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E.I.F.S (Exterior Insulated Finished Surfaces) vs. Hard Coat Stucco Understanding the Differences Understanding the Problems Presented By: National Property.

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Presentation on theme: "E.I.F.S (Exterior Insulated Finished Surfaces) vs. Hard Coat Stucco Understanding the Differences Understanding the Problems Presented By: National Property."— Presentation transcript:

1 E.I.F.S (Exterior Insulated Finished Surfaces) vs. Hard Coat Stucco Understanding the Differences Understanding the Problems Presented By: National Property Inspections

2 National Property Inspections, Inc. Company founded-February 1987 Roland Bates-President- Experienced Contractor/Inspector Close to 300 franchise inspectors nationwide and Canada Each Franchise Independently Owned and Operated Have trained inspectors for over 22 years Over one million inspections conducted by NPI Corporate Office-Omaha, NE

3 Hard Coat Stucco AKA Portland cement stucco, Traditional stucco, One-Two Coat Stucco, FRP (Fiber re-enforced plaster) Construction: Substrate-Plywood, OSB (oriented strand board), concrete block Asphalt impregnated felt-Moisture barrier, (AKA-tar paper, builders felt) Metal lath- holds plaster to home Plaster-1/2, fiber reinforced,(old) horse hair, (new) fiberglass Finish Coat-Texture, color Only systems incorporating wire mesh are considered to be Hard Coat Stucco

4 Hard Coat Stucco Breathable, drainable, durable. Fewer problems associated with hard coat applications Moisture barrier inside system How to identify: From edge Very hard (cement) Exposed metal lathe Expansion joints, horizontal and vertical Tap Test: solid sound Push Test: no give, rigid

5 Hard Coat Stucco Application/Installation: Felt paper applied to sheathing Wire mesh installed Expansion joints installed between first and second floor; every 12 vertical ! Certain areas allow mesh and mortar to be applied to foam board (do not confuse this with EIFS installation)

6 EIFS- Exterior Insulated Finished Systems Synthetic Stucco Looks great, easy to shape, insulates well Brand Names: (AKAs) Dryvit, Sto, Semnergy, Thoro Systems, United States Gypsum (UGA), Firestone, Parex, Bonsol, Omega, Pleco, Retro Tech Inc., Corev, Universal Polymers, H.B. Fuller, Acro Crete, Masterwall Most expensive exterior cladding - IF APPLIED CORRECTLY;THAT IS THE PROBLEM!!! NO ONE KNOWS HOW TO INSTALL CORRECTLY !!!

7 EIFS Typical Components: Substrate - Plywood, OSB, concrete block Insulating board - Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) Attachment - adhesive or mechanical Mesh - impact resistance Base coat- Moisture barrier, uniform surface for finish coat Finish coat - Color, texture Back wrapping must be performed at all penetrations, terminations, dissimilar materials along with backer rods and effective usage of recommended caulk

8 EIFS Termination: Backer rod and sealant at ALL penetrations and terminations Expansion joints, windows, doors, light fixtures, wires, A/C lines, door bells, vents, outlets, roof/wall intersections, decks, etc, Many homes only surface caulk Backer rod Shapes caulk (hour glass) More efficient use of caulk Secondary moisture barrier

9 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? MOISTURE INTRUSION !!!!! Most Problems Related to EIFS Due To Failure To Follow Installation details Failure to back wrap at all penetrations Inappropriate or no usage of backer rods Surface caulking only-check periodically for adhesive/cohesive failure Miss-matching of materials (each system must be installed to manufacturers specs with BRAND SPECIFIC components and manufacturers installation details) Flashing-Kick-out flashing-inexpensive part, hardly ever installed

10 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? Flashing: Keeps water from entering system by re-direction Kick out Most important - least used Roof - wall intersections Directs water into gutters Roof/Wall intersections: Cut back 2-3 inches, step flashing installed. This detail should be followed regardless of what type of exterior surface

11 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? Moisture: Moisture trapped inside Moisture in continual contact with substrate Leads to rot Dry-rot Actually dried out wet-rot Cells in wood cannot hold water any longer Hard to detect Tests dry Termites Have food (wood) and water (trapped moisture) Do not need to return to soil Love EIFS run into the ground

12 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? AGE OF A HOME NOT A FACTOR: IF NOT LEAKING TODAY, IT WILL BE SOON Moisture barrier on outside Moisture will get behind the basecoat EIFS is good moisture barrier provided installed correctly, no failures in outer covering (cracks), appropriate usage of backer rods and caulk. NPIs findings- 97% homes inspected are installed incorrectly Typically found on higher end homes $300,000+.

13 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? This house was 2 years old at time of inspection Cost to build:$500, Cost to repair: $250, Entire home had to be stripped and recladded NOTICE: dark staining at upper left hand window

14 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? System was fastened with adhesive Adhesive was applied in horizontal runs If system is penetrated, moisture gets trapped in horizontally applied adhesive, leads to rot of the substrate material

15 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? System runs to the ground Allows easy access for termite entry Once termites enter system, have food & water…no need to return to the ground

16 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? Contractor is wringing water out of the insulation as a result of failure to the system Close observation shows live termite activity

17 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? No flashing installed Result of non-usage of deck flashing

18 EIFS - Why are there so many problems? Backer rods and Caulk No backer rods were used were used around electrical outlet box or at door openings…allowed moisture to penetrate system Appropriate usage of backer rods and caulk allows for expansion/contraction of system to reduce moisture intrusion

19 EIFS Who might be a qualified inspector/contractor? Educated about the problem Understands dynamic relationships between homes and exterior coverings Understands legal problems associated with EIFS Who may or may not be qualified: Installer for 5 years? Remember high percentage of homes are defective as a result of improper details Attend manufacturer training? Will a half-day training class cover everything? Person who advertises on the internet? Who are they?

20 EIFS Summary Would you personally buy an EIFS clad home? What if it was an acceptable system? Could you afford to sell your home for $25,000 less than you paid two years ago? Stigma attached to EIFS. Our guess: It will get worse before it gets better If it is a non compliant installation chances are that there will be problems


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