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OpenGL and Windows Windows Forms Programming Roger Crawfis.

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Presentation on theme: "OpenGL and Windows Windows Forms Programming Roger Crawfis."— Presentation transcript:

1 OpenGL and Windows Windows Forms Programming Roger Crawfis

2 Creating a nice GUI The next several slides will walk you thru a particular design that I like for my applications. The order can be a little finicky, so if you mess up, delete all files and start over!!! The design consists of a GUI panel on the left and a view panel on the right, with a status bar and a main menu.

3 Note: VS 2003 shown The following slides and images are old, create a new project using 2005. Also, note there is a new SplitContainer that works better for this style of GUI. –Use it rather than the Panel/Splitter/Panel approach.

4 Create a new Project Start Visual Studio.NET

5 Create a new Project Select a C++ Windows Forms Application

6 Add your GUI elements Resize the Form to be about 800 by 600, or whatever you like. In this order, add the following elements from the Toolbox->Windows Forms. –StatusBar –Panel –Splitter –Panel

7 GUI design In the Properties window you can make changes to the content and appearance of these controls. –Change the BackColor of the splitter. –Change the Dock property of panel1 to Left. –Change the Dock property of panel2 to Fill (the center icon). –Click on the Collections property of the statusBar and add three tabs. Type in some text. –On the StatusBar properties, set ShowPanels to true.

8 GUI Design Build (Build->Build Solution) and run (Debug->Start without Debugging) your application. It should look something like this:

9 GUI Design In the GUI panel, lets make one large tabbed dialogue. Drag a tabControl over to the GUI panel. Set its dock to Fill. In the properties select the Collection button and add four tab panels. –Lab2 –Extra –Grading –Readme

10 GUI Design Your program should now look like this. New Title added Background image added

11 Examine the code Okay. We have the basic lay-out. Notice we have not done any programming yet. Right-click the Form1.h file in the Solution panel and select Edit Code. We have: –A public constructor –A protected Dispose –A private InitializeComponents What is this! The source code is in the.h file? Look at the Form1.cpp file.

12 InitializeComponents There is a tree view structure in the code views with Visual Studio. You can collapse a method, class or region of code to hide the details as you work on other parts of the code. The InitializeComponents method is collapsed by default. This is automatically generated by the Designer Window. It has all of the natty details on setting up the controls. Uncollapse it and examine the code.

13 Lab2 Okay, we have the basic lay-out, now we need to embed the business logic. What are the lab requirements? More specifically, what controls do we need? –Specifying the number of lines / points. –Reading in (selecting) an image file. –Specifying the line-width or point size. –Specify two color values.

14 Lab2 Controls Selecting an image file. –Possible Options: 1.Add a text box and have the user type the path / filename into the textbox. (umm Yuck!!!) 2.Pre-load a set of image files and have the user select from this set. (lacks flexibility). 3.Bring up a dialog asking the user to select an image. Limit the selection to only the proper type of files. How do we bring up the dialog? What do we have to do to show the dialog?

15 Image file Dialogue This is why you use a higher-level API. With windows forms and.Net 1.1 this is really trivial. Follow these simple steps: 1.Drag an OpenFileDialog control to anywhere on your Form. Notice that it places it in a special window pane below your design. 2.Drag a Button control to the Lab2 tab panel. This will be used to bring up the dialog.

16 Image file Dialogue Adjust the Buttons properties: 1.Change the text to Load Texture Adjust the OpenFileDialogs properties 1.Change the Title to Select an image file for the texture 2.In the Filter property add a string to aid in the right file type selection. Something like this: All files (*.*)|*.*|Jpeg (*.jpg)|*.jpg|Png (*.png)|*.png. Each pair here has the format (Text string to display | regular expression). Note that adding a space before the asterisk results in a different regular expression. 3.Set the Filter index to 2, such that jpeg is the default format. 4.Set the AddExtension to False. 5.Make sure the Multiselect property is False.

17 Image file Dialogue Okay, we have now defined everything, such that the constructor is called and the properties are set. Nothing will happen though, we need to add some logic. Double click the Load Texture button. This adds some template code and brings up the source code window (Form1.h). It also added this line inside the InitializeComponents: this->button1->Click += new System::EventHandler(this, button1_Click); Add the following line in button1_Click: this->openFileDialog1->ShowDialog();

18 Image file Dialogue Run and test the program. Clicking on the button should bring up the openFileDialog.

19 Image file Dialogue Note that the dialog simply selects the file, it does not open it or perform any logic yet. We will address actually opening the file, reading in the image and creating a texture map from it later.

20 Lab2 Controls Number of primitives –There are several choices here. Textbox (you would need to validate that it only contained numbers). Numeric Up/Down control (it has two speeds, both of which you can configure in the Properties page). Trackbar or slider control (you may need to provide a text label that indicates the current value). –The reference lab uses both a numericUpDown and a Trackbar tightly coupled together.

21 Accessibility Most controls have accessibility features built into them. This allows for a mouse free control. You can hit the tab key to reach the NumericUpDown and Trackbar controls and then use the arrow keys to change their values. Holding down the key accelerates the change.

22 Trackbar Lets use the trackbar. Drag a trackBar control to the Lab2 tab panel. In the Properties page: –Set the Maximum value to 100,000 (or higher) –Set the (initial or current) Value to 10,000 –Set the LargeChange to 5,000 –Set the SmallChange to 1,000 –Set the Tick Frequency to 10,000 Also add a Label control (static text) above the trackBar to describe its purpose.

23 Trackbar We should now have something like:

24 Trackbar Okay, we have a control and it can change values, etc. but we do not have anything useful connected to it. Business logic: –There are many ways you can use this: 1.The lazy way – simply read the controls value whenever you need it. This mixes the business logic and the GUI logic. 2.The global document way – Whenever the value changes, change a corresponding data value in some document class. This still mixes the logic. Bad data hiding. 3.The document/view way – Whenever the value changes, call a method on the documents class. The document now knows its value has changed. Perform some action (update display, verify data, etc.) Keep a history for undo/redo.

25 Document Class Okay, I will admit it, I used method #1 in the reference lab. But I am going to make you follow method #3. Create and add a new class to your project. –Right-click on the solution and select Add->Add Class from the context menu. –Select a generic C++ class and give a name. –Change it to managed C++ by changing class to public __gc class in the header file. –Add the following private members: –int numPrimitives; –float lineWidth; –Color color1, color2;

26 Document Class You also need to include: using namespace System::Drawing; Add public methods to set (and optionally get) each of these. For instance: void SetNumPrimitives( const int nLines ) { numPrimitives = nLines; }

27 Document Class Okay, now we can wire that to the trackBar. Double-click the trackBar in the designer. In the code template, add something like: impressionismDoc->SetNumPrimitives( trackBar1->Value ); We need to create and add an instance of our document. Declare a private pointer to an instance. private: Impressionism *impressionismDoc; In the constructor for Form1 create a new instance. impressionismDoc = new Impressionism();

28 Lab2 Status Okay, we are about 1/3 of the way to having some implementation for lab2. You need to add an OpenGLPanel as in HW #1 and Lab1 and create the OpenGL drawing calls. We also still need to add the image file and texture map, as well as the other controls.

29 Done The End Ignore the following slides!!

30 OhioState::OpenGLPanel The simplest possible canvas or rendering context. No assumptions are made (single buffer, double buffer, etc.) Burden on user to provide all information and event processing. Can be used as a base-class for more intelligent classes.

31 OpenGLPanel : Forms::Control All of the functionality of a Control. Creates the OpenGL rendering context. Overrides: –protected OnPaintBackground –protected OnPaint –protected OnResize –public set_BackColor property

32 Public methods OpenGLPanel( PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd ); void AddPreRenderCallback( OpenGLRenderCallback *callback ); void AddRenderCallback( OpenGLRenderCallback *callback ); void AddPostRenderCallback( OpenGLRenderCallback *callback ); void AddResizeCallback( OpenGLResizeCallback *callback ); int GetFrameNumber() { return frameNumber; }; void MakeCurrent(); void SwapBuffers();

33 The Constructor No assumptions, so the user passes in the PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR which indicates the number of color bits, stencil bits, etc. Make sure the dwflag entry includes PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL. See the sample and the MSDN help for more information.

34 Callbacks The OpenGLPanel is structured around registered callbacks. These are pointers to a function, or delegates. Two publicly defined Delegate types: –public __delegate void OpenGLRenderCallback( const int frameNumber ); –public __delegate void OpenGLResizeCallback( const int width, const int height ); These are really type definitions: –A pointer to a function that returns void and takes one parameter of type const int.

35 Callbacks Like any other type, you create and instance: glPanel->AddRenderCallback( new OhioState::OpenGLRenderCallback( this, DrawScene ) ); DrawScene is a public method of this, or Form1 here. Can also use static methods, in which case, this would be replaced with the class type. thank-you garbage collection

36 Using OpenGLPanel Checklist: –Create a Forms::Panel (in the designer). –In the Form1 constructor: Create an OpenGLPanel and add it to the panel (call this glPanel). Put all of your drawing code into a method that returns void and takes a single const int. Create a callback instance and add it to glPanel. Create a resize function, wrap it in a callback and add it to glPanel.

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