Presentation on theme: "Seam Finishes Today we are going to talk about seam finishes. We will start off with looking at seam on our own clothing."— Presentation transcript:
1Seam FinishesToday we are going to talk about seam finishes. We will start off with looking at seam on our own clothing.
2Finishing seams on your own clothing. We are just going to take a look at the seams on our own clothing before we look at our nine seams to see if any of our clothing has these seams.
3Today Objectives What is a seam? What is a seam allowance? What is a seam finish?How do we decide which seam finish we should use?What kinds of seams do our clothes have?Learn about nine different seam finishesToday we are going to discuss: What is a seam, What is a seam allowance, what is a seam finish, how do we decide which seam finish to use, what kinds of seams do our clothes have, and we will learn about nine different seam finishes.
4What is a seam? Line of stitching. Hold two pieces of fabric together. Basic part of garment construction.Secured by backstitching.Does anyone know what a seam is? How would you define a seam? … Well it is a line of stitching that holds two pieces of fabric together. It is the basic skill in garment construction. You secure a seam by backstitching at either end of the seam.
5What is a Seam Allowance? Flap of fabric allowed to sew a seam.5/8” is most common for clothing patterns.As you can see here a seam allowance is the extra fabric between the seam and the raw edge. So it is the flap of fabric that you allow to sew the seam. The most common seam width for clothing patterns is 5/8”.
6What is a Seam Finish? Finish applied to raw edge of seam allowance. Prevents fraying, curling and strengthens fabric.Now that we know what a seam is, does anyone know what a seam finish is? It is the finish that is applied to the raw edge of the seam allowance. A seam finish prevents fraying and curling and it strengthens the fabric.
7The type of finish you choose for your seams depends on: Type of fabricHow neat you want your seams to lookDurabilityTimeType of sewing machineHow do you decide which seam finish to use? It depends on the type of fabric, how neat you want your seams to look, how durable your seams need to be, the amount of time you have, and the type of sewing machines you have.
8Plain Seam Description One line of sewing at 5/8” seam allowance Suitable forDelicate itemsAdvantagesVery easy to makeDisadvantagesNot as strong as other stitchesHand out Sample- I will have these samples while you are making your own samples to reference to.
9Straight Stitch Seam Finish DescriptionThis is a plain seam with an extra line of stitchingSuitable forThe straight stitch can be used as a seam finish on firmly woven fabrics which ravel slightly.AdvantagesIt is effective in preventing the seam allowances in knits from curling.DisadvantagesDoes not look as neat as other methods.Hand out Sample
10Pinked Edge Seam Finish DescriptionThe raw edges of the seam allowance are trimmed withpinking shears.Suitable ForMost fabrics except those very prone to raveling.AdvantagesFast and easy. Doesn’t add bulk to the seam allowance.DisadvantagesDoesn’t look as neat and clean as other methods. May not keep fabrics from fraying, especially if the finished item will be laundered. Requires special scissors to make.Hand out Sample
11Zig Zag Seam Finish Description A zigzag stitch is sewn close to or over theraw edge of the seam allowance.Suitable ForMost fabricsAdvantagesEffective at keeping the raw edges of the seam allowance from fraying. Adds little bulk to the seam allowance.DisadvantagesDoesn’t look as neat and clean as some other methods.Hand out sample
12Clean-Finish Seam Finish DescriptionThe edges of the seam allowance are turned underand stitched.Suitable ForLight to medium weight fabrics.AdvantagesMakes a neat, clean finish that won’t ravel.DisadvantagesAdds bulk to the seam allowance, making it unsuitable for heavier fabrics.Hand out sample
13Narrow Seam Finish Description The narrow seam finish is often used to control the curling seam allowances of knit fabrics. It also reduces the size of the seam allowance, making it more comfortable to wear.Suitable forChildren clothing, or any fabric that needs extra strength.AdvantagesThe narrow seam can be used anywhere on a garment, but it is especially useful where extra strength is needed.DisadvantagesMay add bulk to the fabric.Hand out sample
14Flat Felled Seam Finish DescriptionThe raw edge of the seam allowance is encased, thentopstitched on the outside.Suitable for:Most fabrics. Items that need durable seams.Advantages Makes a neat, clean finish. Raw edges will not ravel because they are completely encased. Makes a very sturdy seam.DisadvantagesRequires precise pressing and sewing. Somewhat time consuming. Makes a topstitched seam on the outside you may not want.Hand out sample
15French Seam Finish Description The raw edge of the seam allowance is enclosed in a secondary seam.Suitable ForLight weight fabrics and fabrics that are prone to raveling. Ideal for items that will have visible seams.Advantages-very neat, clean finish.-Raw edges will not ravel because completely encased.Disadvantages- Adds bulk ,making it unsuitable for medium to heavy weight fabrics.-A little complicated to make.-Somewhat time consuming.- Requires precise sewing.Hand out sample
16Serged Seam Finish Description A line of overcast stitches is sewn over the raw edge of the seam allowance.Suitable ForMost fabricsAdvantagesProduces a neat, clean finish that’s fray resistant. Adds little bulk to the seam allowance. Quick and easy to make because the stitching and trimming can be done in one step.DisadvantagesYou need a serger machine to make the stitch.Hand out sample
17Take another look at your clothing. Which Seam Finishes do you have? So we just finished looking at nine different seam finishes. Does anyone have any of those stitches on their clothing?
18Summary What is a seam, seam allowance, seam finish? Deciding on Seam finishType of fabricHow neat you want your seams to lookDurabilityTimeType of sewing machineSo What did we talk about today? We started off with What is a seam, a seam allowance and a seam finish, then we moved on to how to decide which seam finish to use.
19Can we name the nine seam finishes? 1.Plain Seam2.Straight Stitch Seam Finish3.Pinked Edge Seam Finish4.Zig Zag Seam Finish5.Clean-Finish Seam Finish6.Narrow Seam Finish7.Flat Felled Seam Finish8.French Seam Finish9.Serged Seam Finish