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1 A Cleaner World Green Cleaning Conference Call October 9, 2001 Center for a New American Dream www.newdream.org/procure 610 373-7703.

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Presentation on theme: "1 A Cleaner World Green Cleaning Conference Call October 9, 2001 Center for a New American Dream www.newdream.org/procure 610 373-7703."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 A Cleaner World Green Cleaning Conference Call October 9, 2001 Center for a New American Dream

2 2 Participants Scot Case, Center for a New American Dream Tom Barron, Civil Engineer/Consultant Mark Petruzzi, Green Seal Doug Kievit-Kylar, Vermont Judy Jamieson, Vermont Brian Johnson, Santa Monica, California

3 3 Janitorial Maintenance Chemicals Center for New American Dream Conference Call 9 October 2001 Thomas Barron, Civil Engineer (925)

4 4 Introduction Safety or The Environment? High Risk Chemical Products Injuries That Occur How Safe Are Your Chemicals? Alternative Products Where to find more info

5 5 Safety or The Environment Which Should You Emphasize? Personal Safety = An Immediate Issue Protect The Environment = Abstract Idea Safer Chemical = Less Environmental Impact Therefore Emphasize Safety

6 6 High Risk Chemicals Janitorial Dust Mop Spray Toilet Bowl Cleaner Floor Finish Restorer Glass Cleaner Metal Polish Maintenance Graffiti Remover Spray Lubricants HVAC Coil Cleaner Drain Opener Electrical Cleaners Plus Many More

7 7 Injuries That Occur Injuries Per Year (per 100 Janitors) –Workers Comp. Claims2 per 100 –unreported4 per 100 Average Cost Per Claimed Injury –Lost Time$350 –Medical$375 $725 Source: Washington State Dept. of Labor & Industry

8 8 Specific Product Risks Dust Mop SprayCentral Nervous System [Petroleum Distillates - Light Naphtha] Toilet Bowl CleanerBurns / Blindness [Hydrochloric or Phosphoric Acid] Floor FinishReproductive Toxin [Glycol Ether - Ethylene Glycol Methyl Ether] Glass CleanerSkin Absorbing Poison [Glycol Ether - Ethylene Glycol Butyl Ether] Metal PolishCarcinogenic / CNS [Perchloroethylene, Toluene, or Hexane]

9 9 Ethylene Glycol Butyl Ether 2-Butoxyethanol; EGBE CAS # Absorbs Through Skin Poisons Blood, Liver, & Kidneys Safe 8-hour Exposure = 20 mg/l Typical Cleaner = 30,000+ mg/l Unsafe After 20 Second Skin Exposure

10 10 How Can You Reduce Risk? Key Concept: Risk = Hazard x Exposure Reduce Hazard or Exposure or Both –Change To Milder Product –Wear Gloves & Goggles –Reduce Overall Chemical Use

11 11 How Safe Are Your Products? Check Material Safety Data Sheets Read The Labels Ask Supplier or Distributor –Sales Representative –Customer Service –Chemists & Other Technical Staff Hire Product Review Services

12 12 Example Criteria Health & Safety Non-Carcinogenic No Reproductive Harm Non-Corrosive Non-Flammable Does Not Absorb Thru Skin Environmental No Ozone Impacts No Smog Precursors No Endocrine Modifiers Readily Biodegradable Recycled Packaging Some Criteria Are Very Hard To Evaluate

13 13 Finding Safer Products Three Alternatives 1Follow The Pioneers 2Buy Certified Low-Risk Products 3Evaluate Products Risks Yourself Reminder: Always Test Product Effectiveness

14 14 Follow The Pioneers Here In California –City of Santa Monica –City of San Francisco –State Dept. of General Services Other Locations –Washington –Minnesota –Massachusetts –Federal Government

15 15 Rely on Ratings By Others Green Seal Washington Toxics Coalition Janitorial Chemicals P2 Project

16 16 Rate Products Yourself Establish Your Criteria Ask Vendors For Detailed Information [Use A Questionnaire] Review & Compare Products Takes A Lot Of Time & Effort

17 17 More Info US EPA Region 9 Building Service Contractors Assoc. International Pacific Assoc. of Building Service Contractors Janitorial & Building Maint. Trade Press Chemical Hazard Data

18 18 Environmental Standards can make your life easier and greener. The how and why. Center for New American Dream Conference Call October 9, 2001 Mark T. Petruzzi Green Seal ext fax

19 19 Why do we need Environmental Standards? Define what is environmentally responsible Lifecycle approach to purchasing Avoid debate over single attributes and competing claims (e.g., recycled content OR energy efficiency) Insulation from complaints Help meet EPP mandates Make it easier to purchase green products that work Using private sector standards is required by law and regulation (PL , OMB A-119, OMB A-76, OFPP 92-4)

20 20 Recommendation: Use the wheel thats already been invented The Department of the Interior is adopting Green Seal Standard No. GS-37 [Environmental Standard for General-Purpose, Bathroom, and Glass Cleaners] for janitorial chemicals used at its offices and parks. DOI recommends following Green Seal standards, which are the best known and most widely accepted guidelines available. Green cleaning is still a relatively new concept, and managers who follow Green Seal standards will be on the cutting edge of green cleaning... Also being used by Pennsylvania, Aberdeen Proving Ground (U.S. Army)

21 21 Examples of Environmental Standards for Cleaning Products National –Green Seal (GS-37 I&I Cleaners, GS-34 Degreasers) State –Vermont, Oregon, Massachusetts Local –Santa Monica, CA, King County, WA, Kansas City, MO Potential environmental and economic benefits are diffused: - too many different requirements - weak standards drive out strong - manufacturers get confused and ignore

22 22 Green Seal Environmental Standards Lifecycle approach Broad input from stakeholders & public Currently consensus (ISO, OMB, ANSI defns) Performance criteria Standard test methods Totally transparent Meet EPA criteria, ISO & 14024, Global Ecolabelling Network criteria

23 23 How Green Seal Sets Environmental Standards Appoint Stakeholder Committee (includes Manufacturers, Trade Groups, Users, Government, Environmentalists, Others) Study category Environmental Evaluation Draft standard Public review Response document Stakeholder ballots Publish standard

24 24 Stakeholder Committee for Industrial and Institutional Cleaners Manufacturers Seventh Generation 3M Spartan Chemical Clean Environment Co. Church & Dwight Users US Postal Service Aberdeen Proving Ground Intl Exec Housekeepers Assn American Federation of State, County, & Munic. Employees Government GSA City of Santa Monica MN Ofc Of Env Assist. MA Exec Ofc of Env Affairs US EPA Others UMass Toxics Use Reduction Institute John Paul Kusz Environmentalists INFORM Global Toxics Campaign, WWF Washington Toxics Coalition Environmental Health Coalition

25 25 Criteria for Industrial & Institutional General-Purpose, Bathroom, & Glass Cleaners in GS-37 Performance Tests Human Toxicity Carcinogens & Reproductive Toxins Skin & Eye Irritation Skin Sensitization Combustibility Smog Production/IAQ (VOCs) Aquatic toxicity Aquatic biodegradability Eutrophication Packaging Concentrates Fragrances Prohibited ingredients Training Animal Testing

26 26 Benefits of using Green Seal Environmental Standards Best available science Lifecycle approach Consensus, transparent, public review National, not local Competitive purchasing climate Save resources Third party authority, insulation Meet mandates Make it easier

27 27 Environmentally Preferable Purchasing in Vermont Custodial Cleaning Chemicals Center for A New American Dream Conference Call Tuesday, October 9, 2001 Doug Kievit-Kylar, Pollution Prevention Planner Judy Jamieson, State Purchasing Agent

28 28 Custodial EPP in Vermont On Earth Day, April 22, 1994, Vermont Governor Howard Dean issued an Executive Order establishing a Clean State Program for state government. Among the initiatives established was one that identified existing cleaning supplies required for State custodial purposes -- and served to identify, and contract with vendors to supply the State of Vermont, with environmentally preferable alternatives. You must become the change you wish to see in the world. Mahatma Gandhi

29 29 Who Was Invited to the Table? Invited to participate was: –Department of State Buildings –Agency of Transportation –Purchasing & Contract Administration Div. –Department of Travel & Tourism –Military Department & VT Veterans Home –Department of Health (State Toxicologist) –Department of Forests, Parks & Recreation –Department of Environmental Conservation

30 30 Why Environmentally Preferable Custodial Cleaning Chemicals? Minimize workplace exposures to hazardous cleaning chemicals while maintaining or surpassing custodial performance standards Utilize the strategies of hazardous waste reduction and toxics use reduction to minimize negative environmental consequences of the States cleaning operations Develop custodial product procurement criteria for State purchasing agents

31 31 Three Very Basic Criteria Environmental Health & Human Health and Safety Considerations Cost Considerations Product Efficacy Considerations To safeguard the health of custodial workers, building occupants, and the environment…

32 32 Why Go It On Our Own? EPP Standards for the broad array of cleaning supplies used by State Government were largely unavailable (or unidentified) at the time Human spark plugs and Team ready and willing to accept the task

33 33 Environmental Screening Tool Pass/Fail Criteria –Probable carcinogens, mutagens, etc. –Ozone Depleting Chemicals (ODCs) –EPAs list of priority pollutants, TRI, etc. Environmental & Human Health Criteria –Biodegradability –Likelihood of Exposure (high volatility or vapor pressure) –Corporate Environmental Responsiveness

34 34 Green Seal Certification Custodial Cleaning Chemicals already having Green Seal Certification were assumed to already have passed the Pass/Fail Criteria and nearly all of the remaining Environmental & Human Health Criteria.

35 35 Product Review & Selection Vendors (not formulators) submitted MSDS and completed scoring sheet for each cleaning chemical State toxicologist and VT ANR reviewed Acceptable products field tested Environmental, Cost, and Efficacy findings evaluated together to select products and vendors Custodial training by vendors

36 36 Exclusive Availability EPP Custodial Cleaning Chemicals do not have to compete with other Cleaning Chemicals in State catalog The ONLY Custodial Cleaning Chemicals available on State contract are those contracted for as environmentally preferable

37 37 A Few Lessons Learned Trade Secrets allowed for less than full disclosure Technical screening stressed available expertise Field Testing Survey Tool didnt ask enough of the important questions

38 38 Round II Year 2000 and Beyond Resources/Buy-In –Multi-Agency Group –Diverse Job Focus –Management Support –Previous Experience –Pertinent Expertise –End-Users (maintenance, custodians, etc.)

39 39 Round II Year 2000 and Beyond Brainstorming Goals –Environmental, Health & Safety Criteria –Effectiveness at Cleaning –Cost Considerations –Other Dispensing Systems Service Training Responsiveness

40 40 Round II Year 2000 and Beyond Focus Groups –Health & Environment Redefined Criteria Designed Scoring/Screening Tool –Product Effectiveness Redesigned Evaluation Form Field Testing

41 41 Round II Year 2000 and Beyond New, more sophisticated screening tool; the Manufacturers Product Assessment Tool (MPAT) –Critical Product Exclusion Criteria No Persistent Bioaccumulative & Toxic Chemicals No Carcinogens, Mutagens and Teratogens No Ozone-Depleting Compounds (ODCs) Low Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) No Hazardous Waste Characteristics No Phosphate or Phosphonates No Combination Cleaner-Disinfectants

42 42 Vendor Submittals MPAT completed by product formulators MSDS submitted -- with ALL active and inert ingredients accounted for Submittals Reviewed by Risk Management Division and ANR Field Testing with new custodial-designed, 4-page evaluation form completed for each product/site; including new School partners

43 43 Outcomes of Round II Two vendors selected (+ one product) One vendor worked with product formulator to reformulate product to meet Vermont criteria in MPAT Training on proper use conducted Schools urged to take advantage of EPP research and contract prices

44 44 A Few Lessons Learned Consider limiting scope of product types Use available standards or criteria To justify decisions, establish defensible standards or criteria Plan for on-going administration of contracts -- and incorporate new solutions and products

45 45 For Additional Information Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Report: Practicing Toxic Use Reduction in the Selection Of Custodial Cleaning Supplies: U.S. EPAs EPP Website

46 46 For Additional Resources Both the Manufacturers Product Assessment Tool (MPAT) and the Environmentally Preferable Custodial Product Evaluation Form used in Field Testing are available upon request by contacting: –Doug Kievit-Kylar at (802) –Judy Jamieson at (802)

47 47 Additional Contacts Scot Case Director of Procurement Strategies Center for a New American Dream 505 Penn Street, Suite 306 Reading, PA Brian Johnson City of Santa Monica 200 Santa Monica Pier, Suite J Santa Monica, CA


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