Presentation on theme: "Social Studies 6 th Grade. Economy: Having to do with money: making $, losing $, buying, selling, or trading."— Presentation transcript:
Social Studies 6 th Grade
Economy: Having to do with money: making $, losing $, buying, selling, or trading.
Supply & demand supply – the amount of goods available demand – the desire for the goods as demand supply price
Consumer: one who purchases goods and services.
One who makes goods or provides a service
Anything you desire that is beyond what you need to survive
Food (including water) Clothing Shelter
Market economy: In a market economy, consumers make key economic decisions. They decide the price of goods and how much of a product is produced indirectly through the law of supply and demand. Individuals own private property and decide what jobs they will have. No country has a pure market economy, but some will be more like a market economy than others.
Scarcity: not having enough of something
Command economy: A command economy is a system where the government owns the property, sets prices and wages, tells people what jobs they will do and how much to produce. This type of economy is found in communist countries.
Globalization: The development of a world culture and the interdependence of the worlds economies.
Global Interdependence: Countries depending on each other to get all the resources or goods they need.
Government Regulation: When the government makes rules and regulations for businesses.
Free Enterprise: The system has four characteristics: little to no control of the market by the government, doing business with anyone you want, ownership of private property, and the ability to work to make a profit; this system is also known as capitalism or a market economy.
Manufacturing: Making a large amount of products, usually in factories using modern technology, to be sold in national or global markets.
Mixed Economy: In a mixed economy the government may make some rules, or regulations, to protect consumers, but supply and demand is still important. Most countries have a mixed economy. Some countries are closer to market, and some are closer to command.
An industry based on the growing of crops, cultivating land, or raising livestock Farmers growing corn or ranchers raising cattle. Corn: Food or Fuel Cattle: Beef or Milk
Retail is the sale of goods and services from individual entrepreneurs or businesses to the consumer. The company that sells the merchandise usually doesnt make it themselves. They buy it from the manufacturer. Kohl's, Target, JC Penny, Dillard's, Etc.
Wholesaling is the sale of goods or merchandise by the manufacturer to retail companies. This is how stores like Target or Old Navy get their merchandise. Wholesale goods are usually cheaper than retail goods since there is no middle man and they are usually bought in large quantities. Retail establishments mark up the cost of the goods they buy wholesale so they can make a profit from their customers. Ex: Restaurants will buy goods wholesale from a place like Sams Club.
Goods that have been processed (cleaned, put in cans, etc.) or created in a factory. These goods are produced for sale. Examples: iPads, Coca Cola, clothing, shoes, etc.
An act you do for someone else in exchange for money. Examples: giving someone a haircut or massage, waiting on a table at a restaurant, teaching at a school, repairing a car, etc.