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Girls, when I was growing up, my parents used to say to me, Tom, finish your dinner – people in China and India are starving. My advice to you is: Girls,

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Presentation on theme: "Girls, when I was growing up, my parents used to say to me, Tom, finish your dinner – people in China and India are starving. My advice to you is: Girls,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Girls, when I was growing up, my parents used to say to me, Tom, finish your dinner – people in China and India are starving. My advice to you is: Girls, finish your homework – people in China and India are starving for your jobs. – from The World Is Flat by Thomas Friedman

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3 The crew of Apollo 17 took this photograph of Earth in December 1972 while the spacecraft was traveling between the Earth and the sun. The orange-red deserts of Africa and Saudi Arabia stand in stark contrast to the deep blue of the oceans and the white of both clouds and snow-covered Antarctica.

4 Bangalore India Infosys – Call center company in Bangalore In 2004 Infosys had 9000 job openings and received one million applications from qualified Indians. In 2004 Infosys had 9000 job openings and received one million applications from qualified Indians.

5 Bangalore India In America call center jobs are low wage and low prestige jobs In America call center jobs are low wage and low prestige jobs In India call center jobs are high wage and high prestige jobs In India call center jobs are high wage and high prestige jobs

6 Bangalore India Off shoring these jobs saves companies approximately 75% in wages Off shoring these jobs saves companies approximately 75% in wages More importantly (and not usually mentioned in the US), workers in India and China are approximately 100% more productive! More importantly (and not usually mentioned in the US), workers in India and China are approximately 100% more productive!

7 Main Message With the flattening of Earth due to technology and the opening up of economies in China, India, Russia, and Eastern Europe workers in the US must move their skills vertically to survive! With the flattening of Earth due to technology and the opening up of economies in China, India, Russia, and Eastern Europe workers in the US must move their skills vertically to survive! Changing jobs but staying at the the same education level will not be enough. Changing jobs but staying at the the same education level will not be enough. It is not enough that only 10 to 20 percent of US children get a strong math education It is not enough that only 10 to 20 percent of US children get a strong math education

8 Education and Motivation Gap Saying at the Microsoft research center in Beijing, China: Saying at the Microsoft research center in Beijing, China: Remember, When you are one in a million, there are 1300 others just like you.

9 Education and Motivation Gap Microsoft has three research centers in the world Microsoft has three research centers in the world Cambridge, England Cambridge, England Redmond, WA Redmond, WA Beijing, China Beijing, China Within two years after opening in 1998, the Microsoft research center in Beijing, China was the most productive. Within two years after opening in 1998, the Microsoft research center in Beijing, China was the most productive.

10 Education and Motivation Gap Federal funding in the US for research in physical and mathematical sciences and engineering as a share of GDP declined by 37% from 1970 to Federal funding in the US for research in physical and mathematical sciences and engineering as a share of GDP declined by 37% from 1970 to 2004.

11 Education and Motivation Gap Percentage of scientific papers written by Americans has fallen 10% since 1992 Percentage of scientific papers written by Americans has fallen 10% since 1992 Percentage of papers published in the top physics journal in the world, Physical Review, by Americans has fallen from 61% to 29% since Percentage of papers published in the top physics journal in the world, Physical Review, by Americans has fallen from 61% to 29% since From 1980 to 2003 US share of patents has fallen from 60% to 52%. From 1980 to 2003 US share of patents has fallen from 60% to 52%.

12 Education and Motivation Gap Think about current discussions on immigration and ease of students coming to America after Think about current discussions on immigration and ease of students coming to America after National Foundation for American Policy recently conducted research that shows 60% of US top science students and 65% of US top math students are children of recent immigrants. National Foundation for American Policy recently conducted research that shows 60% of US top science students and 65% of US top math students are children of recent immigrants.

13 Education and Motivation Gap Fewer technologically and scientifically trained immigrants coming to US than in the past. Fewer technologically and scientifically trained immigrants coming to US than in the past. Students that come to US for technological or scientific degrees are returning to their own countries. They are not staying here anymore. Students that come to US for technological or scientific degrees are returning to their own countries. They are not staying here anymore. We have a brain drain! We have a brain drain!

14 Education and Motivation Gap Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Given every 4 years Given every 4 years 2004 results are out 2004 results are out

15 Education and Motivation Gap Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 44% of eighth grade students in Singapore scored at the most advanced level in math. 44% of eighth grade students in Singapore scored at the most advanced level in math. 38% for Taiwan. 38% for Taiwan. Only 7% for American eighth graders. Only 7% for American eighth graders.

16 Education and Motivation Gap John Hopkins University – routinely ranked as the number 1 research institution in America John Hopkins University – routinely ranked as the number 1 research institution in America Over 60% of graduate students in sciences are foreign students (and they wont stay here after they graduate) Over 60% of graduate students in sciences are foreign students (and they wont stay here after they graduate) In 2000 all the graduate students in mathematics were from China In 2000 all the graduate students in mathematics were from China

17 Education and Motivation Gap Tracy Koon – Intels director of corporate affairs: Tracy Koon – Intels director of corporate affairs: We looked at the fact that in disciplines relative to our industry, the number of US students graduating at the masters and PhD levels were declining in absolute numbers and relative to other countries.

18 Education and Motivation Gap Tracy Koon – Intels director of corporate affairs: Tracy Koon – Intels director of corporate affairs: In our K to twelve we were doing okay at the fourth-grade level, we were doing middle-of- the-road in the eight grade, and by the twelfth grade we were hovering near the bottom in international tests related to math. So the longer kids were in school the dumber they were getting.

19 Education and Motivation Gap Tracy Koon – Intels director of corporate affairs: Tracy Koon – Intels director of corporate affairs: We have just started a whole engineering function in Russia, where engineers have wonderful training – and talk about underemployed! We are beefing that up. Why wouldnt you?

20 Crisis is slow to unfold Students taking science and math classes in middle school today will complete advanced degrees in 2018 to Students taking science and math classes in middle school today will complete advanced degrees in 2018 to 2020.

21 Crisis is slow to unfold Students taking science and math classes in middle school today will complete advanced degrees in 2018 to Students taking science and math classes in middle school today will complete advanced degrees in 2018 to 2020.

22 Crisis is slow to unfold The National Science Board reports that in million science and engineering bachelors degrees were granted worldwide. The National Science Board reports that in million science and engineering bachelors degrees were granted worldwide. 1.2 million – Asia 1.2 million – Asia 830,000 – Europe 830,000 – Europe 400,000 - US 400,000 - US

23 Crisis is slow to unfold In engineering specifically, universities in Asia now produce eight times as many bachelors degrees as in America. In engineering specifically, universities in Asia now produce eight times as many bachelors degrees as in America. Best engineering school in the world is in India. Best engineering school in the world is in India.

24 Crisis is slow to unfold In China, science and engineering degrees represent 60% of all bachelors degrees granted. In China, science and engineering degrees represent 60% of all bachelors degrees granted. 31% for America 31% for America

25 Crisis is slow to unfold If just engineering is considered, 46% of all bachelors degrees in China are in engineering fields. If just engineering is considered, 46% of all bachelors degrees in China are in engineering fields. In America it is 5%. In America it is 5%.

26 Crisis is slow to unfold Students taking science and math classes in middle school today will complete advanced degrees in 2018 to Students taking science and math classes in middle school today will complete advanced degrees in 2018 to 2020.


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