2What Is Resilient Flooring? Definition of Resilient: Bouncing or springing back into shape, position, etc. after being stretched, bent or, especially, compressed.Vinyl Composition Tile (VCT)LinoleumSheet VinylRubberCorkSynthetic Sports Floors
3Non-Resilient – Resilient Flooring Radial rubber & Cork flooringToo resilient. So much flex, acrylic finishes tend to shatterNeed to use a true carnauba wax systemSynthetic (non-wood) sports flooringNeed to use a finish system that allows for more traction and durability than regular floor finishes
4Selecting A Cost-Effective Finish System Use a seal?Use a finish?Use a seal/finish?How many coats?How often?Burnish?Do we have a machine?What speed?Which pad?Use a restorer?Spray on?Mop on?How often?How does it wear?How high gloss?How often is there time for: burnishing? Refinishing?Using a restorer?
5Trilogy® Floor Care System Ultra high speed burnishingOver 1500 rpmCord-electric to 2000 rpmBattery and propane to 3000 rpmHigh speed burnishingrpmStandard speedrpmProducts to match your equipmentChoose the program that fits your facility
6Systems & ProgramsSystems generally refer to “sets” of products designed to work togetherPrograms generally refer to cleaning programsAll cleaning programs have three steps:Daily maintenance – dust mopping & damp moppingInterim maintenance – burnishing; scrub & recoatRenovation - strippingThe better the daily maintenance is performed the longer the interval between interim proceduresThe better the daily and interim maintenance is performed, the longer between renovations
7Hillyard’s Philosophy Cost effective programs revolve around using time-efficient procedures, not cheap productsLabor makes up 85-90% of M&O budgetSaving 10% on products saves 1% of budgetSaving 10% on labor saves 8 ½ -9% of budgetBegin all cleaning programs with renovation – “start clean to stay clean”Perform daily maintenance tasks in such a way as to minimize interim proceduresPerform interim procedures in such a way as to minimize renovative proceduresRenovative procedures use the most laborSo, the resilient floor program begins with…
8Stripping The Floor Is stripping always necessary? NO! Only when: Changing coating systemsChanging suppliersRemoving heavy buildupRemoving factory coatings on new floors
9Stripping The Floor Apply stripper Let stand recommended time Agitate edges & hard to reach areas w/ swivel pad holderScrub with single disc floor machine (buffer)Use a wet-vac to pick up solutionNeutralize the floor (stripper)The stripper that removed finish will inhibit the new finish bonding to the floorRinse at least twice with clear waterCheck the floor for residue
10Stripping Don’ts Stripping is a process, not an event Everyone must work togetherDon’t drag cords through solution and onto the clean floorDon’t roll wheels through stripping solution and onto the clean floor
11Stripping Don’tsDon’t walk through stripping solution and onto the clean floorDon’t allow stripping solution to dry back on the floor, or on baseboards, doors, walls, cabinets, etc.Don’t allow stripper or neutralizer to dwell on the floor too long – this can damage the tile
12Stripping Don’tsDon’t allow stripping solution to run under doors or to splash onto an area that will not be strippedDon’t splash stripping solution onto adjacent carpetingDon’t use an auto-scrubber to apply stripping solution – it will destroy pump seals
13Stripping Don’tsDon’t use an auto-scrubber to pick-up stripping solution – and if you do…Don’t store equipment (including mop buckets and wringers) without cleaningClean using clean stripping solutionClean the entire machine – squeegees, recovery hoses, recovery tanks, underside of scrub decks
14Stripping Do’s Protect areas that won’t be stripped Make dams under doors or in doorwaysLay towels or tarps on adjacent carpetingRoll equipment over towels before transporting out of the area to protect adjacent flooringWipe your feet before walking onto adjacent flooringPay attention to detailsBadly stripped edges and corners make the whole floor look bad
15Stripping Do’sCoat vertical surfaces (baseboards, cabinet fronts, doors etc.) with Super Hil-Tone before strippingWill help shed the stripping solutionInhibits finish dry-backMinimizes clean-up with stripping solutionRemember to clean the treated surfaces later
16Rinsing the FloorAfter neutralizing, give the floor two additional clear water rinsesDon’t forget the baseboards and corners!Cove base cement may dissolve & ooze back on to the floor - it will look like yellowed finish!When the floor is dry, wipe your hand over the surface. If it comes up with a residue, give it another rinse. If there is no residue, the floor is ready for sealing.
17Sealing The Floor Apply same as finish Clean, damp synthetic finish mop, flat finish mop, or finish applicator (not dripping)Cut in perimeter first – leave an exit by the doorApply in continuous passes all the way across the floorApply every other coat in the opposite direction
18Why Seal? Seal protects the flooring Seals are “generally” less expensive than finishes (depends on the finish)Seal has larger molecules, so less “soaks into” the floorSeal provides a base for finishYou use less finishFollow recommended coverage ratesThink of plywood – several thin coats makes a very strong, durable product
19Finishing The FloorApply floor finish in the same way you applied the sealAllow adequate drying time between coatsIf too many coats applied too quickly or too thicklyDelamination can occurPlasticizer migration can occurWill cure softer, and be less durable
20Floor Finish 99.9% of today’s floor finishes contain no wax Today, we finish floors, we don’t wax them.How many coats?Rule of thumb: divide the % solids of the finish into 100. The answer is the number of coats to get optimum appearance.How thick?Rule of thumb: thinner is better. Use middle of mfg.’s recommended application rateIf 1000 – 1500 sq. ft./gal. per coat, aim for 1250 sq. Ft.
22Applying Seals & Finishes Buffers can’t scrub the last 2 in. of the floor to the edge.Over time, finish can build up – unless the edges are hand scraped every time the floor is scrubbed, a time-consuming and labor-intensive process.
23Applying Seals & Finishes Apply the first coat as close as possible without touching the baseboardApply each successive coat two inches inside the previous coat will feather the finish to the edge, preventing buildup and requiring less hand-work when scrubbing or stripping.People don’t walk right next to the wall, and in rooms there is usually furniture against the walls.In halls and large open areas with no furniture, the first coat touching the baseboard without slopping up on it to prevent a “dry” gap is acceptable.
24Gloss Restoration Mop-on restorers Mop-on cleaner/restorers Mop on after cleaning (mopping or auto-scrubbing) the floor, let dry then burnishMop-on cleaner/restorersUse in an auto-scrubber to clean and apply restorer in one step before burnishingNo auto-scrubber?Use to mop the floor clean and apply restorer in one step before burnishing
25Standard Speed, Spray Buffing Gloss RestorationSpray buffing – regular speedOn a clean floor, apply a mist of spray-on restorer to a small area (5’x5’)Immediately, with a standard 175 rpm floor machine with a white pad, go over the sprayed area, back and forth until it dries and polishesUseful for blending out traffic lanesFor general gloss restorationTurn and change pads frequentlyDust mop when finishedTime consuming – not the process of first choiceIf you only have a 175 rpm machineStandard Speed, Spray BuffingSpray buffing with a standard speed floor machine will restore gloss, remove scuff marks and extend the life of the finish. Let newly coated floors cure a week before spray buffing and dust mop and damp mop the floor first. For best results, use a restorer designed for standard speed spray buffing. Begin by placing a red pad under a 175 rpm single disc floor machine.Next, lightly mist a small section of the floor with the restorer and immediately buff the sprayed section in a back and forth motion. Make certain all black marks and scuffs are removed and traffic lanes are blended into the surrounding area. After the entire floor has been spray buffed, dust mop the floor with a treated dust mop.Note: Spray Buffing does not add a layer of finish to the floor, rather the spray buffing solution acts as a semi-solvent to blend out shallow scuffs. It is polishing the surface by partially removing the damaged top coat of finish.
26Gloss Restoration Spray buffing – high & ultra-high speed On a clean floor, apply a mist of spray-on restorer to a small area (5’x5’)Immediately, with a burnisher with a beige polythermal pad, go over the sprayed area, until it dries and polishes.For general gloss restorationTurn and change pads frequentlyDust mop when finishedTime consuming – not the process of first choice
27Gloss Restoration Dry burnishing – high and ultra-high speed only Use beige polythermal padMost effective with “softer” finishesGeneral rule of thumb – the higher the solids content, the “harder” the finishGenerally speaking, “harder” finishes do not respond to dry burnishing as well as “softer” finishesGenerally speaking, “softer” finishes don’t powder as much as “harder finishesDust mop when finished
28Daily Maintenance Dust mopping with a treated dust mop Removes gritGrit is as damaging as sandpaper shoe solesDamages finishDamages tileRemoves and controls dustDust hides the shineMinimizes hand dustingDecreases A/C filter changes (indoor air quality)First line of defense against finish wear
29Daily Maintenance Regular damp mopping Auto-scrubbing Gets what the dust mop leavesRinse mop oftenChange water oftenAuto-scrubbingFaster – more efficientDecreases labor costsIncreases productivityProduces better results – cleaner floorsReduces drying time
30Interim Maintenance “Scrub and re-coat” uses a neutral cleaner Buffer or auto-scrubberRed, blue or black padQuickly remove only top layer of dirty finishPick up solution with a wet-vacRinse until clean (wipe hand on floor)Let dryReapply finish2 to 4 coats - no more – only replace what you remove
31Scrubbing vs. Stripping ISSA standard times per taskStripping a floor75 minutes / 1000 sq.ft.Scrubbing a floor45 minutes / 1000 sq. ft.Stripping means resealing and refinishing3 seal + 3 finish = six coats applying & drying timeScrubbing means replacing only the finish you scrubbed off2 or 3 coats applying & drying time
32Scrubbing vs. Stripping Scrubbing floors savesTimeMoney (labor is 85-90% of M&O budget)ProductLess sealLess finishLess neutralizer
33Controlling BuildupMany facilities are on a five year stripping rotation (or longer)They strip only 20% (or less) of floors annuallyTo prevent buildup when scrubbing, replace only what is removedStart with 3 seal, 3 finish coats after strippingAssume one coat wears off and one is scrubbed off – reapply only two coatsIf 3 are reapplied the floor will have 4 coats. The next time one wears off and one is scrubbed off and you add three you’ll have 5 and so on. Over a period of time you’ll create a heavy buildup.
34Review Start clean to stay clean. Focus on prevention through diligence in daily maintenance procedures.Use interim procedures regularly to prevent floors from getting out of control.Use renovative procedures only as necessary.
35Are there any Questions? Resilient Floor CareAre there anyQuestions?
36Quiz (T/F) neutralizing after stripping isn’t really necessary. Stripping is necessary when changing , or , when finishing , and if there’s a(T/F) Apply finish the same way you mop a floor.Seal is used to create a for finish.The final step before applying the first seal coat is to the floor for .
37Quiz The most important part of a resilient floor care program is . (T/F) The more finish coats applied, the longer you can go between stripping or scrubbing.(T/F) After scrubbing a floor, apply one more coat of Finish than you removed for the best appearance.(T/F) Damp mopping with a cleaner/ restorer is an efficient way to clean and apply a restorer in one step.(T/F) Dust mopping is the first line of defense against finish wear.
38Answers (F) neutralizing after stripping isn’t really necessary. Stripping is necessary when changing coating systems, or suppliers , when finishing new floors, and if there’s a heavy buildup .(F) Apply finish the same way you mop a floor.Seal is used to create a base for finish.The final step before applying the first seal coat is to check the floor for residue .
39AnswersThe most important part of a resilient floor care program is each step is equally important – a floor care program means skipping any step will affect the total performance of the coating system .(F) The more finish coats applied, the longer you can go between stripping or scrubbing.(F) After scrubbing a floor, apply one more coat of finish than you removed for the best appearance.(T) Damp mopping with a cleaner/ restorer is an efficient way to clean and apply a restorer in one step.(T) Dust mopping is the first line of defense against finish wear.
40Thank you for your participation. Resilient Floor CareThank you for your participation.