Presentation on theme: "Feeder Cattle Grading January 2001 Warren Beeler, Kentucky Department of Agriculture Certified USDA Livestock Grader Edited for Georgia by Frank B. Flanders."— Presentation transcript:
Feeder Cattle Grading January 2001 Warren Beeler, Kentucky Department of Agriculture Certified USDA Livestock Grader Edited for Georgia by Frank B. Flanders Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Office March 2002
Feeder Cattle Grading The information in this presentation is correct to the best of our knowledge as of the time this presentation was created. The Kentucky Department of Agriculture does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, or disability in employment or the provision of services necessary to afford individuals with disabilities an equal opportunity to participate in all programs and activities.
The purpose of this presentation is to: P Introduce the concept of feeder calf grading to individuals and/or groups that have limited or no previous experience with USDA grading of feeder cattle. P Examine the requirements and benefits of feeder cattle through graded, co-mingled sales. Feeder Cattle Grading
Why Preconditioned and Graded? P Offers large groups of like kind P Helps small producers P Helps large producer with more than one grade of cattle P Improved health and feedlot success P Improved customer satisfaction Feeder Cattle Grading
Successful KY Graded Sales P CPH Sales -Hopkinsville, Guthrie, and Bowling Green P Paris Central KY Feeders P Owensboro Area (2,200 head) P Breckinridge County Sale Feeder Cattle Grading The Advantage Hopkinsville CPH Sale, December 4, 2000 (787 head) $ 700-790 pound steers returned an average of $8.34/cwt. over the average market reported for the Green River Area that week. -
GROWTH CURVES Frame Age of animal Weight of animal Muscle Fat 900 lbs 1,400 lbs
Steers Frame Size/Finish Weight Feeder Cattle Grading What Makes the Grade on Frame? # Large / over 1,250 # Medium / 1,100-1,250 # Small / under 1,100 (At 0.4" Backfat) Heifers Frame Size/Finish Weight # Large / over 1,150 # Medium / 1,000-1,150 # Small / under 1,100 (At 0.4" Backfat)
Feeder Cattle Grading What Makes the Grade on Muscle? #1 = Thick or Heavy Muscling #2 = Average Muscling #3 = Thin or Light Muscling #4 = Malnourished Dairy Animal
What Does Not Make the Grade? P Poor Eyes P Stags P Odd Color With No Match P Double Muscled P Injuries P Horns P Sick or Unthrifty Feeder Cattle Grading
Possible Feeder Cattle Grades P Large Frame 1, 2, 3, or 4 P Medium Frame 1, 2, 3, or 4 P Small Frame 1, 2, 3, or 4 P Outs P Shorts P Fats Feeder Cattle Grading
Common Breeds Used for Sorting/Grouping P Blacks - Angus X, Black Baldy P Charolais - White, Chocolate Crossbred - Red = s, Red Baldy, Simmental X, Big Blacks P Earred - Brahman X P Hereford P Striped - Striped Simmental, Skunk Tail Feeder Cattle Grading
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