Presentation on theme: "Putting It Together Karin White – French teacher"— Presentation transcript:
1 Putting It Together Karin White – French teacher An ER verb assembly kitKarin White – French teacherC&I 401 – Fall 2005 Dr. Cheri ToledoCurriculum Web- Middle School FrenchOctober 28, 2005
2 Putting It Together Owner’s Manual Setup Getting Started FAQ’s An ER verb assembly kitSetupGetting StartedFAQ’sProjectsA do-it-yourself program for constructing complete thoughts and actions using regular ER verbs Owner’s Manual
3 SetupThe process of verb conjugationParts and accessories
4 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationSo what is conjugation? What does “conjugate” mean?In grammatical terms, it’s…Taking the regular form of the verb (such as: to have, to eat, to dance, to speak, etc) and changing it to agree with the subject of the verb (the person/object performing the action)Lost? Don’t you worry. We conjugate verbs in English every day! How???
5 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationWatch carefully as our verb repair specialty crew conjugates an English verb in the present tense.to beI am We areYou are You (pl) areHe/She is They are
6 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationDon’t they do excellent work? Here are some other familiar projects:to eatto danceI dance We danceYou dance You (pl) danceHe/She dances They danceI eat We eatYou eat You (pl) eatHe/She eats They eatIs it making sense yet? We change “to dance” to “dance” or “dances” depending on who we’re talking about (I, You, They). The same goes for “to eat.” Try a few on your own:
7 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationHere are a few verbs try. Remember to use the present tense!to watchto workI watch We watchYou watch You (pl) watchHe/She watches They watchI work We workYou work You (pl) workHe/She works They workHow did you do?C’est facile, n’est-ce pas?
8 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationWould you say… (click on each one)I is?You be?He are?She work?They watches?I to be?You to work?Oops! Of course not! Conjugated verbs are not interchangeable! It sounds ridiculous! It’s the same way with the French language.Now that you are experts, lets check out the nuts and bolts of conjugating French verbs.
9 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesIn order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following 4 terms:Subject-The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, la télé)Infinitive-The verb by itself: danser, parler, inviter, regarderWhat others can you name?travaillerhabiterorganiserécouterchanterStem-The verb without the er: dans, parl, invit, regard
10 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesAnd most importantly:Ending-The combination of letters that we put in place of the “er” that we dropped earlier. Each pronoun has it’s own ending to be used.Below is a chart that gives these endings-ER EndingsJee [—]Nousons [ohn]Tues [—]Vousez [eh]Il/ ElleIls/Ellesent [—]
11 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesOr think of it this way:SubjectInfinitiveStemEndingThe worker:The drill packaging:The drill: (packaging removed)The drill bits:ere, es, e, ons, ez, entJe, Tu, Nous, la fille, Ilsaimer, danser, chanter, parleraim, dans, chant, parlThe worker chooses the bit for each drill!!!
12 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesOk, here’s the drill : Try to conjugate these French verbs by following the 4 simple step:1. Take note of the worker2. Choose your drill package3. Remove ALL er packaging from the drill (how else are you going to use it?)Select the correct bit for the worker given*Notice, there are 6 workers for each verb!*parlerJeNousTuVousIl/ElleIls/Elles
13 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesparlerjouerJeNousJeNousTuVousTuVousIl/ElleIls/EllesIl/ElleIls/ElleshabiteraimerJeNousJeNousTuVousTuVousIl/ElleIls/EllesIl/ElleIls/EllesGo to the next page to see how you did!
14 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesparlerjouerJe parleNous parlonsJe joueNous jouonsTu parlesVous parlezTu jouesVous jouezIl/Elle parleIls/Elles parlentIl/Elle joueIls/Elles jouenthabiteraimerJ’habiteNous habitonsJ’aimeNous aimonsTu habitesVous habitezTu aimesVous aimezIl/Elle habiteIls/Elles habitentIl/Elle aimeIls/Elles aimentHow did you do? Ready for a new twist?
16 Surveying the Foundation Parts ReviewSurveying the FoundationYou should know the following terms before proceeding:-conjugate-subject-infinitive-stem-endingRemember, when putting something together, it’s always better to have a strong foundation than a weak one. You want what you are making to last, right? Make sure your foundation is strong before you begin further building.
17 La Règle de TROISThe Rule of THREEMost conjugated forms of an ER verb sound the same (even though their spellings are different), so you only have to learn THREE pronunciations!1There are THREE “Special G” verbs that break the rules for conjugating the nous form:-nager -voyager -manger2Each conjugated form of an ER verb in the present tense has THREE meanings.3
18 TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Most conjugated forms of an ER verb sound the same (even though their spellings are different), so you only have to learn THREE pronunciations!1
19 TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations For example, let’s conjugate:danserJe danseNous dansonsTu dansesVous dansezIl/Elle danseIls/Elles dansentSay them to yourself:danse = [dawnss]danses = [dawnss]dansons = [dawnss-ohn]dansez = [dawnss-eh]dansent = [dawnss]
20 TROIS Prononciations How does it work? Three Pronunciations danser Je danse Nous dansonsTu danses Vous dansezIl/Elle danse Ils/Elles dansentTrois Pononciations!1. [dawnss] [dawnss-ohn] [dawnss-eh]How does it work?
21 TROIS Prononciations And then… Three Pronunciations When you take off the packaging (er), you get the stem (the drill).The stem is pronounced just like it looks. It’s like saying the infinitive form without the ER sound at the end:Infinitive drop ER = Stem-étudier [ay] = étudi [ay-tew-dee]-inviter [ay] = invit [aahn-veet]-habiter [ay] = habit [ah-beet]And then…
22 TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Add the bit! As a quick reminder, here are the pronunciations of each bit (ending)-ER EndingsJee [—]Nousons [ohn]Tues [—]Vousez [eh]Il/ ElleIls/Ellesent [—]Do you see the 4 bits that have the same pronunciation?
23 TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Let’s try it with dîner: Je Subject(worker)+Stem(drill)Ending(bit)ResultJedîn [deen]e [-]dîne [deen]Tues [-]dînes [deen]Il/ElleNousons[ohn]dînons [deen-ohn]Vousez[eh]dînez [deen-eh]Ils/Ellesent [-]dînent [deen]
24 TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Do you see the 4 bits that have the same pronunciation?Subject(worker)+Stem(drill)Ending(bit)ResultJedîn [deen]e [-]dîne [deen]Tues [-]dînes [deen]Il/ElleNousons[ohn]dînons [deen-ohn]Vousez[eh]dînez [deen-eh]Ils/Ellesent [-]dînent [deen]
25 Les exemples au WebMore examples: (click on links to hear an authentic pronunciation)The above links are the internet examples (described in your packet)
26 Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsThere are THREE “Special G” verbs that break the rules for conjugating the nous form:2
27 Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsThese three “special G” verbs are:nagervoyagermangerThey are all three ER verbs with a “G” before the –er.
28 Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsnagerJe nageNous nageonsTu nagesVous nagezIl/Elle nageIls/Elles nagentFor these “special G” verbs, the “Nous” form is different. What changes?Why? (think pronunciation)voyagerJe voyageNous voyageonsTu voyagesVous voyagezIl/Elle voyageIls/Elles voyagentmangerJe mangeNous mangeonsTu mangesVous mangezIl/Elle mangeIls/Elles mangentSomething about the spelling has changed…
29 And the French would say… Les verbes du “G” specialSpecial G verbsSo what changes?-We’ve added an “e” between the “g” and “ons”-Why?-So we can keep the [zsh] sound in all the verb forms (je, tu, nous, vous, etc) consistently.And if we didn’t?-We’d have: nagons [nah – gohn]voyagons [voy –a-gohn]mangon [mah –gohn]And the French would say…
30 Oh là là. Fermez les oreilles. [mahn-gohn]. Zut Oh là là! Fermez les oreilles!!! [mahn-gohn]??? Zut! C’est un massacre de la langue française! NON! NON! NON!!![nah-gohn]??? NON!!! C’est horrible! Quelle horreur!!!! Et [voy-a-gohn]?!? Quelle mauvaise prononciation!!!!
31 Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsSo… in the interest of positive foreign relations, let’s remember:-The “NOUS” form is special for nager, voyager, and manger-In the “NOUS” form of these three verbs, we need to insert and “e” after the “g” to make the pronunciation sound niceSPECIAL “G” needs an “E” to sound “JOLI!” (pretty)3 pronunciations, 3 special “G” verbs, and now…
32 TROIS Sens Three Meanings Each conjugated form of an ER verb in the present tense has THREE meanings.3
33 TROIS Sens Three Meanings For example, let’s conjugate: voyager Je voyage Nous voyageonsTu voyages Vous voyagezIl/Elle voyage Ils/Elles voyagent“Je voyage” has three meanings: I travel, I am traveling, I do travel“Ils/Elles voyagent” has three meanings: They travel, they are traveling, and they do travel
34 TROIS Sens Three Meanings Need a few more examples? We play We are playingWe do playNous jouonsThey borrowThey are borrowingThey do borrowElles empruntentI winI am winningI do winJe gagne
35 La Règle de TROIS VOILÀ! Et The Rule of THREEEtVOILÀ!Conjugate while remembering these three rules and you’ll create a masterpiece every time!And speaking of masterpieces… lets put it all together and try your handiwork…
37 Les ProjetsProjectsVisit the following sites and try to activities to test your newfound skills and knowledge:1. be sure to following instructions in parentheses! (click on “Français, scroll down and select Present Tense, click on Regular –ER Verbs)2.3. (you may play several times)4. (scroll down towards the bottom, starting with “fill in the blanks”)Be sure to record your scores on the activity sheet!
39 Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Instead of dropping the “er” when conjugating a verb, can’t I just drop the “r”?What you’re really asking:Can’t I leave some of the packaging and still use the drill without any problems?Answer:NO! It may seem like it doesn’t make a difference, but it is a bad habit to start! Some -er verbs have fancier endings and cannot be conjugated by just dropping the “r”. Conjugation will not turn out properly… nor will your project if you leave the packaging on the drill!
40 Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Why is the “e” missing in “Je” when I conjugate verbs like “aimer, habiter, écouter, inviter, etc.”What you’re really asking:Is the “Je” worker picky about certain drills?Answer:Yes, the “Je” worker is picky. If the drill it wants to use begins with the vowels “a,e, or i” or a vowel sound, it likes to eliminate the “e” in “Je” and put an apostrophe in it’s place. For example: J’habite, J’aime, J’invite.
41 Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Will “je suis parle” or “je suis parler” work instead of saying “je parle” to mean “I am speaking”?What you’re really asking:Can’t a worker use two drills at the same time with or without the correct bit?Answer:NO! It’s dangerous and makes no sense! “Je parle” already means “I am speaking.” “Je suis parle,”translates to “I am am speaking.” “Je suis parler,” means “I am to speak.” Do not put any form of être (suis, es, est, sommes, êtes, sont) in front of any verb!!! (you’d be using two drills… être and another verb)
42 Owner’s Manual (Teaching Guide) Introduction: This curriculum web introduces students to the process of verb conjugation. It is limited to one specific form of verbs (regular ER), but goes fairly in-depth with what conjugation, is, means, and looks like in English and French. By the end of the curriculum, students should be able to identify and apply the basic steps to conjugating a regular ER verb in French.Aim: This curriculum web enables students to conjugate ER verbs so that they can create complete sentences to express actions, their thoughts, etc. In doing so they will greatly expand their grammatical base because the rules and patterns they learn can be applied to so many other aspects of the language.
43 Owner’s Manual (Teaching Guide) Rationale: This activity a partial introductory but supplementary part of the curriculum.Audience: Middle School French or High School French I.Prerequisites: Students will need to recognize and know the meaning of ER verbs, as well as be family with the usage of ER verbs in every day expressions before starting this activity.
44 Owner’s Manual (Teaching Guide) National Learning Standards:-Standard 1.2: Students understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics.-Standard 3.1: Students reinforce and further their knowledge of other disciplines through the foreign language.-Standard 4.1: Students demonstrate understanding of the nature of language through comparisons of the language studied and their own.
45 Owner’s Manual (Teaching Guide) Goals:-Students will be able to apply the concept of verb conjugation to their own language and to ER verbs in French-Students will be able to list the steps necessary in conjugating and French ER verb_Students will be able to correctly conjugate French ER verbs and identify the differences and similarities between conjugated verb forms.
46 Owner’s Manual (Teaching Guide) Instructional Plan:-Review what we know of “LUNDI,” our Monday stretch activity. (Quizzes over “LUNDI” material will have been given prior to this entire unit as means of reinforcement)-As a class, break down the concepts from “LUNDI” so that the students begin to see what “conjugation” is in its finished form.-From there, we will discuss how these conjugation patterns that we have noticed arrived at their finished form (the steps necessary).-Introduce curriculum web and go over activity instructions. Spend two-three days in computer lab (40 min periods).
47 Owner’s Manual (Teaching Guide) Instruction Plan con’t:-Students will work individually.Materials:-Activity packet-computer with internet access-headphones-pencil
48 Owner’s Manual (Teaching Guide) Assessment and Evaluation Plan:-Assessment is contained within the curriculum web. Students will complete the “projects” with their new knowledge and skills.-For further oral assessment, students will create dialogs (in groups) based on prompts. Pronunciation quizzes will also be given on a weekly basis.Special Note: French grammar can be a very tedious and tiresome topic. In order to maintain interest and simplify the seemingly ambiguous concepts for my young audience, I’ve added animation, music, and partial assessments along the way. This project is designed around a construction/work project theme.