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Intermediate SFFMA Objectives: 4-02.01 – 4-02.05 10Hrs Received.

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Presentation on theme: "Intermediate SFFMA Objectives: 4-02.01 – 4-02.05 10Hrs Received."— Presentation transcript:

1 Intermediate SFFMA Objectives: 4-02.01 – 4-02.05 10Hrs Received

2 Hose Appliances Any piece of hardware used with fire hose to deliver water Firefighter II13–2 (Continued)

3 Hose Appliances Valves Control flow of water in hoselines, at hydrants, at pumpers Ball valves Gate valves Butterfly valves Clapper valves Firefighter II13–3 (Continued)

4 Hose Appliances Valve devices Allow number of hoselines operating on fire ground to be increased/decreased Wye appliances Siamese appliances Firefighter II13–4 (Continued)

5 Hose Appliances Valve devices Water thief appliances Large-diameter hose appliances Hydrant valves Firefighter II13–5 (Continued)

6 Firefighter II13–6 DISCUSSION QUESTION What are some other names for hydrant valves?

7 Hose Appliances Fittings Firefighter II13–7 (Continued)

8 Hose Appliances Intake strainers Devices attached to drafting end of hard intake to keep debris from entering fire pump Guidelines for use Firefighter II13–8

9 Hose Tools Hose roller Prevents damage to hose that can occur when dragged over sharp corners such as roof edges, windowsills Firefighter II13–9 (Continued)

10 Hose Tools Hose roller Consists of metal frame with two or more rollers Can be used for protecting rope from similar edges Firefighter II13–10 (Continued)

11 Hose Tools Hose jacket Can be installed on ruptured section of hoseline to temporarily close rupture Firefighter II13–11 (Continued)

12 Hose Tools Hose jacket Consists of hinged two-piece metal cylinder Made in two sizes Encloses hose so can operate at full power Can be used to connect mismatched hose Firefighter II13–12 (Continued)

13 Hose Tools Hose clamp Can be used to stop flow of water in hoseline Firefighter II13–13 (Continued)

14 Hose Tools Hose clamp Three types Screw-down, press-down, hydraulic press Can injure firefighters/damage hose Several general rules for use Firefighter II13–14 (Continued)

15 Hose Tools Spanner Used to tighten/loosen couplings May have other built-in features Firefighter II13–15 (Continued)

16 Hose Tools Hydrant wrench Used to remove caps from hydrant outlets, open hydrant valves Equipped with pentagonal opening fitting most standard hydrant operating nuts May be equipped with spanner Firefighter II13–16 (Continued)

17 Hose Tools Rubber mallet Strike lugs to tighten/loosen couplings Hose bridge/ramp Help prevent damage to hose Should be used where hose laid across street Firefighter II13–17 (Continued)

18 Hose Tools Hose bridge/ramp Can be positioned over small spills Can be used as chafing blocks Firefighter II13–18 (Continued)

19 Hose Tools Chafing blocks Used to protect fire hose where subjected to rubbing from vibrations Useful where intake hose comes in contact with pavement May be wood, leather, old truck tires Firefighter II13–19 (Continued)

20 Hose Tools Hose strap, hose rope, hose chain Used to carry, pull fire hose Provide more secure means to handle pressurized hose when applying water Firefighter II13–20

21 Hose Loading Guidelines Load large-diameter hose with all couplings near front of bed Do not pack too tightly; should permit gloved hand between folds Firefighter I13–21

22 Accordion Load Derives name from manner in which it appears after loading Procedure Advantages Firefighter I13–22

23 Horseshoe Load Named for way it appears after loading Procedure Advantage Disadvantages Firefighter I13–23 (Continued)

24 Horseshoe Load In single hose load, may be started on either side Steps for split hose bed Firefighter I13–24

25 Flat Load Easiest to load Suitable for any size supply hose Best way for large- diameter hose Advantage Disadvantage Firefighter I13–25 (Continued) Courtesy of Sam Goldwater.

26 Flat Load May be started on either side of single hose bed In split hose bed, lay first length against partition with coupling hanging appropriate distance below hose bed Large-diameter hose Firefighter I13–26

27 Finishes for Forward Lays Designed to facilitate making hydrant connection Not as elaborate as finishes for reverse lays Firefighter I13–27 (Continued)

28 Finishes for Forward Lays Straight finish Last length or two of hose flaked loosely back and forth across top of hose load Associated with forward- lay operation Hydrant wrench, gate valve, adapters strapped to hose near female coupling Firefighter I13–28

29 Finishes for Reverse Lays Reverse horseshoe finish Similar to horseshoe load One or two 100-foot (30 m) lengths of hose Can be used with any size attack hose Can be used for preconnected line Can be loaded in two or three layers Can be pulled from bed for arm carry Firefighter I13–29 (Continued)

30 Finishes for Reverse Lays Reverse horseshoe finish Firefighter I13–30 (Continued)

31 Finishes for Reverse Lays Skid load finish Folding last three lengths of hose into compact bundle on top of rest of load Begins by forming 3+ pull loops extending beyond end of hose load Rest of hose accordion-folded across hose used to form pull loops Firefighter I13–31 (Continued)

32 Finishes for Reverse Lays Firefighter I13–32

33 Preconnected Hose Loads for Attack Lines Primary lines used for fire attack by most departments Connected to discharge valve, placed in area other than main hose bed Range from 50-250 feet (15-75 m) Can be carried in several places Firefighter I13–33

34 Preconnected Flat Load Adaptable for varying widths of hose beds Often used in transverse beds Similar to flat load for large supply hose except Preconnected Loops provided to aid in pulling from bed Firefighter I13–34

35 Triple Layer Load Begins with hose folded in three layers Designed to be pulled by one person Disadvantage Can be used for all sizes attack lines Often preferred for larger lines Firefighter I13–35

36 Minuteman Load Designed to be pulled, advanced by one Advantage Pays off shoulder as firefighter advances toward fire Well suited for narrow hose bed Disadvantages Firefighter I13–36

37 Booster Hose Reels Used for booster lines May be mounted in any of several places on apparatus Should be loaded one layer at a time in an even manner May be hand- or power-operated Firefighter I13–37

38 Guidelines When Laying Hose Do not ride in standing position to lay hose when apparatus moving Drive apparatus at speed no greater than one that allows couplings to clear tailboard as hose leaves bed Lay hose to one side of roadway Firefighter I13–38

39 Forward Lay Firefighter I13–39 (Continued)

40 Forward Lay Hose laid from water source to fire Used when source is a hydrant and pumper must be positioned near fire Hose beds should be loaded so first coupling off is female Operation Firefighter I13–40 (Continued)

41 Forward Lay Advantages Disadvantages Information for firefighter at hydrant Making hydrant connection Using four-way hydrant valves Firefighter I13–41

42 Reverse Lay Firefighter I13–42 (Continued)

43 Reverse Lay Hose laid from fire to water source Used when pumper must first go to fire location so size-up can be made before laying supply line Most expedient way to lay hose if apparatus must stay close to water Firefighter I13–43 (Continued)

44 Reverse Lay Hose beds should be loaded so first coupling off hose bed is male Has become standard method for setting up relay pumping operation when using 2½-inch or 3-inch (65 or 77 mm) hose as supply line Firefighter I13–44 (Continued)

45 Reverse Lay Long lays of large hose may require pumper at hydrant to increase pressure in supply hose Most direct way to supplement pressure, set up drafting operations Disadvantages Firefighter I13–45 (Continued)

46 Reverse Lay Procedures if operation involves two pumpers Does not require four-way hydrant valve Also used when pumper arrives at fire and must work alone for extended time Firefighter I13–46 (Continued)

47 Reverse Lay Making hydrant connections with soft intake hose Making hydrant connections with hard intake hose Firefighter I13–47

48 Split Lay Firefighter I13–48 (Continued)

49 Split Lay Any of a number of ways to lay multiple supply hoses with a single engine Various types If equipped with sexless couplings, direction of lay is unimportant May other options when hose bed is divided Firefighter I13–49

50 Practical Exercises Firefighter shall: Identify, select, and demonstrate the use of the following nozzles: Fog Nozzle (1 ¾ & 2 ½ ) Smooth Bore Nozzle Deck Gun Blitzfire Firefighter shall: Demonstrate all hand hose lays Firefighter shall: Demonstrate all hydrant to fire apparatus hose connections

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