conservation of energy, enabling technologies, efficient and effective use of hydrocarbons, and integrated energy systems …
R&D D&D Commercial Stages of Technology Development
Importance of Energy Innovation* Reduce the costs of energy end-use forms to consumers Further reduce costs of energy services by increasing end-use efficiency Reduce dependence on oil in the USA and elsewhere Increase the reliability & resilience of energy systems against disruptions Increase the productivity of manufacturing Reduce the emissions of hazardous air pollutants Enhance the prospects for environmentally sustainable & politically stabilizing economic development Minimize the environmental impacts of energy-resource exploration, extraction, and transport
Innovation is the mechanism to get from energy status quo to desired energy future
Energy Use, GDP, and E/GDP for the U.S. Economy, 1949-2004 USDOE, EERE
Energy Consumption per Read Dollar of GDP, 1949-2008 USDOE, EERE
Learning curve for power generation technologies (IPTS Energy, Transport and Climate Change Group)
Barriers to Technology Development Lack of applied technology research funding Death Valley Commercialization hurdle New technology hurdle Regulation Permitting Substantial risk Long-term planning
US DOE Energy RD&D Spending (Kelly Gallagher, Kennedy School of Govt, 2-13-07)
The core force of innovation -- vision, experimentation and wise investments -- has led to thousands of breakthroughs that benefit us all…..We need the same serious commitment in the energy sector to developing the original American energy supply: innovation.
Why is emerging energy technology important to Alaska?
Unique challenges Size Climate Population Density Substantial diversity Resources Geography Alaskan energy use Alaskan economy Energy security Limited funding and investment opportunities Hatch Energy, http://www.hatch.com.cnhttp://www.hatch.com.cn
Opportunities Vast energy resources of Alaska Renewable Non-renewable Resources and conditions High energy costs Support Public Political, legislative Developing national funding opportunities Growing world-wide demand
Case Study: Technology Transfer Power Distribution Decentralized, isolated, or remote grids. Comparable scale in supply and demand. Similar Energy Resources Implementation Challenges Logistics Natural challenges Transportation Alaskas position is ideal for technology development and export
Emerging Technology Funds National Emerging Technology Funds New York State Energy Research and Development Authority California Energy Commissions Public Interest Energy Research (Pier) Program Texas Emerging Technology Fund Michigan Emerging Technology Fund Massachusetts Emerging Technology Fund International Emerging Technology Funds Sustainable Development Technology Canadas Tech Fund Ontario Emerging Technologies Fund World Bank Clean Technology Fund Alaska Emerging Technology Funds Denali Commission Emerging Energy Technology Grant State of Alaska Emerging Energy Technology Fund
Emerging Energy Technology Grant (EETG) Denali Commission, June 2009 $4mill available Eligibility Alternative or renewable energy Demonstration phase Viable in 5 years AK applicant Potential for both widespread deployment in AK and reduced energy costs
Lessons Learned A critical element of funding emerging energy technology projects is the inclusion of a robust data collection and analysis component. Gov.PublicIndustry Lessons Learned
EETG: Results 50 applications Academic entities, local governments, private investors, tribal groups, nonprofit organizations $29.5 million in requests Batteries and energy storage Electric vehicles for rural areas Hydrokinetic projects Underground coal gasification Seawater heat pumps Controls, smart grids, and monitoring
Project #1:Seawater Heat Pump Demonstration Project Recipient:Alaska SeaLife Center Partners:Your Clean Energy, City of Seward, Alaska Energy Authority Install and monitoring a heat pump system that will lift latent heat from raw seawater at temperatures ranging from 35ºF to 55ºF, and transfer this heat energy into building heat at a temperature of 120ºF.
Heat Pump Cycle COMPRESSOR LIQUIDHOT VAPOR VERY HOT VAPORWARM VAPOR EXPANSION VALVE EVAPORATORCONDENSOR 43 F 39 F 98 F 120 F RAW SEAWATER CHILLED SEAWATER HOT GLYCOL WARM GLYCOL
Project #2:Psychrophiles for Generating Heating Gas Recipient:Cordova Electric Cooperative Partners:Cordova Schools, UAF-INE, Solar Cities Research and application project, deploy the use of psychrophiles (cold loving microbes) to improve efficiency in biogas digestors for generating cooking and heating gas for Alaskan households.
Summary Cold Climates Cordova (-5°C to 20°C) vs. 15°C to 80°C Two Phase Project Compare efficiencies of mesophiles and psychrophiles on common Alaska feedstock at various temperatures. Deploy digester(s) in practical household scale project(s) Partnerships CEC, TH Culhane (Solar Cities), Dr. Katey Walter Anthony (UAF-INE), Cordova Schools (Adam Low)
Project #3:Feasibility of Solar Hot Water Systems Recipient:Kotzebue Electric Association Partners:Kotzebue Community Energy Task Force, ABS Alaska, Susitna Energy, NANA Assessing the feasibility of solar thermal hot water heating systems integrated into elder housing in the NANA region.
Project #4:Commercial Scale Wood Pellet Fired Boiler Recipient:Sealaska Corporation Sealaska Corporation will be converting their corporate headquarters building from a diesel fired boiler to a wood pellet fired boiler, demonstrating commercial scale application of the technology and assessing the market potential of biomass in South East Alaska.
Project #5:Organic Rankine Cycle Heat Recovery System Recipient:Tanana Chiefs Council Partners:UAF, Alaska Energy Authority Demonstrating the potential improved fuel efficiency of the diesel power plant in a village in the TCC region through the use of an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system for heat recovery from engine jacket water and exhaust.
Project #6:Nenana RiveGen TM Hydrokinetic Turbine Recipient:Ocean Renewable Power Company Partners:UAF – AHERC, NREL ORPC proposes to build, install and test the RivGen TM Power System, a hydrokinetic energy unit, at the Nenana hydrokinetic test bed and analyze resource and technology results.
Turbine-Generator Unit (TGU) Project Components: Permitting, site evaluation and analysis Foundations and debris study Turbine development and testing
Project #7:Wales Diesel-Off High Penetration Wind System Recipient:Kotzebue Electric Association Partners:AVEC, Western Community Energy Kotzebue Electric Association will demonstrate diesel-off configuration for a remote wind-diesel high penetration hybrid power system through the retrofit of existing equipment and controls.
Project #8:High Penetration Hybrid Power System RecipientUAF – WiDAC The Wind Diesel Application Center will analyze state of the art power electronics to assess options for wind-diesel hybrid power systems to operate in a diesel-off mode.
Project #9:Flow Battery Energy Storage Systems Recipient:Kotzebue Electric Association Partners:NRECA, UAF, Premium Power Kotzebue Electric Associations goal for this project is to analyze and demonstrate flow battery systems and their potential for energy storage in rural wind systems.
Project #10: High Voltage Direct Current Transmission Recipient:Polarconsult Alaska Partners:Princeton Power, Manitoba HVDC Research Center Polarconsult Alaska, in partnership with Princeton Power Systems, is developing High Voltage Direct Current transmission and converter technology, with a goal to assess and demonstrate the technical and financial feasibility of low-cost small-scale HVDC interties for rural Alaska.
250kW Demonstration System – Demonstrator Output: 3-phase 480VAC HV Bridge Stack LV DC Bridge Stack Input: 12kV HVDC LV AC Bridge Stack 250kW Transverse AC-Link Bridge The demo system design is scalable to 1MW and 50kV by stacking multiple modules together. BI-Directional power Flow
Project #11: Yukon Hydrokinetic Project Recipient:Alaska Power and Telephone Partners:New Energy Corp, ABS Alaska Alaska Power Companys goal for this project is the development and assessment of a hydrokinetic project in the Yukon River, near Eagle, Alaska.
Emerging Energy Technology Fund Established by 2010 Energy Omnibus Bill Administered by the AEA In consultation with an Advisory Committee appointed by the Governor Financed by State appropriations, Federal appropriations, and other contributions $2.4 million State appropriations $3.14 million Denali Commission match
EETF Projects Test emerging energy technologies or methods of conserving energy; Improve an existing energy technology; or Deploy an existing technology that has not previously been demonstrated in the state.
EETF Eligible Applicants Electric utilities; Independent power producer; Local government, quasi-governmental entity, or other governmental entity, including a tribal council or housing authority; Business holding an Alaska business license Nonprofit organization
EETF Priorities Alaska residents, associations, organizations, or institutions; Projects that demonstrate partnership with the University of Alaska or another Alaska postsecondary institution; Projects supported by matching funds or in-kind partnerships; and Projects with potential for widespread deployment in the state.
Final Thoughts on EET in AK Critical step in overall energy development Technology development is based on Alaskan needs and conditions Many crucial energy projects have little opportunity for funding Demonstrates commercial success of new energy technologies Accelerate industry growth, and guide the state in future energy funding decisions Develops opportunities to fully utilize our energy resources
Questions? Jason Meyer Program Manager Emerging Energy Technology Program email@example.com (907) 306-9900 www.uaf.edu/acep www.energy-alaska.com www.flickr.com/acep_uaf www.legis.state.ak.us www.denali.gov www.aidea.org/aea *Energy-Technology Innovation Lecture, John Holdren, April 24, 2007 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's ELSI Project http://www.lbl.gov/Education/ELSI/research-main.html US Energy Information Administration http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/international/energyconsumption.html USDOE, EERE http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/states/economic_indicators.cfm/state=AK