3Why do people speak French all over the world? Answer: Colonialism
4After watching this presentation, students will be able to: Explain why French is spoken all over the worldDefine colonizationIdentify the causes & effects of colonialismConstruct a timeline of French colonialism
5What is colonization? One country takes control of another country The colonizer (or ruling country) takes resources from the colonyThe colonizer often pushes its culture and language on the colony
6Why do countries COLONIZE other countries? To become richerTo gain powerTo increase opportunities to tradeTo expandBecause they think that their culture and way of life is better
7French Colonialism France had many colonies from the 1600s-1960s. In the 1800s and 1900s, France was the second biggest colonizer in the world(after England).
9French ColonialismInitially French colonialism was driven more by the state, the church , and the military, rather than by business interests.The ideological legitimization for French colonialism was mission civilisatrice (similar to “white man’s burden”): to spread French culture, language, and religion throughout the colonies.
10French ColonialismLater, it became a scramble for power, with all the major European powers competing for more colonies. More colonies meant more resources. More resources meant more economic gain.
12French ColonialismThe first phase of French colonial efforts was focused in Canada, the Louisiana Territory, the Caribbean, and west Africa.During the second phase of French colonialism (1870 to World War II), the empire grew to include most of north Africa and Indochina.