Presentation on theme: "Story Art – Jacob Lawrence 2nd Grade February Art Project West Mercer Elementary Art Enrichment Program."— Presentation transcript:
Story Art – Jacob Lawrence 2nd Grade February Art Project West Mercer Elementary Art Enrichment Program
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Lesson Overview Lesson: Shape, Color, Movement Time: Two Sessions:2 sessions of 60 min. Medium: Tempera Curriculum Tie: Black History Month Volunteers: 4-5 strongly recommended Project Overview/Skills – Students will learn about the narrative painter Jacob Lawrence, and, borrowing his use of bold color and geometric shape, create imagined scenes of the Great Migration. Resources – Story Painter by John Duggleby (owned by West Mercer) – The Great Migration by Jacob Lawrence (he wrote a wonderful foreword that is well worth reading) (owned by West Mercer) – Jacob Lawrence American Painter by Ellen Harkins Wheat (owned by West Mercer) – Jacob Lawrence: The Migration Series, edited by Elizabeth Hutton Turner (owned by West Mercer) BIBLIOGRAPHY 1) Duggleby, John. Story Painter: The Life of Jacob Lawrence. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, ) The Museum of Modern Art, New York, and The Phillips Collection. The Great Migration. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, ) Turner, Elizabeth Hutton (Editor). Jacob Lawrence: The Migration Series. Washington D.C.: The Rappahannock Press in association with The Phillips Collection, ) Venezia, Mike. Jacob Lawrence. Danbury, CT: Children's Press, ) Wheat, Ellen Harkins. Jacob Lawrence, American Painter. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1986.
Materials Needed Black poster board, 22x28 (one sheet yields two students) – cut the 22x28 boards in half (cut in half on the 28in side) Canvas paper, 9x12 (2 sheets per student) Tempera paint: Brown, Black, White, Yellow, Red, Blue & Green Black Crayons Scratch paper Pencils Glue Black Sharpies, extra fine tip Yellow Construction Paper cut into strips (for captions) Drying Rack United States map (available in art supply room, under the light switch)
Todays Project- Story Art Part 1 Jacob Lawrence The Great Migration Pencil, crayon, captions Part 2 Paint
Jacob Lawrence Born in 1917 in New Jersey His parents moved from the south to make a better life In New York, he learned about African American history and art Gained a reputation as a history painter – Commissioned to paint the Great Migration series Taught art at the University of Washington
Events leading to the Great Migration-1 In the south, much of the land is rural farmland After slavery was abolished, many slaves stayed to work the land The were not paid well and so were too poor to own land
Events leading to the Great Migration-2 Pests and floods ruined crops Panel 9: They left because the boll weevil had ravaged the cotton crop. Children worked in the fields with their parents Panel 24: The children were forced to work in the fields. They could not go to school.
Events leading to the Great Migration-3 In the south, they experienced discrimination Panel 14: For African Americans there was no justice in the southern courts. Panel 19: There had always been discrimination.
Events leading to the Great Migration-4 World War I changed industry in the north – Many white men went off to war making a shortage of workers – Industrial production increased Panel 1: "During the World War there was a great migration North by Southern Negroes." ( )
The Great Migration
The Great Migration- 1 1 million African Americans moved north They moved mostly to Chicago, Detroit, New York City, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Columbus Panel 36: Migrants arrived in Chicago, the gateway to the west. Panel 45: "They arrived in Pittsburgh, one of the great industrial centers of the North, in large numbers."
Great Migration- 2 Moving to the north did improve their lives Voting, education, empowerment, and community Panel 58: In the north, the African American had more educational opportunities. Panel 59: In the north, they had the freedom to vote.
The Great Migration- 3 Life in the north also had its challenges – Housing became scarce – Discrimination Panel 49: They found discrimination in the north. It was a different kind.
The Migration Series 60 paintings done all at the same time, color by color Paintings numbered and with captions to tell a story Style called expressive cubism Panel 3: From every southern town, migrants left by the hundreds to travel north.
Story Art Whose story is he telling? How does he show the people? How does he show objects? Panel 31: Migrants found improved housing when they arrived north. Panel 60: And the migrants kept coming.
Panel 5: Migrants were advanced passage on the railroads, paid for by northern industries. Panel 39: Railroad platforms were piled high with luggage. What kinds of colors does he use?
Step 1- Choose scenes Tell a story of migration by choosing 2 different scenes – Life in the South – Journey north – Life in the north Scenes should include – people (one, a family, or more) – Simple shapes (a person can be a circle and rectangles) – Big shapes (no fine details) Sketch 2 scenes on scratch paper
Step 2- Canvas Paper Names on the back (white side) Paper in landscape orientation Draw scenes in pencil Trace in black crayon
Step 3- Captions 2 yellow strips Write names on back in pencil Write simple sentences to describe your scenes Get ok from a parent Trace in sharpie pen
Part 2 - Step 4- Tempera paint Lawrence used only simple, bright colors Black, white, brown Red, blue, yellow, green
Step 5- Mounting and display When finished, the pictures are glued down on the poster board with the corresponding descriptive sentences. Leads may need to do the mounting later (outside of class time) because the paint might be too wet.