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Using Graphic Indicators to Summarize Project Status Quick view of both tasks and projects Dave Hulse:

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Presentation on theme: "Using Graphic Indicators to Summarize Project Status Quick view of both tasks and projects Dave Hulse:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Using Graphic Indicators to Summarize Project Status Quick view of both tasks and projects Dave Hulse:

2 Agenda 2. Why Use Indicators? 3. Identify What Should be Measured 4. Task Indicators 5. Enterprise Indicators 1. Overview 6. Complex Indicators 7. Tips, Tricks and Best Practices

3 Indicators Visual indicators help managers focus on what is important Available in both Project Pro and Project Web Access Support improved project management metrics –Project Management Maturity (PMM) is a measure of the extent to which a specific project management process is defined, repeatable, managed, measurable, and effective.

4 Common Measures of Variance Work variance –Planned vs. actual hours worked Cost variance –Over/under budget –Earned value Schedule variance –Variance from baseline –Slack time to deadline

5 Task vs. Project Variance Task variance –Track every task in the project schedule –Available in both Standard and Enterprise editions of Microsoft Project Project variance –Useful for digital dashboards that summarize overall performance of multiple projects –Project indicators only available in EPM –May require more complex logic (Example: final deadline may not be the best milestone)

6 Work and Cost Variance Easy indicators to create Typically compare work to baseline work or cost to baseline cost Cost is calculated as resource hours X resource cost –Some organizations dont expose resource cost in Project

7 Useful Functions IIf( expression, truepart, falsepart ) –IIf( [Work]>[Baseline Work], Over, OK) Switch( expression1, value1, expression2, value2,... ) –Switch( [Work]/[Baseline Work]>1.1, 3, [Work]/[Baseline Work]>1, 2, True, 1) ProjDateDiff( date1, date2, calendar ) –ProjDateDiff( [Baseline Finish], [Finish]) –Usually divide by 480 (60 min X 8 hours)

8 Baseline Variance A baseline saves the following –Cost –Finish –Work You can easily create variance indicators for any of these –Duration –Start

9 Schedule Variance Typically measures slippage based on the end date of the task or milestone Work best for flexible project plans where the end date is affected by update of actual work –Fixed duration tasks do not float –Entering progress by percent complete does not push out end dates

10 Schedule Variance Finish date variance from baseline –Easy indicator to design –Easy for project managers to establish Finish date slack from deadline –Easy to design and very flexible –PM must set deadlines on individual tasks Actual progress vs. expected progress –Requires more complex logic –Can be used for fixed duration tasks

11 Track Pct. Complete LogicValueColor Task not due to start 0White Task is complete 1Green Task underway and on schedule 1Green Task is behind schedule 2Red

12 Project & Enterprise Indicators Within a single project, rollup capability can be used to show overall project status –Supported in Standard edition –Rollups use same logic as tasks Enterprise edition allows true project level indicators –Indicator logic can be different and more complex than task logic

13 Complex Indicators Create indicator logic to distinguish certain types of tasks –Critical path –Custom flags –Key milestones Roll up values based on task type or flag fields

14 Best Practices Dont create too many different indicators Indicators that roll up should be based on algorithms that return simple numeric values Higher numbers indicate worse conditions Be sure to trap all conditions (including no value Create and save a project plan that tests all logic

15 Best Practices (cont.) Document your logic Keep your plans currentmove uncompleted time to the future Global template changes dont take effect until you close Project and re-open –Hint: Test logic in local fields, then import into Enterprise fields Divide duration by minutes times hours per day Hint: Service Pack 1 may impact roll-ups

16 Advanced Customization SQL Reporting Services or custom code can be used to generate alerts –Slipping critical tasks Project metrics can be linked to other data –ERP resource cost to EPM resource hours

17 Code Samples Work variance from baseline –IIf([Baseline Work]=0,0,Switch([Work]/[Baseline Work]>1.1,3,[Work]/[Baseline Work]>1,2,True,1)) Schedule slip from deadline –IIf(IsDate(1+[Deadline])=0,0,Switch(ProjDate Diff([Deadline],[Finish])/480>5,3,ProjDateDiff([ Deadline],[Finish])/480>0,2,True,1))

18 Code Samples 2 Fixed duration task check –Switch([Current Date]<[Start],0,[% Complete]=100,1,ProjDateDiff([Start], [Current Date])/ProjDateDiff( [Start], [Finish])<([% Complete]/100),1,True,2)


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