Presentation on theme: "Roundtable II Cooperation in Technology Transfer Tuesday, 29 November 2005 Vienna, Austria."— Presentation transcript:
Roundtable II Cooperation in Technology Transfer Tuesday, 29 November 2005 Vienna, Austria
Structure of the Presentation Technology Transfer - Insight Technology Competitiveness in Developing countries - Factors Technology Upgradation - Hindsight Technology Development – Challenges India – Case studies Technology Transfer – Way Ahead
Technology Transfer - Insight
Technology Transfer Knowledge Management Patents & Licenses Technology Transfer Technology acquisition Skill Development - Know How Technology adaptation Dissemination Forms Phases Increases production efficiency - Long Term competitiveness of SMEs
Technology Transfer - Process Verification Knowledge Awareness Decision Making Application Brokering DevelopmentInnovation Design Testing Technology Creation ModificationIdentification Evaluation Testing Technology Sourcing Technology Transfer is the suite of processes encompassing all dimensions of the origins and uptake of know-how, experience and equipment amongst, across and within countries, organizations and institutions.
Technology Transfer – Main Issues Slow uptake of technologies that support sustainable development, despite many initiatives for increased and effective transfer of technologies. Need to emphasize on specific and practical methodologies and tools for promoting the adoption and use of latest technologies. Absence of ubiquitous approach. Need to prioritize initiatives for developing countries depending on their needs and status.
Technology Competitiveness in Developing countries - Factors
Technology imports Small number of developed countries provide most of technological innovations. Most of the developing countries are neither innovating nor adopting. Lacks capability to create globally competitive technologies Lack of access to information on new technologies and innovations Technology infrastructure R&D institutes and testing facilities in developing countries fall short of quality when compared to industrialized countries Lack of collaborative research Isolation of universities and R&D from Industry
Technology Competitiveness in Developing countries - Factors Pace of technological change SMEs lack the capability to constantly upgrade technologies in view of rapidly changing technologies in developed countries Easier in Process industries Technology acquisition Unit level technology absorption is low Lack of incentive, direction and capability to update existing technologies Lack of ready access to capital Relatively high transaction cost
Technology Competitiveness in Developing countries - Factors Unit Level Interventions Smaller firms find difficult to finance and coordinate the requisite level of technological activity Low participation in network of organizations and institutions involved in diffusing information on technologies. (specially SMEs) Availability of Skilled Manpower Shortage of trained personnel Lack of continuous capability development of manpower in technical dimensions New technologies are not adopted due to lack of skilled people thus widening the technology gap.
Technology Upgradation - Hindsight
Knowledge Drivers of the 21 st Century Building Blocks & Knowledge tools of 21 ST Century NETWORKS NANOTECH COMPUTERS NEURONS ATOMS BITS & BYTES BIOTECH GENES
ICT Support to Design RDCS: Robust Design Computation System
ICT Support to Product Design OIS: Design – Manufacturing – Customer Feedback : Integrated Model
ICT Support to Manufacturing
Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Systems that allow you to manage relationship Systems that allow you to manage relationship Strategy that puts the customer first, it's getting intimate with the customer - solidifying loyalty Strategy that puts the customer first, it's getting intimate with the customer - solidifying loyalty Understanding and tracking customer habits Understanding and tracking customer habits Links data together from all parts of the business Links data together from all parts of the business Warehouse of all the info of your customer Warehouse of all the info of your customer Maximizer, ACT!, Salesforce.com, Pivotal Maximizer, ACT!, Salesforce.com, Pivotal Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
Nanotechnology Applications Nanotechnology Applications Nano- Technology Research Nano- Technology Research NNUN NSEC Building blocks Coatings and surfaces Consolidates and composites Biochemical Dispersions & structures Processing and integration System architecturesModeling tools and instruments Electronic-magnetic systems Photonics- Optics Biodevices and systems Environmental, energy, health & safety systems MRSECs, STCs, ERCs, IUCRCs Management of applications matter ! Management of applications matter !
Technology Development – Challenges
Technology Development - Challenges Can be met through innovations management To be able to invest in technology creation at the risk of failing Adequate infrastructure required for technology creation IPR issues Adequate information relevant to strategic planning and market development Developing countries have already lost precious time Creation of useful and usable technologies is a major factor in ensuring that there is opportunity to make informed and confident choices in technology investment projects Technology Creation should be best left for developed countries. Developing countries should focus on adapting, learning and dissemination.
India – Case Studies
Machine Tools sector in India A holistic programme implemented by UNIDO-ICAMT (International Centre for Advancement of Manufacturing Technology). Emphasis on Technology dissemination through sensitization workshops, unit level interventions, participation in International fairs, Technology missions, skill upgration and market development activities. Growth in 2004-05 was 47% Annual growth of over 90% in the number of CNC machines production in the last two years. 50% increase in production of components and accessories. 101% increase in export of target group of machine tools – from USD 6.6 million to USD 13.3 million While the Technology innovation is still low, the sector has done extremely well due to Technology dissemination, Skill upgradation, Unit level interventions & market development activities.
Auto Components sector in India Indian auto component industry has grown from US $ 3.9 Billion to US $ 6.7 Billion in 3 years Exports have increased from US $ 578 Million in 2001-02 to US $ 1000 Million in 2003-04. India has become the 2 nd largest two wheeler manufacturers in the world Increased competitiveness is due to increased capability of latest technologies for continuous improvement when compared to other countries. Emphasis on process engineering skills, product engineering and continuous improvement capability. While the Research & Development activities are still at low level, the sector has witnessed phenomenal growth due to application of ICT tools, Technology dissemination, Skill upgradation, Knowledge management in the area of Engineering Design.
Indian Software: Global Brand USD Million Source: NASSCOM Software & Services Grow over 30 % By Verticals: By Geography: ~ 80% of Fortune 500 outsource their IT from India
2.5 million broadband in 2004 10 million broadband in 2008 India: Fast Growing Market … 9.25 million TV Sets – 2004 16 million TV Sets – 2008 4 million PC Shipments – 2004 65 million mobile subscribers - 2004 200 M Mobile subscribers by 2007 1 million Set Top Box – 2004 15 million Set Top Box - 2008 More than 3 million cell phone subscribers added every month Sub $ 40 Mobile Phone Sub $ 225 PC s would increase PC penetration. India Hardware Industry projected at US $ 69 billion by 2008 14 Mil PC Shipments - 2008
Indian IT Industry Industry Turnover (2004-05) US $ 27.75 billion Hardware Domestic:US $ 5 billion Hardware Exports: US $ 1.25 billion Software Exports:US $ 17 billion Software Domestic:US $ 4.5 billion Industry Turnover by 2008: More than US $ 100 Billion While the Research & Development activities have been low, the sector has witnessed boom due to knowledge workers, Skill upgradation & capability development.
n n Monopoly service providers n n Competitive regime with multiple players (public & private sector) across service segments n n Peak long distance tariff from Delhi to Mumbai of Rs.30/minute ($ 0.65/minute) n n Peak cellular outgoing tariff of Rs.16/minute ($ 0.35/minute) n n Rs.2-3 per minute ($ 0.04-0.07/minute) n n Rs.1-2 per minute ($ 0.02-0.04/minute) Competition Tariffs FromTo n n 18 mn fixed line subscribers in March 1998 n n <1 mn cellular subscribers in March 1998 n n 48 mn fixed line subscribers including FWT and Limited mobility CDMA n n 56 mn mobile subscribersSubscribers n n Total industry revenue of US$ 4 bn in FY98 n n ~ US$ 18 bn for FY05 n n <2% telephony penetration in March 1998 n n 9.37% penetration Industry Size Penetration n n No regulator n n Independent and active regulator (TRAI) and appellate tribunal (TDSAT) Regulator TRAI: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India; TDSAT : Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal Indian Telecom Sector
Latest Technology at Affordable Prices Indian Telecom Sector - Latest Technology at Affordable Prices National policy is technology neutral but encourages global state of the art technologies National policy is technology neutral but encourages global state of the art technologies All leading equipment and handset vendors have established significant presence in India All leading equipment and handset vendors have established significant presence in India They have been instrumental in making mass wireless service viable They have been instrumental in making mass wireless service viable Capex / sub has dropped from US$300-400/sub to US$70-80/sub Capex / sub has dropped from US$300-400/sub to US$70-80/sub Entry handset prices have dropped from US$400-500 to US$50 Entry handset prices have dropped from US$400-500 to US$50 Coexistence of dual wireless technology – CDMA and GSM Coexistence of dual wireless technology – CDMA and GSM Growth at the rate of 30% Growth at the rate of 30% Leapfrogging in Technology Adaptation has attributed to Telecom boom.
PAN-African Network 53 PAN-African countries to be connected as one network through Satellite and Fiber Optics Network to provide: Tele-education Tele-medicine VVIP communication network Internet Videoconferencing VOIP services Support e-governance, e-commerce, infotainment, resource mapping and metrological services
PAN-African Network To connect 5 universities to 53 learning centers, 10 Super specialty hospitals to 53 Remote hospitals in rural areas Indian Institutions to only make the programme running till the expertise is passed on to PAN-African countries PAN-African network will be established, maintained and managed within a period of 3 years. Handholding training will be imparted to the users and handed over by the end of 3 years Novel way for sharing of knowledge & technology
Technology Transfer – Way Ahead
Technology Transfer in Developing countries – Road Map Establishment of International Technology Centres Adopt demand-driven approach Focus on specific industrial sectors Establish Technology Trackers in leading industrialized countries Encourage application of technologies at the enterprise level through rapid build up of awareness of need, diagnosis of economical requirements, technology transfer management etc Emphasis on capability development Establishment of cooperative and collaborative partnerships between key stakeholders
Implementation of technology driven programmes Focus on technology areas of core competence and with cross sectoral impact demand of developing countries, thus increasing the international activities. Design and implementation of technology transfer plans and specific actions Dissemination of technology information – access to reliable and relevant information Skill development activities Provide outreach programmes for SMEs for effective dissemination. A system that minimizes contractual and other legal risks. Access to Decision Support Tools. Technology Transfer in Developing countries – Road Map
Technology Upgradation – Key Focus Areas Skill upgradation Capacity building Technology Dissemination ICT Applications to Technology & Management Processes Market access Global Benchmarking of Quality Technology Innovations/R&D Others Key Drivers
Technology Innovating Economies US-Patents per million population USA314.43 Japan260.99 Taiwan239.78 Switzerland195.65 Sweden195.65 Israel163.32 Finland140.21 Germany135.73 Canada115.80 Denmark 89.55 Back