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Surface Finish Measurement

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Presentation on theme: "Surface Finish Measurement"— Presentation transcript:

1 Surface Finish Measurement
Unit 18

2 Objectives Interpret the surface finish symbols that appear on a drawing Use a surface finish indicator to measure the surface finish of a part

3 Surface Finish Measurement
Modern technology demanding improved surface finishes Often require additional operations: lapping or honing System of symbols devised by ASA Provide standard system of determining and indicating surface finish Inch unit is microinch (µin) Metric unit is micrometer (µm)

4 Surface Indicator Tracer head and amplifier
Tracer head has diamond stylus, point radius µin that bears against work surface Movement caused by surface irregularities converted into electrical fluctuations Signals magnified by amplifier and registered on meter Reading indicates average height of surface Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

5 Readings Either arithmetic average roughness height (Ra) or root mean square (Rq) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

6 Symbols Used to Identify Surface Finishes and Characteristics
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

7 Surface Finish Definitions
Surface deviations: departures from nominal surface in form of waviness, roughness, flaws, lay, and profile Waviness: surface irregularities that deviate from mean surface in form of waves Waviness height: peak-to-valley distance in inches or millimeters Waviness width: distance between successive waviness peaks or valleys in inches or millimeters

8 Surface Finish Definitions
Roughness: relatively finely spaced irregularities superimposed on waviness pattern Caused by cutting tool or abrasive grain action Irregularities narrower than waviness pattern Roughness height: Ra deviation measured normal to centerline in microinches or µm Roughness width: distance between successive roughness peaks parallel to nominal surface in inches or millimeters Profile: contour of specified section through a surface

9 Surface Finish Definitions
Roughness width cutoff: greatest spacing of repetitive surface irregularities included in measurement of roughness height Must be greater than roughness width Flaws: irregularities such as scratches, holes, cracks, ridges, or hollows that do not follow regular pattern Lay: direction of predominant surface pattern caused by machining process

10 Symbols that Indicate Direction of Lay
|| Parallel to boundary line of surface indicated by symbol _|_ Perpendicular to boundary line of surface indicated by symbol X Angular in both directions on surface indicated by symbol M Multidirectional C Approximately circular to center of the surface indicated by symbol R Approximately radial in relation to the center of surface indicated by symbol

11 Average surface roughness produced by standard machining processes
Microinches Micrometers Turning 100– –6.3 Drilling 100– –5.1 Reaming 50– –3.8 Grinding 20– –2.5 Honing 5– –0.5 Lapping 1– –0.254

12 To Measure Surface Finish with a Surface Indicator
Turn on, allow instrument to warm up Check machine calibration by moving stylus over test block Adjust calibration control if necessary Use .030-in cutoff range for surface roughness of 30 µin or more. For less, use the .010 in. cutoff range Unless specified otherwise

13 To Measure Surface Finish with a Surface Indicator
Thoroughly clean surface to be measured Ensures accurate readings Reduces wear on rider cap protecting stylus Using smooth, steady movement of stylus, trace work surface at approximately in./s Note reading from meter scale

14 Other Methods Surface analyzer Comparison blocks
Uses recording device to reproduce surface irregularities on graduated chart, providing ink-line record Comparison blocks Used for comparing finish on workpiece with calibrated finish on test block using fingernail test Commercial sets of standard finished specimens Up to 25 different surface finish samples

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