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ASSESSMENT OF RANGE LANDS DEGRADATION IN THE TIMAHDIT AREA.

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Presentation on theme: "ASSESSMENT OF RANGE LANDS DEGRADATION IN THE TIMAHDIT AREA."— Presentation transcript:

1 ASSESSMENT OF RANGE LANDS DEGRADATION IN THE TIMAHDIT AREA

2 Morocco: 53 millions ha Range lands Range lands in Morocco 30% of the requierements of livestock Middle Atlas : 1,2 millions dha 22% National livestock 74% national territory 3,5 billoins of UF 2.26% of national rangelands 58% of the requierements

3 Location of the study area The Ait arfa du Guigou territory which account for the rural community of Timahdit which is located 33 km south of the city of Azrou on the National Road 13 going from Meknès to Midelt.

4 Timahdit

5 Study site : The Ait Arfa du Guigou Tribe 5

6 Climate City of Azrou City of Ifrane

7 Humidity

8 Climate Evapotranspiration Evapotranspiration averaged (in Azrou for the period 2006-2011) = 3.08 mm/day. Evapotranspiration varies from 1.6 mm/day in December-January to 5.8 mm/day in June.

9 Geomorphology

10 Soils Two major types: Those that are derived from basaltic prent materiel: Brown soils found in depressions, vertisols, lithosols and andosols. Those that are derived from limestone and dolomitic parent material: Red soils, renzines. Most soils are shalow and extremely stony.

11 Elevation

12 Vegetation

13 Agriculture

14

15

16 Livestock

17 Population (census 2004)

18 Evolution of the population

19 Population Structure

20 Illiteracy rate and langages spoken and written

21 Population activity

22 Employment status of employed and unemployed who have worked

23 Population aged 10 and over by educational attainment

24 Housing type

25 Housing tenure

26 Age of dwellings

27 Basic equipment housing

28 Other equipments

29 IAV HASSAN II - Septembre 2011 Storyline of the study area Contribution à létude de la dégradation des parcours au Moyen Atlas : Cas de la fraction des Aït Ben Yacoub de la tribu des Aït Arfa du Guigou Period Principles events Responses to events 19 th centry Arrival of the Béni MGuild tribe Occupation of space Délimitation of forests 1917 Délimitation of collective lands 1919 Restriction of space for grazing French colonisation of lands 1935 Reduction of space for grazing Cropping of low lands Installation of King Ranch 10 000 hecatres 1966 Reduction of grazing lands Double transhumance

30 IAV HASSAN II - Septembre 2011 Story line of the study area Contribution à létude de la dégradation des parcours au Moyen Atlas : Cas de la fraction des Aït Ben Yacoub de la tribu des Aït Arfa du Guigou Period Main events Responses 1980s Project of Middle Atlas funded by the world bank Delimitation of collective grazing lands for the different sub-fractions 1990s Sedentarisation of producers and settlements on high land pastures Expanses of cropping lands and reduction of grazing areas More pronounced reduction in grazing lands 2009 Plan Maroc VertIntensification of the agriculture Break down in the double transhumance

31 IAV HASSAN II - Septembre 2011 Main national development policies of grazing land Contribution à létude de la dégradation des parcours au Moyen Atlas : Cas de la fraction des Aït Ben Yacoub de la tribu des Aït Arfa du Guigou Period Policies 25 july1969 Code des Investissements Agricoles (Agricultural Investment Code) Installation of 18Perimeter for Pastoral Improvments 27 October 1995 2009Plan Maroc Vert Law Number 33 – 94 for the Development of the Perimeter in run fed areas that include grazing ares

32 IAV HASSAN II - Septembre 2011 Main regional development policies of grazing land Contribution à létude de la dégradation des parcours au Moyen Atlas : Cas de la fraction des Aït Ben Yacoub de la tribu des Aït Arfa du Guigou Period Policies 1950 to 1970 Preventive Health campaign with socio economical incidence 1970s Perimeters for pastoral improvement (Timahdit) 1980s & 1990s 2000sIntensification of Agriculture Intergrated Development Projects (Middle Atlas Project funded by World Bank)

33 IAV HASSAN II - Septembre 2011 Range lands use Contribution à létude de la dégradation des parcours au Moyen Atlas : Cas de la fraction des Aït Ben Yacoub de la tribu des Aït Arfa du Guigou Range lands use Nouabs: delimita tion Survey of users: 514 users Tribal origin Settlement (GPS) Date of settlement Home range Size of flock

34 IAV HASSAN II - Septembre 2011 Range lands use Contribution à létude de la dégradation des parcours au Moyen Atlas : Cas de la fraction des Aït Ben Yacoub de la tribu des Aït Arfa du Guigou Range lands use Nouabs: delimita tion Survey of users: 514 users Agriculture Mobility of flocks Suplementation Flock manageme nt Watering animals

35 Main LEDD Problems

36 First main findings During the last 50 years there has been a graet amount of changes : In land occupation: More land devoted to agriculture, intensification of agriculture, degradation of range lands by overgrazing; Change in the managements of sheep flocks; Change in the instutions that regulate and control the use of resources.

37 1998 1989 37 Agriculture Astagalus Pelouse Matorral à Genista Pelouse humide Xerophyt matoral

38 20071998 38 Agriculture Astragalus Xérophytes épineuses Thymus Matorral

39 Farmers cleaning from the stones

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42 Proportion of goats owned privately and in association by contracts

43 Type of contracts used between sheep producers in the fraction of Ait Beni Hcine


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