Presentation on theme: "Consumer Decision Making I MKT 750 Dr. West. Agenda Finish topic of cultural influence Present model of consumer decision making Laddering Technique and."— Presentation transcript:
Agenda Finish topic of cultural influence Present model of consumer decision making Laddering Technique and HVMs Factors impacting involvement in decision making Need recognition & search Discuss shopping diary
Means-End Chain Analysis: Consumer behavior can be understood as: Purposeful We strive to achieve short-term, and long-term goals Revealing Our behavior reflects our values Trade-offs
Hierarchical Value Map Values Consequences Attributes
Consumer Decision Making Consumers make a wide variety of choices that range from life-altering (the decision to go to grad school, getting married) to mundane (filling your car with gasoline).
From Inertia to Passion Nature of Processing Midrange Problem Solving Habitual Problem Solving Extended Problem Solving PassionInertia Limited Problem Solving Simple Elaboration
Nature of the Decision: First time vs Repeat purchase Purchase for Self versus Another Functional products (e.g. washing machine) Hedonic products (e.g. perfume, clothing)
9 Routine Decision Making Consumers are cognitive misers Heuristics are used as shortcuts to decision making What might some of these be? Purchase decision based on: Habit, Promotion, Impulse
10 The Rational Decision Process: Preferences & Beliefs Need Recognition Search Evaluation Purchase Decision Post-Purchase Feelings
Need Recognition Ideal StateIdeal StateActual State Actual State No ProblemOpportunity NeedRecognition
How are Needs Activated? Changed circumstances Graduation, new job, marriage, first baby … Product acquisition DVD player, Xbox Product consumption Toothpaste, milk, gasoline… Product innovation Software Marketing influence
Sources of Problem Recognition Need Recognition Stock out – Got Milk campaign
The Role of Self Concept Alter the buyers perception of ideal self Ideal Self Actual Self Extended Self Products that enhance self-concept reduce the dissonance between the ideal and actual self.
How Companies Can Activate Need Recognition Instill fear Gets attention Memorable Need to provide a solution
Information Search Internal search Personal knowledge and experience stored in memory External search Personal sources (wom, friends, etc) Independent sources (media, experts, etc) Marketing sources (advertising, salespeople, packaging, etc) Experiential sources (trial)
Information Search Types of Information Search Information -- observable prior to purchase Experience Information -- can be obtained from direct experience with the product or service Credence Information – product claims that are not readily observed even post purchase
Information Search Limited! Surveys indicate that 50% of consumers shop at a single store for a durable good, only 30% look at more than one brand of appliance What does this not take into account? Internal search Ongoing search Incidental learning
Consideration Set Consumers only consider a small number of alternatives Typically 3 – 4 brands; size may vary by product category Highlights why top-of-mind awareness is crucial
What determines search? Cost Effort, time, delay, immediacy of need, money The internet can lower search costs What are the effects? Benefits Savings, performance, satisfaction, avoidance of regret, ease of justification
What determines search? Consumer knowledge (Bettman & Park 1980)
Assignment Finish reading Chapters 3, 4 & 6 Write-up Shopping Insights Diary Exam questions need to be submitted by Friday evening.