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1111 Creating ASPX Controls Programatically. 2222 Objectives You will be able to Dynamically add controls to a page. Dynamically alter properties of controls.

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Presentation on theme: "1111 Creating ASPX Controls Programatically. 2222 Objectives You will be able to Dynamically add controls to a page. Dynamically alter properties of controls."— Presentation transcript:

1 1111 Creating ASPX Controls Programatically

2 2222 Objectives You will be able to Dynamically add controls to a page. Dynamically alter properties of controls. Use the Panel control as a container for other controls.

3 3 Panel Demo Example of dynamically creating controls and adding them to a page. Also using a Panel control as a container for other controls. An alternative way to put new HTML onto a page at run time. Rather than outputting HTML directly, we add control objects to the internal representation of the page in server memory. They output HTML during the render phase of the page life cycle on the server.

4 Adding ASPX Controls Dynamically Think about what would happen if we used Response.Write( ) to add an ASPX control to the page. To add a dynamically created ASPX control to the page we have to add it to the data structure in server memory that is the internal representation of the page.

5 5 Panel Demo The Panel control is a container for other controls. Use it to put a border around a group of related controls. Can set styling, position, and visibility for the entire group by setting properties of the panel. Provides a convenient way to add controls to the page dynamically.

6 6 Panel Demo We will create a page with a panel control containing some static text. Dropdown lists permit the user to Add 1 – 4 labels to the panel. Add 1 – 4 textboxes to the panel. CheckBox permits user to hide the panel.

7 7 Panel Demo Create a new C# ASP.NET empty web site with the name Panel_Demo.

8 Add Default.aspx

9 9 Panel Demo View the Toolbox. Expand the Standard section. Add a Panel to the. Set its properties as shown on the next slide.

10 10 The Panel

11 11 Source View

12 12 Edit Source position:static means no special positioning Follow the normal rules of HTML

13 13 Add Text Inside Panel

14 14 App Running Try resizing the window.

15 15 What the Browser Received

16 16 Effects of Properties Experiment with property values: HorizontalAlign Wrap Height Width Padding

17 17 Dynamic Controls Lets add some controls that will have the effect of adding other controls to the panel dynamically. A new DropDown List will add a specified number of labels to the panel. Options for 0 – 4 labels A second new DropDownList will add a specified number of CheckBoxes. Options for 0 – 4 CheckBoxes Also a CheckBox that will hide the panel And a Button to refresh the panel

18 18 Dynamic Controls Number of Labels:

19 19 Dynamic Controls Number of TextBoxes:

20 20 Dynamic Controls

21 21 Design View

22 22 Code for Dynamic Update using System; using System.Web; using System.Web.UI; using System.Web.UI.WebControls; public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page { protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) { pnlDynamic.Visible = !cbHide.Checked; int numLabels = int.Parse(ddlLabels.SelectedItem.Value); for (int i = 1; i <= numLabels; i++) { Label lbl = new Label(); lbl.Text = "Label" + i.ToString(); lbl.ID = "Label" + i.ToString(); pnlDynamic.Controls.Add(lbl); pnlDynamic.Controls.Add(new LiteralControl(" ")); } Try it!

23 23 Page in Chrome

24 24 After Clicking Refresh Panel

25 25 Hiding the Panel After clicking Refresh Panel

26 26 Refresh Panel Button We didnt add an event handler for the Refresh Panel button. How did it work? Why was it needed?

27 27 Code to Add TextBoxes Add to Page_Load: // Generate TextBox controls int numBoxes = int.Parse(ddlBoxes.SelectedItem.Value); for (int i = 1; i <= numBoxes; i++) { TextBox tb = new TextBox(); tb.Text = "TextBox" + i.ToString(); tb.ID = "TextBox" + i.ToString(); pnlDynamic.Controls.Add(tb); pnlDynamic.Controls.Add(new LiteralControl(" ")); }

28 28 After Clicking Refresh Panel

29 29 Automatic Scrollbar Resize window. Look at the effect of making the window wider and more narrow.

30 30 Automatic Scrollbar End of Presentation

31 Summary We can create ASPX controls dynamically using C# code and add them to the page before the page is translated into HTML. We can dynamically modify controls defined in the.aspx file in the Page_Load event handler. End of Presentation


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