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Basic Machine Processes

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Machine Processes"— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Machine Processes
Competency D403.00 Identify the basic concepts of the manufacturing processes.

2 Basic Machine Processes
Objective D403.02 Explain the ANSI standards of applying annotations to a drawing that best describes the manufacturing process.

3 Hole Callouts Section I

4 How Finish Holes Are Made
The drilling of a common drilled hole is done on a drill press. Drilling can also be done on a lathe.

5 Drilling Is the process used to cut a cylindrical hole with a drill press and drill bit. Blind Hole

6 BORING Enlarges the hole slightly and makes it rounder and straighter.
Thru Hole Enlarges the hole slightly and makes it rounder and straighter.

7 Reaming To enlarge a hole to a more accurate size and surface quality.

8 Specialty Tools For Hole Development

9 ANSI Hole Identification Symbols
Diameter Counterbore / Spotface Countersink Depth Number of holes

10 Drill Holes - Size & Location Dimensions
Always add dimensions for size and location, to profile of feature Always locate a drill hole by a common corner. (Datum Corner)

11 Dimensioning Repeated Holes
X = Number of holes required. Don’t forget to provide a space

12 Blind Hole Depth Symbol A blind hole cuts into but does not pass completely through the object. For blind holes always show a 30 degree bevel end to represent the drilling process.

13 Counterbore Callouts Depth Symbol Counterbore Symbol Counterbore – To enlarge the end of a drill hole to a specific diameter and depth in order to recess a mating part.

14 Through Holes A through hole is one that passes all the way through the object. The word THRU may be omitted in the annotation of the hole.

15 Spotface Callouts Counterbore Symbol Spotface – The cutting of a shallow counterbore, usually about deep (depth symbol is omitted). A spotface provides an accurate bearing surface for the underside of a bolt head.

16 Countersink Callouts Countersink Symbol Angle of The Chamfer Drawn At 90 Degrees Countersink – To recess a hole with a conically (cone) shaped tool to provide a seat for flat head screws. (Does not need a depth to be specified.)

17 Knurls Section II

18 Knurling Common on thumbscrews and handles of to provide a better gripping surface Straight – parallel groves. Diamond – crossing diagonal groves.

19 Knurling Dimensioning
As Seen The callouts for a knurl should include the pitch, type, and the diameter. As Drawn The most commonly used diametrical pitches (DP) are 64 DP (coarse), 96 DP (medium), 128 DP (fine), and 160 DP (extra fine).

20 Chamfers Section III

21 External Chamfers Dimensioning
Bevel edges are normally applied to cylindrical parts. OR .25 X .25 CHAMFER

22 Internal Chamfer Dimensioning

23 Fillets & Rounds Section IV

24 Fillets & Rounds Sharp corners are weak. They are likely to yield cracks and other failures in the part. Fillets – are rounded inside corners. Rounds – are rounded outside corners.

25 Fillets and rounds are normally found on cast, forged, or plastic parts.
Rough Cast

26 Runouts Conventional methods for representing fillets and rounds

27 Conventional Edges If an edge has a small radius, a line should be shown. If an edge has a large radius, no line should be shown. Draw lines for edges whenever such lines make the drawing clearer. No Line

28 Surface Texture Symbols Section V

29 Surface Texture Symbols
Finish Marks Tells the machinist which surfaces are to be finished or machined.

30 ANSI Standard Finish Mark
(now in general use) H = Standard Letter Height For General Notes.

31 Rules About Finish Marks
Shown on the edge view of a surface to be finished. The vertex of the finish mark should point inward toward the solid metal. Position to read from the bottom of the sheet or from the right side of the sheet.

32 Rules About Finish Marks
It is repeated in every view where the surface appears as a line, including hidden lines and curved lines. Machined Casting

33 Rules About Finish Marks
Finish marks are not required for drill holes or any other holes where machining operations are clearly illustrated.

34 Rules About Finish Marks
If a part is to be finished all over, omit the finish marks. Letter as a general note on the drawing, such as FINISH ALL OVER or FAO. General note Should be placed near the title block NOTES: FINISH ALL OVER. FILLETS AND ROUNDS R.125. BREAK SHARP EDGES.

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