Presentation on theme: "Office of the Chief Technologist Space Technology Programs"— Presentation transcript:
1 Office of the Chief Technologist Space Technology Programs Dr. Steven Meier, Director, CrosscuttingCapability Demonstration DivisionFebruary 8, 2011
2 Space Technology: An Investment in Our Future Through NASA, America Continues to Dream Big: NASA’s future aeronautics, science and exploration missions are grand in scope and bold in stature.Core Competencies: NASA’s societal impact is derived from integration of its three long-standing core competencies: research and technology, flight hardware development, and mission operations.ARPA-Space: Pushing the boundaries and taking informed-risk, NASA’s new technology efforts will develop crosscutting, game-changing solutions to the Agency’s technological needs. NASA at the cutting-edge.A Technology Focus at NASA:Is required to enable NASA’s future aeronautics, science and exploration missions.Drives our Nation’s economic competitiveness.Serves as a strong inspiration for young people to pursue STEM education & career paths.Allows application of NASA’s intellectual capital to the development of technological solutions addressing broad needs in energy, weather & climate, health & wellness, and security.Technological leadership is the “Space Race” of the 21st Century
3 External Input Has Driven Formulation of the NASA Space Technology Program NASA Authorization Act of 2008: “A robust program of long-term exploration-related research and development will be essential for the success and sustainability of any enduring initiative of human and robotic exploration of the solar system.”NRC report, America’s Future in Space, 2009: “NASA should revitalize its advanced technology development program by establishing a DARPA-like organization within NASA as a priority mission area to support preeminent civil, national security (if dual-use), and commercial space programs.”NRC report, Fostering Visions for the Future: A Review of the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts, 2009: “To improve the manner in which advanced concepts are infused into its future systems, the committee recommends that NASA consider reestablishing an aeronautics and space systems technology development enterprise. Its purpose would be to provide maturation opportunities and agency expertise for visionary, far-reaching concepts and technologies.”Augustine Committee, 2009: “The Committee strongly believes it is time for NASA to reassume its crucial role of developing new technologies for space. Today, the alternatives available for exploration systems are severely limited because of the lack of a strategic investment in technology development in past decades.”NRC report, Capabilities for the Future: An Assessment of NASA Laboratories for Basic Research, 2010: “To restore the health of the fundamental research laboratories, including their equipment, facilities, and support services, NASA should restore a better funding and leadership balance between long-term fundamental research/technology development and short- term mission-focused applications.“
4 Public Commentary on the Value of the NASA Space Technology Program Letter to Congress from 14 Nobel Laureates, 14 former high-level NASA officials and 2 educators, 9/1/10:“NASA has long been a critical component of American economic competitiveness, inspiring young people to enter careers in science and engineering, ensuring American leadership in human spaceflight, and driving cutting-edge research. However, we have watched with concern in recent years as NASA’s programs for advanced technology, commercial spaceflight, student research, and robotic exploration have been scaled back or postponed. The data are sobering: since 2005, NASA’s technology program has been cut by more than 50 percent… This decline in spending should not only be reversed, but in fact, innovative technology development must once again become a high priority at NASA.”Letter from Coalition of 15 US Universities to Congress, 9/23/10:“There are many issues in the pending NASA appropriations … but we want to draw particular attention to the importance of robust funding and timely initiation of NASA’s Space Technology Program in this letter. NASA has since its inception been responsible for making and taking advantage of major technology investments which have pushed the envelope of what is possible and later been adapted for many catalytic non-aerospace uses by the private sector. However, this kind of advanced technology program at the scale required has not existed for years at NASA. The Space Technology Program responds to a recognized need from the community to reinvigorate these investments to enable future advanced space systems concepts and enabling technology... Further, it focuses on developing advances across mission directorates rather than specific to each. This program is the critical element in NASA's budget to recapture the technology leadership it has been losing over recent decades, as it has shifted from a technology agency to an operational agency.”
5 Office of Chief Technologist Roles/Responsibilities OCT established in February 2010OCT has six main goals and responsibilities:Principal NASA advisor and advocate on matters concerning Agency-wide technology policy and programs.Up and out advocacy for NASA research and technology programs. Communication and integration with other Agency technology efforts.Direct management of OCT Space Technology Programs.Coordination of technology investments across the Agency, including the mission-focused investments made by the NASA mission directorates. Perform strategic technology integration.Change culture towards creativity and innovation at NASA Centers, particularly in regard to workforce development.Document/demonstrate/communicate societal impact of NASA technology investments. Lead technology transfer and commercialization opportunities across Agency.
6 Space Technology Program Background Space Technology is a budget line in the FY11 request for NASAConsists of 10 technology development and innovation programs that are broadly applicable to the Agency’s aeronautics, science and exploration enterprisesManaged by Office of the Chief Technologist (OCT)OCT has chosen to manage these 10 programs through the formation of 3 DivisionsEarly Stage InnovationGame Changing TechnologyCrosscutting Capability DemonstrationsFormulation of the Space Technology program is completeFormally approved by Administrator at July 29 Acquisition Strategy Planning meeting
7 Space Technology Formulation Principles Space Technology shall:Advance broadly-applicable technology.Produce technology products for which there are multiple customers.Meet the Nation’s needs for new technologies to support future NASA missions in science and exploration, as well as the needs of other government agencies and the Nation’s space industry in a manner similar to the way NACA aided the early aeronautics industry.Employ a portfolio approach over the Technology Readiness Level spectrum.Competitively select research by academia, industry, and the NASA Centers based on merit.Leverage the technology investments of our international, other government agency, academic and industrial partners.Establish a deliberative panel of internal and external stakeholders, including industry and other government agencies, to review and advise OCT on technology development priorities through a transparent and balanced process.Result in new inventions, new capabilities and the creation of a pipeline of innovators trained to serve future National needs.
8 Space Technology: A Different Approach Full spectrum of technology programs that provide an infusion path to advance innovative ideas from concept to flightCompetitive peer-review and selectionCompetition of ideas building an open community of innovators for the NationProjectized approach to technology developmentDefined start and end datesProject Managers with full authority and responsibilityProject focus in selected set of strategically defined capability areasOverarching goal is to reposition NASA on the cutting-edgeTechnical rigorPushing the boundariesTake informed risk and when we fail, fail fast and learn in the processSeek disruptive innovation such that with success the future will no longer be a straight lineFoster an emerging commercial space industry
9 Management of OCT Space Technology Programs NASA Chief Technologist: The NASA Chief Technologist is the final authority of the OCT Space Technology Programs.OCT Management Reporting: Management of the OCT Space Technology Programs will report through the equivalent of Directorate Program Management Council (DPMC) within the Office of the Chief Technologist.Agency Reporting and Management: As flight projects, the Technology Demonstration Missions will report through the Baseline Performance Reporting (BPR) and the Agency level PMC.These flight projects will be subject to tailored versions of NASAAll OCT Programs will be subject to tailored versions ofDivision and Program Management: The Space Technology Programs (with exception of NIAC and Center Innovation Fund) will all have Level 2 Program Offices at the Centers. The Center Program Offices will report to Level 1 Program Executives (PEs) at HQ who will report through the OCT Division Directors to the NASA Chief Technologist.
10 OCT Space Technology Program Guidance The following general guidance applies across all OCT Programs:NASA Headquarters OCT will make award selections (e.g., from NRAs, AOs, fellowships) or have oversight of the selections for all program elements.Headquarters NASA OCT will determine “what” goals (number of awards, TRLs, demonstrations, etc) are to be achieved under each Program, along with an agreed upon milestone schedule.Centers will manage the provided program element procurement funds to determine “how” to achieve the goals and milestone schedule utilizing FTEs across the Center(s) and procuring WYEs or other labor.Centers are expected to provide OCT with their Program Management Plans and reach agreement with OCT prior to execution.Centers are responsible for working with NASA Shared Service Center for awarding grants and cooperative agreements.
11 Competitive Acquisition Strategy Goal of making awards as early as possible in FY11Schedule: Competitive acquisition strategy requires approximately 6 months from solicitation release to award initiation to support the maturation of technology products in time to demonstrate value as part of FY12 and FY13 budget deliberations.Over 70% of OCT budget is competedSelect best ideas from NASA Centers, industry and academia. Peer-reviewed approach driven by Strategic Roadmapping process is objective and defensible. DARPA-like approach for Game-Changing Development Projects.Approximately 30% reserved for guided investment based on Agency strategic needs.Programmatic flexibility allows for Agency investments in critical strategic technology areasEmploy range of approaches to simplify process and reduce burden on proposersFor example, Game Changing Development and Technology Demonstration Missions employ a multiple-step award process where proposal length/depth is scaled to the award sizeTo retain a level playing field with external organizations, no OCT funding will be allocated toward Center proposal development activitiesAll OCT solicitations will be posted through NSPIRES and the OCT website and
12 Office of the Chief Technologist Organization Deputy CTCenter Chief TechnologistsCross Agency SupportGame ChangingTechnologyActivitiesFinancial ManagementPartnership, Innovation and Commercial SpaceCommunications& OutreachStrategic IntegrationSpace Technology Research Grants (GRC)NIACSBIR/STTR (ARC)Centennial Challenges (MSFC)Center Innovation FundEarly StageInnovationGrants / ActivitiesTech Demonstration Missions (MSFC)Edison Small Satellite Missions (ARC)Flight Opportunities (DFRC)Crosscutting Capability DemonstrationProjects / ActivitiesGame Changing Development (LaRC)Franklin Small Satellite Subsystem Technology (ARC)
14 OCT Divisions & Programs Early-Stage Innovation (ESI) Division: Creative ideas regarding future NASA systems and/or solutions to national needs.Space Technology Research Grants (STRG) Program (includes Graduate Fellowships)NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) ProgramCenter Innovation Fund (CIF) ProgramSBIR/STTR ProgramCentennial Challenges Prize (CCP) ProgramGame Changing Technology (GCT) Division: Prove feasibility of novel, early-stage ideas that have potential to revolutionize future NASA missions and/or fulfill national needs.Game Changing Development (GCD) ProgramSmall Satellite Subsystem Technology (SSST) ProgramCrosscutting Capability Demonstrations (CCD) Division: Maturation to flight readiness of cross-cutting capabilities that advance multiple future space missions, including flight test projects where in-space demonstration is needed before the capability can transition to direct mission application.Technology Demonstrations Missions (TDM) ProgramEdison Small Satellite Demonstration Missions (SSDM) ProgramFlight Opportunities (FO) Program
15 Space Technology Development Approach IdeaVisions of the FuturePossibleSolutionIdeaDoes it WORK?Is it Flight Ready?IdeaIdeaInfusion Opportunities for NASA Mission Directorates,Other Govt. Agencies, and IndustryIdeaPossibleSolutionIdeaPossibleSolutionPossibleSolutionIdeaIdeaPossibleSolutionIdeaIdeaIdeaIdeaPossibleSolutionIdeaIndustryAcademiaIdeaGov’tProve feasibility of novel, early-stage ideas with potential to revolutionize a future NASA mission and/or fulfill national need.Mature crosscutting capabilities that advance multiple future space missions to flight readiness statusCreative ideas regarding future NASA systems or solutions to national needs.
16 OCT Space Technology Program Elements TRL1234567Early-Stage InnovationSystem Concepts and AnalysesConcept and Technology AssessmentFoundational Disciplinary AdvancesTechnology and Innovation Incentives and PrizesGame-Changing TechnologyNew CapabilitiesProof of conceptMeasurable Performance Advantages & Hardware ValidationBalanced Risks with Moderate Expected Failure RatePartnerships with Other Govt. Agencies, Industry & AcademiaCrosscutting Capability Demo.Relevant Environment TestingTailored 7120 Flight ProcessesNot Mission Specific Technology25% Cost Share Req. for Flight Tests
20 Early Stage Innovation Division The Early Stage Innovation Division sponsors a wide range of low TRL efforts for advanced space system concept and initial technology development across academia, industry and at the NASA field Centers.Early Stage Innovation includes:Space Technology Research Grants Program focuses on innovative research in advanced space technology grants & graduate fellowships for student research in space technologyNIAC Program focuses on innovative aeronautics and space system concepts for future NASA missionsCenter Innovation Fund Program stimulates aerospace creativity and innovation at the NASA field CentersSBIR/STTR Program engages small businesses in our Nation’s space enterprise and infuse these products across NASA missionsCentennial Challenges Prize Program addresses key technology needs with new sources of innovation outside the traditional aerospace communityAll Early Stage Innovation selections will be made competitively
21 Space Technology Research Grants Level II Program Office: GRCObjective: Accelerate the development of push technologies through innovative projects with high risk/high payoffGrants: Low TRL technology portfolio for foundational research in advanced space systems; Space Technology equivalent to ARMD Fundamental Aeronautics Program.Fellowships: Competitive selection of U.S Citizen / permanent resident graduate student that shows promise for future application toward NASA missions and strategic goalsAcquisition StrategyGrants: NRA calls anticipated once or twice annuallyFellowships: Selected candidates will perform graduate student research on their respective campuses, at NASA Centers and not-for-profit Research and Development (R&D) labs. Each student matched with a technically relevant and community engaged researcher who will serve as the student’s professional advisor. AwardsGrants: Typical 12 months awards at $250K per yearFellowships: Building up to 500 active students per year.CollaborationGrants: Academia, not-for-profit R&D labs & NASA Centers lead proposals; others team.Fellowships: Strong collaboration is anticipated between NASA Centers/R&D Labs & Academia
22 NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) Managed at NASA HeadquartersObjective: NIAC is focused on early studies of visionary, long-term conceptsAerospace architecture, system, or mission concepts (TRL 1-2, 10+ years from application)OCT is re-establishing this effort as the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts programGuided by NRC findings and recommendations*Run internally from HQ, and allowing internal NASA/JPL participationStudies exploring futurespace missionsInvolve industry, academia & NASA to revolutionize space access, operations & utilizationAcquisition StrategyPhase 1: Examine the overall viability of an innovative system or conceptPhase 2: Study major feasibility aspects (cost, performance, development time, key issues) and potential infusion path; competitively selected from successful Phase ISelections will be based on independent peer review of all qualified proposals; competition of ideas*NRC report, Fostering Visions for the Future: A Review of the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts, 2009AwardsPhase 1: Up to 1 year, $100K; per yearPhase 2: up to 2 years, $500K; 3-8 per yearCollaborationProposals welcome from all sources, including academia, industry, all US government agencies (including NASA and JPL), and partnerships.
23 Centennial Challenges Level II Program Office: MSFCObjective: Seek innovative solutions to technical problems that can drive progress in aerospace technology of value to NASA’s missions in space operations, science, exploration and aeronautics.Opportunity for direct public participation in NASA’s research and development efforts with cash prizes as incentivesAchieve breakthrough tech development via prizes & non-traditional aerospaceSince 2005, 19 competitions held in six Challenge areas, $4.5M in prizes awarded to 13 different teamsAcquisition StrategyIn selecting topics for prize competitions, NASA consults widely within and outside of the Federal Government.Awards are only made for successful demonstrations of design solutionsNASA provides the Prize Purse and the competitions are managed at no cost to NASA by external non- profit organizations.AwardsTypical Prize amount is $1-5M100% of funds identified is for prizes. No funding for labor or travelFY 2011 PBR will allow NASA to pursue new and more ambitious prize competitions.CollaborationProposals welcome from the public for participation in NASA’s research and development efforts .
24 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) Level II Program Office: ARCObjective: To engage and provide opportunity to small businesses to participate in Federal Research activities and encourage cooperative research and development with non-profit research institutions, such as a university; with a primary objective of developing and facilitating the transfer of technology from research institutions through the entrepreneurship of small business contracts that result in technology to meet NASA's needs.Provide opportunities to participate in Federal Research activitiesEncourage cooperative research and development with non-profit research institutionsInflatable Technology to develop a rigidized thin film antenna for large aperture ground-based antenna; i.e. lunar ground station2009 NASA SBIR grant for an advanced Lunar Surface Navigation systemAcquisition StrategyCurrent Authorization provides for SBIR funding at a minimum of 2.5 percent of NASA’s extramural research and development expendituresModeled after SBIR, STTR is a separately funded activity; with funding set at a minimum of 0.3 percent of extramural research and development expendituresAwardsPhase 1: Up to 400 awards per yearPhase 2: Up to 200 awards per yearCollaborationProposals welcome from small business concerns, in partnership with non-profit research institutions; such as a university.The percentage of new firms participating in NASA's SBIR/STTR programs each year has been in the 30-50% range, yielding new applicants each year. New participants have submitted between 20-35% of the total number of proposals in any given year.
25 Center Innovation Fund Managed at each NASA CenterObjectiveTo stimulate and encourage creativity and innovation within the NASA Centers. The activities are envisioned to fall within the scope of NASA Space Technology or technology addressing a significant National need.Acquisition StrategyThrough the Center Chief Technologist, Centers will conduct competitions to select ideas/projects and provide appropriate oversight. Detailed feedback on these activities will be required before the end of each FY.Center activities will be scored and will affect funding distribution in subsequent yearsAwardsThe funds will be distributed among the ten NASA centers to allow Centers to support low TRL innovative technology initiatives that leverage Center talent and capability.CollaborationPartners will be sought out by the Centers for the pursuit of innovation that is of common interest to leverage these resourcesPartners will include other NASA Centers, private sector firms, universities, other government agencies and FFRDCs.
27 Game Changing Technology Division The Game Changing Technology Division focuses on maturing advanced space technologies that may lead to entirely new approaches for the Agency's future space missions and solutions to significant national needs.Through significant ground-based testing and/or laboratory experimentation, the Game Changing Technology Division matures technologies in preparation for potential system level flight demonstration. Success is not assured with each investment; however, on the whole and over time, dramatic advances in technology, enabling entirely new NASA missions and potential solutions for a variety of society's technological challenges are expected.A broad spectrum of space system technologies will be developed ranging from launch vehicle subsystems, spacecraft technologies, in-space capabilities, and surface systems that support robotic and human exploration.Game Changing Technology Division includes:Game Changing Development Program focuses on innovative ideas enabling new capabilities or radically altering our current approaches to space systemsFranklin Small Satellite Subsystem Technology Program enables small satellites to provide game changing capabilities for the space sectorsGreater than 70% of GCT funds (FY11-FY15) will applied to competitive selections
28 Game Changing Development Level II Program Office: LaRCObjective: Solicit innovative ideas enabling new capabilities or radically altering current approaches to launch, build, and operate space systems.Matures technologies through the mid-TRL regime to enable useful game changing capabilities for scientific discovery, and human and robotic explorationProjects are intended to be capability-oriented and to move ideas from discovery to use.GCD emulates the outcomes of the DARPA approach at technology developmentGuided by NRC’s Findings and Recommendations*Acquisition StrategyConcept Studies will be competed to flesh out idea(s), quantify their challenges and identify approaches to overcome themA subject matter expert Project Manager (PM) may recommend the idea for a new project start. If game changing, the Chief Technologist may authorize the PM to release a BAAThe BAA asks for many ideas to achieve the project goals from the community. The PM and a committee of experts assess and award multiple elements per project.* NRC report, America’s Future in Space, 2009AwardsConcept Studies: $300K-$500K; ~120/year (~60 in FY11)Small Projects: years, ~$3M/year; ~12 new project starts/ year (~6 in FY11)Large Projects: years, ~$12M/year; ~12 new project starts/ year (~6 in FY11)CollaborationTeams will include Govt Agencies, academia and industry.
29 Franklin Small Satellite Subsystem Technology ObjectiveMatures technologies that enable small satellites to provide game changing capabilities for the government and commercial. At completion, the subsystem deliverables should be ready for demonstration in space within the Edison Program under Crosscutting Capability Demonstrations Division.TRL Maturation: From TRL 3-4 to TRL 5-6Level II Program Office: ARCAcquisition StrategyAnnual BAAsAt least 2-8 new competitively selected awards.These two year activities with a possible third year will be regularly assessed using planned review gates (possible early cessation of projects due to high risk/high payoff)Awards~2-8 new awards/yearOne-year base activity with two, one-year optionsEstimate $1-3 million per year.CollaborationCompetitions for technology maturation will be open to NASA Centers, Govt. Agencies, Industry and Academia, with partnership strongly encouraged
31 Crosscutting Capability Demonstrations Division The Cross-Cutting Capability Demonstrations Division focuses on maturation to flight readiness of cross-cutting capabilities that advance multiple future space missions, including flight test projects where in-space demonstration is needed before the capability can transition to direct mission application.Matures a small number of technologies that benefit multiple customers to flight readiness status (TRL 7) through Projects that perform relevant environment testing.Crosscutting Capability Demonstrations Division includes:Technology Demonstration Missions Program matures, through flight demonstrations, a small number of Agency crosscutting technologies in partnerships with the Mission Directorates, industry, and other government agenciesEdison Small Satellite Missions Program develops and operates a series of NASA-focused small satellite demonstration missions in collaboration with academia and small businessFlight Opportunities Program provides flight opportunities of reduced-gravity environments, brief periods of weightlessness, and high-altitude atmospheric researchGreater than 70% of CCD funds (FY11-FY15) will be applied to competitive selections
32 Edison Small Satellite Demonstration Missions Level II Program Office: ARCObjectiveDevelop and operate a series of small satellite technology demonstration missions with NASA applications. Provide science and educational missions of opportunities as secondary objectives. Improve secondary payload space access.TRL Maturation: From TRL 5-6 to TRL 6-7Acquisition StrategyAnnual BAAsAt least 1-2 new competitively selected awards.Two years to launch readiness with development and launch gates.Awards~1-2 new awards/year at $1-10 million per year.CollaborationCompetitions for technology maturation will be open to NASA Centers, Govt. Agencies, Industry and Academia, with partnership strongly encouragedSignificant emphasis on NASA-university collaborative efforts to enable university students to gain hands-on experience within these project activities.
33 Technology Demonstration Missions Level II Program Office: MSFCObjectiveMatures a small number of crosscutting technologies that benefit multiple customers to flight readiness status (TRL 7) through Projects that perform relevant environment testing.The primary objective is to help “bridge the gap” by maturing system-level space technologies through flight readiness and mission infusion.Acquisition StrategyAnnual BAAs; mandatory 25% cost sharing of Total Life Cycle Mission Cost to facilitate infusionBAA - Flight Demo ProposalFull flight demonstration proposal; < 30 pagesThree months for full proposal submissionThree years from ATP to launch readinessAwardsMaximum three years development schedule. Typical project life cycle cost (from OCT): $150MCollaborationMinimum 25% partner contribution to demonstrate infusion interest. Proposal teams may include NASA Centers, Govt. Agencies, Industry and Academia, with partnerships strongly encouraged
34 Potential Space Technology Demonstrations “Rigidized” MembraneInflatable Decelerators25-40 m Class TelescopesSpace Solar Power: In-Space Power TransmissionSolar Sail PropulsionElectrodynamic Tether PropulsionArtist Concept of ISS ReboostAerocaptureOptical Communications
35 Flight Opportunities Level II Program Office: DFRC Objective: Provide flight opportunities for technology development, science and education efforts in reduced-gravity environments, brief periods of weightlessness, and high-altitude atmospheric research. The Flight Opportunities Program combines the FY10 FAST and CRuSR efforts previously managed by NASA’s Innovative Partnership Program. Goal of expanding program to other platforms and test environments in FY12.CRuSR will procure sub-orbital space transportation services to provide 3-4 minutes of microgravity environment for tech development, scientific and university researchThe FAST will procure parabolic flights to test technologies in a space environment that could simulate microgravity and the reduced gravity environments of the Moon or MarsAwardsParabolic flights: FY11 4 flight weeks/year with 15 payloads/flight weekSuborbital flights: Releasing RFP in FY11CollaborationIndustry, Government labs, and emerging commercial suborbital platform providers for access to simulated space environmentIndustry, Academia, Government researchers encourages to apply to Flight Opportunities platformsAcquisition StrategyCRuSR – RFP for payload accommodation on operational and developmental suborbital platforms (FY11 is unmanned)FAST – RFQ for payload accommodation on commercial and governmental parabolic flightsSemi Annual BAA for researchers to gain access to CRuSR and FAST platforms to test technologies in a relevant space environment
36 NASA: Part of a Broader National Strategy Through its FY11 budget request, the Obama administration is committed to a research, technology and innovation agenda for the Nation as a means of stimulating the economy and building our Nation’s global economic competitiveness through the creation of new products and services, new business and industries, and high-quality, sustainable jobsThe NASA budget request is aligned with this National strategy.The renewed emphasis on technology in the President’s FY11 budget request balances the long-standing NASA core competencies of R&T, spaceflight hardware development, and mission operations.In addition to providing a more more vital and productive aerospace future than our country has today, a NASA focused on technology and innovation,Drives our Nation’s economic competitiveness.Serves as a strong inspiration for young people to pursue STEM education and career paths.Allows NASA to apply its intellectual capital to the develop technological solutions addressing broader National needs in energy, weather & climate, Earth science, health & wellness, and National security.I am 100 percent committed to the mission of NASA and its future. Because broadening our capabilities in space will continue to serve our society in ways we can scarcely imagine. Because exploration will once more inspire wonder in a new generation: sparking passions, launching careers. And because, ultimately, if we fail to press forward in the pursuit of discovery, we are ceding our future. President Obama, April 15, 2010.