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NASA Technology Investments Yield Benefits

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Presentation on theme: "NASA Technology Investments Yield Benefits"— Presentation transcript:

1 NASA Technology Investments Yield Benefits
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Technology Investments Yield Benefits Daniel Lockney Office of the Chief Technologist NASA Headquarters

2 Technology Investment
NASA R&D yields tangible and economic benefit in addition to meeting mission goals Continued investment in new technology development will deliver new benefits

3 NASA Technology Transfer
A primary objective noted in the 2011 NASA Strategic Plan: to “drive advances in science, technology, and exploration to enhance knowledge, education, innovation, economic vitality, and stewardship of Earth” The 1958 Aeronautics and Space Act that created NASA mandated that the Agency transfer its technologies “for the benefit of all mankind” In addition to enabling missions to the stars, NASA R&D produces ancillary benefits to the government, economy, and general public that are visible in our everyday lives, from the grocery store to the hospital

4 Historical Views of Space Technology
“As we look to the future, the benefits that we will have for example in fields like health are simply unimaginable.” —Richard Nixon “What impresses me about the program is the sheer number of spinoffs and their great variety.” —Gerald Ford “I have to admire what our efforts in space have produced. Better tools for heart surgery, improved techniques for fighting cancer and many more achievements which can help all of us live longer.” — Jimmy Carter “People are not aware of the enormous technological achievements that directly benefit and will continue to benefit all of us, not only in this country but all over the world.” —Ronald Reagan

5 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
Why spend money on NASA at all? Why spend money solving problems in space when we don’t lack for problems to solve here on the ground?… You and I know this is a false choice….For pennies on the dollar, the Space Program has fueled jobs and entire industries. —President Barack Obama

6 NASA in Your Life With over 1,800 recorded NASA spinoffs, NASA technologies influence our lives in a variety of ways—making us safer, healthier, and more efficient. Health and Medicine Spinoffs have occurred in every market Information Technology Consumer Goods Energy and Environment Industrial Productivity Public Safety Transportation For more information, see the Spinoff Flyer series featuring content on each spinoff category:

7 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
Educated and Entertained Enhanced Safety Saved Lives Increased Efficiency Preserved the Environment Created New Markets Improved Economic Competitiveness Created Jobs Spinoff images from L to R: Ecliptic RocketCam Video System, Turtleskin Body Armor, Givens Buoy Life Raft, Micro-Bac Remediation Bacteria Solution, Global Hawk UAV, with Composite Airframe Manufactured by Aurora Flight Systems Inc.,

8 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
High-Pressure Systems Suppress Fires in Seconds NASA has long partnered with ORBITEC to develop rocket and spacecraft propulsion design ORBITEC created higher-powered, lower-cost, versatile, and even reusable vortex hybrid rocket engines that effectively manage ultra-high pressure (UHP) flows HMA, a subsidiary of ORBITEC, took the design ideas from these advanced rockets and applied the technology to water delivery systems for firefighting HMA consistently drew from the advances of the NASA ORBITEC partnership, producing multiple suppression delivery systems, including hoses and vehicles In one test, HMA put out a fire 80 percent faster than a traditional system while using only 6 percent as much water Spinoff 2011 Public Safety

9 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
Voltage Controller Saves Energy, Prolongs Life of Motors Marshall engineer Frank Nola developed a device for reducing energy waste in small induction motors By controlling the voltage in accordance with the motor’s load, the Nola device saves energy, translating into savings in cost and resource The company licensed the technology, made a series of patented improvements, and now markets the NASA-derived technology globally The commercial device includes a “soft start” functionality that gradually introduces power, eliminating stresses and increasing the motor’s lifetime Title of photo For more information on this spinoff: Common applications include mixers, conveyors, elevators, and escalators. The technology is installed at airports, universities, casinos, and department stores Spinoff 2007 Environmental Resources

10 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
Noninvasive Test Detects Cardiovascular Disease NASA invented VICAR (Video Image Communication and Retrieval) software to analyze images from NASA space missions One of the inventors wanted to apply the technology for health care diagnosis Partnering with the University of Southern California, the image-analysis software was successfully used with ultrasound images of arteries to see plaque buildup and arterial wall thickness Gary F. Thompson obtained an exclusive license for technology and invested money to start Medical Technologies International Inc. (MTI), which now provides ArterioVision Used across the world, ArterioVision measures the artery wall to provide an “age” of arteries, which shows a person’s risk for heart attack or stroke; the technology is in all 50 states Spinoff 2007 Health and Medicine

11 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
Inflatable Antennas Support Emergency Communication NASA launched the first of its inflatable space structures in the form of large, metalized balloons—the Echo satellites, in 1960 ManTech SRS Technologies received Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) funding to develop an inflatable solar concentrator; the technology was applicable to inflatable antennas GATR licensed the technology from SRS and improved it through a Glenn Space Act Agreement Certified by the Federal Communications Commission, the ground-based inflatable antennas are transported in two portable cases and can be quickly deployed in remote areas For more information on this spinoff: GATR provided communications after Hurricane Katrina, wildfires in California, and the 2010 Haiti earthquake Spinoff 2010 Public Safety

12 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
Tensile Fabrics Enhance Architecture Around the World Space suits for the Apollo missions required an outer layer that would be durable, strong, lightweight, flexible, and noncombustible In exploring fiberglass fabric options for architectural use, Birdair Structures Inc. collaborated with the same private companies that developed the fabric for NASA Birdair used the PTFE fabric to develop a lightweight, tensile membrane for roofs, skylights, and canopies Birdair’s roofing covers major transportation hubs, sports facilities, and convention centers, including the Georgia Dome, Denver airport, and the Dallas Cowboys Stadium For more information on this spinoff: Birdair has become a multimillion-dollar company with nearly 900 landmark tensile structures worldwide Spinoff 2009 Industrial Productivity

13 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
Winglets Save Billions of Dollars in Fuel Costs Research and testing by Langley engineer Richard Whitcomb demonstrated the effectiveness of winglets in reducing performance-inhibiting drag Further flight tests conducted at Dryden validated Whitcomb’s findings Aviation Partners Inc. and The Boeing Company collaborated to form Aviation Partners Boeing and apply a new form of the NASA-proven technology to Boeing aircraft The Blended Winglet technology improves winglet aerodynamics For more information on this spinoff: Blended Winglets are now featured on many aircraft, with an estimated savings of more than 2 billion gallons of jet fuel as of 2010, reducing costs by $4 billion and carbon dioxide emissions by 21.5 million tons Spinoff 2010 Transportation

14 The Benefits of NASA Spinoffs
Image Sensors Enhance Camera Technologies JPL researchers explored ways to significantly miniaturize cameras on interplanetary spacecraft while maintaining scientific image quality A team led by Eric Fossum developed an energy-efficient light sensor with all of its components integrated on a single chip Fossum and other JPL engineers licensed the sensor technology and founded Photobit to pursue commercial applications The company was acquired and later spun out as Aptina The NASA-derived sensors are now incorporated into digital cameras, automotive and surveillance cameras, and medical imaging devices One of every three cell phone cameras worldwide features Aptina’s sensors; the company has shipped over 1 billion sensors For more information on this spinoff: Spinoff 2010 Consumer Goods

15 Recent Examples of Jobs Created Through NASA Tech Transfer
Of the over 14,400 jobs reported due to recent NASA technology transfer efforts (64 companies contributed to this total), the following subset shows some highlights: NVision Solutions Inc. of Mississippi: 73 jobs Mikro Systems Inc. of Virginia: 37 jobs Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation of Virginia: 510 jobs AlterG Inc. of California: 65 jobs Martek Biosciences of Maryland: 500+ jobs Bloom Energy of California: In the process of adding 1,000 jobs Sierra Lobo Inc. of Ohio: 400 jobs GATR Technologies of Alabama: 20 jobs

16 Recent Examples of Revenue Generated Through
NASA Tech Transfer Of the over $5 billion in revenue reported due to recent NASA technology transfer efforts (72 companies contributed to this total), the following highlights some of the successes: NVision Solutions Inc. of Mississippi: $2.5 million BRS Aerospace of Minnesota: about $20 million for 2010 alone SpaceForm Inc. of Michigan: $6 million SpaceMicro of California: grew from a $1 million company to a $8 million company Martek Biosciences Corporation of Maryland: $450 million per year Recently acquired by DSM Inc. for $1.1 billion, not added to total Barrett Technology Inc. of Massachusetts: $10 million LifeWings Partners of Tennessee: $3 million per year GATR Technologies of Alabama: $8.6 million Amnis Corporation of Washington: $10 million NASA PREDECISIONAL

17 Recent Examples of Lives Saved Through
NASA Tech Transfer Of the over 440,000 lives saved as a direct result of NASA technology transfer (26 companies contributed to this total), these are but a few examples: Advanced Circulatory Systems Inc. of Minnesota: CPR assist devices provide up to a 57-percent increase in the survival rate of heart attack victims Givens Marine Survival Company of Rhode Island: Specialized life rafts have saved the lives of 400+ sailors to date BRS Aerospace of Minnesota: Whole plane parachutes have saved the lives of 266 pilots and passengers to date LifeWings Partners of Tennessee: Operational training in hospitals has resulted in an almost 50-percent drop in observed to expected deaths MicroMed Technology Inc. of Texas: 450+ patients have received life-saving heart pumps, accounting for 130+ patient years of life

18 The Spinoff Database NASA Spinoff

19 NASA @ Home and City NASA Spinoff

20 Contact Information Daniel Lockney Technology Transfer Program Executive Office of the Chief Technologist NASA Headquarters office: cell: Spinoff images clockwise from top L: TMIO Programmable Oven, Aerodynamic Truck Fairings, Robot Control Software, Ingestible Thermometer Pill, GATR Inflatable Antenna, SEAKR Solid-State Recorder, Center: Multiple NASA Spinoffs Involve Remote Sensing and Imaging for Climate Research. One Example,

21 NASA Presentation Sign-Off Page
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