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Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year Michael G. Gaffney - Panel Moderator Deputy Director.

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Presentation on theme: "Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year Michael G. Gaffney - Panel Moderator Deputy Director."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year Michael G. Gaffney - Panel Moderator Deputy Director of Supply Chain and Logistics AAR Airlift Melbourne, FL

2 Welcome Michael G. Gaffney – Panel Moderator – 2007 National CFI of the Year – 2007 NATA Flight Training Excellence recipient – 4 Time Master CFI (MCFI) – 2 Time Master Ground Instructor (MGI) – FAAST Lead Representative – FAA Production Studio Sound Engineer – AFS-520 TAA Course Designer/SME – Gold Seal CFI – Cirrus CSIP – Cessna CFAI – Quest Kodiak Factory Instructor – Diamond FITS Accepted Instructor – ASA G1000 and ASA Entegra Course Author

3 Our Panelists

4 Panel Agenda 5 mins – Intro/Objectives Michael Gaffney 10 mins – Teaching Higher Order Pilot Skills Michael Gaffney 10 mins – Preparing Real World Flight Training Arlynn McMahon 10 mins – Initial/Recurrent CFI Certification Jeff Edwards 10 mins – Technology & Syllabus Syndrome Jeffrey Robert Moss MossY 10 mins – Panel Discussion 5 mins – Q&A and Summary Mike Gaffney

5 Objectives

6 Points for Further Discussion in Thursday Breakout Sessions How to reverse complacency of many flight Instructors? Does self-examining authority of pilot mill schools create problems? Deep systems understanding required to teach in a world of complex equipment Flight Instructors must be taught how to perform their job, not taught to pass a test How to measure and ensure quality if we have 90,000+ flight instructors? Scenario driven instruction must be the focus of all training and eventually, all testing PTS needs to be a testing tool, not a training tool A syllabus must be used for training and the student instructor in training needs to be key to its proliferation in the industry Student Instructors in training should be taught to do paperwork and logbook entries from day 1 Some aspects of mentorship and experience accomplishment must be integrated into our training system so that kids are not teaching kids (inexperience proliferation) Specific type equipment checkouts and certifications should be achieved in the industry to ensure that experience is teaching not experimentation. Current method of initial CFI training and recertification has been designed for convenience and affordability, not for safety

7 Contacts http://www.Flightlogics.comPresentations can be downloaded at

8 Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year Teaching Higher Order Pilot Skills Michael G. Gaffney - Panel Moderator Deputy Director of Supply Chain and Logistics AAR Airlift Melbourne, FL

9 Major Themes

10 Evolution of General Aviation is well Underway

11 Many of us were taught to fly in these… 1969 Citabria1976 Cessna C172 OR

12 Now we are flying in this…

13 Or this… Cirrus with Avidyne Release 9

14 Or This… Cirrus with Garmin Perspective

15 Tale of the GA Training Cockpit Cockpit Safety starts with the fundamentals of how we train

16 Speed Relativity – Base 60 cockpit math Diamond 138 Knots Cirrus 170 Knots Mooney 170 Knots Cessna Corvalis 400 225 Knots Diamond DJet 325 knots Cessna 122 knots Can you keep up with the speed and technology of your mission platform? Aircraft Transition Path from Training to Mission Platform Fly the aircraft first always, regardless of the mission Quest Kodiak 155 Knots

17 Instructional emphasis OR Limited number of hours we have with a student: Where do we spend our time?

18 Pilot and instructor skills must evolve Master Automation Operation Disciplined Schooling Understand Digital Appliances New Techniques Constant evaluation of options available All while never losing sight of the basics!

19 Keys to Keeping up with Technology Know your equipment- blindfolded Diligent training using realistic scenarios Develop Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM) skills Approach every operation with Risk Management in mind Single Pilot Resources Management (SRM) Maintain an inclusive Scanflow Use all available tools to maintain situational awareness

20 The Art of Managing a Busy Cockpit Planning and Contingent Planning Situational Awareness Aeronautical Decision Making What will Happen? What is Happening? What do I do about it? Go back and modify the plan

21 Scanflow cockpit management Primary Flight Display (PFD) (Flight Parameter Adherence) Outside the Aircraft ( Traffic and Terrain Avoidance Chores ( Checklist, engine monitor, Chart management, passenger briefings, baby sit autopilot) Multi Function Display (MFD) (Electronic Situational Awareness NEXRAD, Stormscope, Traffic, Terrain, cabin entertainment)

22 Conclusion Evolution of technology will continue at its blistering pace The pilot and the instructor must maintain proficiency over the all three aspects of Training; Flight Skills, Technology Management, and Systems Understanding Safe use of cockpit technology remains an issue of distraction and complacency management Always fly the aircraft first but know your technology and how it can help you

23 Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year Arlynn McMahon - Panel Member

24 Preparing CFIs for the Real World Arlynn McMahon 2009 National CFI of the Year 10,000 hours dual given (thats not total time – thats dual given) Recipient, 2010 NATA Excellence in Pilot Training Author, Train Like You Fly, A Flight Instructors Guide to Scenario Based Training Published in numerous national magazines and in peer reviewed journals Gold Seal and 4 time Master Instructor Lead FAAST Representative

25 McDonalds Big Mac 2 all-beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions on a sesame seed bun

26 What is a Good Instructor

27 Customer Retention

28 Accident Rate

29 Semper Fi

30 Boy Scout -Eagle Requirement 1 -- Be active in your troop for at six months after you have achieved the rank of Life Scout. Requirement 1 Requirement 2 -- Demonstrate that you live by the principles of the Scout Oath in your daily life. Requirement 2 Requirement 3 -- Earn a total of 21 merit badges. Requirement 3 Requirement 4 -- While a Life Scout, serve actively for a period of six months in a position of responsibility. Requirement 4 Requirement 5 -- Plan, develop, and give leadership to others in a service project. Requirement 5 Requirement 6 -- Statement of ambitions and life purpose; hold Scoutmasters conference. Requirement 6

31 Other Qualities Needed Work Ethic Business Sense Respect Politeness Stand Up Straight, Smile and a Firm Handshake A student pilot for life

32 A Challenge What is your definition of a good instructor? One that youd Pay $100 per hour for Work with Hire to work in a fine flight school

33 Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year Jeff Edwards - Panel Member

34 Welcome Jeffrey Edwards 2003 National Flight Instructor of the Year 6 time MCFI President/ founder Lancair Owners and Builders Organization (LOBO) Member GA JSC SAT team Navy A-6 Bombardier/ Navigator, Navy Aircraft Accident Investigator/ IIC McDonnell Douglas Boeing aircraft accident investigator President AvSafe, LLC Aircraft Accident Reconstruction firm Conducted over 500 aircraft accident investigations

35 Flying Never Has and Never Will be Cheap and Easy!

36 Initial & Recurrent CFI Initial 40 hours total time to Private 250 hours total time to Commercial No additional flight training reqd for CFI Very High Risk activity taught by mostly inexperienced individuals Recurrent FIRC 16 classroom hours Online FIRCdo it in your bathrobe! 8710 NO Flying Required! 3 rd most dangerous occupation in America. Can we make it any easier and cheaper? Should we? Inexperience Hurts

37 Experience Gained by Teaching Jake By appointment Comm, CFIBS-Aviation Mgmnt SIU- Carbondale Flight Experience: 261 hrs, 15 Dual Given, 50 Inst; 23 ME Specialty: Single Engine Kristy Available Fri-Sun Comm, CFI, CFIIBS-Aeronautics UM-CMSU Flight Experience: 350 hrs, 85 Dual Given, 80 Inst; 50 ME Specialty: Single & Multiengine; Instrument; Advanced Ground Inst

38 Inexperience Hurts 37% of all accident pilots had fewer than 500 total hours* 189 accidents during instructional flights in 2007 50% of all accidents occur to Private Pilots who operate less than 33% of the total hours *from AOPA ASF Nall report 2003

39 Where Does This End Up? In flying I have learned that carelessness and overconfidence are usually far more dangerous than deliberately accepted risks. Wilbur Wright in a letter to his father, September 1900. I learned that danger is relative, and the inexperience can be a magnifying glass. Charles A. Lindbergh You get what you pay for

40 Loss of Control on Takeoff 18 Aug 1997 Night dual flight at uncontrolled field Witnesses observe aircraft land and taxi back on runway 17 Aircraft departs, remains in ground effect, accelerates to end of runway and enters near vertical climb to approx. 200AGL Aircraft rolls right and descends vertically impacting terrain


42 IBWTMLGOAKO Instructor had demonstrated his signature takeoff to students a number of times including a SH t/o in front of two sheriff deputies Instructor was student at Spartan School of Aeronautics. While there he failed private, instrument & commercial initial checkrides and flight instructor ride and retest

43 IBWTMLGOAKO Instructor was new hire in Nov. 1996 and had 944 total hours with 17 hours in model and 1.5 hours in model at nx. Students aware of flight instructors practice Management not Flight instructors failure to maintain aircraft control during takeoff and climb. Flight instructors lack of experience in make and model

44 Pilot Certificates Year Student Rec Private Commercial ATP Other Total CFIStudentPrivateCommercialATP 2009 72,280234 211,619 125,738144,600 594,285 94,863 2008 80,989252 222,596 124,746146,838 613,746 93,202 2007 84,339239 211,096 115,127 143,953 590,349 92,175 2006 84,866 239 219,233 117,610 141,935 597,109 91,343 2005 87,213 278 228,619 120,614 141,992 609,737 90,555 2004 87,910 291 235,994 122,592 142,160 618,633 89,596 2003 87,296 310 241,045 123,990 143,504 625,011 87,816 2002 85,991 318 260,845 137,504 147,104 29,596 661,358 86,089 2001 94,420* 318 261,927 137,636 146,989 16,200 657,490 82,875 2000 99,110* 340 251,561 121,858 141,598 17,162 631,629 80,931 199999,184* 343 258,749 124,261 137,642 17,118 637,297 79,694 199897,736 305 247,226 122,053 134,612 16,366 618,298 79,171 199796,101 284 247,604 125,300 130,858 16,195 616,342 78,102 199694,947 265 254,002 129,187 127,486 16,374 622,261 78,551 1995101,279 232 261,399 133,980 123,877 18,417 639,184 77,613 199496,254 241 284,236 138,728 117,434 17,195 654,088 76,171 1993103,583 206 283,700 143,014 117,071 17,495 665,069 75,021 1992114,597 187 288,078 146,385 115,855 17,857 682,959 72,148 1991120,203 161 293,306 148,365 112,167 17,893 692,095 69,209 1990128,663 87 299,111 149,666 107,732 17,400 702,659 63,775

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