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Penguin Chicks Author: Author: Betty Tatham Illustrator Illustrator: Helen K.Davie Genre Genre: Expository Nonfiction How have animals adapted to solve.

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Presentation on theme: "Penguin Chicks Author: Author: Betty Tatham Illustrator Illustrator: Helen K.Davie Genre Genre: Expository Nonfiction How have animals adapted to solve."— Presentation transcript:

1 Penguin Chicks Author: Author: Betty Tatham Illustrator Illustrator: Helen K.Davie Genre Genre: Expository Nonfiction How have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment?

2 Timer Small Group

3 Spelling Words finish pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil focus robot tulip camel salad resident spinach climate tradition innocent

4 Vocabulary cuddles flippers frozen hatch pecks preen snuggles rookery squid inhospitable predatory refuge More Words to Know

5 Big Question: Big Question: How have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment? Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

6 Monday Question of the Day How have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment?

7 Today we will learn about: Build Concepts Main Idea and Details Graphic Organizers Build Background Vocabulary Fluency: Accuracy and Appropriate Pace/Rate Common and Proper Nouns Syllable Pattern V/CV, VC/V Animal Adaptation

8 Fluency:Model Monday

9 Fluency: Accuracy and Appropriate Pace/Rate Listen as I read Swamp Scramblers. As I read, notice how I pause slightly after each comma and a little longer after periods and before and after the dashes. Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

10 Fluency: Accuracy and Appropriate Pace/Rate Identify the topic, the main idea, and one supporting details of the selection. In what way are mudskippers and other fish similar? In what way are they different?

11 Build Concept Vocabulary: Build Concept Vocabulary: inhospitable, predatory, refuge EnvironmentChallenges Body Features Animal Adaptations

12 Turn to page 150 Main Idea and Details

13 Prior Knowledge: Take 2 or 3 minutes to think about as many things as you can about penguins in general and Emperor penguins specifically. What do you KNOW?What would you WANT to find out? What have you LEARNED? After we read our story, we will add what we learned in the last column.

14 Vocabulary Words cuddles – lies close and comfortably; curls upcuddles flippers – broad, flat body parts used for swimming by animals such as seals and penguinsflippers frozen – hardened with cold; turned to icefrozen hatch – to come out of an egghatch

15 Vocabulary Words pecks – strikes with a beakpecks preen – to smooth or arrange feathers with a beakpreen snuggles – lies closely and comfortably together; cuddlessnuggles

16 Other Vocabulary Words rookery – a large group of birds together raising their young; a nesting colonyrookery squid – a sea animal that has a pair of tail fins and ten armssquid

17 Other Vocabulary Words inhospitable – offering no shelter or good conditions for living predatory – living by killing and eating other animals refuge – shelter or protection from danger or troublerefuge Next slide

18 cuddles

19 flippers

20 frozen

21 hatch

22 pecks

23 preen

24 snuggles

25 rookery

26 squid

27 refuge

28 Grammar Grammar: Monday

29 does penguin live in alaska Do penguins live in Alaska? the feemale bird look for food The female bird looks for food.

30 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns But on the ice in Antarctica, there are no twigs or leaves. Ice, twigs, and leaves are common nouns. They name any person, place, or thing. Antartica is a proper noun. It names a particular place and beings with a capital letter.

31 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns A common noun names any person, place, or thing. A proper noun names a particular person, place, or thing. Proper nouns being with capital letters. Common Nouns: These birds live in cold places. Proper Nouns: It is cold in Antarctica in July.

32 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Capitalize each important word in a proper noun: Fourth of July The names of days, months, and holidays are proper nouns. They begin with capital letters: Monday, January, Christmas

33 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Tell if the underlined noun is a common or proper noun. Penguins have black and white feathers. common noun Some penguins live in zoos in the United States. proper noun Penguins have webbed feet. common noun

34 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Tell if the underlined noun is a common or proper noun. New Zealand has many penguins. proper noun This penguin hatched in July. proper noun

35 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Underline the common nouns and circle the proper nouns in the sentences. Penguins eat fish from the water. There is much food in the Pacific Ocean. There is much food in the (Pacific Ocean). Australia has many penguins (Australia) has many penguins.

36 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Underline the common nouns and circle the proper nouns in the sentences. Seals and whales also live in Antarctica. Seals and whales also live in (Antarctica). Are there penguins at the zoo in Washington. Are there penguins at the zoo in (Washington).

37 Spelling Spelling: Monday

38 Spelling Words finish pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil focus robot tulip camel salad resident spinach climate tradition innocent

39 Tuesday Question of the Day How do the mother and father penguin work together to take care of their chick?

40 Today we will learn about: Context Clues Main Idea and Details Graphic Organizers Develop Vocabulary Fluency: Choral Reading Common and Proper Nouns Syllable Pattern V/CV, VC/V Adaptation

41 Vocabulary Strategy for Synonyms Turn to page 152.

42 Penguin Chick Pages

43 Fluency Fluency: Tuesday

44 Fluency: Choral Reading Turn to page 156. As I read, notice the pace I read. You may want to read a nonfiction selection at a slower rate so you can understand it better. Now we will practice together doing three choral readings of page 156.

45 Grammar Grammar: Tuesday

46 babys cant get there own food Babies cant get their own food. it is silent on the ice of antarctica It is silent on the ice of Antarctica.

47 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns A common noun names any person, place, or thing. A proper noun names a particular person, place or thing. Proper nouns begin with capital letters. In proper nouns of more than one word, the first word and each important word are capitalized. The names of days, months, and holidays are proper nouns.

48 Spelling Spelling: Tuesday

49 Spelling Words finish pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil focus robot tulip camel salad resident spinach climate tradition innocent

50 Wednesday Question of the Day Describe a penguins life cycle.

51 Today we will learn about: Graphic Organizers Context Clues Sequence Develop Vocabulary Fluency: Accuracy and Appropriate Pace/Rate Common and Proper Nouns Syllable Pattern V/CV, VC/V Life Cycles

52 Penguin Chick Pages 162 – 169

53 Fluency Fluency: Wednesday

54 Fluency: Accuracy and Appropriate Pace Turn to page 160. As I read, notice how I read with accuracy and appropriate pace. Now we will practice together doing three choral readings of page 160.

55 Grammar Grammar: Wednesday

56 a father Penguin cares for a egg A father penguin cares for an egg. the father wont leave even thogh he is hungry The father wont leave even though he is hungry.

57 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Proper nouns can be used to give more detail than common nouns, making writing more vivid.

58 Spelling Spelling: Wednesday

59 Spelling Words finish pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil focus robot tulip camel salad resident spinach climate tradition innocent

60 Thursday Question of the Day What challenges do people, like plants and animals, face when trying to adapt to their environment?

61 Today we will learn about: Dipthongs Photo Essay/Text Features Reading Across Texts Content-Area Vocabulary Fluency: Partner Reading Common and Proper Nouns Syllable Pattern V/CV, VC/V Wild and Cultivated Plants

62 Science in Reading: Plants, Fitting into Their World Thursday

63 Fluency: Partner Reading Turn to page 160. We will partner read this page aloud three times. Be sure to read with accuracy at an appropriate rate and offer each other feedback.

64 Grammar Grammar: Thursday

65 the birds slide on the ice and they play in the snow The birds slide on the ice, and they play in the snow. The birds slide on the ice and play in the snow. isnt the babys coat soft Isnt the babys coat soft?

66 Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Test Tip: Watch out for proper nouns of more than one word. The first word and each important word should be capitalized. No: The band played on Independence day. Yes: The band played on Independence Day.

67 Grammar: Compound Sentences Not a Compound Sentence: Tim and Mary rode their bikes. Not a Compound Sentence: Sam talked and laughed. Compound Sentence: Tim rode his bike, and Sam talked.

68 Spelling Spelling: Thursday

69 Spelling Words finish pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil focus robot tulip camel salad resident spinach climate tradition innocent

70 Friday Question of the Day How have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment?

71 Today we will learn about: Build Concept Vocabulary Main Idea and Details Graphic Sources Context Clues Informational Speech Analyze a Photo Common and Proper Nouns Syllable Pattern V/CV, VC/V Dictionary/Glossary Animal Adaptation

72 Main Idea/Details The topic is what a piece of writing is about. The main idea is the most important idea about the topic. Supporting details are small pieces of information. They tell about the main idea.

73 Main Idea/Details Main Idea = the most important idea Detail = little bits of information that support the main idea

74 Graphic Sources Graphic sources are any graphiccharts, diagrams, time lines, scale drawings, and so onthat accompanies a selection. They can strengthen our understanding of the text.

75 Graphic Sources Before reading, scan the selection for graphic sources. Read to title of each graphic to determine what its about and ask yourself what this tells you about the selection you are about to read. As you read, use the information in the graphics to help organize and/or visualize the information and understand it better.

76 Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues You can use context clues to find synonyms for unfamiliar words. List any unknown words and their synonyms that you found as you read Penguin Chick. Create a chart showing the unknown word, its synonym, and their definition of the word based on its synonym. You can use a dictionary to confirm word meanings.

77 Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues WordContext Clue SynonymMeaning

78 Penguin Words Penguin words, such as brood patch, refer to birds and their behavior. With a partner, use reference sources to find the definitions of these words.

79 Penguin Words rookery beak colony egg tooth hatch feathers mating flippers waterproof fledgling

80 Grammar Grammar: Friday

81 can birds build theyre nests on ice Can birds build their nests on ice? the mother fish for food and the father watch the egg The mother fishes for food, and the father watches the egg.

82 Spelling Spelling: Friday

83 Spelling Words finish pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil focus robot tulip camel salad resident spinach climate tradition innocent

84 Dividing words into syllables can help you read new words. lemon – pilot These words have just one consonant in the middle. From looking at these words, we can tell if the consonant goes with the first syllable or the second syllable. Syllable Patterns V/CV, VC/V

85 If the consonant ends the first syllable (cover on in lemon), the vowel sound is short. If it goes with the second syllable (cover mon in lemon), the vowel sound is long. Syllable Patterns V/CV, VC/V

86 sev / en la / bor fi / nest na / tion hu / man div / ide prov / ince rap / id The child stared unhappily at the broken toy. As soon as the music started, we got quiet. My mother is a member of the Senate.

87 We studied the sound /oi/ spelled oi and oy. Read the sentence to yourself. Raise your hand when you know which words have the sound /oi/. Diphthongs

88 The boy toiled under the hot sun. boy, toiled What letters stand for /oi/ in boy? oy What letters stand for /oi/ in toiled? oi Diphthongs

89 Raise you hand when you know which words have the sound /ou/. He placed the flowers on the counter. flowers, counter What letters stand for /ou/ in flowers? ow What letters stand for /ou/ in counter? ou Diphthongs

90 noisy crowded hoist shower powder royal thousand rowdy soybean mouth chowder poison The students cheered loudly for their team. Grandma placed a handmade lace doily under the vase. Larry is my oldest sisters boyfriend. The man scowled and turned away.

91 Dictionary/Glossary How do you find the meaning of an unfamiliar word? You can look the word up in a dictionary or glossary.

92 Dictionary/Glossary Two guide words are shown in large dark type and appear at the top of each dictionary page. They show the first and last words on the page.

93 Dictionary/Glossary Entry words are arranged alphabetically on the page. They are usually in dark type and divided into syllables.

94 Dictionary/Glossary The pronunciation is a group of letters and symbols that appear in parentheses after the word. It shows how to pronounce the word.

95 Dictionary/Glossary Syllables with a dark accent get the most force. Syllables with a light accent get less force than one with a dark accent, but more than one with no accent.

96 Dictionary/Glossary The part of speech tells how the word is used. A dictionary uses abbreviations, such as v, for verb and n, for noun.

97 Dictionary/Glossary The definition tells the meaning. Many words have more than one definition. Some words can be used for different parts of speech. If so, there is a definition for each part of speech.

98 Review Games Spelling City: Spelling Words Vocabulary Words Vocabulary Words More Vocabulary Words

99 We are now ready to take our story tests. Story test Classroom webpage, Reading Test AR Other Reading Quizzes Quiz #


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