Presentation on theme: "CAP Communications Radio Operator Authorization Course"— Presentation transcript:
1CAP Communications Radio Operator Authorization Course “Voice of Command”Revision Jan / Lt. Colonel Steven Haney, SWR-TX-001 CAPRevision Jan-2014 / Lt. Colonel Fred Blundell, TX-129
2This Training Slide Show is a project undertaken by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell of the TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron, Fort Worth, TX for local use to assist those CAP Members interested in advancing their skills. The information contained herein is for CAP Member’s personal use and is not intended to replace or be a substitute for any of the CAP National Training Programs. Users should review the presentation’s Revision Number at the end of each file name to ensure that they have the most current publication.
3CAP Radio Operator Authorization Authorization is done in two phases1. Basic Communications User Training2 - 4 Hour Class on:Standard Operating ProceduresLocal Operating ProceduresBasic Radio OperationsEntitles a CAP member to operate a CAP RadioRequired for most ES specialties
4CAP Radio Operator Authorization (Continued)Advanced Communications User Training4 - 8 Hour ClassHands on Radio Operations and Radio System SetupPass the Advanced Communications User Test, CAPF 119Entitles CAP member to be assigned a call sign for their radioRequired as part of the Communications Specialty Track
5CAP Radio Station Licensing CAP is a considered a federal agency, thus its Radio Stations are authorized by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)Public stations are licensed by the FCCFederal agencies are not allowed to use services allocated exclusively to the public sector for their business.This excludes the use of Amateur Radio and Citizens Band for CAP business.The regulation for all CAP Communications is CAPR 100-1
65 Habits Of A Good Radio Operator 1. Speak clearly2. Annunciate your words.3. Speak slowly4. Remain calm no matter what happens - Never Panic.5. THINK - “Use Your Head”
7Operator Responsibilities LISTENBe Prepared to AssistDo NOT Transmit Unless You Have Something to Offer or Contact is Requested
8Prohibited Operating Practices Transmission of False Distress SignalsViolation of Radio SilencePersonal ConversationTransmitting in a Net without permission of NCSLack of identifying call signExcessive tuning and testing10-4, QTH, QSL
9Prohibited Operating Practices (Continued)Use of Amateur Radio or Citizens Band frequencies for CAP business, and Vice-VersaUse of 10 codes or Amateur Radio Q SignalsDO NOT Transmission of false distress signalsViolation use ProfanityViolating operational security rules
10ProwordsProwords are a special set of words used for clarity and brevity in communications.Some of the most commonly used prowords are:ROGER - Last transmission received OKTHIS IS - Preface to your call signOVER - I’m done, go aheadOUT - I’m done, byeWAIT - I will be back in a few secondsSAY AGAIN - Say that againCORRECTION - Oops! I really meant to sayWILCO - ROGER and I will complyAFFIRMATIVE - YesRefer to CAPR 100-3, Attachment 1, for the complete list
11Phonetic Alphabet A Alpha B Bravo C Charlie D Delta E Echo F Foxtrot G GolfH HotelI IndiaJ JulietK KiloL LimaM MikeN NovemberO OscarP PapaQ QuebecR RomeoS SierraT TangoU UniformV VictorW WhiskeyX X-RayY YankeeZ ZuluSay together
12“I SPELL” Figures / Initials Use “I SPELL” for pronounceable wordsPIZZA“I SPELL PIZZA PAPA INDIA ZULU ZULU ALPHA PIZZA”Use “FIGURE(S)” AND “INITIAL(S)” for non-wordsN516F“INITIAL NOVEMBER FIGURES FIVE ONE SIX INTIAL FOXTROT”Use proword “CORRECTION” to correct a mistakeExample:Turn right at next corner … CORRECTION Turn left at next corner…”
13Numerics Pronunciation 1 WUN 2 TOO 3 TREE 4 FO-WER5 FIFE6 SIX7 SEVEN8 ATE9 NINER0 ZEROWhen writing the numbers, do not write them down the way they are pronounced.For example, do not write “one” as “wun” or “five” as “fife.” Write them as “1” and “5”.
14Punctuation Symbol Spoken as . Day-See-Mal or Full Stop , Comma / Slant--?:HyphenQuestion MarkColon*Asterisk#Pound@At Symbol&Ampersand~Coda( )Paren On - Paren Off[ ]Bracket On – Bracket Off
15Use Prowords “FIGURES”, “DECIMAL”, “TIME”, “INITIALS” Sending NumericsUse Prowords “FIGURES”, “DECIMAL”, “TIME”, “INITIALS”Digit-by-Digit Not“Seven Fifty”750 “FIGURES SEVEN FIFE ZERO”NinerNot Nine849 “FIGURES ATE FO-WER NINER”DecimalPoint14.5 “FIGURES ONE FO-WER DECIMAL FIFE”Z Time1635Z “TIME ONE SIX TREE FIFE ZULU”Initial AndFiguresE21 “INITIAL ECHO FIGURES TOO WUN”One Figureand Initial3-A “FIGURE TREE DASH INITIAL ALPHA”
16ZULU Time AKA Greenwich Mean Time or Universal Coordinated Time. Refers to the current time in Greenwich, United Kingdom.Zulu time is a system of timekeeping that refers to the same time, no matter what time zone you are in.Central Standard Time is Zulu – 6 Hours
17Types of Stations Tactical Call Signs TEXAS WING CALL SIGN EXAMPLESAIRMOBILEGROUNDCAP 4247CAP VEHICLESTEXAS CAP 2112TEXAS CAP 6122
18TEXASCAP 1 – TEXASCAP 99 Wing HQ Staff Texas Call SignsTEXASCAP 1 – TEXASCAP 99 Wing HQ Staff-TC1=Wing Commander-TC2=Wing Vice Commander-TC3=Wing Chief of Staff-TC4=Wing Director of Communications-TC5=Wing Chaplain-TC6=Wing Director of Professional Development-TC7=Wing Director of Logistics-TC8=Wing ES Officer-TC9=Wing Operations Officer-TC10=Wing Headquarters Station-TC11=Wing Director of Cadet Programs-TC12=Wing Director of Personnel
19Texas Call Signs Assistants and staff officers working under a director will be assigned calls signs accordinglyWing Communications staff will have calls in the40 to 49 block, Operations staff in the 90 to 99block
20Texas Group Call Signs Wing HQ: 1 - 99 Group 1 HQ: – 199 Units:Group 2 HQ: – 299 Units:Group 3 HQ: – 399 Units:Group 4 HQ: – 499 Units: *Group 5 HQ: – 599 Units:Group 6 HQ: – 699 Units:Group 7 HQ: – 799 Units:* 42XX block is not assigned to reduce confusion with aircraft CAP42xx call signs
21Calling Another Station Aircraft To Establish Contact“TEXASCAP 2550 THIS IS CAP 4247 OVER”Response from the Ground Station“CAP 4247 THIS IS TEXASCAP 2550 OVER”On Closing the Contact“… CAP 4247 OUT”OR“…TEXASCAP 2550 OUT”Only the first station to finish must say this.
22Calling Another Station (Continued)Always end a transmission withOVER or OUT - NOT BOTH!Do not use “Roger Wilco” instead of Wilco. “Roger Wilco” means “Last transmission received OK last transmission received OK and I will comply.”
23Radio Net OperationA Formal Net is established to control the flow of traffic on a single radio channelThe Net Control Station (NCS) maintains net discipline by controlling who is talkingBreak Ins to the Net should be done only if you have emergency trafficThe NCS must be contacted first for permission to contact another stationSample Net Check-in (TC2550 is the NCS):“TEXASCAP 2550, THIS IS TEXASCAP 5181 with no traffic, over”
24Radio Nets - Contacting Another Station TC2550NCS1TC51812TC51823All transmissions must receive permission from the Net Control Station (NCS)“TEXASCAP 2550, THIS IS TEXASCAP 5181 with traffic for TEXASCAP 582 OVER”“TEXASCAP 581, YOU MAY PASS YOUR TRAFFIC, OUT”“TEXASCAP 582, THIS IS TEXASCAP 581, OVER”
25Net Station Check-In Examples Checking into a Net with no traffic during roll call:“This is TEXASCAP 5181 with no traffic OVER“Acknowledgement of check-in:" I recognize TEXASCAP 5181 with no traffic OUT"
26General Radio Controls Summary Common Controls:VolumeSquelchChannel SelectorMike with Push to Talk Switch (Release to Listen)Radio SetupRadio Transceiver (VHF-FM, HF-SSB, SAR)Power Supply (110 VAC or 12 Volt DC)Antenna (Vertical, Magnetic Mount, Dipole)AC Power 12 Volt Power Supply Radio Antenna
28Civil Air Patrol Communications TELEPHONES - Landline and cellular telephones can be used in addition to radio communications.INTERNET - communications, information web pages, internet phone and other methods of communication over the internet.GOAL - To have a readily available and comprehensive communications network using a variety of assets.
29Civil Air Patrol Communications (Continued) Intersquadron Radio (ISR)Military Ultra High Frequency channelsVery short rangeNot CAP frequencies, may have to share with other Military usersMay not be used in flight14 channels, named ISR 1 to ISR 14Use standard CAP or ICS call signsTexas CAP numbers will be issued for these radios to support communications training.Use of ICS call sign (Ground Team 2) etc… is also permitted during operations.
30Voice Operating Modes SIMPLEX REPEATER Single Frequency - One Station at a TimeSIMPLEXSAME FREQREPEATERTwo Frequencies - One Station at a TimeRTOUTPUT FREQINPUT FREQ
31Repeater Operation *Repeater increases the range of mobile INPUT FREQOUTPUT FREQ*Repeater increases the range of mobilestations due to its high profile location*
32Inside The RepeaterRepeater will only turn on its transmitter if it hears the one site toneOUTPUT FREQVoiceReceiverTransmitterINPUT FREQ123.1 Hz TonePTT123.1 Hz Tone123.1 HzTone Decoder“Mike Button”The Tone Decoder “listens” for the specific site tone on the incoming signalThe Tone Decoder “presses” the Push To Talk (PTT) button to turn on the transmitter. When the specific tone is received
33Operational SecurityAll CAP frequencies are FOUO – “For Official Use Only”Do not publicly release CAP radio frequencies.Do not release CAP radio frequencies over the air.Channels may be referred to by their designatorsTHE DESIGNATORS WILL BE USED ON THE AIR TO DIRECT STATIONS TO ANOTHER FREQUENCY, SUCH AS “ALL STATIONS CHANGE FREQUENCY TO WHISKEY CHARLIE, OUT”.NEVER TRANSMIT THE DESIGNATOR OF THE FREQUENCY YOU ARE CURRENTLY ON!!!!
34Extract from CAP/CC Memorandum of 20 Jan 2006 In addition, all documents containing frequencies will be marked “UNCLASSIFIED // FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY” (FOUO) at the top and bottom of each page. And, the following statement should be clearly displayed on the front page of any document containing FOUO information:UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLYFrequency information contained in this document is designated by the Department of Defense as For Official Use Only (FOUO) and may not be released to anyone without the prior permission of the NHQ DOK and CAP-USAF.
35CAP VHF Radio Channels EF Johnson Mobile & Handheld VHF-FM -- AnalogRadio Channel Designator UseZONE1 CH. 1 CC1 Primary CommandZONE1 CH. 2 CC2 Alternate CommandZONE1 CH. 3 Air 1 Aircraft to aircraftZONE1 CH. 4 Air 2 Aircraft to aircraftZONE1 CH. 5 TAC 1 Ground TeamsVHF-FM -- DigitalRadio Channel Designator UseZONE16 CH. 1 CC 1P Primary CommandZONE16 CH. 2 CC 2P Alternate CommandZONE16 CH. 3 Air 1P Aircraft to aircraftZONE16 CH. 4 Air 2P Aircraft to aircraftZONE16 CH. 5 TAC 1P Ground Teams
36TDFM-136 Aircraft Radio Indentifier Channel Position AIR 1 003 AIR 1P 019TXLAW1050AIR 2004AIR 2P017TXLAW2051CC1001CC1P014TXLAW3052CC2002CC2P015TXFIRE1053TAC005TAC 1PTXFIRE2054Guard 1GD1Guard 1P018TXFIRE3055R63010R63P024TXMED1056R64011R64P025TXAIR2057R67006R67P020USCG 6090R68007R68P021USCG16091R69008R69P022USCG 21A092R70009R70P023USCG22A093VCALL10058USCG 23A094VFIRE21060USCG 81A095VLAW31062USCG 82A096VMED28061USCG 83A097VTAC11059
37Repeater Channels All repeaters have a Rxx designator Fixed repeater designators are R01 through R62Portable/Airborne repeater designators are R63, R64, and R67 through R70Digital Channels have a “P” following the designator (e.g. R11P)Analog ChannelsEF Johnson radios use Zone 8 – 11TDFM-136 (Aircraft) radios use Channels 101 – 164Digital ChannelsEF Johnson radios use Zone 12 – 16TDFM-136 (Aircraft) radios do not have digital capabilityExcept R63P, R64P, R67P- R70P and 6 simplex channelsChannels
39Portable/Airborne Repeaters Field installable or aircraft mounted (in repeater configured aircraft)Limited power10 watts airborne20 watts ground mountedDesignatorEF JohnsonAnalogDigitalTDFM-136TDFM-136 DigitalR63R63PZ1,CH7Z16, CH13135024R64R64PZ1, CH8\Z16, CH14109025R67R67PZ1, CH9Z16, CH9111020R68R68PZ1, CH10Z16, CH10144021R69R69PZ1, CH11Z16,CH11101022R70R70PZ1, CH12Z16,CH12114023
40Aeronautical SAR Stations Aeronautical search and rescue stations (SAR) operate on two aircraft frequencies122.9 MHz - TRAINING only123.1 MHz - ACTUAL missions onlyContact ground teams by using VHF-FMAir 1 or air 2 - air-to-ground simplexBase call signs assigned by geographical location“THIS IS Spinks Mission Base OVER”
41Use Of Non-CAP Channels CAP may use state of Texas Interoperability Channels when specifically requested by a state agency to do so. These frequencies are programmed into Johnson and new aircraft FM radios.Marine Band: 8 Marine Band Channels are programmed for use with Coast Guard or other agencies.These frequencies should be used only for interagency communications with state, county or local government or agencies. CAP will use cap call signs and standard cap procedure.
42Narrow Band Transition Only VHF narrow band transmissions are permitted on CAP channels, wide band transmissions are prohibitedDesignators V1, V2, V3, V4 and any repeater designator beginning with a “P” are NOT TO BE USED for any CAP operations