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Active Power Saving System APSS Technical Data Show Active Power Saving System APSS Technical Data Show

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Arab Engineering AME

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Energy saving panels to save in electric consumption (kwhr) (active power) by an amount ranging not less than 20% reflected on monthly electric bills. Special motors (chocks) for harmonic reduction. Special ant resonance harmonic fillers with electric regulators for the adoption of their characteristics to harmonics creation sources. Raise the power factor to 0.99, as a result of optimisation of power factors with regard to the harmonic and the restive contents. Reduction of current-voltage harmonics. APSS unit minimizes, is some applications, the harmonics in the network (3red, 5 th, 7 th, 9 th, 11 th, 13 th ). A scientific project for power factor quality improvement and saving, by the reduction of current voltage harmonics, the improvement of electric motors efficiency and the reduction of active power consumption ( kwhr ) and currents at the building. The project includes the scientific study, design, and installation of: Objectives Functions

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APSS panels are of suitable size and dont need any additional facilities. APSS panels can be designed to work in any environment. Improvement of motors efficiency. Reduction of supply currents and considerable saving. Reduction of the requested apparent power. No negative impact on the network, according to authorized certificates. The network resistance is reduced due to the energy exchange between the APSS unit and the different loads; therefore, the consumed current from the source is reduced. APSS unit works on minimizing the network losses and acts as A VOLTAGE STABILIZER to a certain extent which leads to reduce the consumed current from the source. APSS unit can handle each phase separately which leads to balance the load of the network, therefore it minimizes the current flow through the neutral cable of the network.

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The Advantages of the APSS Panel Egyptian product. Achieves saving not less than 20% over the consumed active power for networks that are supplied through transformer. Achieves saving not less than 30% over the fuel consumption for networks that are supplied through generators. Power factor improvement that reaches up to 0.99 which makes the client benefits from avoiding paying penalties over the reactive power. The network resistance is reduced due to the energy exchange between APSS unit & the different loads; therefore, the consumed current from the source is reduced. APSS unit works on minimizing the network losses and acts as a voltage stabilizer to a certain extent which lids to reduce the consumed current from the source. APSS unit can handle each phase separately which leads to balance the load of the network, therefore it minimizes the current flow through the neutral able of the network.

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APSS unit minimizes, in some applications, the harmonics in the network (3 rd, 5 th, 7 th, 9thy, 11 th, & 13 th ) With the use of APSS panels, client saves location and expenses of new equipments and additional devices he might spent to increase his network capacity without using APSS panels. AME provides monthly check-up and preventive maintenance by a highly qualified technical teams for projects inside Egypt and Trains qualified technical staff on site for projects abroad (optional for Egypt). APSS panels are of suitable size and dont need any additional facilities. APSS panels can be designed to work in any environment. APSS panels can be easily installed and dismounted only by Bassant-Tech. Team, or by any team certified from AME

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S.N. Networks Common Problems APSS Solution 1 The amount of the monthly electricity invoices APSS salves % over the consumed active power without affecting the load, therefore saves the same percentage over the electrical invoices amounts 2 The insufficient efficiency of the Power factor Correction Panels APSS achieves the best power factor relative to the load 3 The increase of the power consumption in the peak intervals APSS minimizes the increase of the power consumption in the peak intervals by achieving more saving proportional to the load demands as it brings more phases into operation automatically 4 The increase of the different types of losses (thermal…) APSS decreases the consumed current from the source (without decreasing the load current) which leads to the losses decrease in the network.

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5 Voltage drop APSS acts to a certain extent as a voltage stabilizer 6 The presence of Harmonics which adds losses and causes troubles in the network APSS treats in most of the applications the harmonics without adding more equip- mints to the network 7 The unbalances of the loads, that leads to increase of the current that goes through the neutral cable APSS balances the net-workloads, therefore minimizes the current going through the neutral cable. 8 The repetition of the troubles due to the different problems of the network. APSS improves the network efficiency and leads to have a clean, clear and stable network. 9The obligation of buying additional APSS allows the client to use the saved energy for load increase within the saved range without adding more devices or buying more power from the electricity Authority.

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Product TypeCountry / CoStandard 1- Single phase and three phase capacitors DUCATI () FRAKO () EN60831 – 1/2 IEC6033/part 1&2 Manufacturing Origins for Our System:

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Quality: Utmost attention to product quality and customer service are constants in DUCATIs history and the main factors contributing to its success worldwide Ducati has always been one of the first companies in its field, in Italy and in Europe, to adopt the most modern standards and procedures in order to assure the highest level of product quality and reliability. The QUALITY SYSTEM of Ducati Energy APSS, capacitor division, as described in the Quality Manual, was one of the first in Italy to be approved by the BSI in accordance with ISO 9002 (EN 29002) procedures: Certificate of Registration N.FM All this has been achieved thanks to fully automated and iterated production processes, completely new and innovative machines, production process control methods based on accurate specifications and the assigning of responsibility to operator at all levels. Capacitors systems and relays comply with the requirements set forth in EC Directives 73/23 and 93/68 (Low Voltage Directive). The harmonized European standards of reference are EN and EN Nearly all models are certified international institutes and all the manufactured in full compliance with the requirements of said standards. The failure rate (for capacitors only) is 300 per 109 components hours (reliability according to DIN 40040).

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Product TypeCountry/CoStandard 2- Power controllers DUCATI ENTES FRAKO EN EN , EN IEC61326, IEC,ANSI, IEEE, B.S.S. IECE1326 Acc. VDE 0560 parts 46 & 47, EN &2, IEC &2, VDE 0660 part 500, EN , with type test TSK, IEC The specifications of the all capacitors of the two companies complies with IEC, NSI, IEEE, B.S.S. Product TypeCountry/CoStandard 3- Active harmonic filters DUCATI ENTES FRAKO EN60146 IEEE519 IEC,ANSI, IEEE, B.S.S. The specifications of power controllers of the three companies complies with IEC, ANSI, IEEE, B.S.S.

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Product TypeCountry/CoStandard 4- Contactors DUCATI ENTESS FRAKO Hager IECPUL (1990) IECPUL (1986) EC,A IEC, ANSTI, IEEE, BSS IEC , IEC , IEC IEC61009,EnB/IEC , EN/IEC , IEC60755, IEC annex B, IEC IEC , EN60730 EN Isolating switches DUCATI FRAKO IEC 60947Pt.3 & IS Pt.3, IEC , IEC , EN , EN , VDE0660 All companies complies with: IEC60289, IEC60076, VDE0532,VDE0106 part100, IEC 60831, VDE 0100, P.F., IEC60, VDE0105, IEC60050, IEC60529, VDE0560 part 46. The specifications of the harmonic filters of the three companies compiles with IEC, ANSI, IEE, B.S.S.

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Product TypeCountry/CoStandard 6- Chassis DUCATI FRACO Hager IECEN IEC, ANSI, IEE, B.S.S. BS EN &2 IP55/65 as per IEC 529 Ducati, Enes, Franco, Hager all products approval by: ISO 18001, 14001, 9001 CE (community European/TUV Rhineland. TSE, GOST-R CCC, KR, LR, ABS, BV, NK, G L Product TypeCountry/CoStandard 7- Meters FRACO DUCATI Hager IEC (EN ) CSAO22-2 No IEC , UL61010B-1 The specifications of the product of the three Co, complies with IEC, ANSI, IEE, B.S.S.

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Product TypeCountry/CoStandard 8- FusesDUCATIIEC269, DIN VDE636, DIN 43620, 9- Fixed power factor correction unit Automatic power factors correction unit with reactors Discharge reactors DUCATI FRACO DUCATI FRACO FRCO ENTES CEI EN EN The meters comply to the electromagnetic immunity standards in tender specifications and the certification required. The specifications of the reactors of the three companies comply with IEC, ANSI, IEEE, B.S.S. PSU relies on a new technology that uses special capacitors, with unique specifications

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unless you lift the arms! (reactive power) To Simplify Things to all of us... You cant move the wheelbarrow (active power delivery)

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Electrical Power Types Almost all bulk electric power is generated, transported and consumed in an alternating current (AC) network. Elements of AC systems produce and consume two kinds of Power: Real Power P (measured in watts) It accomplishes useful work (e.g., running motors) Reactive Power (measured in vary). supports the voltages that must be controlled for system reliability

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Power Factor Power factor (Pf) = The cosine of the angle between Voltage and current signals = coos φ. Current Voltage φ φ Useful current Motor Current Magnetic current φ P =Useful Power (KW) Q Magnetic Power (KVAr) S =Total Power (KVA) Power factor (Pf) = The cosine of the angle between useful power and Total power = coos φ = (P/S)

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Environmental benefit. Reduction of power consumption due to improved energy efficiency. Reduced power consumption means less greenhouse gas emissions and fossil fuel depletion by power stations Why improve Power Factor? The benefits that can be achieved by applying the suitable Power Factor correction are: Reduction of Electricity Bills Extra kVA available from the existing supply Reduction of I 2 R losses in transformers and distribution equipment Reduction of voltage drop in long cables Extended equipment life – Reduced electrical burden on cables and electrical components 18

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Electricity Bill! Penalty Equation For a PF between , the penalty per year in L.E (Pen.) is calculated as follows: Pen.= Kwhr per year × (0.92-average PF) ×0.5 USD For a PF below 0.72, the penalty per year in L.E (Pen.) is calculated as follows: Pen.= Kwhr per year × (0.92-average PF) ×1.0 USD Numerical Example For Kwhr with PF 0.8, we get Pen=30000 USD For Kwhr with PF 0.6, we get Pen=160000USD

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Electricity Bill! Bonus For a PF above 0.92, the Bonus per year in L.E is calculated as follows: = Kwhr per year × (PF-0.92) ×0.5USD Numerical Example For Kwhr with PF 0.96, we get Bonus=10000 USD

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How to improve Power Factor? Power factor correction is achieved by the addition of capacitors in parallel with the connected motor or lighting circuits and can be applied at the equipment, distribution board or at the origin of the installation.

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Capacitors contained in most power factor correction equipment draw current that leads the voltage, thus producing a leading power factor. If capacitors are connected to a circuit that operates at a nominally lagging power factor, the extent that the circuit lags is reduced proportionately. So, what is happening? System without Power factor correction P (Watts) Q L (VARS) S (VA) System with Power factor correction Q C (VARS) φ S 1 (VA) Q L -Q C (VARS) θ Cosφ = (P/S) Cosθ = (P/S 1 )

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Now; we can say that Power factor correction succeeded in the following: 1.Decreasing the shift between P and S, thus increasing PF 2.Decreasing the reactive power Q, thus reducing or eliminating the penalty from the electricity bill Power factor correction Failed in 1.Decreasing the active power P

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That was yesterday A P S S A P S S What about Today? Leads a revolution and proudly introduces its new product Active Power Saving System APSS

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APSS PSU relies on a new technology that uses special capacitors, with unique specifications. PSU Capacitors are chemically treated, such that they gain a negative resistance PSU

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Non APSS Capacitors APSS Capacitors 88 0 S Used for PFC More P consumption S Used for PFC Over-helping source ? Positive Resistance Negative Resistance PFC Active Power Saving PFC P P Q Q

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Positive versus Negative Resistance R Load + VE R Circuit - VE R Circuit R Circuit = +1 ohm R Load = 9 ohm I=100/(9+1) = 10 Amp. P Load =10 2 × 9 = 900 watt P Circuit = 10 2 × 1= 100 watt P Source = V × I=1000 watt P Source = P Load + P circuit Conclusion R Circuit acts as over-impeding voltage source R Circuit = -1 ohm R Load = 9 ohm I=100/(9-1)=12.5 Amp. P Load = × 9= watt P Circuit = × 1= watt P Source = V × I = 1250 watt P Source + P Circuit = P Load Conclusion R Circuit acts as over-helping voltage source

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APSS Why APSS ? 1- When used with loads supplied from an electrical network, it can save up to 40% of the Active Power 2- When used with loads supplied from Diesel generators, it can effectively save the amount of used fuel 3- When used with inductive loads, it can safely improve the PF, thus eliminating any penalties and gain Bonus 4- It has much less dimensions compared with PFC units 5- It operates automatically to suit different load variations 6- It has much simple design, and needs much less maintenance

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APSS Why APSS ? 7- Our clients no longer need to increase their input power for further loadings, they can increase their loads up to 40 % without any changes in the feeders. 8- PSU is being Guaranteed by B-Tech for five complete years, through which professional maintenance and supervision is given 9- Has much competitive Price compared to the percentage saving, where the client mostly regain his investment in about one year 10- The usage of PSU simply reduces the end production marginal cost

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Arab Engineering AME Cairo Arab Republic of Egypt 12 Agga St. – Safire Heliopolis الشركة الهندسية العربية القاهرة جمهورية مصر العربية 12 شارع أجا مصر الجديدة ميدان سفير مصر الجديدة

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Thank you

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