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Nationalism in Europe Chapter 24. Europe 1815 Map pg. 712.

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Presentation on theme: "Nationalism in Europe Chapter 24. Europe 1815 Map pg. 712."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nationalism in Europe Chapter 24

2 Europe 1815 Map pg. 712

3 Italian Unification Fall of Rome – Italy became a group of competing states that are ruled by Austria Fall of Rome – Italy became a group of competing states that are ruled by Austria Leaders of Unification Leaders of Unification – Giuseppe Mazzini – created nationalist group called Young Italy (heart) – Camillo di Cavor – founded nationalist newspaper called Il Risorgimento (brain) – Giuseppe Girbaldi – led a military group called the Red Shirts to gain control of most of Italy (sword)

4 German Unification Revolution of 1848 – Germans revolt against Prussian King Frederick Wilhelm IV Revolution of 1848 – Germans revolt against Prussian King Frederick Wilhelm IV – He promised to compromise on democracy – Later he backed out of his promise Zollverein – an economic alliance among most German states in after king didnt keep promises Zollverein – an economic alliance among most German states in after king didnt keep promises Otto von Bismark – became the Prime Minister of Prussia Otto von Bismark – became the Prime Minister of Prussia – Made goals and policies called realpolitik (politics based on reality) – Unification would come from Blood & Iron

5 German Unification Map pg. 721

6 Austria-Hungary Ruled by the Hapsburg family & Metternich Ruled by the Hapsburg family & Metternich – Metternich – powerful voice at Congress of Vienna – Fought to keep monarchy in Austria – Succeeded for a few years Revolutions in France, Italy, & Germany inspire revolts in the Austrian Empire Revolutions in France, Italy, & Germany inspire revolts in the Austrian Empire – Many different nationalities living within the Austrian Empire wanted Independence

7 Russia Last of the Czars of Russia – Nicholas I, Alexander II, Alexander III, Nicholas II Last of the Czars of Russia – Nicholas I, Alexander II, Alexander III, Nicholas II – Tried reforms but could not hold back revolutionary leaders & revolts Marxists – group calling for change in Russia Marxists – group calling for change in Russia – Led by Karl Marx = wanted to create a socialist republic Socialist republic – society in which there would be no private property & the state would collectively own & distribute goods Socialist republic – society in which there would be no private property & the state would collectively own & distribute goods Revolution of 1905 – workers strike, university students protest, peasants rebel against landlords Revolution of 1905 – workers strike, university students protest, peasants rebel against landlords – October Manifesto = official promise by Czar Nicholas II Response to Revolution of 1905 promised Russian Constitution & reform Response to Revolution of 1905 promised Russian Constitution & reform


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