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Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Head to Head: Lattice vs ggplot2 Rich Pugh

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Presentation on theme: "Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Head to Head: Lattice vs ggplot2 Rich Pugh"— Presentation transcript:

1 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Head to Head: Lattice vs ggplot2 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls

2 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Head to Head: ggplot2 vs Lattice Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls

3 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Why are we here? Mango have traditionally used lattice for our software products, training, etc ggplot2 is increasingly popular in the community Rich likes Lattice Andy likes ggplot2

4 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Aim To present R graphics users with enough information to make an informed choice as to which graphics package best meets their needs

5 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Agenda Approach and Data Introduction to Lattice Introduction to ggplot2 The Challenge! Why and Why Not Lattice Why and Why Not ggplot2 Conclusions

6 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Approach Demonstrate the common package features Panelling Grouping Legends Styling Advanced control Create the same graphic in the two technologies and compare the code Discuss

7 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls The Data Something sector independent London Tube Performance Data from the TFL website Excess Travel Hours by Line network-performance-data

8 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls The Data

9 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Data Tweaks These data have been modified from the original source Further data transformations were required for ggplot2, more on that later…

10 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Lattice

11 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Overview of Lattice Graphics One of the graphic systems of R An implementation of the S+ Trellis Graphics Written by Deepayan Sarkar, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

12 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls List of Lattice Graphic Functions FunctionDescriptionGraph Type xyplot Scatter plotBivariate histogram Univariate histogramUnivariate densityplot Univariate density line plotUnivariate barchart Bar chartUnivariate bwplot Box and whisker plotBivariate qq Normal QQ plotUnivariate dotplot Label dot plotBivariate cloud 3D scatter plot3D wireframe 3D surface plot3D splom Scatter matrix plotData Frame parallel Multivariate parallel plotData Frame

13 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Key Function Arguments ArgumentDescription x Plot definition, typically as a formula data The data frame used for the graphic subset Any subsets to be applied to the data panel Function used to draw data in each panel groups Grouping variable for the plot Type of graphFormulaY axisX axisZ axis Univariate~ YY-- BivariateY ~ XYX- 3DZ ~ X*YYXZ Data Frame~ DataData--

14 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Building A Graphic

15 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls A Simple Scatter Plot

16 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Panelling

17 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Grouping

18 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Styling

19 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Manipulating Plot Structure You can control the exact plot created at 2 levels: Panel: Plot for each plot panel Panel.groups: Plot for each group of data Each input takes a function panel.groups is called from within your panel function

20 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Panel Functions

21 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls The panel.groups Function

22 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Quick Summary of Lattice Very effective for grouping and panelling Big plus for fine level group control However: Default styling could be better Can get a little fiddly for bespoke graphics

23 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls ggplot2

24 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls GGplot2 Graphics Graphical package created by Hadley Wickham Implements the ideas found in the book The Grammar of Graphics

25 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls ggplot2 Graphics Like lattice: Plots are stored in objects Graphs may be controlled with a no $ syntax It is easy to create panelled graphics Plots built by layering features Heavy use of aesthetics and facets (as per Wilkinsons book)

26 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Using ggplot2 Two primary ways of creating a plot: Create a quick plot using qplot Create plot at a more granular level using ggplot We can use a mixture of the above approaches

27 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Using ggplot2 We then modify this plot by adding layers: New data Scales mapping aesthetics to data A geometric object A statistical transformation Position adjustments within the plot area Faceting (panelling) The coordinate systems itself

28 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Building A Graphic

29 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls A Simple Scatter Plot

30 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Panelling

31 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Panelling (Alternative)

32 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Grouping

33 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Styling Styling appears in many places in ggplot2 The graphics shown so far have already been styled to some degree In-built themes control general page styling: Plot styling is controlled by scale layers…

34 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Styling

35 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Customisation

36 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Quick Summary of ggplot2 Very effective for grouping and panelling Styling is good However: Users need tricks for fine level control

37 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls The Challenge

38 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls The Challenge

39 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Traditional Graphics Code

40 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls The Challenge: Lattice

41 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls The Challenge: Lattice

42 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls The Challenge: ggplot2

43 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Comparison

44 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Why Lattice Intuitive structure for controlled data at a group / subgroup level Achieve simple panelled graphics very quickly Well documented Extensions available (latticeExtra, nlme) A lot faster than ggplot2!

45 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Why Not Lattice? Default options can be frustrating Default styling doesnt look great Making good use of the panel / panel.groups structure needs lots of function knowledge Some tricks needed to do more than 2 levels of nested grouping

46 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Frustration #1: Panel Headers

47 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Frustration #2: Panel Order

48 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Frustration #2: Panel Order

49 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Frustration #3: Using styles

50 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Why ggplot2? All the panelling advantages of lattice plus … Its pretty Its quick (to type) Styling is handled for you

51 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Why ggplot2?

52 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Why Not ggplot2? Steep learning curve

53 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Steep Learning Curve

54 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Why Not ggplot2? Steep learning curve Help files are difficult to navigate Graphics are slower to render Limitations of framework Can feel hacky for non-standard graphics No 3D graphics Complex examples may require grid knowledge

55 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Page Layout using grid

56 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Page Layout using grid

57 Rich Pugh Andy Nicholls Conclusions Both save huge amounts of time vs graphics ggplot2 styling is nice and easier to control Lattice is more flexible and is quicker to render Audience Vote!


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