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STARTING AND FINISHING A LESSON BY MRS GUELZIM REGIONAL COORDINATOR ACADEMY OF RABAT.

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Presentation on theme: "STARTING AND FINISHING A LESSON BY MRS GUELZIM REGIONAL COORDINATOR ACADEMY OF RABAT."— Presentation transcript:

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2 STARTING AND FINISHING A LESSON BY MRS GUELZIM REGIONAL COORDINATOR ACADEMY OF RABAT

3 Learning Outcomes

4 Plan the start and end stages of lessons effectively. Plan the start and end stages of lessons effectively. Select and use language appropriate at start and end stages of lessons. Select and use language appropriate at start and end stages of lessons. Identify classroom situations which provide opportunities for practising English. Identify classroom situations which provide opportunities for practising English. Reflect on learning and identify areas for further study. Reflect on learning and identify areas for further study. Create an action plan to experiment with ideas from the workshop. Create an action plan to experiment with ideas from the workshop.

5 Key Learning Points The beginning and end of a lesson present many opportunities for authentic language use. The beginning and end of a lesson present many opportunities for authentic language use. With the appropriate techniques and language items, starting and finishing a lesson in English creates an effective classroom environment for learning to take place. With the appropriate techniques and language items, starting and finishing a lesson in English creates an effective classroom environment for learning to take place.

6 Lead-in : discussion questions How do you start and finish your lessons? How do you start and finish your lessons? What do you say to your class at the beginning of a lesson and at the end? What do you say to your class at the beginning of a lesson and at the end?

7 Feedback: compare your responses. compare your responses. Are they the same? Are they the same? Is there anything which could be used later in the lesson? Is there anything which could be used later in the lesson?

8 Activity : Role-play/checklist Look at worksheet checklist for role play. On page 3 Look at worksheet checklist for role play. On page 3 Now, follow the instructions on this page. Identify the things I did which match the items in the boxes and number them in the order they were done. Now, follow the instructions on this page. Identify the things I did which match the items in the boxes and number them in the order they were done.

9 Feedback: Check answers on checklist. Check answers on checklist. How can the starting phase of a lesson provide opportunities for using English? Discuss in your groups How can the starting phase of a lesson provide opportunities for using English? Discuss in your groups

10 4 Activity : Getting off to a good start : questionnaire and phrases Look at the questionnaire on page 4. The questions focus on what language we use and the actions we carry out at the beginning and ending stages of lessons Look at the questionnaire on page 4. The questions focus on what language we use and the actions we carry out at the beginning and ending stages of lessons Work through the questions individually, then in groups discuss your answers. Work through the questions individually, then in groups discuss your answers.

11 Feedback: How much similarity is there in your answers? How much similarity is there in your answers?

12 Now, match the phrases to the functions in the lesson stages. Now, match the phrases to the functions in the lesson stages. Feedback: Check answers, then comment on the actions from the activity. Will you try anything which is new for you? Feedback: Check answers, then comment on the actions from the activity. Will you try anything which is new for you?

13 5 Methodology : its good to talk Read through the dialogues and discuss how the teacher in the second one could exploit the situation for speaking practice. Read through the dialogues and discuss how the teacher in the second one could exploit the situation for speaking practice.

14 Feedback Some suggestions are: Some suggestions are: Make a guess as to why he is in such a hurry. Make a guess as to why he is in such a hurry. E.g. Let me guess; is there a really interesting TV program which you dont want to miss? E.g. Let me guess; is there a really interesting TV program which you dont want to miss?

15 Ask the class to ask questions about why Hassan is in a hurry in the same way as the other teacher got them to ask Amina questions about her holiday. Ask the class to ask questions about why Hassan is in a hurry in the same way as the other teacher got them to ask Amina questions about her holiday. Ask the rest of the class to guess what he is doing after the lesson that makes him in such a hurry to leave. Ask the rest of the class to guess what he is doing after the lesson that makes him in such a hurry to leave.

16 Get other students to explain why he still needs his books at this point. Get other students to explain why he still needs his books at this point. Comment on this technique – is it something you already do, or will you try it? Comment on this technique – is it something you already do, or will you try it?

17 6 Activity : Social language Look at worksheet Social Language. On page 6. Look at worksheet Social Language. On page 6. Work in groups to make questions you could ask your students about the topics. Work in groups to make questions you could ask your students about the topics. Now, role play teacher and class, taking it in turns to ask a question as a teacher, eliciting responses from the students. Now, role play teacher and class, taking it in turns to ask a question as a teacher, eliciting responses from the students.

18 Feedback: Discuss ideas of topics for speaking practice at the beginning and end of the lesson, related to your own teaching contexts. Discuss ideas of topics for speaking practice at the beginning and end of the lesson, related to your own teaching contexts.

19 Some suggestions are : Discussing television, Discussing television, Discussing current affairs Discussing current affairs What is on at the cinema. What is on at the cinema. Discussions based on what students bring into the lesson;e.g. clothes, bags, books etc. Discussions based on what students bring into the lesson;e.g. clothes, bags, books etc.

20 Deducing where an absentee or latecomer is. Deducing where an absentee or latecomer is. Giving out or discussing homework. Giving out or discussing homework. Recalling what was done in the previous lesson. Recalling what was done in the previous lesson.

21 Telling each other about plans for the evening or after school. Telling each other about plans for the evening or after school. Reflecting on what was easy/hard interesting/not interesting during the lesson. Reflecting on what was easy/hard interesting/not interesting during the lesson. 5 minute activities or games to begin or end a lesson. 5 minute activities or games to begin or end a lesson.

22 7 Peer teaching work in pairs. Half the group will be teachers and deliver the beginning and end stages of a lesson. work in pairs. Half the group will be teachers and deliver the beginning and end stages of a lesson. The other half of the group will be students. The other half of the group will be students.

23 The teachers will have a worksheet to help them focus. The teachers will have a worksheet to help them focus. During the lesson the teachers will take it in turns to observe each other and make notes. During the lesson the teachers will take it in turns to observe each other and make notes.

24 REMEMBER! Your plans need to be flexible, because things dont always go to plan. Your plans need to be flexible, because things dont always go to plan. What kinds of things students do that interrupt plans? What kinds of things students do that interrupt plans?

25 Some suggestions not turn up, not turn up, forget books or homework, forget books or homework, talk to their friend, talk to their friend, pack their books away before the lesson ends, pack their books away before the lesson ends, ask you to repeat what the homework is etc. ask you to repeat what the homework is etc.

26 How could we exploit these situations for speaking practice? How could we exploit these situations for speaking practice? getting students to ask a latecomer why they are late, getting students to ask a latecomer why they are late, getting students to ask the one whos packed his books away early why he or she is in such a hurry. getting students to ask the one whos packed his books away early why he or she is in such a hurry.

27 Feedback: Now, focus on the notes in the observation sheet and the students give your opinions on each of the sections. Now, focus on the notes in the observation sheet and the students give your opinions on each of the sections.

28 what have you learned from this activity? what have you learned from this activity?

29 8 Phrasebook and How Good is your memory Divide into pairs A and B. Divide into pairs A and B. Distribute: How good is your memory? Distribute: How good is your memory? Pairs test each other by reading out the situations and eliciting the appropriate phrases. Pairs test each other by reading out the situations and eliciting the appropriate phrases.

30 in pairs, discuss what were for you the four most useful phrases from the session. in pairs, discuss what were for you the four most useful phrases from the session. Write them in your phrasebooks. Write them in your phrasebooks.

31 Feedback Tell the whole group what you chose and why. Tell the whole group what you chose and why.

32 9 Reflection Individually reflect on and complete the questions. Individually reflect on and complete the questions. How might we use what you have learnt in the session in your teaching. How might we use what you have learnt in the session in your teaching.

33 Action plan Complete the action plan and compare your ideas in groups. Complete the action plan and compare your ideas in groups.

34 Bookmark some interesting websites such as: www.Englishguide.com www.anglolang.com www.flo-joe.co.uk www.eslcafe.com www.longman-elt.com www.cambridgeesol.org/index.htm

35 http://www.guardian.co.uk/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learnin genglish/index. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learnin genglish/index. http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/ works.html http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/ works.html http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/ http://www.englishuk.com http://www.englishuk.com http://www.englishuk.com www.learnenglish.com www.learnenglish.com

36 THANK YOU rachidaguelzim@yahoo.fr

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