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1 CAP Communications Radio Operator Authorization Course Voice of Command Revision 11.0 07-Jan-2010 / Lt. Colonel Steven Haney, SWR-TX-001 CAP Revision.

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Presentation on theme: "1 CAP Communications Radio Operator Authorization Course Voice of Command Revision 11.0 07-Jan-2010 / Lt. Colonel Steven Haney, SWR-TX-001 CAP Revision."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 CAP Communications Radio Operator Authorization Course Voice of Command Revision 11.0 07-Jan-2010 / Lt. Colonel Steven Haney, SWR-TX-001 CAP Revision 14.1 03-Jan-2014 / Lt. Colonel Fred Blundell, TX-129

2 This Training Slide Show is a project undertaken by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell of the TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron, Fort Worth, TX for local use to assist those CAP Members interested in advancing their skills. The information contained herein is for CAP Members personal use and is not intended to replace or be a substitute for any of the CAP National Training Programs. Users should review the presentations Revision Number at the end of each file name to ensure that they have the most current publication.

3 3 CAP Radio Operator Authorization 1. Basic Communications User Training 2 - 4 Hour Class on: Standard Operating Procedures Local Operating Procedures Basic Radio Operations Entitles a CAP member to operate a CAP Radio Required for most ES specialties Authorization is done in two phases

4 2.Advanced Communications User Training 4 - 8 Hour Class Hands on Radio Operations and Radio System Setup Pass the Advanced Communications User Test, CAPF 119 Entitles CAP member to be assigned a call sign for their radio Required as part of the Communications Specialty Track CAP Radio Operator Authorization (Continued)

5 5 CAP Radio Station Licensing CAP is a considered a federal agency, thus its Radio Stations are authorized by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) CAP is a considered a federal agency, thus its Radio Stations are authorized by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) Public stations are licensed by the FCC Public stations are licensed by the FCC Federal agencies are not allowed to use services allocated exclusively to the public sector for their business. Federal agencies are not allowed to use services allocated exclusively to the public sector for their business. This excludes the use of Amateur Radio and Citizens Band for CAP business. This excludes the use of Amateur Radio and Citizens Band for CAP business. The regulation for all CAP Communications is CAPR 100-1

6 6 5 Habits Of A Good Radio Operator 1.Speak clearly 2.Annunciate your words. 3.Speak slowly 4.Remain calm no matter what happens - Never Panic. 5.THINK - Use Your Head

7 7 Operator Responsibilities LISTEN LISTEN Be Prepared to Assist Be Prepared to Assist Do NOT Transmit Unless You Have Something to Offer or Contact is Requested Do NOT Transmit Unless You Have Something to Offer or Contact is Requested

8 8 Prohibited Operating Practices Transmission of False Distress Signals Violation of Radio Silence Personal Conversation Transmitting in a Net without permission of NCS Lack of identifying call sign Excessive tuning and testing

9 Use of Amateur Radio or Citizens Band frequencies for CAP business, and Vice-Versa Use of 10 codes or Amateur Radio Q Signals DO NOT Transmission of false distress signals Violation use Profanity Violating operational security rules Prohibited Operating Practices (Continued)

10 10 Prowords ROGER - Last transmission received OK ROGER - Last transmission received OK THIS IS- Preface to your call sign THIS IS- Preface to your call sign OVER - Im done, go ahead OVER - Im done, go ahead OUT - Im done, bye OUT - Im done, bye WAIT - I will be back in a few seconds WAIT - I will be back in a few seconds SAY AGAIN - Say that again SAY AGAIN - Say that again CORRECTION - Oops! I really meant to say CORRECTION - Oops! I really meant to say WILCO - ROGER and I will comply WILCO - ROGER and I will comply AFFIRMATIVE - Yes AFFIRMATIVE - Yes Refer to CAPR 100-3, Attachment 1, for the complete list Prowords are a special set of words used for clarity and brevity in communications. Some of the most commonly used prowords are:

11 11 Phonetic Alphabet AAlpha BBravo CCharlie DDelta EEcho FFoxtrot GGolf HHotel IIndia JJuliet KKilo LLima MMike NNovember OOscar PPapa QQuebec RRomeo SSierra TTango UUniform VVictor WWhiskey XX-Ray YYankee ZZulu

12 12 I SPELL Figures / Initials Use I SPELL for pronounceable words Use I SPELL for pronounceable words PIZZAPIZZA I SPELL PIZZA PAPA INDIA ZULU ZULU ALPHA PIZZA I SPELL PIZZA PAPA INDIA ZULU ZULU ALPHA PIZZA Use FIGURE(S) AND INITIAL(S) for non-words Use FIGURE(S) AND INITIAL(S) for non-words N516FN516F INITIAL NOVEMBER FIGURES FIVE ONE SIX INTIAL FOXTROT INITIAL NOVEMBER FIGURES FIVE ONE SIX INTIAL FOXTROT !Use proword CORRECTION to correct a mistake !Example: Turn right at next corner … CORRECTION Turn left at next corner…

13 13 Numerics Pronunciation Pronunciation 1WUN 1WUN 2TOO 2TOO 3TREE 3TREE 4FO-WER 4FO-WER 5FIFE 5FIFE 6SIX 6SIX 7SEVEN 7SEVEN 8ATE 8ATE 9NINER 9NINER 0ZERO 0ZERO When writing the numbers, do not write them down the way they are pronounced. For example, do not write one as wun or five as fife. Write them as 1 and 5.

14 14 Punctuation Symbol Spoken as Spoken as. Day-See-Mal or Full Stop,Comma /Slant --?:Hyphen Question Mark Question Mark Colon Colon *Asterisk #Pound @ At Symbol &Ampersand ~ Coda ( ) Paren On - Paren Off [ ] Bracket On – Bracket Off

15 15 Sending Numerics Use Prowords FIGURES, DECIMAL, TIME, INITIALS Digit-by-Digit Not Seven Fifty 750FIGURES SEVEN FIFE ZERO Niner Not Nine 849FIGURES ATE FO-WER NINER DecimalPoint 14.5FIGURES ONE FO-WER DECIMAL FIFE Z Time 1635ZTIME ONE SIX TREE FIFE ZULU Initial And Figures E21INITIAL ECHO FIGURES TOO WUN One Figure and Initial 3-AFIGURE TREE DASH INITIAL ALPHA

16 16 ZULU Time AKA Greenwich Mean Time or Universal Coordinated Time. AKA Greenwich Mean Time or Universal Coordinated Time. Refers to the current time in Greenwich, United Kingdom. Refers to the current time in Greenwich, United Kingdom. Zulu time is a system of timekeeping that refers to the same time, no matter what time zone you are in. Zulu time is a system of timekeeping that refers to the same time, no matter what time zone you are in. Central Standard Time is Zulu – 6 Hours Central Standard Time is Zulu – 6 Hours

17 17 Types of Stations Tactical Call Signs GROUND AIRMOBILE TEXAS CAP 2112 CAP 4247 TEXAS CAP 6122 CAP VEHICLES TEXAS WING CALL SIGN EXAMPLES

18 18 Texas Call Signs TEXASCAP 1 – TEXASCAP 99 Wing HQ Staff -TC1=Wing Commander -TC2=Wing Vice Commander -TC3=Wing Chief of Staff -TC4=Wing Director of Communications -TC5=Wing Chaplain -TC6=Wing Director of Professional Development -TC7=Wing Director of Logistics -TC8=Wing ES Officer -TC8=Wing ES Officer -TC9=Wing Operations Officer -TC9=Wing Operations Officer -TC10=Wing Headquarters Station -TC11=Wing Director of Cadet Programs -TC12=Wing Director of Personnel

19 Assistants and staff officers working under a director will be assigned calls signs accordingly Wing Communications staff will have calls in the 40 to 49 block, Operations staff in the 90 to 99 block Texas Call Signs

20 20 Texas Group Call Signs Wing HQ: 1 - 99 Wing HQ: 1 - 99 Group 1 HQ: 100 – 199 Units: 1000 - 1999 Group 1 HQ: 100 – 199 Units: 1000 - 1999 Group 2 HQ: 200 – 299 Units: 2000 - 2999 Group 2 HQ: 200 – 299 Units: 2000 - 2999 Group 3 HQ: 300 – 399 Units: 3000 - 3999 Group 3 HQ: 300 – 399 Units: 3000 - 3999 Group 4 HQ: 400 – 499 Units: 4000 - 4999* Group 4 HQ: 400 – 499 Units: 4000 - 4999* Group 5 HQ: 500 – 599 Units: 5000 - 5999 Group 5 HQ: 500 – 599 Units: 5000 - 5999 Group 6 HQ: 600 – 699 Units: 6000 - 6999 Group 6 HQ: 600 – 699 Units: 6000 - 6999 Group 7 HQ: 700 – 799 Units: 7000 - 7999 Group 7 HQ: 700 – 799 Units: 7000 - 7999 * 42XX block is not assigned to reduce confusion with aircraft CAP42xx call signs

21 21 Calling Another Station Aircraft To Establish Contact Aircraft To Establish Contact TEXASCAP 2550 THIS IS CAP 4247 OVERTEXASCAP 2550 THIS IS CAP 4247 OVER Response from the Ground Station Response from the Ground Station CAP 4247 THIS IS TEXASCAP 2550 OVERCAP 4247 THIS IS TEXASCAP 2550 OVER On Closing the Contact On Closing the Contact … CAP 4247 OUT… CAP 4247 OUTOR …TEXASCAP 2550 OUT…TEXASCAP 2550 OUT Only the first station to finish must say this.Only the first station to finish must say this.

22 22 Calling Another Station (Continued) Always end a transmission withAlways end a transmission with OVER or OUT - NOT BOTH! OVER or OUT - NOT BOTH! Do not use Roger Wilco instead of Wilco. Roger Wilco means Last transmission received OK last transmission received OK and I will comply.Do not use Roger Wilco instead of Wilco. Roger Wilco means Last transmission received OK last transmission received OK and I will comply.

23 23 Radio Net Operation A Formal Net is established to control the flow of traffic on a single radio channel A Formal Net is established to control the flow of traffic on a single radio channel The Net Control Station (NCS) maintains net discipline by controlling who is talking The Net Control Station (NCS) maintains net discipline by controlling who is talking Break Ins to the Net should be done only if you have emergency traffic Break Ins to the Net should be done only if you have emergency traffic The NCS must be contacted first for permission to contact another station The NCS must be contacted first for permission to contact another station Sample Net Check-in (TC2550 is the NCS): Sample Net Check-in (TC2550 is the NCS): TEXASCAP 2550, THIS IS TEXASCAP 5181 with no traffic, overTEXASCAP 2550, THIS IS TEXASCAP 5181 with no traffic, over

24 24 All transmissions must receive permission from the Net Control Station (NCS) All transmissions must receive permission from the Net Control Station (NCS) Radio Nets - Contacting Another Station TC5181 TC2550 NCS TC5182 1 2 3 TEXASCAP 2550, THIS IS TEXASCAP 5181 with traffic for TEXASCAP 582 OVER TEXASCAP 581, YOU MAY PASS YOUR TRAFFIC, OUT TEXASCAP 582, THIS IS TEXASCAP 581, OVER

25 25 Net Station Check-In Examples Checking into a Net with no traffic during roll call: Checking into a Net with no traffic during roll call: This is TEXASCAP 5181 with no traffic OVER Acknowledgement of check-in: Acknowledgement of check-in: " I recognize TEXASCAP 5181 with no traffic OUT"

26 26 General Radio Controls Summary Common Controls: Volume Volume Squelch Squelch Channel Selector Channel Selector Mike with Push to Talk Switch (Release to Listen) Mike with Push to Talk Switch (Release to Listen) Radio Setup Radio Transceiver (VHF-FM, HF-SSB, SAR) Radio Transceiver (VHF-FM, HF-SSB, SAR) Power Supply (110 VAC or 12 Volt DC) Power Supply (110 VAC or 12 Volt DC) Antenna (Vertical, Magnetic Mount, Dipole) Antenna (Vertical, Magnetic Mount, Dipole) AC Power 12 Volt Power Supply Radio Antenna AC Power 12 Volt Power Supply Radio Antenna

27 27 The Communications System

28 28 Civil Air Patrol Communications TELEPHONES - Landline and cellular telephones can be used in addition to radio communications. TELEPHONES - Landline and cellular telephones can be used in addition to radio communications. INTERNET - E-mail communications, information web pages, internet phone and other methods of communication over the internet. INTERNET - E-mail communications, information web pages, internet phone and other methods of communication over the internet. GOAL - To have a readily available and comprehensive communications network using a variety of assets. GOAL - To have a readily available and comprehensive communications network using a variety of assets.

29 29 Civil Air Patrol Communications (Continued) Intersquadron Radio (ISR) Military Ultra High Frequency channels Military Ultra High Frequency channels Very short range Very short range Not CAP frequencies, may have to share with other Military users Not CAP frequencies, may have to share with other Military users May not be used in flight May not be used in flight 14 channels, named ISR 1 to ISR 14 14 channels, named ISR 1 to ISR 14 Use standard CAP or ICS call signs Use standard CAP or ICS call signs Texas CAP numbers will be issued for these radios to support communications training. Texas CAP numbers will be issued for these radios to support communications training. Use of ICS call sign (Ground Team 2) etc… is also permitted during operations. Use of ICS call sign (Ground Team 2) etc… is also permitted during operations.

30 30 Voice Operating Modes Voice Operating Modes SIMPLEX REPEATER Single Frequency - One Station at a Time SAME FREQ RT INPUT FREQ OUTPUT FREQ Two Frequencies - One Station at a Time

31 31 Repeater Operation INPUT FREQ OUTPUT FREQ Repeater increases the range of mobile *Repeater increases the range of mobile stations due to its high profile location*

32 32 Inside The Repeater INPUT FREQ 123.1 Hz Tone Receiver 123.1 Hz Tone Decoder Transmitter Mike Button Voice OUTPUT FREQ PTT Repeater will only turn on its transmitter if it hears the one site tone The Tone Decoder listens for the specific site tone on the incoming signal The Tone Decoder presses the Push To Talk (PTT) button to turn on the transmitter. When the specific tone is received 123.1 Hz Tone

33 33 Operational Security All CAP frequencies are FOUO – For Official Use Only All CAP frequencies are FOUO – For Official Use Only Do not publicly release CAP radio frequencies. Do not publicly release CAP radio frequencies. Do not release CAP radio frequencies over the air. Do not release CAP radio frequencies over the air. Channels may be referred to by their designators Channels may be referred to by their designators THE DESIGNATORS WILL BE USED ON THE AIR TO DIRECT STATIONS TO ANOTHER FREQUENCY, SUCH AS ALL STATIONS CHANGE FREQUENCY TO WHISKEY CHARLIE, OUT.NEVER TRANSMIT THE DESIGNATOR OF THE FREQUENCY YOU ARE CURRENTLY ON!!!!

34 34 Extract from CAP/CC Memorandum of 20 Jan 2006 In addition, all documents containing frequencies will be marked UNCLASSIFIED // FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY (FOUO) at the top and bottom of each page. And, the following statement should be clearly displayed on the front page of any document containing FOUO information: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Frequency information contained in this document is designated by the Department of Defense as For Official Use Only (FOUO) and may not be released to anyone without the prior permission of the NHQ DOK and CAP-USAF.

35 35 CAP VHF Radio Channels EF Johnson Mobile & Handheld VHF-FM -- Analog –Radio Channel Designator Use –ZONE1 CH. 1CC1Primary Command –ZONE1 CH. 2CC2Alternate Command –ZONE1 CH. 3Air 1Aircraft to aircraft –ZONE1 CH. 4Air 2Aircraft to aircraft –ZONE1 CH. 5TAC 1Ground Teams VHF-FM -- Digital –Radio Channel Designator Use –ZONE16 CH. 1CC 1PPrimary Command –ZONE16 CH. 2CC 2PAlternate Command –ZONE16 CH. 3Air 1PAircraft to aircraft –ZONE16 CH. 4Air 2PAircraft to aircraft –ZONE16 CH. 5TAC 1PGround Teams

36 36 TDFM-136 Aircraft Radio IndentifierChannelPositionIndentifierChannelPositionIndentifierChannelPosition AIR 1 003 AIR 1P 019TXLAW1050 AIR 2 004 AIR 2P 017TXLAW2051 CC1001CC1P014TXLAW3052 CC2002CC2P015TXFIRE1053 TAC005 TAC 1P 019TXFIRE2054 Guard 1 GD1 Guard 1P 018TXFIRE3055 R63010R63P024TXMED1056 R64011R64P025TXAIR2057 R67006R67P020 USCG 6 090 R68007R68P021USCG16091 R69008R69P022 USCG 21A 092 R70009R70P023USCG22A093 VCALL10058 USCG 23A 094 VFIRE21060 USCG 81A 095 VLAW31062 USCG 82A 096 VMED28061 USCG 83A 097 VTAC11059

37 37 Repeater Channels All repeaters have a Rxx designator All repeaters have a Rxx designator Fixed repeater designators are R01 through R62 Fixed repeater designators are R01 through R62 Portable/Airborne repeater designators are R63, R64, and R67 through R70 Portable/Airborne repeater designators are R63, R64, and R67 through R70 Digital Channels have a P following the designator (e.g. R11P) Digital Channels have a P following the designator (e.g. R11P) Analog Channels Analog Channels EF Johnson radios use Zone 8 – 11EF Johnson radios use Zone 8 – 11 TDFM-136 (Aircraft) radios use Channels 101 – 164TDFM-136 (Aircraft) radios use Channels 101 – 164 Digital Channels Digital Channels EF Johnson radios use Zone 12 – 16EF Johnson radios use Zone 12 – 16 TDFM-136 (Aircraft) radios do not have digital capabilityTDFM-136 (Aircraft) radios do not have digital capability Except R63P, R64P, R67P- R70P and 6 simplex channelsExcept R63P, R64P, R67P- R70P and 6 simplex channels Channels 014 - 025Channels 014 - 025

38 38 Sample Of Operational Repeaters in Texas LocationDesignator EF Johnson Analog DigitalTDFM-136 Analog Only AmarilloR35Z10,CH3 Z14, CH3 135 BrownsvilleR09 Z8, CH9 Z12, CH9 109 Dallas – North R11 Z8, CH11 Z12, CH11 111 DecaturR44 Z10, CH12 Z14, CH12 144 GranburyR01 Z8, CH1 Z12, CH 1 101 Houston – North R14 Z8, CH14 Z12, CH14 114 KerrvilleR50 Z11, CH2 Z15, CH 2 150 King Mountain R52 Z11, CH 4 Z15, CH4 152 San Antonio – N R26 Z9, CH10 Z13, CH10 126 San Antonio – S R57 Z11, CH 9 Z15, CH9 157 Sulphur Springs R60 Z11, CH12 Z15, CH12 160 TylerR07 Z8, CH7 Z12, CH7 107 VictoriaR27 Z9, CH11 Z13, CH11 127

39 39 Portable/Airborne Repeaters Field installable or aircraft mounted (in repeater configured aircraft) Field installable or aircraft mounted (in repeater configured aircraft) Limited power Limited power 10 watts airborne10 watts airborne 20 watts ground mounted20 watts ground mounted Designator EF Johnson Analog DigitalTDFM-136Analog TDFM-136 Digital R63R63PZ1,CH7 Z16, CH13 135024 R64R64P Z1, CH8 \ Z16, CH14 109025 R67R67P Z1, CH9 Z16, CH9 111020 R68R68P Z1, CH10 Z16, CH10 144021 R69R69P Z1, CH11 Z16,CH11101022 R70R70P Z1, CH12 Z16,CH12114023

40 40 Aeronautical SAR Stations Aeronautical search and rescue stations (SAR) operate on two aircraft frequencies Aeronautical search and rescue stations (SAR) operate on two aircraft frequencies 122.9 MHz - TRAINING only122.9 MHz - TRAINING only 123.1 MHz - ACTUAL missions only123.1 MHz - ACTUAL missions only Contact ground teams by using VHF-FM Contact ground teams by using VHF-FM Air 1 or air 2 - air-to-ground simplexAir 1 or air 2 - air-to-ground simplex Base call signs assigned by geographical location Base call signs assigned by geographical location THIS IS Spinks Mission Base OVERTHIS IS Spinks Mission Base OVER

41 41 Use Of Non-CAP Channels CAP may use state of Texas Interoperability Channels when specifically requested by a state agency to do so. These frequencies are programmed into Johnson and new aircraft FM radios. Marine Band: 8 Marine Band Channels are programmed for use with Coast Guard or other agencies. These frequencies should be used only for interagency communications with state, county or local government or agencies. CAP will use cap call signs and standard cap procedure.

42 42 Narrow Band Transition Only VHF narrow band transmissions are permitted on CAP channels, wide band transmissions are prohibited Only VHF narrow band transmissions are permitted on CAP channels, wide band transmissions are prohibited Designators V1, V2, V3, V4 and any repeater designator beginning with a P are NOT TO BE USED for any CAP operations Designators V1, V2, V3, V4 and any repeater designator beginning with a P are NOT TO BE USED for any CAP operations

43 43 Questions Always Think Safety!


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