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Panel 1 ENHANCING THE LOGISTICS AND CONNECTIVITY OF THE CARIBBEAN Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez Director Sustainable Development Department Latin America and the.

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Presentation on theme: "Panel 1 ENHANCING THE LOGISTICS AND CONNECTIVITY OF THE CARIBBEAN Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez Director Sustainable Development Department Latin America and the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Panel 1 ENHANCING THE LOGISTICS AND CONNECTIVITY OF THE CARIBBEAN Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez Director Sustainable Development Department Latin America and the Caribbean The World Bank Caribbean Growth Forum Regional Workshop June 24-25, 2013 Nassau, The Bahamas

2 Underdevelopment of Stay-Over Tourism Presents a Growth and Development Opportunity Eastern Caribbean Countries International Tourism Stay-over and cruise ship passengers An average cruise-ship passenger spends US$50/stay An average stay-over tourist spends over US$1,000/stay Stay-over tourism has direct impact on local economy: – higher demand of traditional crops, fresh produce, fish and seafood, and services Source: Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity, World Bank (2013)

3 Connectivity Limits Tourism and Regional Integration St. Kitts Nevis Antigua Montserrat Dominica St. Lucia GFL Charles St. Lucia Hewanorra Barbados Tobago Trinidad Grenada Canouan St. Vincent Guadeloupe Martinique 355 km 276 km Physical Distance: 567 km Flight Route: 824 km 193 km A North South Gap: Flying from Grenada to Antigua No direct flights The simplest option takes three separate flights Physical direct distance 567 km Flight distance 824 km (most direct connection) The connections shown may include overnight layovers Based on sample taken on November 30, 2012, attempting to book travel on December 5, Source: Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity, World Bank (2013)

4 System coordination is a constraint, air transport infrastructure is not System Reflects a systems based predominantly on inefficient bilateral tourism agreements rather than OECS/ Caribbean regional agreements Source: Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity, World Bank (2013) OECS Intercontinental Air Transport System

5 Import Costs are a Constraint, Maritime Infrastructure is not Share of Import Costs due to Customs and Document Preparation St Vincent and Grenadines St Kitts and Nevis GrenadaSt LuciaAntigua and Barbuda Dominica 72%63%60%53%47%22% Transaction time to import below peer averages while costs among the largest Customs inefficiencies are driving imports costs Source: Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity, World Bank (2013)

6 Inland Transport Emerging Constraint to Exports Inland transport is driving export costs: Share of Export Costs due to Inland Transport St LuciaSt Vincent and Grenadines Antigua and Barbuda DominicaGrenadaSt Kitts and Nevis 55%48%47%45%13%12% Improving connectivity passes through improving multi-modality within each island Quality of roads might be an issue as within island distances are very short Source: Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity, World Bank (2013)

7 Key Connectivity Issues Upper Middle Income Small Caribbean States The gap has increased during last five years Source: data.worldbank.org Fixed Broadband Penetration Gap Upper Middle Income countries vs. Small Caribbean States (2001 – 2011)

8 Fixed Internet Broadband Subscribers (per 100 people) Internet Users (per 100 people) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Broadband and Internet usage can be strengthened

9 Low use of ICT services due to high prices (competition is limited) Mobile-cellular sub-basket % of GNI per capita (2011) Fixed-broadband sub-basket % of GNI per capita (2011) Source: ITU Measuring the Information Society 2011, and Telegeography Mobile telephony market share, 2011Fixed broadband market share, 2011

10 A Snapshot of ICT

11 ICT Solutions for Caribbean Challenges National Initiatives Ensure the right legal and regulatory environment (pro-competition and cost sharing/reducing) Broadband absorption capacity: training, IT Skills, innovation activities Universal access / Universal service Promote opening government data sets to increase transparency and create new economic value Relevant applications and innovation ecosystems to foster demand and jobs growth (youth and gender focus) Regional Initiatives Regional harmonization and coordination of policy and regulatory initiatives Continue with CARCIP in countries that are interested Regional integrated approach towards broadband that includes supply and demand

12 Lets have a look at the Key Logistics and Connectivity Solutions identified by the CGF stakeholders National dimensionRegional Dimension Logistics: Improve Cargo Facilities / Eliminate cartels / Improve regulation / Improve Efficiency Introduce Single Sea and Air Space Logistics: Improve Trade facilities (phytosanitary programs/customs transparency from revenue collector to facilitator) Introduce common rules on standards and customs / Strengthen regional collaboration on trade policies / Trade Facilitation Task Force Logistics: Improve Road network / Improve Public transportation infrastructures / Improve supply chains ICT: Increase access / Improve service / Reduce Costs / Promote opening government / Develop skills / Promote e-government / Advance Broadband penetration Engage regional academic institutions in providing ICT training / Regional integrated approach towards broadband that includes supply and demand ICT: Ensure the right legal and regulatory environment (pro-competition and cost sharing/reducing) Regional harmonization and coordination of policy and regulatory initiatives

13 INTRODUCING THE PANELISTS Mr Rafael J. Díaz-Balart Latin American Coordinator American Association of Port Authorities Miss Marion Daley Assistant Commissioner International, Trade & Industry Liaison Jamaica Customs Mrs Michele English President of Flow & Chief Operating Officer Columbus Communications Jamaica Limited Mr Daniel Isaza Valdes CEO Logistic Council, Panama General Manager Interoceanic Cargo Carrier, S.A Mrs Bernadette Lewis Secretary General Caribbean Telecommunication Union Trinidad and Tobago


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