Border Security: Canada Providing an Integrated Response Public Safety Canada Minister For Public Safety Immigration Intelligence, Enforcement and Ports of Entry Customs Program Food & Agriculture Inspection at Ports of Entry (CFIA) INTEGRATES Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) Correction al Service of Canada (CSC) Parole Board of Canada Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA)
The Canada Border Services Agency: Established December 2003 – part of the Public Safety Canada portfolio bringing together security, law enforcement, corrections and border agencies Provides integrated border management, bringing together functions previously spread among 3 organizations (Canada Customs, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, and Canadian Food Inspection Agency) Administers about 90 Acts & Regulations Approximately 12,400 employees serving 200,000 commercial importers and exporters and approximately 95 million travellers each year Operates at over 1,200 points of service across Canada and 39 locations abroad
CBSA: Enforcement Mandate Mandate: the Agency is responsible for providing integrated border services that support national security and public safety priorities and facilitate the free flow of persons and goods, including animals and plants, that meet all of the requirements under the program legislation. The CBSA is also mandated to prevent the admission into Canada of persons involved in war crimes or crimes against humanity, to assist in combating money laundering, and to conduct the detention and removal from Canada of inadmissible persons To fulfill its mandate, the CBSA works in partnership with business, with other Government of Canada departments and agencies, and with the governments of other countries Enforcement priorities: Counter-terrorism Illegal migration/human trafficking/human smuggling Illegal trade of weapons, illicit narcotics, contraband tobacco, proceeds of crime/money laundering Precursor chemicals Strategic Export Control Child pornography/Obscenity/ Hate Propaganda
CBSA: Enforcement & Risk Management at the Border BORDER MANAGEMENT RISK ASSESSMENT & DETECTION Pre-approval to facilitate low risk Advance information – people & goods Turning information into intelligence
CBSAs Marine Security Regime The CBSA has developed an integrated marine supply chain security regime consistent with the World Customs Organisation (WCO) standards. Advance Commercial Information (ACI) Program – marine cargo and conveyance data transmitted electronically to the CBSA 24 hours prior to loading at the foreign port. TITAN – Automated risk assessment system. National Risk Assessment Centre – 7/24 targeting centre for the identification of high- risk shipments. Container Security Initiative - Cooperative arrangements with international partners for marine security including the identification of high-risk shipments for outbound inspections.
CBSAs Container Security Initiative Increasing marine security and facilitating trade through cooperation with foreign partners The Container Security Initiative (CSI) is a multinational initiative that protects the main method of global trade containerized shipping from being exploited or disrupted by terrorists. It is designed to safeguard global marine trade while enabling legitimate cargo containers to move faster and more efficiently through the supply chain to seaports worldwide
CSI : Timeline 2002 Joint Targeting Initiative 2005 US CBP & CBSA sign CSI Partnership Arrangement Nov 2007 CBSA CSI Agreement with Panama June 2006 CBSA CSI Agreement with South Africa June 2008 CBSA Reciprocal Agreement with Japan 9 / 11 US CBP: CSI Operations in 58 ports
How CSI Works The CBSA and partner Customs organizations work closely together to achieve the following: Ensuring compliance and an understanding of customs programs; Harmonizing customs requirements and processes; Detecting, identifying and intercepting high-risk containers through the sharing of information and knowledge; and Ensuring the security of the global supply chain and the smooth, expedited flow of legitimate trade.
CSI : Key Principles Cooperation Risk assessment done in cooperation (Canada & CSI partners) Share information / knowledge on: cargo, trade community, general security, Customs Best Practices Joint enforcement operations / training initiatives Security Partnership enhances security through a multi-layered approach compliance, harmonization and cooperation improving the effectiveness of each partners customs processes and relationship with trade chain partners Expedited flow Benefits: the streamlined flow of legitimate container traffic and enhanced efficiency Cooperative security efforts increase efficiency in the identification of high-risk shipments at points of loading and ensure the containers unimpeded intermodal movement
Best Practices: Integration Integrated Border Management coordination and cooperation among all the relevant authorities and agencies involved in border security and trade facilitation to establish effective, efficient and integrated border management systems, in order to reach the common goal of open, but controlled and secure borders
Best Practices: Multiple Borders Multiple Borders Approach: screen & target at multiple points along way 1 2 3 Intelligence-led decision making Advance information High risk: travellers & contraband FOCUS
Best Practices: Cooperation Enhanced cooperation leads to greater knowledge and awareness of legitimate trade, enabling partners to focus on identifying high-risk shipments and/or people.
Best Practices: Coordination Globalization: Border management increasingly complex Customs Administrations must adapt to international trends: International trade Security & Safety Emergence of transnational crime networks Growing concerns regarding public health and the environment Illegal migration Crime is trans-national therefore Customs / LEAs also have to coordinate trans-nationally Key principles: COOPERATION, COORDINATION, EFFICIENCY, FLEXIBILTY RESPONSIVENESS
Thank You Questions? Christine Bradley Container Security Initiative – South Africa Canada Border Services Agency Christine.Bradley@international.gc.ca Tel. +27 82 772 6492