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THE HISTORY OF HARD FLOOR CARE. FROM DIRT TO MODERN SYSTEMS.

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Presentation on theme: "THE HISTORY OF HARD FLOOR CARE. FROM DIRT TO MODERN SYSTEMS."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE HISTORY OF HARD FLOOR CARE

2 FROM DIRT TO MODERN SYSTEMS

3 Types of floor surfaces The evolution of floor coatings The timeline of developments Types of equipment used to maintain hard floors WE WILL COVER:

4 Prehistoric Mid-evil 19 th Century 20 th Century Through the Years

5 New technology The 21 st Century

6 DIRT! Since the beginning of time

7 STONE! Earliest discovery was 5000 years B.C.

8 MOSAIC DATES TO 3000 B.C.

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14 Next Was…. Ceramic Tile Somewhere around 1500 B.C.

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17 Then came….. MARBLE

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19 PORCELAIN FOLLOWED NEXT Around 500 B.C.

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21 TERRAZZO WAS NEXT!

22 DATES FROM THE VENETIANS

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26 SLATE!! Widely used for roofs but also for floors

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28 WOOD!!! Lets not forget WOOD

29 Been used since the Med-Evil times Most widely used form of flooring by the colonists There are varying degrees of hardness Pine is the softest Oak is amongst the hardest Wood Floors

30 The Butcher polish Company Founded in 1880 Their first product was PASTE WAX The First Coatings were made by

31 Founded in 1886 One of the largest manufacturers of cleaning products today Their first product was: WOODEN PARQUET FLOORING S.C. Johnson

32 Modern coatings werent developed until many decades later!

33 The Evolution of Floor Tile 1925 Asphalt Tile 1954 Vinyl Asbestos Tile Vinyl Composition Tile Whats Next?

34 The Evolution of Coatings 1946 The first synthetic coating 1968 Johnson Wax Introduces COMPLETE 1975 Johnson Wax Introduces SHOWPLACE 1985 Butcher Polish Intoduces IRONSTONE

35 Richard Dick Gable The Inventor of Modern Synthetic Coatings

36 In the mid 1960s, S.C. Johnson invented: COMPLETE Further Developments

37 Drawback Styrene yellows in a relatively short period of time. Further Developments

38 Buffers Wet Vacuums Auto Scrubbers Polishers Cleaning Equipment

39 Introduced in the 1930s The motor turned at 150 RPMs Speed upgraded to 175 RPMs around 1950 Two-speed machines were introduced by Advance in RPMs (high-speed) intoduced in 1975 Buffers (AKA) Floor Machines

40 First appeared in the 1960s Wet Vacuums

41 Invented by American Lincoln Clarke soon followed Advance introduced their early scrubbers in 1970 By 1974 the Auto-Scrubber was saving labor throughout the U.S.A. Auto-Scrubbers

42 In 1975 the first polisher was the NSS propane buffer – you needed a mechanic with each machine to tighten the screws! In 1977 NSS developed the first (burnisher) as we know them today – 1050 RPMs In 1979 Pullman-Holt had 1080 RPMs Polishers

43 THE RACE WAS ON!! Who will win the RPM contest?

44 NSS was up to 1500 RPMs with the Charger (still the only burnisher with the patented, tilted deck to run on less than 12 amps) 2000 RPM machines were in every manufacturers line by RPM came in the mid 1980s 2500 RPM is still available THE RACE WAS ON!!

45 3000 RPMs turned out to be (too fast) for the floor finishes THE RACE WAS ON!!

46 (1.) not yellow anymore (2.) keep from powdering at the tremendous speeds generated by the burnishing equipment Ultra High Speed Floor Finishes

47 The Earliest finishes had 14% solids (the Carnuba wax) Complete was (about 16%) and set up very hard 18% floor finishes hit the market in the late 1970s 20% was introduced in 1982 SOLIDS – SOLIDS - SOLIDS

48 S.C. Johnson, Spartan, Butcher and a few other manufacturers thought 25% would work well Some manufacturers backed down to 22% Still others went to 30 – 35% only to find they didnt work Finally, around the turn of the 21 st century 30% finishes were refined and worked! Solids – solids - solids

49 Is more better?? Solids – solids - solids

50 Floor pads were developed in the early 1970s Does anyone remember having to buff with steel wool pads??? Bassine Brushes??? THATS ALL WE HAD!!! Floor pads

51 ETC of Henderson, NC introduced The GORILLA pad in 1981 Floor Pads

52 Beautiful shine it creates You can tell when a Gorilla pad is being used by what other phenomenon? Gorilla Pad

53 3M Introduced the Eraser pad in the late 1990s Floor Pads

54 Modern Tile

55 Asphalt Tile This tile was colorful Red Green Brown Blue 9 x 9

56 Asphalt Tile Though this tile is durable it is also quite rigid and therefore, subject to cracking

57 Vinyl Asbestos Tile (VAT) Developed in Either 9 x 9 or 12 x 12 By 1970 it was all 12 x 12

58 Vinyl Composition Tile (VCT) (VCT) was developed in the mid 1970s

59 MAINTENANCE!!

60 Strip off the factory coating when new Rinse and apply either a sealer or combination sealer/floor finish Clean regularly Buff to maintain the shine When the floor finish shows wear either scrub and apply more finish or strip and recoat Normal Procedures

61 STRIP – APPLY FLOOR FINISH, CLEAN, BUFF REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT, REPEAT

62 Inorganic Coating Introduced in 2005

63 A paradigm Shift.

64 Benefits The coatings high pH remains No microbial activity Never needs stripping Increases the lummins Resists scratching

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71 Epoxy Urethane Other coatings

72 Concrete Ceramic Tile Porcelain Tile Asphalt Tile Vinyl Tile Vinyl Composition Tile (VCT) REVIEW - Substrates

73 Natural base – Carnuba Wax Synthetic finishes Inorganic coating Epoxy urethane Review - Coatings

74 Floor Machines Wet/Dry Vacuums High Speed Burnishers (Propane and Electric) Automatic Scrubbers Review - equipment

75 The variety of substrates, coatings and maintenance equipment available offer the institution many options when creating the right program for their facility. Programs

76 Depending on the program selected labor can account for between 80% to 90% of the total custodial budget. Labor


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