Presentation on theme: "Illustrator: Helen K.Davie Genre: Expository Nonfiction"— Presentation transcript:
1Illustrator: Helen K.Davie Genre: Expository Nonfiction Penguin ChicksHow have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment?Author: Betty TathamIllustrator: Helen K.DavieGenre: Expository Nonfiction
3Spelling Words pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil finishpilotevenwagonmusicsilentrapidfemalelemonpupilfocusrobottulipcamelsaladresidentspinachclimatetraditioninnocent
4Vocabulary flippers frozen hatch squid pecks inhospitable preen cuddlesflippersfrozenhatchpeckspreensnugglesMore Words to Knowrookerysquidinhospitablepredatoryrefuge
5Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Big Question: How have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment?MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday
6How have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment? MondayQuestion of the DayHow have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment?
7Today we will learn about: Build ConceptsMain Idea and DetailsGraphic OrganizersBuild BackgroundVocabularyFluency: Accuracy and Appropriate Pace/RateCommon and Proper NounsSyllable Pattern V/CV, VC/VAnimal Adaptation
9Fluency: Accuracy and Appropriate Pace/Rate Listen as I read “Swamp Scramblers.”As I read, notice how I pause slightly after each comma and a little longer after periods and before and after the dashes.Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
10Fluency: Accuracy and Appropriate Pace/Rate Identify the topic, the main idea, and one supporting details of the selection.In what way are mudskippers and other fish similar?In what way are they different?
13Prior Knowledge: Take 2 or 3 minutes to think about as many things as you can about penguins in general and Emperor penguins specifically.What do you KNOW?What would you WANT to find out?What have you LEARNED?After we read our story, we will add what we learned in the last column.
14Vocabulary Words cuddles – lies close and comfortably; curls up flippers – broad, flat body parts used for swimming by animals such as seals and penguinsfrozen – hardened with cold; turned to icehatch – to come out of an egg
15Vocabulary Words pecks – strikes with a beak preen – to smooth or arrange feathers with a beaksnuggles – lies closely and comfortably together; cuddles
16Other Vocabulary Words rookery – a large group of birds together raising their young; a nesting colonysquid – a sea animal that has a pair of tail fins and ten arms
17Other Vocabulary Words inhospitable – offering no shelter or good conditions for livingpredatory – living by killing and eating other animalsrefuge – shelter or protection from danger or troubleNext slide
29does penguin live in alaska Do penguins live in Alaska?the feemale bird look for foodThe female bird looks for food.
30Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns But on the ice in Antarctica, there are no twigs or leaves.Ice, twigs, and leaves are common nouns.They name any person, place, or thing.Antartica is a proper noun.It names a particular place and beings with a capital letter.
31Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns A common noun names any person, place, or thing.A proper noun names a particular person, place, or thing. Proper nouns being with capital letters.Common Nouns: These birds live in cold places.Proper Nouns: It is cold in Antarctica in July.
32Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Capitalize each important word in a proper noun: Fourth of JulyThe names of days, months, and holidays are proper nouns. They begin with capital letters: Monday, January, Christmas
33Penguins have black and white feathers. common noun Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Tell if the underlined noun is a common or proper noun.Penguins have black and white feathers.common nounSome penguins live in zoos in the United States.proper nounPenguins have webbed feet.
34New Zealand has many penguins. proper noun Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Tell if the underlined noun is a common or proper noun.New Zealand has many penguins.proper nounThis penguin hatched in July.
35Penguins eat fish from the water. Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Underline the common nouns and circle the proper nouns in the sentences.Penguins eat fish from the water.There is much food in the Pacific Ocean.There is much food in the (Pacific Ocean).Australia has many penguins(Australia) has many penguins.
36Seals and whales also live in Antarctica. Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Underline the common nouns and circle the proper nouns in the sentences.Seals and whales also live in Antarctica.Seals and whales also live in (Antarctica).Are there penguins at the zoo in Washington.Are there penguins at the zoo in (Washington).
44Fluency: Choral Reading Turn to page 156.As I read, notice the pace I read.You may want to read a nonfiction selection at a slower rate so you can understand it better.Now we will practice together doing three choral readings of page 156.
46babys cant get there own food Babies can’t get their own food.it is silent on the ice of antarcticaIt is silent on the ice of Antarctica.
47Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns A common noun names any person, place, or thing.A proper noun names a particular person, place or thing.Proper nouns begin with capital letters.In proper nouns of more than one word, the first word and each important word are capitalized.The names of days, months, and holidays are proper nouns.
59Spelling Words pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil finishpilotevenwagonmusicsilentrapidfemalelemonpupilfocusrobottulipcamelsaladresidentspinachclimatetraditioninnocent
60Thursday Question of the Day What challenges do people, like plants and animals, face when trying to adapt to their environment?
61Today we will learn about: DipthongsPhoto Essay/Text FeaturesReading Across TextsContent-Area VocabularyFluency: Partner ReadingCommon and Proper NounsSyllable Pattern V/CV, VC/VWild and Cultivated Plants
62Plants, Fitting into Their World ThursdayScience in Reading:Plants, Fitting into Their World
63Fluency: Partner Reading Turn to page 160.We will partner read this page aloud three times.Be sure to read with accuracy at an appropriate rate and offer each other feedback.
65the birds slide on the ice and they play in the snow The birds slide on the ice and play in the snow.isnt the babys coat softIsn’t the baby’s coat soft?
66Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Test Tip:Watch out for proper nouns of more than one word.The first word and each important word should be capitalized.No: The band played on Independence day.Yes: The band played on Independence Day.
67Grammar: Compound Sentences Not a Compound Sentence: Tim and Mary rode their bikes.Not a Compound Sentence: Sam talked and laughed.Compound Sentence: Tim rode his bike, and Sam talked.
69Spelling Words pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil finishpilotevenwagonmusicsilentrapidfemalelemonpupilfocusrobottulipcamelsaladresidentspinachclimatetraditioninnocent
70How have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment? FridayQuestion of the DayHow have animals adapted to solve the problems of their environment?
71Today we will learn about: Build Concept VocabularyMain Idea and DetailsGraphic SourcesContext CluesInformational SpeechAnalyze a PhotoCommon and Proper NounsSyllable Pattern V/CV, VC/VDictionary/GlossaryAnimal Adaptation
72Main Idea/Details The topic is what a piece of writing is about. The main idea is the most important idea about the topic.Supporting details are small pieces of information. They tell about the main idea.
73Main Idea/Details Main Idea = the most important idea Detail = little bits of information that support the main idea
74Graphic SourcesGraphic sources are any graphic —charts, diagrams, time lines, scale drawings, and so on—that accompanies a selection.They can strengthen our understanding of the text.
75Graphic SourcesBefore reading, scan the selection for graphic sources.Read to title of each graphic to determine what it’s about and ask yourself what this tells you about the selection you are about to read.As you read, use the information in the graphics to help organize and/or visualize the information and understand it better.
76Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues You can use context clues to find synonyms for unfamiliar words.List any unknown words and their synonyms that you found as you read “Penguin Chick.”Create a chart showing the unknown word, its synonym, and their definition of the word based on its synonym.You can use a dictionary to confirm word meanings.
83Spelling Words pilot even wagon music silent rapid female lemon pupil finishpilotevenwagonmusicsilentrapidfemalelemonpupilfocusrobottulipcamelsaladresidentspinachclimatetraditioninnocent
84Syllable Patterns V/CV, VC/V Dividing words into syllables can help you read new words.lemon – pilotThese words have just one consonant in the middle.From looking at these words, we can’ tell if the consonant goes with the first syllable or the second syllable.
85Syllable Patterns V/CV, VC/V If the consonant ends the first syllable (cover on in lemon), the vowel sound is short.If it goes with the second syllable (cover mon in lemon), the vowel sound is long.
86Syllable Patterns V/CV, VC/V sev / enla / borfi / nestna / tionhu / mandiv / ideprov / incerap / idThe child stared unhappily at the broken toy.As soon as the music started, we got quiet.My mother is a member of the Senate.
87Diphthongs We studied the sound /oi/ spelled oi and oy. Read the sentence to yourself.Raise your hand when you know which words have the sound /oi/.
88Diphthongs The boy toiled under the hot sun. boy, toiled What letters stand for /oi/ in boy?oyWhat letters stand for /oi/ in toiled?oi
89DiphthongsRaise you hand when you know which words have the sound /ou/.He placed the flowers on the counter.flowers, counterWhat letters stand for /ou/ in flowers?owWhat letters stand for /ou/ in counter?ou
90Diphthongs The students cheered loudly for their team. noisycrowdedhoistshowerpowderroyalthousandrowdysoybeanmouthchowderpoisonThe students cheered loudly for their team.Grandma placed a handmade lace doily under the vase.Larry is my oldest sister’s boyfriend.The man scowled and turned away.
91Dictionary/Glossary How do you find the meaning of an unfamiliar word? You can look the word up in a dictionary or glossary.
92Dictionary/GlossaryTwo guide words are shown in large dark type and appear at the top of each dictionary page.They show the first and last words on the page.
93Dictionary/GlossaryEntry words are arranged alphabetically on the page.They are usually in dark type and divided into syllables.
94Dictionary/GlossaryThe pronunciation is a group of letters and symbols that appear in parentheses after the word.It shows how to pronounce the word.
95Dictionary/Glossary Syllables with a dark accent get the most force. Syllables with a light accent get less force than one with a dark accent, but more than one with no accent.
96Dictionary/Glossary The part of speech tells how the word is used. A dictionary uses abbreviations, such as v, for verb and n, for noun.
97Dictionary/Glossary The definition tells the meaning. Many words have more than one definition.Some words can be used for different parts of speech. If so, there is a definition for each part of speech.
98Spelling City: Spelling Words Vocabulary Words More Vocabulary Words Review GamesSpelling City:Spelling WordsVocabulary WordsMore Vocabulary Words
99We are now ready to take our story tests. Classroom webpage,Reading TestAROther Reading QuizzesQuiz #