Presentation on theme: "Active Power Saving System"— Presentation transcript:
1Active Power Saving System APSSTechnical Data Show
2www.engarab.com Arab Engineering AME الشركة الهندسية العربية أ م ع القاهرةCairoجمهورية مصر العربية Republic Arab of Egypt
3Objectives FunctionsA scientific project for power factor quality improvement and saving, by the reduction of current voltage harmonics, the improvement of electric motors efficiency and the reduction of active power consumption ( kwhr ) and currents at the building.The project includes the scientific study, design, and installation of:•Energy saving panels to save in electric consumption (kwhr) (active power) by an amount ranging not less than 20% reflected on monthly electric bills.Special motors (chocks) for harmonic reduction.Special ant resonance harmonic fillers with electric regulators for the adoption of their characteristics to harmonics creation sources.Raise the power factor to 0.99, as a result of optimisation of power factors with regard to the harmonic and the restive contents.Reduction of current-voltage harmonics.APSS unit minimizes, is some applications, the harmonics in the network (3red, 5th, 7th, 9th, 11th, 13th).
4APSS panels can be designed to work in any environment. •APSS panels are of suitable size and don’t need any additional facilities.APSS panels can be designed to work in any environment.Improvement of motor’s efficiency.Reduction of supply currents and considerable saving.Reduction of the requested apparent power.No negative impact on the network, according to authorized certificates.The network resistance is reduced due to the energy exchange between the APSS unit and the different loads; therefore, the consumed current from the source is reduced.APSS unit works on minimizing the network losses and acts asA VOLTAGE STABILIZER to a certain extent which leads to reduce the consumed current from the source.APSS unit can handle each phase separately which leads to balance the load of the network, therefore it minimizes the current flow through the neutral cable of the network.
5The Advantages of the APSS Panel Egyptian product.Achieves saving not less than 20% over the consumed active power for networks that are supplied through transformer.Achieves saving not less than 30% over the fuel consumption for networks that are supplied through generators.Power factor improvement that reaches up to 0.99 which makes the client benefits from avoiding paying penalties over the reactive power.The network resistance is reduced due to the energy exchange between APSS unit & the different loads; therefore, the consumed current from the source is reduced.APSS unit works on minimizing the network losses and acts as a voltage stabilizer to a certain extent which lids to reduce the consumed current from the source.APSS unit can handle each phase separately which leads to balance the load of the network, therefore it minimizes the current flow through the neutral able of the network.
6•APSS unit minimizes, in some applications, the harmonics in the network (3rd, 5th, 7th, 9thy, 11th, & 13th)With the use of APSS panels, client saves location and expenses of new equipments and additional devices he might spent to increase his network capacity without using APSS panels.AME provides monthly check-up and preventive maintenance by a highly qualified technical teams for projects inside Egypt and Trains qualified technical staff on site for projects abroad (optional for Egypt).APSS panels are of suitable size and don’t need any additional facilities.APSS panels can be designed to work in any environment.APSS panels can be easily installed and dismounted only by Bassant-Tech. Team, or by any team certified from AME
7Networks’ Common Problems S.N.Networks’ Common ProblemsAPSS Solution1The amount of the monthly electricity invoicesAPSS salves % over the consumed active power without affecting the load, therefore saves the same percentage over the electrical invoices amounts2The insufficient efficiency of the Power factor Correction PanelsAPSS achieves the best power factor relative to the load3The increase of the power consumption in the peak intervalsAPSS minimizes the increase of the power consumption in the peak intervals by achieving more saving proportional to the load demands as it brings more phases into operation automatically4The increase of the different types of losses (thermal…)APSS decreases the consumed current from the source (without decreasing the load current) which leads to the losses decrease in the network.
8APSS acts to a certain extent as a voltage stabilizer 6 5Voltage dropAPSS acts to a certain extent as a voltage stabilizer6The presence of Harmonics which adds losses and causes troubles in the networkAPSS treats in most of the applications the harmonics without adding more equip- mints to the network7The unbalances of the loads, that leads to increase of the current that goes through the neutral cableAPSS balances the net-workloads, therefore minimizes the current going through the neutral cable.8The repetition of the troubles due to the different problems of the network.APSS improves the network efficiency and leads to have a clean, clear and stable network.9The obligation of buying additionalAPSS allows the client to use the saved energy for load increase within the saved range without adding more devices or buying more power from the electricity Authority.
9Manufacturing Origins for Our System: Product TypeCountry / CoStandard1- Single phase and three phase capacitorsDUCATI ()FRAKO ()EN60831 – 1/2IEC6033/part 1&2
10Quality:Utmost attention to product quality and customer service are constants in DUCATI’s history and the main factors contributing to its success worldwideDucati has always been one of the first companies in its field, in Italy and in Europe, to adopt the most modern standards and procedures in order to assure the highest level of product quality and reliability.The QUALITY SYSTEM of Ducati Energy APSS, capacitor division, as described in the Quality Manual, was one of the first in Italy to be approved by the BSI in accordance with ISO 9002 (EN 29002) procedures: Certificate of Registration N.FM All this has been achieved thanks to fully automated and iterated production processes, completely new and innovative machines, production process control methods based on accurate specifications and the assigning of responsibility to operator at all levels.Capacitors systems and relays comply with the requirements set forth in EC Directives 73/23 and 93/68 (“Low Voltage Directive”).The harmonized European standards of reference are EN and ENNearly all models are certified international institutes and all the manufactured in full compliance with the requirements of said standards. The failure rate (for capacitors only) is 300 per 109 components hours (reliability according to DIN 40040).
11• The specifications of the all capacitors of the two companies complies with IEC, NSI, IEEE, B.S.S.Product TypeCountry/CoStandard2- Power controllersDUCATIENTESFRAKOEN EN , EN IEC61326,IEC,ANSI, IEEE, B.S.S. IECE1326 Acc. VDE 0560 parts 46 & 47, EN &2, IEC &2, VDE 0660 part 500, EN , with type test TSK, IEC 61326• The specifications of power controllers of the three companies complies with IEC, ANSI, IEEE, B.S.S.Product TypeCountry/CoStandard3- Active harmonic filtersDUCATIENTESFRAKOEN60146IEEE519IEC,ANS’I, IEEE, B.S.S.IEC, ANS’I, IEEE, B.S.S.
12• All companies complies with: IEC60289, IEC60076, VDE0532,VDE0106 part100, IEC 60831, VDE 0100, P.F., IEC60, VDE0105, IEC60050, IEC60529, VDE0560 part 46.•The specifications of the harmonic filters of the three companies compiles with IEC, ANS’I, IEE, B.S.S.Product TypeCountry/CoStandard4- ContactorsDUCATIENTESSFRAKOHagerIECPUL (1990)IECPUL (1986)EC,AIEC, ANST’I, IEEE, BSSIEC , IEC , IECIEC61009,EnB/IEC , EN/IEC , IEC60755, IEC annex B, IEC IEC , EN60730 EN5- Isolating switchesIEC 60947Pt.3 & IS Pt.3,IEC , IEC , EN ,EN , VDE0660
13Ducati, Enes, Franco, Hager all products approval by: ISO 18001, 14001, 9001 CE (community European/TUV Rhineland.•TSE, • GOST-R • CCC, • KR, LR, ABS, BV, NK, GLProduct TypeCountry/CoStandard6- ChassisDUCATIFRACOHagerIECEN 61921IEC, ANS’I, IEE, B.S.S.BS EN &2IP55/65 as per IEC 529The specifications of the product of the three Co, complies with IEC, ANSI, IEE, B.S.S.Product TypeCountry/CoStandard7- MetersFRACODUCATIHager•IEC (EN )•CSAO22-2 No•IEC , •UL61010B-1
14•The meters comply to the electromagnetic immunity standards in tender specifications and the certification required.Product TypeCountry/CoStandard8- FusesDUCATIIEC269, DIN VDE636, DIN 43620,9- Fixed power factor correction unit Automatic power factors correction unit with reactors Discharge reactorsFRACOFRCOENTESCEI EN 61921ENThe specifications of the reactors of the three companies comply with IEC, ANSI, IEEE, B.S.S.PSU relies on a new technology that uses special capacitors, with unique specifications
15To Simplify Things to all of us... You can’t move the wheelbarrow(active power delivery)unless you lift the arms!(reactive power)
16Electrical Power Types Almost all bulk electric power is generated, transported and consumed in an alternating current (AC) network.Elements of AC systems produce and consume two kinds of Power:Real Power “P” (measured in watts)It accomplishes useful work (e.g., running motors)Reactive Power (measured in vary).supports the voltages that must be controlled for system reliability
17Power Factor φ φ φ Power factor (Pf) = The cosine of the angle between Voltage and currentsignals = coos φ.VoltageφCurrentPower factor (Pf) = The cosine ofthe angle between useful power andTotal power = coos φ = (P/S)Motor CurrentMagneticcurrentS=Total Power (KVA)Q MagneticPower(KVAr)φφUseful currentP=Useful Power (KW)
18Why improve Power Factor? The benefits that can be achieved by applying the suitable Power Factor correction are:Environmental benefit. Reduction of power consumption due to improved energy efficiency. Reduced power consumption means less greenhouse gas emissions and fossil fuel depletion by power stationsReduction of Electricity BillsExtra kVA available from the existing supplyReduction of I2R losses in transformers and distribution equipmentReduction of voltage drop in long cablesExtended equipment life – Reduced electrical burden on cables andelectrical components18
19Penalty Equation Electricity Bill! Pen=30000 USD Pen=160000USD For a PF between , the penalty per year in L.E (Pen.) is calculated as follows:(0.92-average PF)Pen.=Kwhr per year××0.5USDFor a PF below 0.72, the penalty per year in L.E (Pen.) is calculated as follows:(0.92-average PF)Pen.=Kwhr per year××1.0USDNumerical ExamplePen=30000 USDFor Kwhr with PF 0.8, we getPen=160000USDFor Kwhr with PF 0.6, we get
20Bonus Electricity Bill! Bonus=10000 USD Bonus = × (PF-0.92) × 0.5 USD For a PF above 0.92, the Bonus per year in L.E is calculated as follows:Bonus=Kwhr per year×(PF-0.92)×0.5USDNumerical ExampleBonus=10000 USDFor Kwhr with PF 0.96, we get
21How to improve Power Factor? Power factor correction is achieved by the addition of capacitors in parallel with the connected motor or lighting circuits and can be applied at the equipment, distribution board or at the origin of the installation.
22So, what is happening? System without Power factor correction System with Power factor correctionCosφ = (P/S)Cosθ = (P/S1)QC(VARS)P (Watts)φθQL-QC (VARS)S1(VA)QL(VARS)S (VA)Capacitors contained in most power factor correction equipment draw current that leads the voltage, thus producing a leading power factor. If capacitors areconnected to a circuit that operates at a nominally lagging power factor, the extent that the circuit lags is reduced proportionately.
23Now; we can say thatPower factor correction succeeded in the following:Decreasing the shift between P and S, thus increasing PFDecreasing the reactive power Q, thus reducing or eliminatingthe penalty from the electricity billPower factor correction Failed inDecreasing the active power “P”
24Active Power Saving System That was yesterdayWhat about Today?A P S SLeads a revolution and proudly introduces its new productActive Power Saving SystemAPSS
25APSSPSU relies on a new technology that uses special capacitors, with unique specifications.PSU Capacitors are chemically treated, such that they gain anegative resistancePSU
26Non APSS Capacitors APSS Capacitors Positive Resistance Q S PFC P Used for PFCPositive ResistanceQS≈880PFCMore P consumptionPAPSS CapacitorsUsed for PFCNegative ResistanceActive Power SavingSQOver-helpingsourcePFC?P
27Positive versus Negative Resistance RLoadRLoad+VERCircuit-VERCircuitRCircuit = +1 ohmRLoad = 9 ohmI=100/(9+1) = 10 Amp.PLoad =102 × 9 = 900 wattPCircuit= 102 × 1= 100 wattPSource = V × I=1000 wattPSource = PLoad + PcircuitConclusionRCircuit acts as over-impedingvoltage sourceRCircuit = -1 ohmRLoad = 9 ohmI=100/(9-1)=12.5 Amp.PLoad =12.52×9= wattPCircuit=12.52×1= wattPSource = V × I = wattPSource + PCircuit = PLoadConclusionRCircuit acts as over-helping voltage source
28APSSWhy APSS ?1- When used with loads supplied from an electrical network, it cansave up to 40% of the Active Power2- When used with loads supplied from Diesel generators, it caneffectively save the amount of used fuel3- When used with inductive loads, it can safely improve the PF, thuseliminating any penalties and gain Bonus4- It has much less dimensions compared with PFC units5- It operates automatically to suit different load variations6- It has much simple design, and needs much less maintenance
29APSSWhy APSS ?7- Our clients no longer need to increase their input power for further loadings, they can increase their loads up to 40 % without any changes in the feeders.8- PSU is being Guaranteed by B-Tech for five complete years, throughwhich professional maintenance and supervision is given9- Has much competitive Price compared to the percentage saving, where the client mostly regain his investment in about one year10- The usage of PSU simply reduces the end production marginal cost
30الشركة الهندسية العربية Arab Engineering AMECairoArab Republic of Egypt12 Agga St. – Safire Heliopolisالشركة الهندسية العربيةالقاهرةجمهورية مصر العربية12 شارع أجا مصر الجديدة ميدان سفير مصر الجديدةTel / Fax : + (202) Mob :