# English Language Arts and Mathematics Selected Response, Constructed Response, Technology-Enhanced Item Design Adapted from SBAC.

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English Language Arts and Mathematics Selected Response, Constructed Response, Technology-Enhanced Item Design Adapted from SBAC

Discussion With a partner, talk about all you know about the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium.

Learning Outcomes Understand the purpose of selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items Describe the components of selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items Understand the essential requirements of quality items Describe the expectations of what students will be able to do Understand the districts initiative to begin with writing

Claims ELA Claim 1 Claim 2 Claim 3 Claim 4 MATH Claim 1 Claim 2 Claim 3 Claim 4

Six Assessment Item Types 1.Selected Response 2.Constructed Response 3.Extended Response 4.Performance Task 5.Technology Enhanced 6.Technology Enabled

SELECTED RESPONSE

Benefits and Limitations of Selected Response Items Benefits Answered quickly Assess a large range of content on one test Inexpensive to score Results collected quickly Limitations Limited ability to reveal a students reasoning process Difficult to assess higher-order thinking skills

Lizards are fascinating creatures. There are over 3,000 known species, including monitors, skinks, geckos, chameleons, and iguanas, and they vary greatly in appearance. The largest lizard, the Komodo dragon, can grow over ten feet long, and the smallest, the Jaragua lizard, can fit on a dime. Skinks usually have smooth scales like snakes, iguanas have mohawk-like crests running down their backs, and the moloch is covered with spikes from head to tail. Lizards vary in color from shades of gray and brown to bright red or green, spotted or striped. Most have four legs but some are legless and easily confused with snakes (Hint: if it has external eardrums and eyelids its a lizard). Geckos can walk up walls. Chameleons not only change color but also have prehensile tails, similar to those of monkeys, that wrap around branches and their eyes can move in different directions. What is the best way to revise the highlighted sentence to match the language and style of the paragraph? A.Geckos are able to adhere to flush surfaces because setae on their footpads facilitate van der Waals forces between the setae structures and the surface. B.Geckos are awesome because they have sticky toes that allow them to climb windows like Spiderman. C.Geckos have the remarkable ability to walk up walls thanks to tiny hair-like structures on their toes that cling to smooth surfaces. D.Geckos scurry up walls like tiny dancers gliding effortlessly across a stage, their movements as natural as a well-rehearsed ballet. Formats and Components of Selected Response Items ELA STIMULUS Lizards are fascinating creatures. There are over 3,000 known species, including monitors, skinks, geckos, chameleons, and iguanas, and they vary greatly in appearance. The largest lizard, the Komodo dragon, can grow over ten feet long, and the smallest, the Jaragua lizard, can fit on a dime. Skinks usually have smooth scales like snakes, iguanas have mohawk-like crests running down their backs, and the moloch is covered with spikes from head to tail. Lizards vary in color from shades of gray and brown to bright red or green, spotted or striped. Most have four legs but some are legless and easily confused with snakes (Hint: if it has external eardrums and eyelids its a lizard). Geckos can walk up walls. Chameleons not only change color but also have prehensile tails, similar to those of monkeys, that wrap around branches and their eyes can move in different directions. STEM What is the best way to revise the highlighted sentence to match the language and style of the paragraph? OPTIONS A.Geckos are able to adhere to flush surfaces because setae on their footpads facilitate van der Waals forces between the setae structures and the surface. B.Geckos are awesome because they have sticky toes that allow them to climb windows like Spiderman. C.Geckos have the remarkable ability to walk up walls thanks to tiny hair-like structures on their toes that cling to smooth surfaces. D.Geckos scurry up walls like tiny dancers gliding effortlessly across a stage, their movements as natural as a well-rehearsed ballet.

Formats and Components of Selected Response Items MATH Traditional Selected Response Item Which number is both a factor of 100 and a multiple of 5? A. 4 B. 40 C. 50 D. 500 Which number is both a factor of 100 and a multiple of 5? A. 4 B. 40 C. 50 D. 500 A. 4 B. 40 C. 50 D. 500 OPTIONS: Possible answers the students must select from Which number is both a factor of 100 and a multiple of 5? STEM Statement of the question DISTRACTOR

Non-Traditional Selected Response Item A multiplication problem is shown below. 17 × 12 Which model(s) below could represent the solution to this problem? Select all that apply. A multiplication problem is shown below. 17 × 12 Which model(s) below could represent the solution to this problem? Select all that apply. A. (1×1)+(1×7)+(1×2)+(2×7) C. (17×2)+(17×1) E.F. Which model(s) below could represent the solution to this problem? Select all that apply. STEM B. D. STIMULUS 17 × 12

Non-Traditional Selected Response Item Key and Distractor Analysis: A.Does not understand how to model multiplication of two two-digit numbers using area models. B.Correct C.Did not account for the values of the digits in the tens places. D.Correct E.Did not understand that the 1 represents 10 in the multiplication problem F.Showed multiplication of 17 and (1 + 2) instead of 17 and 12 Responses to this item will receive 0–2 points, based on the following: 2 points: B, D 1 point: Either B or D 0 points: Any other combination of selections.

Non-Traditional Selected Response Item For numbers 1a – 1d, state whether or not each figure has of its whole shaded. 1a. 1b. 1c. 1d. STEM MULTIPLE PARTS OPTIONS

Non-Traditional Selected Response Item Scoring Rubric: Responses to this item will receive 0–2 points, based upon the following: 2 points: YNYN The student has a solid understanding of as well as the equivalent form of. 1 point: YNNN, YYNN, YYYN The student has only a basic understanding of. Either the student doesnt recognize an equivalent fraction for or doesnt understand that all 5 parts must be equal-sized in figure 1b. 0 points: YYYY, YNNY, NNNN, NNYY, NYYN, NYNN, NYYY, NYNN, NNNN, NYNY, NNYN, NNNY. The student demonstrates inconsistent understanding of or answers Y to figure 1d, clearly showing a misunderstanding of what means. Figure 1d is considered a disqualifier and an answer of Y to this part of the item would cancel out any other correct responses as guesses on the part of the student.

Non-Traditional Selected Response Item Match each shape below to its name. Scoring Rule: Students who properly match the four shapes to their name will receive two points. Students who make two or three correct matches will receive partial credit of one point All other connections will receive a score of 0.

CONSTRUCTED RESPONSE

Purpose of Constructed Response Items Constructed Response Items Address assessment targets and claims that are of greater complexity Require more analytical thinking and reasoning

Administration of Constructed Response Items Administered during the computer-adaptive component Scored using artificial intelligence Most constructed response items take between 1 and 5 minutes to complete Some more complex items may take up to 10 minutes to complete

Components of a Constructed Response Item The Shepherds Boy and the Wolf A Shepherd's Boy was tending his flock near a village, and thought it would be great fun to trick the villagers by pretending that a Wolf was attacking the sheep: so he shouted out, "Wolf! Wolf!" and when the people came running up he laughed at them because they believed him. He did this more than once, and every time the villagers found they had been tricked, for there was no Wolf at all. At last a Wolf really did come, and the Boy cried, "Wolf! Wolf!" as loud as he could: but the people were so used to hearing him call that they took no notice of his cries for help. And so no one came to help the boy, and the Wolf attacked the sheep. In a few sentences, explain what lesson the reader can learn from the shepherds boy. Use details from the story to support your response. STEM In a few sentences, explain what lesson the reader can learn from the shepherds boy. Use details from the story to support your response. STIMULUS The Shepherds Boy and the Wolf A Shepherd's Boy was tending his flock near a village, and thought it would be great fun to trick the villagers by pretending that a Wolf was attacking the sheep: so he shouted out, "Wolf! Wolf!" and when the people came running up he laughed at them because they believed him. He did this more than once, and every time the villagers found they had been tricked, for there was no Wolf at all. At last a Wolf really did come, and the Boy cried, "Wolf! Wolf!" as loud as he could: but the people were so used to hearing him call that they took no notice of his cries for help. And so no one came to help the boy, and the Wolf attacked the sheep.

Components of a Constructed Response Item 2-point Scoring Rubric 2 The response: gives evidence of the ability to explain inferences about theme includes specific inferences that make reference to the text supports the inferences with relevant details from the text 1The response: gives limited evidence of the ability to explain inferences about theme includes inferences but they are not explicit or make only vague references to the text supports the inference with at least one detail but the relevance of that detail to the text must be inferred 0A response gets no credit if it provides no evidence of the ability to explain inferences about theme and includes no relevant information from the text. Scoring Notes Response may include but is not limited to: The shepherds boy learned that he shouldnt call wolf unless there is really a wolf. The shepherds boy learned that he should only ask for help if he needs it or else he wouldnt get help when he really needs it. The people were so used to hearing him call that they took no notice of his cries. The shepherds boy learned not to have fun by tricking people because the people learn not to trust you. Score Point 2 Sample: The lesson learned from this story is do not cry for help when nothing is wrong. The shepherds boy pretends that a big wolf is attacking his sheep and yells, Wolf! Wolf! The people in the village run out to help him because they believe he needs help. After he tricks the villagers more than once, they realize he is just pretending. Score Point 1 Sample: The lesson learned from this story is do not cry for help when nothing is wrong. The shepherds boy cries wolf when there is no wolf and the people come to help him. Score Point 0 Sample: Readers learn a good lesson about how to cry wolf.

Purpose of Constructed Response Items Constructed Response items Address assessment targets and claims that are of greater complexity Require more analytical thinking and reasoning

Administration of Constructed Response Items Administered during the computer-adaptive component Scored using artificial intelligence Most constructed response items take between 1 and 5 minutes to complete Some more complex items may take up to 10 minutes to complete

A teacher asked her students to use estimation to decide if the sum of the problem below is closer to 4,000 or 5,000. 496 + 1,404 + 2,605 + 489 = One student replied that she thinks the sum is closer to 4,000. She used the estimation shown below to support her reasoning. Is the students reasoning correct? In the space below, use numbers and words to explain why or why not. If the students reasoning is not correct, explain how she should have estimated. A teacher asked her students to use estimation to decide if the sum of the problem below is closer to 4,000 or 5,000. 496 + 1,404 + 2,605 + 489 = One student replied that she thinks the sum is closer to 4,000. She used the estimation shown below to support her reasoning. Is the students reasoning correct? In the space below, use numbers and words to explain why or why not. If the students reasoning is not correct, explain how she should have estimated. Components of a Constructed Response Item STEM STIMULI

Components of a Constructed Response Item Sample Top-Score Response: The students reasoning is incorrect. She was rounding to the thousands place. She had 2 numbers that were less than 500, and she decided to round these numbers to 0. This is like saying these numbers were not in the problem at all. She needs to account for these two numbers. Together, they have a sum that is very close to 1,000. I think adding 1,000 + 1,000 + 3,000 is a better strategy. This means the sum is closer to 5,000 than to 4,000. TOP-SCORE Scoring Rubric: Responses to this item will receive 0–2 points, based on the following: 2 points: Student has thorough understanding of how to estimate and how improper estimation can lead to flawed reasoning. Student states that the student in the scenario used reasoning that is incorrect and provides reasoning that shows a better estimation strategy. 1 point: Student has partial understanding of how to estimate and how improper estimation can lead to flawed reasoning. Student states that the student in the scenario used reasoning that is incorrect, but alternate estimation strategy is also flawed. 0 points: Student has little or no understanding of how to estimate and how improper estimation can lead to flawed reasoning. Student states that the student in the scenario used reasoning that is correct. SCORING RUBRIC

Qualities of a Rubric Focus on the essence of the primary claim and sometimes secondary claim Address the requirements of the specific assessment targets Distinguish between different levels of understanding and/or performance Contain relevant information, details, and numbers that support different levels of competency related to the item or task

Essential Requirements of Selected Response and Constructed Response Items Alignment to claims and assessment targets Appropriate content and contexts Proper presentation: clarity, readability, and accessibility Stimulus text is at or below the assessed grade level for assessed claim Free of bias issues Claim 1 and 4 constructed responses require support Plausible distractors Distractors represent common mistakes

Capitalize on Technology Technology-Enabled Technology-Enhanced

Technology-Enabled Items Digital Media Video Animation Sound Response Types Selected Response Constructed Response Example: Listen to President Kennedys 1961 inaugural address and then write an essay analyzing metaphors used regarding foreign policy. Example: View video and write a summary explaining steps in a process.

Example of Technology-Enabled Item Gregory is installing tile on a rectangular floor. He is using congruent square tiles that each have a side length of ½ foot The area of the floor is 22 square feet. The width of the floor is 4 feet. Use the grid and the tile below to model the floor. What is the length, in feet, of the floor? Gregory is installing tile on a rectangular floor. He is using congruent square tiles that each have a side length of ½ foot The area of the floor is 22 square feet. The width of the floor is 4 feet. Use the grid and the tile below to model the floor. What is the length, in feet, of the floor?

Technology-Enhanced Items Specialized interaction May have digital media for stimulus Same requirements as selected and constructed response items Students manipulate information Defined responses

Technology-Enhanced Example Item Below is a poem, a sonnet, in which the speaker discusses her feelings about a relationship. Read the poem and answer the question that follows. *vestige: a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or evident. In the sonnet Remember, which two lines reveal a change in the speakers message to her subject? Remember When you can no more hold me by the hand, Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay. Remember me when no more day by day You tell me of our future that you plannd: Only remember me; you understand It will be late to counsel then or pray. Yet if you should forget me for a while And afterwards remember, do not grieve. For if the darkness and corruption leave A vestige* of the thoughts that once I had Better by far you should forget and smile Than that you should remember and be sad.

Key Components of a Technology- Enhanced Item The notes for a summary need to be arranged correctly in the order in which the events occurred in the passage. Click on each sentence and move it to arrange the sentence into correct chronological order. Summary of Events: Maria laughs with the old women. The guest and family eat dinner. Marias mother asks the guests for a story. Marias guests arrive. Maria becomes sad. The guests take turn telling stories. INTERACTION SPACE Remember When you can no more hold me by the hand, Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay. Remember me when no more day by day You tell me of our future that you plannd: Only remember me; you understand It will be late to counsel then or pray. Yet if you should forget me for a while And afterwards remember, do not grieve. For if the darkness and corruption leave A vestige* of the thoughts that once I had Better by far you should forget and smile Than that you should remember and be sad.

Key Components of a Technology- Enhanced Item Below is a poem, a sonnet, in which the speaker discusses her feelings about a relationship. Read the poem and answer the question that follows. Remember When you can no more hold me by the hand, Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay. Remember me when no more day by day You tell me of our future that you plannd: Only remember me; you understand It will be late to counsel then or pray. Yet if you should forget me for a while And afterwards remember, do not grieve. For if the darkness and corruption leave A vestige* of the thoughts that once I had Better by far you should forget and smile Than that you should remember and be sad. *vestige: a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or evident. In the sonnet Remember, which two lines reveals a change in the speakers message to her subject? TYPE OF INTERACTION SPACE

Key Components of a Technology-Enhanced Item Parameter: A variable provides input to a computer program Below is a poem, a sonnet, in which the speaker discusses her feelings about a relationship. Read the poem and answer the question that follows. Remember When you can no more hold me by the hand, Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay. Remember me when no more day by day You tell me of our future that you plannd: Only remember me; you understand It will be late to counsel then or pray. Yet if you should forget me for a while And afterwards remember, do not grieve. For if the darkness and corruption leave A vestige* of the thoughts that once I had Better by far you should forget and smile Than that you should remember and be sad. *vestige: a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or evident. In the sonnet Remember, which two lines reveals a change in the speakers message to her subject? Interaction Space Parameters Block Size: Custom blocks Valid Blocks: All Limit Selection: True Max Selections: 1 Interaction Space Parameters Block Size: Whole word Valid Blocks: All Limit Selection: False Max Selections: NA Below is a poem, a sonnet, in which the speaker discusses her feelings about a relationship. Read the poem and answer the question that follows. Remember When you can no more hold me by the hand, Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay. Remember me when no ore day by day You tell me of our future that you plannd: Only remember me; you understand It will be late to counsel then or pray. Yet if you should forget me for a while And afterwards remember, do not grieve. For if the darkness and corruption leave A vestige* of the thoughts that once I had Better by far you should forget and smile Than that you should remember and be sad. *vestige: a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or evident. Select all verbs that suggest the author is no longer alive.

Scoring Rule Scoring Rule: Logic used to score student response Who is the protagonist in the story? A. Joe B. Sue C. Maria D. The father Who is the protagonist in the story? A. Joe B. Sue C. Maria D. The father Scoring Rule: If student response = C, then correct Otherwise, incorrect Scoring Rule: If object 1 = B, 2 = A, 3 = B, 4 = A, 5 = A, then correct Otherwise, incorrect Classify each word below based on whether it is a verb or a noun. VerbsNouns Doll Run Dog Swim Eat

The notes for a summary need to be arranged correctly in the order in which the events occurred in the passage. Click on each sentence and move it to arrange the sentence into correct chronological order. Summary of Events: Maria laughs with the old women. The guest and family eat dinner. Marias mother asks the guests for a story. Marias guests arrive. Maria becomes sad. The guests take turn telling stories. Below is a poem, a sonnet, in which the speaker discusses her feelings about a relationship. Read the poem and answer the question that follows. Remember When you can no more hold me by the hand, Nor I half turn to go yet turning stay. Remember me when no more day by day You tell me of our future that you plannd: Only remember me; you understand It will be late to counsel then or pray. Yet if you should forget me for a while And afterwards remember, do not grieve. For if the darkness and corruption leave A vestige* of the thoughts that once I had Better by far you should forget and smile Than that you should remember and be sad. *vestige: a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or evident. In the sonnet Remember, which two lines reveals a change in the speakers message to her subject? Technology-Enhanced Item Types Common English Language Arts Technology-Enhanced item types Classify each word below based on whether it is a verb or a noun. VerbsNouns Doll Run Dog Swim Eat – Dropdowns – Classification – Reorder text – Select and order – Select text

Technology-Enhanced Items Draw a line of symmetry through the figure below. The graph on the right shows a triangle. Draw the triangle after it is reflected over the y-axis. Reorder the fractions below so that they are ordered from smallest to largest. 3/5 3/4 2/6 1/2 2/3 Classify each shape below based whether it contains at least one pair of parallel sides.

INTERACTION SPACE Key Components of a Technology- Enhanced Item Draw a line of symmetry through the figure below. Classify each shape below based on whether it contains at least one pair of parallel sides.

Draw a line of symmetry through the figure below. Key Components of a Technology- Enhanced Item

Parameter: A variable provides input to a computer program Draw a line of symmetry through the figure below. Interaction Space Parameters Default Coordinates: False Coordinates for corners: (1,1), (13,13) Grid Visible: True Labels: False Snap: True Object Displayed: True Object Coordinates: (4,10), (7,11), (10,10), (9,8), (10,4), (6,5), (4,4), (3,7), (4,10) Points Connected: True Interaction Space Parameters Default Coordinates: False Coordinates for corners: (1,1), (13,13) Grid Visible: False Labels: False Snap: True Object Displayed: True Object Coordinates: (4,10), (10,10), (4,20), (10,20) Points Connected: True Draw a line of symmetry through the figure below.

Scoring Rule Scoring Rule: Logic used to score student response Which number is both a factor of 100 and a multiple of 5? A. 4 B. 40 C. 50 D. 500 Which number is both a factor of 100 and a multiple of 5? A. 4 B. 40 C. 50 D. 500 Scoring Rule: If student response = C, then correct Otherwise, incorrect Scoring Rule: If object 1 = B, 2 = A, 3 = B, 4 = A, 5 = A, then correct Otherwise, incorrect Classify each shape below based on whether it contains at least one pair of parallel sides.

Scoring Rule Draw a line of symmetry through the figure below. Scoring Rule: Start Point: Do not consider End Point: Do not consider x-Intercept: Consider, 0,.5 y-Intercept: Consider, 0,.5 Slope: Consider, -1,.25 Alternate Scoring Rule: Start Point: Do not consider End Point: Do not consider x-Intercept: Consider, 0, 0 y-Intercept: Consider, 0, 0 Slope: Consider, -1, 0

Comparing Technology-Enabled and Technology-Enhanced Items Draw a line of symmetry through the figure below. Gregory is installing tile on a rectangular floor. He is using congruent square tiles that each have a side length of ½ foot. The area of the floor is 22 square feet. The width of the floor is 4 feet. Use the grid and the tile below to model the floor. What is the length, in feet, of the floor? Gregory is installing tile on a rectangular floor. He is using congruent square tiles that each have a side length of ½ foot. The area of the floor is 22 square feet. The width of the floor is 4 feet. Use the grid and the tile below to model the floor. What is the length, in feet, of the floor? 5.5 feet

DEPTH OF KNOWLEDGE

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