Presentation on theme: "A quiz will be following this slide show.. Section 5 By Ryan Choi, Andrew Melville, Cyrus Patell, Brian Schwabenland, and Chris Yang."— Presentation transcript:
A quiz will be following this slide show.
Section 5 By Ryan Choi, Andrew Melville, Cyrus Patell, Brian Schwabenland, and Chris Yang
Setting the Scene March 1829, we had a new president, Andrew Jackson, he insured the people that he would try to perfect the United States government as much as he could as possible. Politicians and government officials seemed especially anxious for bringing back the two-party limited government. Many fans of Jackson showed up on March 4,1829. Right after Jackson was sworn in all of his fans rushed up to him. Since they could not stop they had to move Jackson to the White House. So all of his fans followed destroying china, crystal, and refreshments. Finally to get rid of everyone they moved the punch bowls to the White House lawn.
Jackson as President Inaugurated on March 4th and was considered the man of the people. Jackson was the first president from the west of the Appalachians. An expert on battle tactics. At the age of 13, Jackson joined the Army to fight in the Revolutionary War at the age of 14 Andrew Jackson and his older brother Robert were captured by British soldiers in the Battle of Hanging Rock.
Jacksonain Democracy Voting requirements were that you had to be a property owner and in some states such as Maine and Indiana, a white adult male. President Jackson was for the voting rights of those who are without property. His support came from many first time voters. As a result or these changes, the votes cast for president tripled from 1824 to 1828, from roughly 366,000 to more than 1.1 million. It did not matter how much wealth you had, since your vote will still count. After a duel Jackson had a bullet lodged near his heart and could not be removed
The Spoils System Patronage: The practice of hiring political supporters for government jobs. Jackson created a patronage system policy of his administration. He dismissed a numerous amount of President Appointees and other office holders in exchange for Jacksonian Democrats. Spoils System: System of giving appointed offices as rewards from the successful party in an election. Andrew Jackson owned slaves
Limited Government The reason why it is called limited government is because he used his power to veto to restrict federal activity as much as possible. Attacked politicians whom he considered corrupt and could limit peoples liberty He was the first president to ride on a train
The Tariff Crisis Tariff in 1828: A heavy tax on imports designed to boost American manufacturing. Before his first term had begun, Congress passed the Tariff of Nullify: To reject. Greatly benefited industrial North but forced Southerners to pay higher prices for manufactured goods. Called Tariff of Abominations He raised 11 children (none of which were his own)
The Tariff Crisis States Rights: The powers that the Constitution neither gives to the Federal government nor denies to the states. Allowed South Carolina to declare that the states had the right to judge when the federal government had exceeded its authority. Allowed to nullify the federal laws that were judged unconstitutional. Secede: To withdraw.
The Indian Crisis Indian Relocation –Indian Removal Act: A law in 1830 giving Native Americans land in the Louisiana Purchase in exchange for land taken from them. –The Cherokee, creek, Choctaw, Chikaw, and Seminole people lived on about 100 million acres of fertile land in the western parts of the Carolinas and in Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
The Indian Crisis These Native Americans were known as the Five Civilized Tribes. The act gave Native Americans the Louisiana Purchase in exchange for land taken from them in the east, but the Five Tribes refused to move. Jackson forcibly relocated about 100,000 of their members. The tribe ended up receiving land in Indian Territory, known as Oklahoma. Jackson passes the Indian Removal Act in 1830.
Cherokee Resistance Cherokees were Native Americans who adopted white culture more than any other tribe. They took up white methods of farming, clothing, home style and religion. In 1827, they organized a national government modeled upon the United States government. The state of Georgia seized about 9 million acres of Indian land within its border when gold was found on Cherokee land. When appeals to Georgia and the United States senate failed, the Cherokees issued a public statement, trying to rally and get support from American people.
Cherokee Resistance In 1832, the Cherokees brought their case to the Supreme Court through a missionary from Vermont, Samuel Austin Worcester. The court ruled that Georgia had no authority over Cherokee territory, and Georgia defied the court with Jacksons backing. The court also had no power to enforce its decision. Trail of Tears: The forced movement of Cherokees in 1838 to land west of the Mississippi River. The Cherokees marched 116 days west about 1000 miles to Oklahoma territory. ¼ of them died by the cold and diseases, but they refused to pause or rest.
Indian Uprisings In spring of 1831, a warrior named Black Hawk led a group of about 1000 Indians to reclaim lands. Black Hawk War: Uprising that land by Native American named Black Hawk when they tried to reclaim their land in the Illinois Territory. Second Seminole War: In 1835, a group of Seminoles under a chief named Osceola.
The Bank War Like many Americans, Jackson believed that the Bank of the United States was a monster institution controlled by a small group of wealthy Easterners. He held the bank responsible for the Panic of Under its charter, the bank could only operate until The president of this charter, Nicholas Biddle, along with Senators Henry Clay and Daniel Webster, decided to renew the charter 4 years early. They knew that if Jackson vetoed this charter, it would be used against him in the 1832 election.
The Bank War Jackson did not fall under political pressure and vetoed the charter saying, The bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it. His successful veto doomed the bank. He justified his action as a protection of the rights of the poor. Jacksons Successors In poor health, Jackson chose not to run for his third term in 1836, but instead, his Vice President, Martin Van Buren, ran and won. Van Buren had served in the Senate and as Jacksons Secretary of State. His popularity wasnt that great. Jackson shared some blame in this.
The Bank War Before he demolished the Bank, he withdrew several federal funds and deposited them among the smaller banks spread throughout the country. The banks started to print paper money recklessly which forced Jackson to declare that fed. Government would only accept gold and silver. This was called the Specie Circular. This order weakened some of the banks and caused the Panic of 1837 which occurred during Van Burens first year of office. Van Buren lost his second election in People voted for William Henry Harrison mostly in hopes that a change might end the depression. Harrisons presidency didnt last long. Just one month after taking office, he died of pneumonia on April 4, 1841.