Presentation on theme: "Estefanía Millán Gustavo Figueredo. An area that is "continuously built up". There is no exact definition of its boundaries, of where it starts and where."— Presentation transcript:
Estefanía Millán Gustavo Figueredo
An area that is "continuously built up". There is no exact definition of its boundaries, of where it starts and where it ends. Center of economic growth, technological advances and cultural production.
Spatial Organization attempt to create the preconditions for the establishment of an urbanity that will be the foundation for people to live together in harmony.
The term urban structure refers to the pattern or arrangement of development blocks, streets, buildings, open space and landscape which make up urban areas.
Urban structure offers the city: Integration (Connection and overlap with surrounding areas.) Functional efficiency (So that individual elements (buildings, streets, open space etc) work together as part of an efficient whole.) Environmental harmony (Creating development forms that are energy efficient and ecologically sensitive.) A sense of place Commercial viability (responding to the realities of market influence on development mix and delivery)
MOVEMENT FRAMEWORK concerns the structural aspects of movement, focusing on the street and footpath networks. A successful movement framework: provides the maximum choice for how people will make their journeys; takes full account of the kinds of movement a development will generate makes clear connections to existing routes and facilities.
Mixing uses Successful communities require a mix of commercial, educational, health, spiritual, civic and residential uses. The benefits of mixed developments include: Convenient access to facilities Reduced travel to work congestion Greater opportunity for social interaction Greater feeling of safety Urban vitality and street life Increased viability for small businesses
Density, Facilities and Form Higher density developments can deliver more sustainable towns and cities, offering a high quality of life. The social, economic, transport and environmental benefits of high density include: Improves viability of and access to community services Enables more and better integrated social housing Reducing costs of land acquisitions and site infrastructure Increasing energy efficiency and the ability to be orientated for passive solar gain Reduces car travel and parking demands
Blocks The development block is the land area defined by the grid. The size and shape can vary depending on the street configuration, orientation, topography, plot sub-division and building types. Perimeter Blocks: Buildings should face the street to clearly distinguish public fronts from private backs Consider distance between buildings to respect peoples privacy and right to light Line the edges of blocks with a perimeter of buildings to accommodate a diversity of building types and uses Encourage the continuity of street frontage with a common building line to provide enclosure and generate active frontages Block size: Optimum block size will have to be struck between ease of access, ability to sustain variety of building types and uses and ability to change and adapt over time. Block Shape: Square blocks offer flexibility Rectangular blocks with depth can accommodate larger buildings Rectangular blocks with their short side orientated onto the main street can increasing connectivity with the surrounding area Irregular blocks can respond to the topography and the creation of focal points Block Interiors: Block interiors can accommodate a variety of uses, including car parks, service yards, communal gardens, mews houses etc. Design for future changes of use
Walls: A wall is a solid structure that defines and sometimes protects an area. Most commonly, a wall delineates a building and supports its structure, separates space into rooms or protects or delineates a space in the open air.
Columns Even though the function of a column is to support the weight of the building, it also serves the purpose of delimiting spaces. Because a column creates an imaginary plane that delimits a space.
Doors A door is a movable structure used to close off an entrance, typically consisting of a panel that swings on hinges or that slides or rotates inside of a space. When open, they admit ventilation and light. The door is used to control the physical atmosphere within a space by enclosing the air drafts, so that interiors may be more effectively heated or cooled. They are also used to screen areas of a building for aesthetics, keeping formal and utility areas separate.
Unevenness The slopes of the floor, can define a terrace or a private room, within a bigger space.
Windows A window is a transparent or a translucent opening in a wall or door that allows the passage of light and, if not closed or sealed, air and sound. Windows are usually glazed or covered in some other transparent or translucent material like a float glass. Windows are held in place by frames, which prevent them from collapsing in. Many glazed windows may be opened, to allow ventilation, or closed, to exclude inclement weather.
Floor textures The spaces of edification can by defined by the help of the textures of the floor. If a floor has a certain texture, the walls can become unnecessary; it is possible to define various spaces, these can be achieved with just a rug for a small living room.
Wikipedia http://www.urbandesigncompendium.co.uk/public/documents/Chapter%203%2 0Creating%20the%20urban%20structure _1.pdf http://www.krierkohl.com/publications/ ksf_textsample.html