Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Section 4 The Phoenicians"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 3 Section 4 The Phoenicians The Phoenician civilization began on a thin strip of land along the Mediterranean Sea.Consisted of city-statesThe Phoenician PeopleFearless sailors who guided ships full of trade goodsDominated sea trade in Mediterranean Sea for hundreds of yearsOriginsBegan to emerge after the Egyptian rule in 1150 BCERulers were priest-kings that shared government power with leading merchant families and a citizen assembly
2 Farming and Manufacturing Geography influenced Phoenicia’s development Heavily forested Lebanon mountains left little flat land for farmingManufactured many goodsCloth with a rare purple dye, pottery, glass, metal objects, and wood furniturePhoenician TradersFew natural resources so they tradedImport is a good or service sold within a country that is produced in another countryRaw materials such as gold, silver, tin, copper, iron, ivory, and precious stonesExport is a good or service produced within a country and sold outside the country’s bordersPine and cedar logs, wine, olive oil, salt, fish
3 Phoenicians and the Sea Location was ideal for trade Western edge of AsiaMany depended on Phoenicians to ship their goodsNavigationExperts at navigation- art of steering a ship from place to placeKnowledge of wind patterns and sea currentsFirst to use the North Star to guide their voyagesExploring Unknown WatersPhoenicians were driven to find precious metals“natives were ignorant of the use of silver, and the Phoenicians purchased the silver in exchange for other goods of little if any worth.”Colonies and City-StatesPhoenicians found many sheltered harbors along the Mediterranean SeaColonies gave them a place to get supplies or to trade with other peoplesA colony is an area ruled by a distant countryColonies developed into wealthy city-statesCarthage on North African Coast
4 Legacy of the Phoenicians Greece and Rome absorbed key elements of Phoenician culture by cultural diffusionThe spreading of cultural traits from one region to anotherSpread of CulturePhoenicians helped ideas spreadStandards of weights and measuresThe AlphabetGreeks also adopted the Phoenician way of writingBefore the Phoenicians, cuneiform was used which required people to hundreds of symbolsDeveloped the alphabetA small set of letters or symbols, each of which stands for a single soundPhoenician alphabet had 22 symbols and each stood for a consonant soundGreeks added letters to represent vowels and gave the letters names
5 Chapter 3 Section 4 QuizThe goods made and shipped by Phoenicians to other lands are calledtributeresourcesexportsimportsGoods brought into a country are callednatural resourcesraw materialsFertile land that attracted Phoenician farmers grew intotrade routescoloniescity-statesterritoriesWhat city was originally a Phoenician colony?a) Romeb) Athensc) Carthaged) SumerThe Phoenicians developed a new way of writing known asan alphabeta glyph systemcuneiformwedge shapes
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