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John Repasky, David McCarthy, Phillip Armstrong, Michael Carolan

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1 John Repasky, David McCarthy, Phillip Armstrong, Michael Carolan
ITM Technology for Carbon Capture on Natural Gas and Hybrid Power Systems John Repasky, David McCarthy, Phillip Armstrong, Michael Carolan Workshop on Technology Pathways Forward for Carbon Capture & Storage on Natural Gas Power Systems Organized by U.S. Energy Association Supported by U.S. Dept. of Energy Washington, DC, USA April 22, 2014 © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

2 FORTUNE 500 COMPANY ♦ $10.2 BILLION SALES FY13 ♦ SAFETY LEADER
Who is Air Products? Merchant Gases Industrial, medical, and specialty gases supplied to wide array of applications Tonnage Gases, Equipment and Energy Industrial gases supplied via large on-site facilities or pipeline systems; equipment; technologies to serve future industrial and energy markets Electronics and Performance Materials Specialty and tonnage gases/chemicals, services and equipment supplied to electronics markets; performance chemical solutions for a variety of industries FORTUNE 500 COMPANY ♦ $10.2 BILLION SALES FY13 ♦ SAFETY LEADER 21,600 Employees ♦ Operations over 50 countries ♦ Sales over 100 countries Production Operator, Equipment & Plant Sales, Pipelines & Distribution © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

3 Air Products & CO2 Solutions for the EOR Industry
CO2 Capture for EOR Port Arthur, Texas Solutions for the EOR Industry Developing, financing, constructing, and operating CO2 processing facilities Helium Recovery Project Port Arthur CO2 Project New H2S Removal Technology, NGL recovery Industrial CO2 business in Americas & Europe Recent purchase of EPCO CO2 business CO2 Capture R&D Evaluation and development of broad range of CO2 Capture Technologies Pilot demonstration of CO2 processing unit for oxyfuel combustion of coal at Vattenfall’s research and development facility in Schwarze Pumpe, Germany Industrial CO2 Europe, Americas CO2 Capture Pilot Germany © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

4 Air Products Port Arthur CO2 Project is approaching 1 million tonnes CO2
90%+ CO2 capture from 2 steam-methane reformers (Vacuum Swing Adsorption) ~30 MWe cogeneration unit to generate power and makeup steam ~925,000 tonnes CO2/year Denbury “Green” pipeline for EOR in Texas at West Hastings oil field Total Project: $431 Million DOE Share: $284 Million (66%) Source: Air Products and NETL CO2 Capture On-stream: PA-II SMR – December 2012 PA-I SMR – March 2013 Full capacity achieved April 2013 © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

5 ITM Technology targets low cost oxygen: enables pre-combustion & oxyfuel CO2 capture
Post-combustion capture Pre-combustion capture O2/CO2 recycle (oxyfuel) combustion capture © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

6 Air Products’ ITM Technology
Ion Transport Membranes (ITM) provide oxygen at high-purity and high-flux Non-porous mixed conducting ceramic membranes Operate at high temperature, in the range 700 to 1000 C Started R&D in 1988 Currently 90 U.S. Patents and global equivalents Materials and catalysts Membrane and module structures Process cycles Applications and integrations U.S. DOE Cooperative Program since 1998 Ion Transport Membranes are a Platform Technology ITM Oxygen – Tonnage Oxygen Supply ITM Syngas – Tonnage Syngas/Hydrogen Supply © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

7 What is ITM Oxygen ? ITM Oxygen
A proprietary ceramic membrane to separate oxygen from air Inputs are high pressure air and heat/fuel Outputs are oxygen and power/steam Unique technology gives high oxygen flux, high selectivity, and integrates well with high-temperature energy applications Pressurized Air Oxygen ITM Oxygen Heat/Fuel Power/Steam © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

8 ITM Oxygen integrates well with power generation cycles
AIR OXYGEN FUEL HEAT EXCHANGE ION TRANSPORT MEMBRANE HRSG STEAM BLOWER ELECTRIC POWER ‘AIR’ © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

9 How does ITM technology reduce the cost of oxygen for carbon capture?
Post-combustion capture Pre-combustion capture O2/CO2 recycle (oxyfuel) combustion capture © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

10 ITM Oxygen integrates oxygen production and power/steam generation
IGCC/H2-fired GT CC Power Gen. ITM Oxygen Coal, NG Syngas CO2 Removal H2-rich fuel syngas Pre-combustion capture © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

11 ITM Oxygen integrates oxygen production and power/steam generation
NGCC + Oxy-Coal Hybrid CC Power Gen. ITM Oxygen Coal, NG Oxy-Comb. (e.g. Boiler) CO2 Purif. CO2-rich flue gas O2/CO2 recycle (oxyfuel) combustion capture © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

12 The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) with Air Products and Worley Parsons conducted power plant assessments: IGCC & Oxy-combustion with carbon capture Compared ITM Oxygen with traditional air separation units (ASU) integrated into power plants Greenfield design basis included discussions with boiler and turbine manufacturers IGCC 765 MWgross IGCC F-class GT Oxy-combustion 800 MWgross SC PC boiler CO2 capture percentage % % % ITM advantage relative to cryo ASU case Efficiency advantage %pt %pt %pts Unit capital cost advantage % % % LCOE* advantage % % % * Levelized Cost of Electricity Reference publication: AIChE Spring Mtg, April/May 2013. © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

13 ITM Oxygen: DOE Cooperative Program
Phase 1: Technical Feasibility (0.1 TPD O2) Phase 2: Prototype Testing (1 - 5 TPD O2) Current activity Phases 3 and 5 are being conducted simultaneously Phase 3: Intermediate Scale Testing (100 TPD O2) – 12 MW IGCC Phase 4: Reaction Driven Membranes Phase 5: Ceramic Module Fabrication to Supply 2000 TPD O2 Facility Planning Next Phase: Energy Scale Development (2000 TPD O2) - equivalent 250 MW IGCC or 110 MW oxycombustion Broad, multi-disciplinary team 13 © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

14 ITM Oxygen: DOE Cooperative Program
Phase 1: Technical Feasibility (0.1 TPD O2) Phase 2: Prototype Testing (1 - 5 TPD O2) Current activity Phases 3 and 5 are being conducted simultaneously Phase 3: Intermediate Scale Testing (100 TPD O2) – 12 MW IGCC Phase 4: Reaction Driven Membranes Phase 5: Ceramic Module Fabrication to Supply 2000 TPD O2 Facility Planning Next Phase: Energy Scale Development (2000 TPD O2) - equivalent 250 MW IGCC or 110 MW oxycombustion Over 1000 days of operation have demonstrated oxygen purity, oxygen flux, and pressure/temperature cycling. Commercial modules and next generation components continue to be tested. Recently relocated from Sparrows Point, MD to Convent, LA U.S.A. 14 © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

15 ITM Oxygen: DOE Cooperative Program
Phase 1: Technical Feasibility (0.1 TPD O2) Phase 2: Prototype Testing (1 - 5 TPD O2) Current activity Phases 3 and 5 are being conducted simultaneously Phase 3: Intermediate Scale Testing (100 TPD O2) – 12 MW IGCC Phase 4: Reaction Driven Membranes Phase 5: Ceramic Module Fabrication to Supply 2000 TPD O2 Facility Planning Next Phase: Energy Scale Development (2000 TPD O2) - equivalent 250 MW IGCC or 110 MW oxycombustion Intermediate-Scale Test Unit is in start-up for operation in 2014. “ISTU” Convent, LA U.S.A. 15 © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

16 ITM Oxygen: DOE Cooperative Program
Phase 1: Technical Feasibility (0.1 TPD O2) Phase 2: Prototype Testing (1 - 5 TPD O2) Current activity Phases 3 and 5 are being conducted simultaneously Phase 3: Intermediate Scale Testing (100 TPD O2) – 12 MW IGCC Phase 4: Reaction Driven Membranes Phase 5: Ceramic Module Fabrication to Supply 2000 TPD O2 Facility Planning Next Phase: Energy Scale Development (2000 TPD O2) - equivalent 250 MW IGCC or 110 MW oxycombustion ITM Vessel Intermediate-Scale Test Unit is in start-up for operation in 2014. “ISTU” Convent, LA U.S.A. 16 © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

17 ITM Oxygen: DOE Cooperative Program
Phase 1: Technical Feasibility (0.1 TPD O2) Phase 2: Prototype Testing (1 - 5 TPD O2) Current activity Phases 3 and 5 are being conducted simultaneously Phase 3: Intermediate Scale Testing (100 TPD O2) – 12 MW IGCC Phase 4: Reaction Driven Membranes Phase 5: Ceramic Module Fabrication to Supply 2000 TPD O2 Facility Planning Next Phase: Energy Scale Development (2000 TPD O2) - equivalent 250 MW IGCC or 110 MW oxycombustion Ceramic Fabrication scale-up is in commissioning to support Next Phase Energy Scale Development. “CerFab” Tooele, UT U.S.A. 17 © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

18 ITM Oxygen: DOE Cooperative Program
Phase 1: Technical Feasibility (0.1 TPD O2) Phase 2: Prototype Testing (1 - 5 TPD O2) Current activity Phases 3 and 5 are being conducted simultaneously Phase 3: Intermediate Scale Testing (100 TPD O2) – 12 MW IGCC Phase 4: Reaction Driven Membranes Phase 5: Ceramic Module Fabrication to Supply 2000 TPD O2 Facility Planning Next Phase: Energy Scale Development (2000 TPD O2) - equivalent 250 MW IGCC or 110 MW oxycombustion ISTU and CerFab are critical steps to commercialize energy-scale ITM Oxygen. Actively pursuing early commercial opportunities. 18 © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

19 ITM Syngas is a revolutionary technology, which integrates oxygen production & syngas generation in a single unit © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

20 ITM Syngas is a revolutionary technology, which integrates oxygen production & syngas generation in a single unit NGCC/H2-fired GT CC Power Gen. ITM Syngas NG CO2 Removal H2-rich fuel syngas Pre-combustion capture © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

21 Air Products evaluated ITM Syngas to co-produce H2 and CO2 toward decarbonized fuel application
Compared ITM Syngas with conventional processes based on ATR/ASU to produce to 760 MMscfd fuel-grade H2. ITM Syngas showed potential for 30% capital cost savings in the synthesis gas generation process area and over 20% capital cost savings for the overall synthesis gas/H2/CO2 production process. ITM Syngas showed thermal efficiency advantage of 3 percentage points. Reference publication: AIChE Spring Mtg, April 2005. © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

22 ITM Syngas Development Program
Phase 1: Laboratory-scale Materials and Membrane Development Phase 2: Two-levels of Scale-Up 27 Nm3/h, 24,000 scfd Process Development Unit (PDU) Current activity is focused on scale-up 280 Nm3/h, 0.25 million scfd Subscale Engineering Prototype (SEP) Phase 3: Early, Small, Commercial-Scale Unit Broad, multi-disciplinary team © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

23 ITM Syngas Development Program
Phase 1: Laboratory-scale Materials and Membrane Development Phase 2: Two-levels of Scale-Up 27 Nm3/h, 24,000 scfd Process Development Unit (PDU) Current activity is focused on scale-up 280 Nm3/h, 0.25 million scfd Subscale Engineering Prototype (SEP) Phase 3: Early, Small, Commercial-Scale Unit Commercial-size membranes have been operated through a wide range of conditions for over 150 days. Allentown, PA U.S.A. © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

24 ITM Syngas Development Program
Phase 1: Laboratory-scale Materials and Membrane Development Phase 2: Two-levels of Scale-Up 27 Nm3/h, 24,000 scfd Process Development Unit (PDU) Current activity is focused on scale-up 280 Nm3/h, 0.25 million scfd Subscale Engineering Prototype (SEP) Phase 3: Early, Small, Commercial-Scale Unit 27 280 Engineering Prototype will position ITM Syngas ready for early commercial operation Support sought for scale-up to the Engineering Prototype © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

25 ITM Technology is Attractive across Broad Range of Applications
ITM Oxygen Clean energy Gasification: IGCC, Polygen, CtL, XtL, decarbonized fuel Oxy-combustion Traditional energy-intensive industrial production ITM Syngas Hydrogen production Syngas for GTL Centralized de-carbonized fuel for distributed H2 fuel Enables high degree of CO2 capture © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

26 ITM Technology shows significant benefit in both capital cost and energy savings across broad range of oxygen-based applications, including power generation with CCS ITM Oxygen integrates oxygen production and power generation ITM Syngas is a revolutionary technology that combines oxygen production and syngas generation in a single unit operation ITM Technology is well positioned to meet the needs of clean energy applications We are actively pursuing early commercial opportunities Additional development supporters are welcome © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

27 Acknowledgement This technology development has been supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-FC26-97FT96052 and Contract No. DE-FC26-98FT The U.S. Government reserves for itself and others acting on its behalf a royalty-free, nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide license for Governmental purposes to publish, distribute, translate, duplicate, exhibit and perform this copyrighted paper. Disclaimer Neither Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. nor any of its contractors or subcontractors nor the United States Department of Energy, nor any person acting on behalf of either: 1. Makes any warranty or representation, express or implied, with respect to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of the information contained in this report, or that the use of any information, apparatus, method, or process disclosed in this report may not infringe privately owned rights; or 2. Assumes any liabilities with respect to the use of, or for damages resulting from the use of, any information, apparatus, method, or process disclosed in this report. Reference herein to any specific commercial products, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Department of Energy. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Department of Energy. © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

28 Thank you… tell me more www.airproducts.com ITM@airproducts.com
ITM Oxygen “Ceramic and Coal: ITM Oxygen for Power Generation with Reduced CO2-Emissions, Detailed Engineering Study Results”, Air Products/ EPRI/WorleyParsons, AIChE Spring Mtg, San Antonio, TX, April/May (Oxycombustion & IGCC Economics) “ITM Oxygen Technology: Scale-up Toward Clean Energy Applications”, Intl Pittsburgh Coal Conf., Pittsburgh, PA, Oct (Program Update) ITM Syngas “Advances in ITM Technology for Syngas Production”, Air Products/ Ceramatec, 10th Natural Gas Conversion Symposium (NGCS Doha 2013), Doha, Qatar, March (Program Update) “ITM Syngas: Ceramic Membrane Technology for Lower Cost Conversion of Natural Gas”, Air Products/Chevron/Sasol, AIChE Spring Mtg, San Antonio, TX, March (Program Update & Economics) Phone: Fax: © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved

29 Thank you… tell me more ITM@airproducts.com Phone: +1 610 481 4475
Fax: © Air Products and Chemicals, Inc All Rights Reserved


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