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Urban Security in Europe: Findings from Project URBIS Gordon Hughes Adam Edwards Nicholas Lord CARDIFF.

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Presentation on theme: "Urban Security in Europe: Findings from Project URBIS Gordon Hughes Adam Edwards Nicholas Lord CARDIFF."— Presentation transcript:

1 Urban Security in Europe: Findings from Project URBIS Gordon Hughes Email: Adam Edwards Nicholas Lord CARDIFF UNIVERSITY

2 Overview Project URBIS: Urban Manager for Security, Safety and Crisis Management Comparative European criminology: the Delphi method Interim findings from Project URBIS Policy (knowledge) transfer and exchange

3 Aims of project URBIS: Recognise the state of the art in managing urban security Identify the need for the further professionalization of this role, specifically through higher educational qualifications Design a comparative programme of teaching and learning about managing urban security Test out this programme via a pilot course amongst current and prospective urban security managers Develop and disseminate personal and professional specifications for the emerging role of urban security management, including skills and competencies in multi- agency working Define criteria for the mutual recognition of education and training in urban security management across the European Union

4 About project URBIS Work Package 3 (Cardiff University): What can urban security management mean? Which authorities are or ought to be empowered and legally obliged to manage urban security? What skills and competencies do they have or should they have to undertake this responsibility? What educational and training provision currently exists or should exist in support of their work?

5 Methodological challenges of comparative research on urban security Drawing on our recent work in: Crime Prevention and Public Safety in Europe: Challenges for Comparative Criminology (Edwards, Hughes and Lord) Routledge Handbook of European Criminology (Body Gendrot et al, eds, forthcoming)

6 How do Europeans talk to each other about urban security? Established approaches: The science of experiments, surveys and impact evaluations Grand sociological narratives National case studies Local case studies

7 Comparative European criminology revisited The Delphi Method: Basic propositions (Ziglio, 1996) Informed judgement Structured dialogue Iterative group communication Common referent for debate and dialogue

8 The Delphi Method cont.: Basic propositions (Ziglio, 1996) Defend or revise initial judgements following panel feedback Respondent and construct validation Provoke constructive criticism and debate around issues of public policy Anonymity of panellists Ensure the representation of competing policy agendas and to organise dialogue between their advocates

9 Findings from the URBIS Delphi panels Three expert panels: (1) Educational and social scientific community (ESC) (2) National-level policymakers: European Crime Prevention Network (EUCPN) (3) Local-level practitioners: European Forum for Urban Security (EFUS)

10 Findings from the URBIS Delphi panels Three notable areas of consensus and disagreement: (1) Problems, approaches and contexts of USM (2) Strategic and operational responsibility (3) Expertise, and educational and training needs

11 Rounds two and three of the Policy Delphi Q2 Ranking and prioritisation Likert scale: agreement/disagreement with statements on themes emerging from Q1 Is vs. Ought Q3 Construct validation of Q2 Ought Structured in terms of problems identified in Q1 and prioritised in Q2 Generative vs. symptomatic vs. other problems Supra-problem strategic management European-wide training

12 Interim findings on the problems of urban security management Following ranking and prioritisation there was clear convergence by the three panels towards common problems despite diversity of problems (n: 25) identified in Q1 5 problems prioritised by all three panels: Violence against the person, including DV Social exclusion and youth unemployment Incivilities and anti-social behaviour Property crime Alcohol and drug misuse

13 SS panel indicated Violence against the person, including DV (symptomatic) identified as most severe followed by social exclusion and youth unemployment (generative) Property crime (symptomatic) identified as most frequent followed by social exclusion and youth unemployment (generative)

14 Interim findings on responsibilisation Key role for state actors, local and central Local government and police Dedicated urban security manager (office) and multi-agency, cross sector partnerships Ambivalence of locally elected politicians leadership (and issue of training)

15 Interim findings on expertise and training Science, politics and administration as distinct vocations but strong desire for closer ties between policy and social scientific institutions and communities Cross-sector and inter-disciplinary training Not criminology as king-maker Urban security manager as interlocutor between worlds of science and politics

16 Policy (knowledge) transfer and exchange, or how can Europeans (and North Amrericans) talk to each other? Delphi method and iterative group communication Neo-liberal hegemony? Persistence of social democratic traditions and social criminologies Unevenness of experience and expertise Challenges for multi-agency, inter-sectoral and strategic problem-solving in times of austerity (vs narrow policing function) The irony of the British experiment and European lesson drawing….

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