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National & Global Economy

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Presentation on theme: "National & Global Economy"— Presentation transcript:

1 National & Global Economy
GCSE ECONOMICS: UNIT 11 National & Global Economy Understanding International Trade

2 Aims of today’s lesson …
Identify the main types of exports from, and imports to, the UK economy Analyse the importance of trade to the UK economy Candidates should appreciate the advantages and disadvantages from Global Trade

3 Keywords Search…. Using Google find keyword definitions of the following; Imports (M) Exports (X) Balance of payments (BOP) International Trade Globalisation BOP Deficit BOP Surplus Complete this using the task sheet called ‘3.1 Understanding international trade’ in the SSA Imports: Imports (M) are the goods and services the UK buys from other countries Exports: Exports (X) are goods and services that the UK sells to buyers in foreign countries e.g. Jaguar cars Balance of payments: a record of the value of a country’s exports, imports and financial transactions with the rest of the world over a year International Trade: International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories Globalisation: Globalization is the tendency of businesses, technologies, or philosophies to spread throughout the world, or the process of making this happen BOP Deficit: The value of imports is greater than the value of exports BOP Surplus: The value of exports is greater than the value of imports

4 International Trade Each year the UK trades a high value of goods and services with other countries Exports (X) are goods and services that the UK sells to buyers in foreign countries e.g. Jaguar cars Imports (M) are the goods and services the UK buys from other countries Q. What items do we regularly buy which may be imported from foreign countries? A. Clothing; electrical; fruit and vegetables

5 What are goods & services?
Goods are things like televisions or cameras, which can be physically handled Goods are often referred to as visibles Services are things like tourism, financial services or insurance, which cannot be physically handled or seen, often called invisibles

6 Is International Trade important for the UK?
By the end of 2010 UK international trade accounted for 3.4% of World Trade Forecasters predict that UK trade with the rest of the world will grow substantially over the next 15 years It is anticipated that merchandise trade volumes in 2025 will be $1,360.7billion increasing from their levels at the end of 2010 of $933.7billion On these figures alone you can see how much international trade is worth to the UK Economy A huge number of businesses rely heavily on selling their products and services to international customers, providing a large number of jobs to UK citizens

7 3.1 Understanding International Trade
Over to you… Open and complete the task below… 3.1 Understanding International Trade

8 Balance of Payments Calculate the BOP for the selected goods, services in the table below… What is the overall BOP? Answers: Goods: -£100,791 billion Services: £13,239 billion Overall: -87,552

9 Balance of Payments When we include other goods and services the imbalance (in this case, the deficit) isn’t as severe…

10 Plenary: Trading around the world
Before you start, think about what you want to accomplish as a trader: Do you want to build up as much wealth as you can by selling as much of your commodities as you can? Do you want to buy the widest range of goods to satisfy diverse consumer tastes at home? Or do you want to focus on buying the raw materials for a particular industry? The only limit is your imagination, your negotiating skills, and your bank account!

11 The importance of trade to the UK Economy
As we have seen international trade is very important to the UK economy Each and every country in the world has a different set of raw materials, climates, cultures, labour skills etc giving them an advantage in producing certain goods and services This is known as Comparative Advantage Through trade the UK can specialise in produce those goods and services it has a comparative advantage in The surplus goods are then sold abroad (i.e. exported), creating jobs for UK citizens

12 3.1 Evaluating Trade to the UK Economy
Over to you… Open and complete the task below… 3.1 Evaluating Trade to the UK Economy Read through the disadvantages and advantages of trade to the UK economy

13 The Social Impact of Trade
We all enjoy having better choice and paying the lowest possible price, however international trade carries a higher price in terms of its impact on the environment We call this impact the carbon footprint Many products, such as clothes, toys and cars now carry measurements of their carbon footprint Goods bought from other countries will inevitably require more energy to transport them, increasing their carbon footprint The full carbon footprint of a product comes from a wide range of emissions sources: Direct emissions of CO2 (using energy in production and transport) Indirect emissions of CO2 – the carbon that is emitted in the prep and transport of raw materials used and employee travel to work

14 Paired Activity: Advantages & Disadvantages of International Trade
International Trade clearly comes with both advantages and disadvantages for UK businesses and the UK Economy as a whole Carlton Francis owns a large video game shop in Middlesbrough. He is considering setting up a new website to sell his products abroad. Carlton has asked you some key questions: Why should I bother to sell my games online? What are the key benefits of selling my products and services abroad? Are there any drawbacks to trading internationally? Write an to Carlton that answers all of his questions. Use the template in the SSA There is an additional Extension Task in the SSA for the social and environmental impact of trade

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