Presentation on theme: "The Linkages between Population Dynamics and Sustainable Development Wolfgang Lutz UNDP/UNFPA/UNOPS Joint Executive Board Special Event, 7 Sept 2011, NY."— Presentation transcript:
The Linkages between Population Dynamics and Sustainable Development Wolfgang Lutz UNDP/UNFPA/UNOPS Joint Executive Board Special Event, 7 Sept 2011, NY
2 World Population from the year 1000 to 2100 Source of historical data: UN 2001
Mortality under age 5 by mothers education (Source: DHS)
6 Source: IIASA
Female Education is Key to reducing World Population Growth (Lutz and KC, Science 2011) Different education scenarios assuming identical education- specific fertility rates
A policy focus on female education and basic health (including reproductive health) is a multiple-win strategy for the simultaneous reduction of (a) mortality and disability (b) unintended pregnancies and desired family size and hence population growth, (c) poverty (d) corruption and bad institutions and enhance democracy (e) environmental impact at given level of income (f) vulnerability to environmental change
2001 IIASA / IUSSP / UNU Global Science Panel on Population & Evironment Patronage: Maurice F. Strong and Nafis Sadik Consensus Statement: Population should be on the Johannesburg Agenda If we do not put the human population at the core of the sustainable development agenda, our efforts to improve human well-being and preserve the quality of the environment will fail. The Johannesburg Summit must heed the first principle of the 1992 Rio Declarationthat human beings are at the centre of concern for sustainable developmentby taking full account of how population and society interact with the natural environment. In Cairo The key recognition was that focusing on peopletheir rights, capabilities, and opportunitieswould have multiple benefits for individuals, for society, and for their sustainable relationship with the environment. Hence in Johannesburg, consideration of sustainable development policies must include population growth and distribution, mobility, differential vulnerability, and the empowerment of the people, especially women.