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Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions.

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Presentation on theme: "Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions."— Presentation transcript:




4 Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions or the distribution of events around that average (e.g., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change may be limited to a specific region or may occur across the whole Earth

5 Why should we care?


7 Natural Causes

8 Volcanic Eruptions When volcano erupts a large amount of Sulphur dioxide, Water Vapour, Dust, Ash and Aerosols are released into atmosphere which influences the climatic patterns.

9 Ocean Currents The oceans play an important role in determining the atmospheric concentration of CO2. Changes in ocean circulation may affect climate through the movement of CO2 into or out of the atmosphere.

10 Earth Orbital Changes The earth revolves around the sun with a tilted angle of 23.5°. More tilt means warmer summers and colder winters. Less tilt means cooler summers and milder winters. It leads to small but climatically important changes mainly the strength of seasons.

11 Solar Variations The SUN is the fundamental source of energy and changes in the energy outputs would cause the climate to change. Small changes over an extended period of time leads to climate change.


13 Human Causes:

14 Makes way for agriculture and industries. Produces even more CO2 Contributes to global warming and climate change


16 4% from industrial processes 7% from agriculture 21% from transport 65% from use of fuel to generate energy 3% from decisions taken by individuals, like Energy used in homes Driving a car Other elements etc.

17 Effects of emissions on land...

18 2003 European Heat Wave Germany: Lowest river levels this century Switzerland: Melting glaciers, avalanches France: >14,000 deaths Portugal: Forest fires U.K.: Train rails buckle


20 Global warming is the continuing rise in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans.

21 How is it caused? Global Warming is caused by increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, resulting from human activities such as deforestation and burning of fossil fuels.



24 Tonnes of equivalent Carbon Emissions Per Capita in 2008

25 What do climate scientists really think?



28 Cholera The bacterium thrives in warmer waters and cause diarrhoea so severe that it can kill within a week. Without improved sanitation, rising global temperature will increase deadly outbreaks. Babesiosis This malaria like disease is carried by ticks endemic in the tropics but has now cropped up everywhere. It is rare in humans and seldom deadly(treatable with antibiotics) but may become more problematic as the globe warms, providing more welcoming environments.

29 Sleeping Sickness Global warming change the distribution of the tsetse flies that carry the disease, now infecting more than 500,000 people yearly worldwide. Victims become lethargic and may suffer severe swelling of the lymph nodes. Yellow Fever Mosquitoes spread this disease, which causes fever and jaundice like symptoms, between humans and wildlife, and will likely spread into new areas as the climate changes.

30 Felt less! There are more – Bird flu Ebola Lyme disease Plague Tuberculosi s To name a few.....


32 Individual measures...

33 Individual measures: Unplug electronic appliances: Unplug energy suckers when not in use. Appliances use energy just by being plugged in. Recycle packaging instead of throwing away. Save gas and money by car pooling. The savings will add up and you will be helping to slow down climate change.

34 End logging in old-growth forests and support reforestation.

35 Support Green Energy to reduce climate change. &

36 Governmental norms/policies/steps...

37 1.Implement immediate emission reduction targets.

38 2.Initiate International Treaty Negotiations.

39 Example of one such organization working for the cause: The IPCC

40 IPCC was jointly established by the World Meteorological Organization(WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme in To asses available scientific and socio-economic information on climate change. 1.To provide scientific/technical/socio economic advice to COP to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

41 3.End industrial farming based on fertilizers, pesticides and fuel sourced from petroleum.

42 4.Upgrade the transport services at urban and regional level.

43 5.Accelerate the construction of wind farms in suitable areas.

44 Existing work and knowledge regarding the change

45 Lack of citizen understanding regarding the basics of climate science is still wanting even though knowledge has increased over time. Especially notable confusion is between causes of climate change and ozone depletion, and confusion between weather and climate.

46 Concern is widespread around the world, it may also be inversely correlated with the wealth and carbon footprint of a nation

47 Concern towards easy solutions. Concern towards easy solutions. People stop paying attention to global warming when they realize that there is no easy solution for it. Many people take only those problems seriously for which they think action can be taken.

48 Shattering some of the green myths that contribute to cause of climate change... Studies and surveys conducted by different agencies say that...

49 Traditional nappies are as bad as disposables, a study by Environment Agency found. while throwaway nappies make up 0.1% of landfill waste, the cloth variety are a waste of energy, clean water and detergent. v/s

50 Paper bags cause more global warming than plastic. They need much more space to store so require extra energy to transport them from manufacturers to shops. or !

51 Do I really produce a green-house gas ??

52 Organic dairy cows are worse for the climate. They produce less milk so their methane emissions per liter are higher.

53 Trees, regarded as shields against global warming because they absorb carbon, were found by German scientists to be major producers of methane, a much more harmful greenhouse gas.


55 There is a scientific consensus that human activities are very likely to affect global climate

56 Since the developing world would still like to develop, the developed world must make substantial emissions reductions percent of current levels must be reduced by


58 Climate change isnt likely to affect our generation. We need to make changes for subsequent generations.



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