2What is TEACCH?TEACCH is an evidence-based service, training, and research programme for individuals of all ages and skill levels with autism spectrum disorders. Established in the early 1970s by Eric Schopler and colleagues, the TEACCH program has worked with thousands of individuals with autism spectrum disorders and their families.Autism is presented as a culture: in what ways do we adapt to interact with people from other cultures?
3Division TEACCH: Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication-handicapped Children Aims: The primary aim of the TEACCH programme is to prepare Autistic people to live or work more effectively at home, at school and in the community.Improved adaptation: through the two strategies of improving skills by means of education and of modifying the environment to accommodate deficits. Parent collaboration: parents work with professionals as co-therapists for their children so that techniques can be continued at home.Structured teaching: it has been found that children with autism benefit more from a structured educational environment than from free approaches.
4Learning Style Some characteristics: Stronger visual learners - may think in pictures rather than wordsDifficulties with sequencingNarrow beam – may focus on detail or area of interestDifficulties with multiple perspectives – joint attentionTheory of mind – cannot ‘mind read’More time is needed for processingTime and organisational problems – need predictability with clear beginnings and endsProblems with engaging attention and then disengagingDifficulties with sensory over of under stimulation – may need breaks from stimulation to prevent outbursts
5How would a person with autism describe their learning style? Show me, don’t tell me.“Walk straight on up to the end of this road, turn left and then take the second left and it’s just there on the right.”
6“Give me time to process.” Put two in your head, and count on twoWhat is two plus two?Are you listening? Come on, what is two add two?Use your number line
7“I am not a multi-tasker but rather single channelled.” “Have you eaten your sandwich?”“Finish your milk”“Don’t spill any when you get up”“Line up when you’ve finished”
8“Lots of noise, light, heat, smells, texture or other stimulation can greatly disrupt me.”
9They are wearing scarves. “Details are my strength, concepts and meanings give me more problems.”They are wearing scarves.What time of year is it?Why are they wearing scarves?
10“If you do not organise and structure things for me, I will do it myself and you will find it hard to change what I have done.”
11“I have a good memory, but not a good sense of sequence.” “Knowing what to expect is important to me. I hate uncertainty and ambiguity.”
12Fruit Swing Hoop Finished “If you don’t tell me what to expect, I will make my own assumptions based on what occurred last time.”FruitSwingHoopFinishedPlaytime?
13“If you can help me make sense of what you are requesting or what I am doing, my performance goes way up.”
14The basic TEACCH principle is Structured Teaching: Physical organizationSchedulingFlexible groupingCurriculum adapted to IEP goalsRelaxation opportunities
15Physical Organisation: Develop areas based on the curriculumClear visual and physical boundariesMaterial and contextual cuesMinimize distractions and stimulation: placement/barriersTeaching and independent work areasEstablish a routine: associate activities with specific areas or places
23Focus on independence not next skill level Teach the activity 1:1Pupil can do at independent work areaPupil can do at group tableReady for next skill level
24Preparing for a schedule change: Introduce a symbol which means a change in the scheduleIntroduce in a positive way by substituting desired activity for undesired activityEven the unpredictable can be made predictable!
25Relaxation and leisure time: As adults, we have a lot of leisure time: they need to be good at it!Balance curriculum with time for relaxation/down time in specified areaEncourage to choose activities for enjoyment
26Teach Basic Facial Expressions 5 a Day Activities for any age, any level which will stimulate the development of key skills!ImitationIntroduce as focus early onGames in morning groupMotor (hand actions) easier than social (facial expressions)May imitate peers more than adultsJoint AttentionHigh interest activities (bubbles, lights)Lots of noise/excitementTeach them to show rather than give: “Show me the…”Pulling something out of a bag with huge gaspSharing photosReadingInitiated CommunicationRequest using whatever communication systemMay be more likely to request from adult than peersTeach CategoriesHave categorical minds but need rulesNeed to see many examples before can generaliseSorting activitiesStart with colours then using same materials sort by different categoriesTeach Basic Facial ExpressionsEnhances Theory of Mind