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2012 Advisory Panel Grid Solutions Program John Herbst Center for Electromechanics The University of Texas at Austin 12/4/2012.

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Presentation on theme: "2012 Advisory Panel Grid Solutions Program John Herbst Center for Electromechanics The University of Texas at Austin 12/4/2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 2012 Advisory Panel Grid Solutions Program John Herbst Center for Electromechanics The University of Texas at Austin 12/4/2012

2 Presentation Overview Key research challenges, drivers, and goals Technology relationships – Electric Ship – Microgrid – Smart Grid – Energy Security Program Development Summary

3 Research Motivation US electric power system is rapidly evolving – Aging power generation, transmission, and distribution infrastructure New technologies changing the landscape – Increased use of power electronics, telecommunications, sensors, and controls Integration of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) – Renewable resources: wind, solar, geothermal Vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure – Need for energy independence – Physical/cyber protection of utility grid New tools are needed to effectively manage this evolution – Global issue

4 Key Research Challenges Complex systems and simulation models – Understanding complex interdependent systems – Unconventional power equipment and architectures – Extended computation times limit model utility Access and processing of real-world data – Impact of renewables and electric vehicles – Needed to anchor analytical models

5 Key Research Drivers Integration of renewables – Dispatchability or local use of PV and wind resources – Understanding the impact on existing infrastructure e.g., transformer power flow, power factor Increased penetration of electric vehicles – Impact on peak demand Understanding the impact of energy storage – Need to define value proposition for stakeholders Critical for isolated grids Connection to larger grid raises questions about value – other solutions available – Need to define optimum location for storage Home, community, substation, transmission Energy security – Ensuring energy supply with long-term disruptions to utility – Physical and cyber-security of critical infrastructure

6 Key Goals Reduction/elimination of dependence on fossil fuel energy supplies – Need for energy imports creates vulnerability – Reduction of greenhouse gases Enhanced efficiency and energy security through intelligent control and energy management – Land-based military and civilian installations – Remote installations (e.g., Hawaii, Alaska) – Naval vessels – Integrated Power Systems – Offshore and subsea oil and gas installations

7 Technology Relationships CEM Grid Solutions Program CEM Grid Solutions Program CEM Grid Solutions Program CEM Grid Solutions Program Hybrid Electric Vehicle Propulsion Systems ALPS Locomotive Propulsion BUS Flywheel Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicle Propulsion Systems ALPS Locomotive Propulsion BUS Flywheel Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles Advanced Power/Energy Technologies High Speed Motors/Generators Energy Storage Flywheels Advanced Power Conversion Advanced Power/Energy Technologies High Speed Motors/Generators Energy Storage Flywheels Advanced Power Conversion Integrated Mobile Pulsed Power Systems 9 MJ Range Gun System Combat Hybrid Power Supply Hybrid Energy Storage Module Integrated Mobile Pulsed Power Systems 9 MJ Range Gun System Combat Hybrid Power Supply Hybrid Energy Storage Module Terrestrial Microgrids Microgrid Laboratory FOB/TOC Modeling DOD Base Modeling (ONR/29 Palms) Terrestrial Microgrids Microgrid Laboratory FOB/TOC Modeling DOD Base Modeling (ONR/29 Palms) Smart Grids Pecan Street Project DOD Energy Security Model-based Control/Cybersecurity Smart Grids Pecan Street Project DOD Energy Security Model-based Control/Cybersecurity CEMSolver Offshore Platforms/FPSO Subsea Power Distribution New Technology Application Thrust Offshore Platforms/FPSO Subsea Power Distribution New Technology Application Thrust UT Electric Ship Program CEM Grid Solutions Program

8 CEM Expertise Unique understanding of microgrid power system issues and technologies – Analytical expertise in power system modeling using tools ubiquitous throughout industry/government Enhancing these tools to enable faster/better modeling – Extensive experience in physical implementation and operation of advanced power generation and conversion components and systems Overall capabilities give us unique insight and expertise on each fundamental step of the process Concept Design Analysis Build Test

9 Electric Ship Research and Development Consortium (ESRDC) Consortium of eight universities conducting research into integrated electric power systems for future naval vessels – Two five-year grants with 1-year extension for FY13 – Total annual funding ~$8.5M; UT share ~$1.6M Power system modeling and simulation Technology development and demonstration Multiple spin-off programs – T-Craft technology evaluations – EVT permanent magnet motor testing – Swampworks architecture demonstrations

10 Flexible, MW-scale microgrid – Configured for MVDC bus; HFAC architectures also possible Multiple functionalities – Component and subsystem testing – System-level interactions – Controls development 10 HFAC Configuration MVDC Configuration UT Microgrid Laboratory

11 Swampworks Demonstrations ESRDC Transformer 480:800V 480V Utility Supply SPCO Controlled Rectifier ALPS Transformer 480:800V 480V Utility Supply ALPS Passive Rectifier Toshiba VFD ALPS Motorgen Dyno Kahn Dynamometer 0.5MW ALPS Converter GE Reactors 1MVA HVDC Power Supply Capacitor Bank Dump Resistor 1MW. Existing equipment Leased equipment Field controllable engine driven ac generator AC Load Bank 1MW Field controllable engine driven ac generator DC Bus 1.1kV ALPS DC Chopper ALPS Load Bank 0.5MW 800VAC 60Hz Propulsion Power Generation Pulsed Weapon/Sensor Hotel Loads

12 Pecan Street Inc. DOE SmartGrid demonstration program – Mixed used development at Mueller neighborhood Site of former Austin airport – Multiple industrial sponsors – High penetration of EVs and PVs Modeling and simulation Extremely valuable data on residential and commercial power use – PV generation – EV charging profiles – Impact/location of energy storage

13 Energy Security ONR program through UT Center for Energy Security – Modeling of notional land-based naval installation – Leverages ship modeling and PSP data Developing M&S tools for base power systems – Improved efficiency during normal operation – Guide for incremental evolution of power system – Path to energy independence – net zero operation – Effective response to long-term disruption of utility supply Energy Security – Access to renewable/stored energy – Internal/external threats Cybersecurity – Model-based control validation

14 ONR Base Modeling Notional Naval Base

15 29 Palms Energy Study Marine base near Mohave desert Seeks to operate as microgrid Nominal base load: 15 MW Grid power: 40% On-site: 60% (5% PV / 55% Cogen Plant) Acquisitions for energy storage (1.2 MWh) and microgrid controls in progress Plan to grow PV plant from 1 to 10 MW UT-CEM activities Building simulation model Assessing stability under cloud transients Working with MIT Lincoln Labs and GE Global Research to develop engineering criteria

16 CEMSolver: Accelerating Simulations Complex simulations require excessive run times – Impacts technology development – Industry, government, and academia face the same issues Processor speeds are nearing physical limits (Moores Law) – Moving from faster processors to more processors – multicore computers and cluster supercomputers Partitioning of model is critical issue – Automation of partitioning process and treatment of legacy models CEMSolver is an external parallel solver for Simulink

17 CEMSolver: Accelerating Simulations CEMs Approach – Develop parallel solver that can import Simulink models Parallel solver exploits desktop multicore technology – Speedups of 50x observed on large power system models Tool still in development – Free distribution for ONR- sponsored entities Validations against Simulink results in progress – Accuracy difficult to gauge without experimental data: which simulation is right? Better core utilization; better run time Runs on Windows 7 desktop computers Can import existing Simulink models Users can still run models in Simulink

18 Grid Program Development Activities Negotiated Master Research Agreement with Oil & Gas Industry Partner – Two-year process with new technology development project (12/2012) – Trying to leverage prior power system studies into new activities Exploring collaborative proposals in cybersecurity arena with ARL:UT – Cyber Information Assurance and Decision Support Group (Dr. Cheryl Martin) Exploring collaborative proposals with Texas A&M and Extreme Power – Energy storage applications and testing Briefings and white paper proposals – Dr. Joseph Westphal, Undersecretary of the Army Land-based installation modeling – ASD (OEPP) Fort Hood/Fort Bliss critical infrastructure modeling – Army Research Lab FOB/TOC grid systems and technologies Identified two cost-share partners for new proposals in this area

19 New Program Development Activities months Follow up with Richard Kidd – Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army Follow up with ASD (OEPP) – Assistant Secretary of Defense (Operational Energy Plans and Programs) Engage with RPSEA/Petrobras – Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America – CENPES – Brazilian oil and gas research organization Key Program Development challenges – Time/funding for focused program development – Cost share requirements difficult for academia (DOE solicitations)

20 Program Development Opportunities Software Partner: ETAP Partner/cost share for DOE proposal – Collaboration with Mississippi State Universitys supercomputing researchers – Develop advanced power system simulation and data management tools – Leveraging CEMSolver to develop tools to model and manage nationwide power transmission and distribution system Looking for other collaboration activities

21 Program Development Opportunities Software partner: PowerAnalytics Paladin DesignBase Software – Electric power system modeling and monitoring tool – Low cost, 1-year lease to explore research opportunities – Negotiating long-term access to support program development (1% share on research funding) for future activities Press Release: Modeling and Simulation Roadmap to Enhance Electrical Energy Security of U.S. Naval Bases – Used as a reference in selecting Paladin software for the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) System Simulation and Development Directorate (SSDD) laboratory

22 Summary CEM is uniquely positioned to support the coming changes in the US electric power system – Technologies, modeling and simulation, controls CEM is effectively leveraging prior research expertise and current research activities to expand the Grid Solutions Program – Electric ship program leading to new projects CEM is developing a potentially game changing external solver for power system simulations – Enhanced performance for power system simulation tool used throughout industry, government, and academia CEM is actively seeking to develop new partners and expand into new applications in microgrid power systems

23 Questions? John Herbst Program Manager The University of Texas Center for Electromechanics


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