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Français I – Leçon 3A Structures Descriptive adjectives & Possessive adjectives.

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Presentation on theme: "Français I – Leçon 3A Structures Descriptive adjectives & Possessive adjectives."— Presentation transcript:

1 Français I – Leçon 3A Structures Descriptive adjectives & Possessive adjectives

2 Descriptive adjectives Adjectives describe people, places and things. In French, most adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns or pronouns they modify. Examples: Le père est américain. La mère est américaine. Les parents sont américains.

3 Adjectives of physical description bleu(e) vert(e) blond(e) brun(e) (dark hair) châtain (brown hair)

4 noir(e) marron blanc(he)

5 frisée court(e) raide

6 grand(e) petit(e) de taille moyenne ( someone or something of medium size.) joli(e) = pretty jeune = young

7 Some adjectives are irregular. They change spelling depending on the gender and number of the noun they modify. beau belle beaux belles beautiful; handsome

8 Other irregular adjectives: Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Plural bonbonne bons bonnesgood; kind fierfière fiersfières proud gros grosse gros grosses fat heureux heureuse heureux heureuses happy

9 Masculine Singular Feminine singular Masculine Plural Feminine plural intellectuel intellectuelle intellectuels intellectuelles intellectual long longue longs longues long naïf naïve naïfs naïves naïve roux rousse roux rousses red-haired vieux vielle vieux vielles old

10 Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine plural nouveaunouvellenouveauxnouvelles new curieuxcurieusecurieuxcurieuses curious malheureuxmalheureuse malheureux malheureuses unhappy nerveux nerveusenerveuxnerveusesnervous sérieux séreuse séreux séreuses serious

11 Position of adjectives In French, adjectives are usually placed after the noun they modify. – Example: Il est un garçon intelligent. (noun)(adj.)

12 The following adjectives are placed before the noun they modify: beau, bon, grand, gros, jeune, joli, long, nouveau, petit, and vieux. – Example: Jaime bien les grandes familles. (adj.) (noun)

13 Possessive adjectives In English and in French, possessive adjectives express ownership or possession.

14 Possessive adjectives Masculine Feminine singular singular plural monma mesmy tonta tesyour (fam./sing.) sonsa seshis, her, its notre notre nosour votre votre vosyour (form./pl.) leur leur leurstheir

15 In French, possessive adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. mon pèrema mère (my father) (my mother) mes parents (my parents)

16 Possessive adjectives are always placed before the nouns they modify. Cest ton père? (Is that your father?) Non, cest mon oncle. (No, thats my uncle.)

17 *Note – use mon, ton, or son before feminine singular nouns that start with a vowel sound. mon amie (my friend) ton étudiante (your student) son yaourt (his yogurt)

18 *Remember - The choice of possessive adjective depends on the gender and number of the noun possessed, not the gender and number of the owner.

19 Possession with de In English, you use s to express relationships or ownership. In French, use de (d) + [the noun or proper name] instead. Cest le petit ami dAnnie. (Thats Annies boyfriend.) Cest le petit ami de ma sœur. (Thats the boyfriend of my sister.)


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