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HEALTH BEHAVIOUR OF MEDICAL STUDENTS:

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Presentation on theme: "HEALTH BEHAVIOUR OF MEDICAL STUDENTS:"— Presentation transcript:

1 HEALTH BEHAVIOUR OF MEDICAL STUDENTS:
PORTO FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO HEALTH BEHAVIOUR OF MEDICAL STUDENTS: HEALTH BEHAVIOUR OF MEDICAL STUDENTS: SAYING IS ONE THING, DOING IS ANOTHER? SAYING IS ONE THING, DOING IS ANOTHER? O segundo titulo é mais apropriado na minha opiniao TURMA 4 TURMA 4

2 Induces higher or reduced health risks (McGinnis et al,1993)
PORTO FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO Pattern of personal behavioral choices Induces higher or reduced health risks (McGinnis et al,1993) Lifestyle Health behaviours are established early in life setting the pattern for latter years (Steptoe et al., 2002) It is of interest to examine lifestyles of today’s medical students – tomorrow’s doctors (Webb et al., 1998) McGinnis, J. M., and Foege, W. H. (1993). "Actual Causes of Death in the United States." Journal of the American Medical Association 270:2207–2212. Steptoe, A., Wardle, J., Cui, W., Bellisle, F., Zotti, A., Baranyai, R., & Sanderman, R. (2002). Trends in smoking , diet, physical exercise and atittudes toward health in European university students from 13 Countries, Preventive Medicine, 35, Webb, E., Ashton, C. H., Kelly, P. & Kamali, F. (1998). Na update on British medical students’ lifestyles. Medical education, 32, TURMA 4 TURMA 4

3 PORTO AIMS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO AIMS TURMA 4
Describe health related habits of Portuguese medical students Study the influence of medical schools and its’ knowledge on health behaviour of medical students Analyse the impact of some academic and social characteristics in student’s lifestyle. O ingles do segundo objectivo não me parece o mais correcto TURMA 4 TURMA 4

4 PORTO SUBJECTS AND METHODS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO
Study Design Cross-sectional study on the health habits of Portuguese medical students Sample includes first and fourth year medical students from Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto Information about health habits was obtained by applying a self-report questionnaire TURMA 4 TURMA 4

5 PORTO SUBJECTS AND METHODS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO
Data collection instrument Health and Behaviour Survey (HBS) Created for the European Health and Behaviour Study (Steptoe & Wardle, 1991). It was used the Portuguese version (Geada, Justo, Santos, Steptoe & Wardle, 1994) Only parts of section A was of interest for this study It was added some independent variables like sex, residence status and grades Other marginal changes were made Steptoe, A., & Wardle, J. (1991). The European health and behaviour survey: rationale, methods and initial results form the United Kingdom. Social Sciences Medicine, 33, Geada, M., Justo, J., Santos, S., Steptoe, A., & Wardle, J. (1994). Hábitos de saúde, comportamentos de risco e níveis de saúde física e psicológica em estudantes universitários. Psicologia da Saúde: áreas de intervenção e perspectivas futuras, TURMA 4 TURMA 4

6 PORTO STATISTICAL ANALYSIS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO
Sample description: Number of questionnaires: 328 Blank questionnaires: 3 Non-respondents per variable: 3.28 Firts year students: 247 Fourth year students: 81 Females: Males: 102 TURMA 4 TURMA 4

7 PORTO STATISTICAL ANALYSIS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO
For the treatment of data it was used: SPSS software Unpaired T-test, for continuous variables Chi-square test, for categorical variables Statistical significance defined as p<0.05 TURMA 4 TURMA 4

8 PORTO RESULTS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS
Pattern of health behaviour of Portuguese medical students Would not like to reduce what is consumed 89% Alcohol Never or rarely drink 58% 62% Less than 3 times per fortnight Exercise Would like to do more exercise 72% Are not trying to loose weight 64% Weight Normal Body Mass Index 86% Smoking Never or almost 95% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% TURMA 4 TURMA 4

9 PORTO RESULTS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS
Pattern of health behaviour of Portuguese medical students - Continuation 49% Residence Live with relatives Eating fruit At least one time per each two/three days 64% Fats Avoid eating aliments rich in saturated fats 67% Sleeping Between six and eight hours 76% Adding salt Rarely or never add salt to prepared dishes 83% Oral hygiene Brush their teeth two times per day or more 86% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% TURMA 4 TURMA 4

10 PORTO RESULTS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS
Comparison between first and fourth year students – alcoholic drinks Do not or rarely drink 68% 55% P=0,038 32% Often drink 45% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 4.º year 1.º year TURMA 4 TURMA 4

11 PORTO RESULTS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS
Difference between residency status - Perception of personal health condition 2% Weak 0% Good/ reasonable 47% P=0,0025 27% 51% Excellent/ very good 73% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Do not live with relatives Live with relatives TURMA 4 TURMA 4

12 PORTO RESULTS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS
Difference between residency status - Physical exercise per fortnight Less than three times 68% 55% P=0,019 32% More than three times 45% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Do not live with relatives Live with relatives TURMA 4 TURMA 4

13 More than one cigarrett less than one cigarrett
PORTO FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS RESULTS Difference between residency - Smoking per day More than one cigarrett 8% P=0,029 2% 92% less than one cigarrett 98% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Do not live with relatives Live with relatives TURMA 4 TURMA 4

14 PORTO RESULTS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS
Difference between residency status - Number of meals per day One or two meals 10% P=0,015 3% 90% Three or more meals 97% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Do not live with relatives Live with relatives TURMA 4 TURMA 4

15 Frequently or sometimes
PORTO FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS RESULTS Difference between residency status - Adding salt to food P=0,036 Frequently or sometimes 21% 12% 79% Never or rarely 88% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Do not live with relatives Live with relatives TURMA 4 TURMA 4

16 PORTO RESULTS FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO RESULTS
Difference between residency status - Reducing the quantity of alcoholic drinks consumed 17% P=0,008 Yes 3% 83% No 97% 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Do not live with relatives Live with relatives TURMA 4 TURMA 4

17 PORTO WHAT ARE WE STILL DOING? FACULDADE DE MEDICINA
UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO WHAT ARE WE STILL DOING? WHAT ARE WE STILL DOING? New data entry Further general comparison Analysis of relation between variables The third objective has not yet been fulfiled TURMA 4 TURMA 4

18 PORTO REFERENCES FACULDADE DE MEDICINA UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO
Geada, M., Justo, J., Santos, S., Steptoe, A., & Wardle, J. (1994). Hábitos de saúde, comportamentos de risco e níveis de saúde física e psicológica em estudantes universitários. Psicologia da Saúde: áreas de intervenção e perspectivas futuras, Piko BF. Does knowledge count? Attitudes toward smoking among medical, nursing, and pharmacy students in Hungary. J Community Health Aug;27(4):269 Skemiene L, Ustinaviciene R, Piesine L, Radisauskas R. Peculiarities of medical students' nutrition. Medicina (Kaunas). 2007; 43(2): Steptoe, A., & Wardle, J. (1991). The European health and behaviour survey: rationale, methods and initial results form the United Kingdom. Social Sciences Medicine, 33, Steptoe, A., Wardle, J., Cui, W., Bellisle, F., Zotti, A., Baranyai, R., & Sanderman, R. (2002). Trends in smoking , diet, physical exercise and atittudes toward health in European university students from 13 Countries, Preventive Medicine, 35, Webb, E., Ashton, C. H., Kelly, P. & Kamali, F. (1998). Na update on British medical students’ lifestyles. Medical education, 32, TURMA 4 TURMA 4


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