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Livestock watering systems: a profitable solution! Presented by Roberto Toffoli, agronomist Set-up: Julie Marcoux, dta.

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Presentation on theme: "Livestock watering systems: a profitable solution! Presented by Roberto Toffoli, agronomist Set-up: Julie Marcoux, dta."— Presentation transcript:

1 Livestock watering systems: a profitable solution! Presented by Roberto Toffoli, agronomist Set-up: Julie Marcoux, dta

2 Overview of presentation, part 1 Good reasons to act… Current situation Current situation Expected outcomes Expected outcomes Profitability and financial aid Profitability and financial aid Environmental benefits for the farm and the community Environmental benefits for the farm and the community

3 Presentation overview, part 2 Presentation overview, part 2 Simple methods… Watering systems: Watering systems: – supplied from the barn – supplied from a water source in the pasture Setting up a watering system Setting up a watering system

4 Presentation overview, part 2 Controlling access to streams: Controlling access to streams: – Crossings – Fences Simple methods…

5 Presentation overview, part 3 Costs of a watering system Costs of a watering system Available financial aid Available financial aid

6 Is the water: Easily accessible? Easily accessible? Of a good quality? Of a good quality? Available in sufficient quantity? Available in sufficient quantity? Accessible in each pasture ? Accessible in each pasture ? Current situation, part 1

7 Easily accessible ?

8

9 Of good quality?

10

11 A sufficient supply?

12 Available in each paddock?

13 Expected outcomes Improved weight gains Improved weight gains Increased milk production Increased milk production Better use of pastures by a more even grazing Better use of pastures by a more even grazing Herd health Herd health Profitability Profitability Environmental benefits Environmental benefits

14 Improved weight gain 5 to 30% increase in calves and steers younger than 1 yr (Lethbridge, Alberta (1992)). 5 to 30% increase in calves and steers younger than 1 yr (Lethbridge, Alberta (1992)). ¼ lb to ½ lb more / day: for growing animals ¼ lb to ½ lb more / day: for growing animals (Oregon, Idaho, USA).

15 Results from the Townships ADG of 10% higher per weaned calf (PATBQ, one farm) Improved weight gain

16 Improved milk production Townships results: Increase milk production from 1% to 9% during pasture season (PATLQ, 2 farms)

17 Better use of pastures More uniform grazing More uniform grazing Prolongs the grazing season Prolongs the grazing season 2 to 9 min. spent at through vs 15 min. to 3 hours at the pond (Montana, USA). 2 to 9 min. spent at through vs 15 min. to 3 hours at the pond (Montana, USA).

18 Herd health Injuries- fractures Injuries- fractures Foot rot Foot rot Diarrhea Diarrhea Mastitis Mastitis

19 Profitability Average net investment (after aid) Average net investment (after aid) Dairy and beef production Dairy and beef production Recoup time is short: Recoup time is short: Dairy: less than a year Dairy: less than a year Beef: 1 to 2 years Beef: 1 to 2 years 2500$

20 Environmental benefits Protection of banks and beds of streams Protection of banks and beds of streams Improved water quality Improved water quality Good relations with neighbours Good relations with neighbours Image of farmers as stewards of the land in the community Image of farmers as stewards of the land in the community

21 Watering systems, part 2 Supplied from the barn Supplied from the barn Supplied from a water source: Supplied from a water source: – creek, spring, pond or underground water

22 Barn supplied: advantages Same water quality as at the barn Same water quality as at the barn Reliable Reliable Pressurized system, so slope and elevations are not an issue Pressurized system, so slope and elevations are not an issue Supply is known and demand often high Supply is known and demand often high Cheap Cheap

23 Barn supplied: Inconveniences May reduce the amount of water avaiable for other uses: barn, home, pool, etc. May reduce the amount of water avaiable for other uses: barn, home, pool, etc. May require a more powerful pump. May require a more powerful pump.

24 Ground level Water intake Stream bed Water head Water level Tank / through Pasture supplied Gravity fed

25 From a water source Advantages Able to supply cattle with water far from barn Able to supply cattle with water far from barn Cheap Cheap

26 Flow is difficult to evaluate Flow is difficult to evaluate Water quality must be verified Water quality must be verified Insuffisance slope to waterer Insuffisance slope to waterer If low pressure pay attention to choice of float valve If low pressure pay attention to choice of float valve From a water source Disadvantages

27 Set-up of a surface well Spring - fed

28 Set-up of a surface well Stream - fed

29 Cover Fence to protect the well 1 m ou + 30 cm minimum 30 cm soil Pierres 30 cm A 4" drain must be installed to control the water table at the well and evacuate excess water. A fence protects the well and maintains the quality of the water. An overflow pipe may be required to evacuate excess water. Conception : Roland Marchand Roberto Toffoli Pauline Samson MAPAQ-Estrie Octobre 2002 SURFACE WELL 30 cm minimum Niveau de l eau 20 cm Tuyau 1 à 2 po vers le réservoir

30 Controlled access to streams Controling does not mean setting up 200 km of fences…! Short sections to: – Direct animals to stream crossing – Modify drinking habits

31 Fences As little as possible (maintenance) As little as possible (maintenance) Only where needed Only where needed Temporary? Temporary? To change habits To change habits

32 Fences At least 1m from top of bank At least 1m from top of bank After only one season After only one season

33 Stream crossing Reduce slope of banks. Slope ±1:8 Reduce slope of banks. Slope ±1:8 Avoid drainage ditches Avoid drainage ditches

34 Crossing 12 to 24 feet wide 12 to 24 feet wide Fenced on each side Fenced on each side Ramps with gravel / rock Ramps with gravel / rock

35 Culvert Small ditches Small ditches Streams Streams

36 Watering stations On concrete pad (approx 8X10) With fences

37 Watering stations On limestone screenings Without a slab

38 Type of waterer Light, durable, cheap Light, durable, cheap Entrance and exit holes are ready Entrance and exit holes are ready Compartment to protect float valve Compartment to protect float valve Plastic

39 Type of waterer No pre-drilled holes No pre-drilled holes No protection for float No protection for float Galvanized steel

40 Type of waterer Ecological (recuperation) Ecological (recuperation) OK but watch for capacity (at least 100 gal) OK but watch for capacity (at least 100 gal) No protection for float No protection for float Tubs, tanks, etc

41 Type of waterer Insulated waterer Ideal for late in the fall grazingIdeal for late in the fall grazing One per farm is suffisantOne per farm is suffisant

42 Protecting waterers Wood carver Jack-of-all-trades

43 Protecting waterers Welding 101 style Type: G string

44 Burying water pipes Between 18-24" deep Between 18-24" deep Reduces maintenance and increase pipe lifespan Reduces maintenance and increase pipe lifespan Protects agains early freezing Protects agains early freezing Keeps water cool Keeps water cool

45 Types of float valves Dare-O-Matic

46 Rubbermaid

47 Gallagher

48 Keric

49 Hudson

50 Hydraulic ram

51 Nose pump

52 Sling pump

53 Solar powered pump

54 Drain pipes in the fall Drain pipes in the fall Store waterer and valves Store waterer and valves Protect valves and pipes from freezing Protect valves and pipes from freezing Maintenance Insulated sleeve Waterer intake Water supply ground Valve Cover

55 Estimated costs, part 3 Case 1: Barn supplied.

56 Estimated costs Case 2: Supplied from surface well

57 Financial aid Non-point source section Non-point source section – Withdraw cattle from brooks – Repair stream banks – Conservation mesures – Wind-breaks – Conservation practices Prime-Vert program

58 70% of admissibles costs 70% of admissibles costs Max of $ / farm. Max of $ / farm. New version of program for New version of program for Check with local MAPAQ office Check with local MAPAQ office

59 In conclusion After Before

60 Thanks Alain Gagnon, ing. MAPAQ Rock Forest Alain Gagnon, ing. MAPAQ Rock Forest Richard Laroche, ing. MAPAQ Québec Richard Laroche, ing. MAPAQ Québec Martin Paré, agr. MAPAQ Coaticook Martin Paré, agr. MAPAQ Coaticook Roberto Toffoli, agr. MAPAQ Rock Forest Roberto Toffoli, agr. MAPAQ Rock Forest

61 Ferme Gilles Provencher Inc, Barnston-Ouest Ferme Gilles Provencher Inc, Barnston-Ouest Ferme A & M Leblond, Barnston-Ouest Ferme A & M Leblond, Barnston-Ouest Ferme Jacques et Lucie Côté, Johnville Ferme Jacques et Lucie Côté, Johnville Ferme JG & L Lefebvre, Stanstead-Est Ferme JG & L Lefebvre, Stanstead-Est Ferme Vimo, Ayers Cliff Ferme Vimo, Ayers Cliff Ferme Daniel & Maryse, Stanstead Ferme Daniel & Maryse, Stanstead Ferme La Villandroise, Cookshire Ferme La Villandroise, Cookshire Thanks Eastern townships farms

62 Questions?


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