Presentation on theme: "Technology Issues for Administrators A Workshop presented by Karen Work Richardson They said this computer can do anything! So, go ahead: Stop Billy from."— Presentation transcript:
Technology Issues for Administrators A Workshop presented by Karen Work Richardson They said this computer can do anything! So, go ahead: Stop Billy from sticking peas up his nose. I dare you!
Web Resources Links for this workshop and lots of other educational website can be found at My Backflip: yrichy yrichy Have Fun!
Wednesdays Agenda Introduction The Big Picture Personal Reflection Technology Standards for Administrators Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow Technology Use Stages Technology Integration Indicators Hands-on Activities
A Little Philosophy… Hegel and educational technology Thesis Antithesis Synthesis Oh, great! Shes starting with Hegel?! Well be here all day!
How Long Does It Take?
Jane Healy, Failure to Connect Blames technology for bad pedagogy and poor parenting Dismisses most positive research as sponsored by computer corporations or conducted by consultants (p. 22) then quotes a study sponsored by music educators: Although one might wish for a more objective funding source, the results have been provocative. (p. 230) Simon and Schuster, 1998
Jane Healy, Failure to Connect Accuses techno-pushers of hysteria then says, If you dont limit computer time, dont be surprised when he starts to have attention, learning, or social problems. (p. 226)
Clifford Stoll Silicon Snake Oil and High Tech Heretic Seems to advocate no computers in classrooms Most famous quote: No computer can teach what a walk through a pine forest feels like. Sensation has no substitute. (p. 138) Thinks field trips cost $100 or $200 Anchor, 1996
Todd Oppenheimer The Computer Delusion, Atlantic Monthly, July 1997 Suggests that schools are buying computers at the expense of other programs Questions the need to teach computer skills
Todd Oppenheimer Quotes Stoll: Computers in classrooms are the filmstrips of the 1990s. We loved them because we didnt have to think for an hour, teachers loved them because they didnt have to teach, and parents loved them because it showed their schools were high-tech. But no learning happened.
Points to Ponder What are your reservations about technology in education? What role does technology have in education? How comfortable are you with technology? What successful examples of technology integration have you witnessed?
Answering the Critics Research is slim but getting better Tends to focus on case studies and narratives of successful programs by motivated teachers and administrators Plenty of horror stories Check here for a presentation about research into educational technology: entations/justify2.html entations/justify2.html
Jay Sivin-Kachala Vice President of Interactive Educational Systems Design (IESD), Inc., an educational technology consulting firm in New York City Conducts research in the field of educational technology Provides a variety of consulting services related to the development and evaluation of educational software and multimedia products Develops print materials that supplement educational software Trains educators in the use of technology
Evaluating Technology Integration… Is all about asking the right questions. Which is better technology or no technology? (too broad) Under what conditions is technology valuable? Do Computers Make Kids Smarter? Why Computers Make Bad Teachers
The Right Question What software is being used, how well is it matched to the schools curriculum objects, how well is it matched to the needs and learning characteristics of the students, and what role is the teacher playing before, during, and after its use?
Its Not Just About Technology Check the Apple Unit of Practice: Its just a good lesson plan with perhaps a little more thought to the tools: ionaldevelopment/uop.html ionaldevelopment/uop.html
Wall Street Journal Hard Lessons Computer labs are lousy places for computers. Struggling students get more out of computers than average or above-average students. Most teachers still dont know how to use computers in class. School systems must plan computer use carefully. Wall Street Journal Interactive,Wall Street Journal Interactive, Technology & Education: What Have We Learned? Nov. 20, 1997
Wall Street Journal Hard Lessons Computers are a tool, not a subject. Kids flourish when everyone has a computer but schools arent spending enough to guarantee that. Schools cant handle hand-me-downs. Computers dont diminish traditional skills. The Internet and excite kids by giving them an audience. Kids love computers. Wall Street Journal Interactive,Wall Street Journal Interactive, Technology & Education: What Have We Learned? Nov. 20, 1997
Issues for Administrators Infrastructure Network Hardware Access Software Personal Productivity Implementation Policies Professional Development Integration Evaluation Program Faculty
Technology Standards for Administrators Leadership and Vision Learning and Teaching Productivity and Professional Practice Support, Management and Operations Assessment and Evaluation Social, Legal and Ethical Issues
Activity Time Reviewing and commenting on the Technology Standards for Administrators
Points to Ponder What is your personal vision of technology integration? How is technology being used In the classroom In the computer lab To facilitate communication To contribute to professional growth
Larry Cuban Computer Meets Classroom: Classroom Wins, Teachers College Record, Winter 1993 Technology historian Begins with the question: Why is electronic technology used far less on a daily basis in classrooms than in other organizations? Only recently has technology been part of education reform rhetoric
Larry Cuban: 3 Scenarios Technophile: Electronic Schools of the Future Now Preservationist: Maintaining While Improving Schooling Cautious Optimist: Slow Growth of Hybrid Schools and Classrooms
Points to Ponder Where is your school right now? How is technology being used In the classroom In the computer lab To facilitate communications To contribute to professional growth
SEIR-TEC Lessons The Southeast Initiatives Regional Technology in Education Consortium Three years, 14 resource-poor schools Spent 3 to 4 days a month in each school Read more about the lessons on-line: Factors that Affect the Effective Use of Technology for Teaching and Learning: tec/publications/lessondoc.htmlhttp://www.serve.org/seir- tec/publications/lessondoc.html
SEIR-TEC Lessons Leadership is key. Have a plan. Be patient. Be realistic about actual use. Think beyond technology to instruction. Get tech support and pedagogical help. Different populations have different needs and access issues. Hows your infrastructure.? Gauge your progress.
On Integrating Technology Visit The George Lucas Educational Foundation for high quality materials related to the best use of technology in education. The website includes articles, interviews and other resources.The George Lucas Educational Foundation for
Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow Begun in 1985 as a research program on impact of interactive technologies on teaching and learning Provided students and teachers an Apple computer at home and school Provision of technology access Site freedom to develop technology- supported curriculum and pedagogy More about ACOT:
ACOT Evaluation Conducted a series of evaluations at five original sites from 1987 to 1990 Had to constantly find new ways to evaluate outcomes based on up close observation of sites Formative evaluation evolutionary character
ACOT Triangulation Assess progress based on a range of measures and multiple benchmarks Compared students basic skills performance to nationally reported norms Comparison of student progress and achievement over time Comparison of ACOT classrooms with demographically similar classrooms Gathering data on classroom practices and parents background
The Importance of ACOT The findings about ACOT were less important than the questions it raised about evaluation and current assessment methods Had a positive impact on student attitudes Contributed to changing teaching practices
The Inconclusions of ACOT On standardized tests, ACOT students did not perform any better than comparison groups or nationally reported norms who did not have access to computers or the teaching and learning reforms implemented in ACOT schools
David Dwyer and ACOT Memphis Schools found significant gains in mathematics and language arts basic skills 30% is the magic number: takes 30% less time to learn the same things with help from the computer And 30% of your budget should be for training Most remarkable improvement was in writing fluency Read an interview with Dwyer and other technology leaders at Technology & Learning Magazine Technology & Learning Magazine
David Dwyer and ACOT Points to the importance of instruction as an element in increasing writing skills Admits that the flaw with ACOT is that participation was voluntary Dramatic results 90% went to college (15% for school) Dropout rate was 0% (30% for school) Better attendance
David Dwyer and ACOT Emphasizes need for staff development Teachers are trained as teams Develops collegiality Encourages them to learn from and help each other
David Dwyer and ACOT The Down Side Lots of work to change the system Sometimes teachers perceived changes that just werent there… Teaching kids to use the tools took too much time away from content
David Dwyer and ACOT Impact of Technology Over Time Adoption Stage Struggles May revert to traditional methods Adaptation Stage Clear goals lead to improvements Less use of content software and more of tools Appropriation Stage Comfortable enough to forget the technology Changed to constructivist methods Innovation Stage Opened up instructionally Project-based learning
Tech Integration Indicators: Teachers Accomplishes goals through technology use Computer activities are a natural part of the curriculum A routine or system of use is evident A variety of software is in use Teacher uses computer comfortably Adapted from Technology Enriched Administrators, Virginia Department of Education, Division of Technology
Can explain what they are doing and why they are doing it Collaborative, inquiry, discovery learning Enthusiastic Exhibit basic computer skills On task Understand classroom routine Tech Integration Indicators: Students
Classroom/Lab Indicators Room arrangement Rotation assignments Supplies are accessible Place for whole group instruction Tip sheet and manuals are available
Hands-on Activities Explore the Principal Connection CD Browse the Curriculum Snapshots collection of best practices Learn more about the Levels of Technology framework (LoTi) and take an online survey.
Thursdays Agenda Some Statistics An Introduction to Rubrics An ACOT Rubric Creating Surveys Examples Using the Profiler
Designing Great Rubrics Make a rubric that covers a range of situations BUT dont be too general AND too much detail can be a problem Limit the number of dimensions Choose key, easily understood criteria Adapted from Technology & Learning, August 1999
Designing Great Rubrics Use measurable criteria Choose clear descriptors Use four levels Keep the distance between levels equal Include those who will be evaluated in the creation of the rubric Adapted from Technology & Learning, August 1999
Activity Review the ACOT Rubric Where do your faculty members fit? Where do you fit? Would this be a beneficial tool to review with your faculty?
Survey Websites F47F D D22F1C F47F D D22F1C l l
Survey Design Tips Know your purpose Keep them reasonably short Make questions as specific as possible Try to avoid interpretation Give some space for personal comment for each question if possible Visit this site for details about surveys: 0/SurveyDesign.htm 0/SurveyDesign.htm